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INTRODUCTION

TO

THE FIFTH BOOK OF MOSES, CALLED

DEUTERONOMY.

INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY. (d) THE SECOND COVENANT, which is to follow the I. Analysis of the book.-Before entering into

Sinaitic covenant, and to redeem Israel from its curse,

the covenant which the Lord commanded Moses to any discussion as to style, anthorship, or particular difficulties, it is absolutely indispensable to have clearly

make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, before us the structure of the book in its present shape.

beside the covenant which He made with them in Horeb The book of Deuteronomy consists of

(chaps. xxix., xxx.)

(e) CONCLUSION. Moses's resignation of his charge (a) A TITLE (chap. i. 1–5, inclusive). This title is

to Joshua. Delivery of the law to the priests and twofold, and states (1) that these words were spoken to

elders, and of the book to the Levites (chap. xxxi.). all Israel by Moses between Sinai and Kadesh-barnea,

Moses's last song (chap. xxxii.), blessing (chap. xxxiii.), in view of their first attempt at the conquest of Canaan;

and death (chap. xxxiv.) (2) that all this Law was declared (i.e., apparently redelivered and written; see Note on chap. i. 5) in the

Hebrew Divisions of Deuteronomy. eleventh month of the fortieth year, immediately before they actually entered the country, and after Sihon and

The Jews have divided Deuteronomy into eleven Og had already been overcome.

portions, for reading in the synagogue. Seven of these

comprise chap. i. 1 to xxix. 8. The other four follow the (6) AN INTRODUCTORY DISCOURSE (chap. i. 6;

chapters, viz., chap. xxix. 9 to end of xxx., chap. xxxi., iv. 40 inclusive), followed by the appointment of three chap. xxxii., and lastly, chaps. xxxiii. and xxxiv. cities of refuge on the eastern side of Jordan, in the The first seven portions are of an average length of territory conquered by Moses. In this discourse Moses six columns in Bagster's Polyglot Bible. In no instance reviews Israel's journey from Sinai to the banks of do they appear to mark any important logical division Jordan, for the purpose of exhortation, dwelling upon of the book, except in the case of that portion which those points only which bear directly on the enterprise

begins with “judges and officers ” (chap. xvi. 18). in prospect—the passage of Jordan, the conquest of the The companion lessons from the prophets are chiefly seven nations, and the position of the chosen people in

from Isaiah. Each division is named from its opening the promised land.

words in Hebrew. The complete list is given below.

1. D'barim, “The words, chap. i. 1. (c) THE DEUTERONOMY PROPER, or repetition of 2. Va-ethchannan, " And I besought,” chap. iii. 23. the law (chap. iv. 44 to end of xxviii.).

3. 'Ekeb, "Because" (if), chap vii. 12. This contains

4. R'êh, “Behold,” chap. xi. 26. (1) A title (chap. iv. 44–49).

5. Shộph'tim, "Judges," chap. xvi. 18. (2) Repetition of the Decalogue (chap. v.).

6. Thétzê, “ Thou goest forth," chap. xxi. 10. (3) Its Exposition, and this

7. Thâbô, “Thou comest in,” chap. xxvi. 1. (a) generally, as creating a certain relation between 8. Ni-tzabim, “Standing,” xxix. 8.

the people of Israel and their God, who 9. Vay-yelek, " And went,” xxxi. 1.

had given them this law (chaps. vi.-xi.). <0. Hâazinu, “Hear," chap. xxxii. 1. (B) particularly, in relation to the land which 11. V’zóth hab-berâkah, “And this is the blessing,"

God was giving them. This land is con- chap. xxxiii. 1.
sidered

The distinction between the covenants in chaps. (i.) As the seat of the worship of Jehovah

xxviii. and xxix. has been obliterated by this (chap. xii. 1 to xvi. 17).

division.
(ii.) As the seat of His kingdom (chap. xvi. 18
to end of xviii.).

Further analysis of the specific enactments (ii.) As the sphere of operation of certain of Deuteronomy, chaps. xii. to xxvi.

particular rules of person, property, As these chapters have been recently made the society, and behaviour (chap. xix. to end subject of special criticism with a view to show that of xxvi.).

they stand apart from the rest of Deuteronomy and (4) Its Enactment, as the law of the land of belong to a much later period than the Exodus, a

promise, written on Mount Ebal, and enforced special analysis and examination of their contents is by blessings and cursings (chap. xxvii.).

given below. (5) Its Sanction in Israel, for all time, by a most The first thing that appears in these enactments of

tremendous denunciation of rewards and penal. Deuteronomy is that all alike are laws of holiness. The ties, in force even to this day (chap. xxviii.). principle is, “ Ye shall be holy for I am holy."

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