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Conscience is to be obeyed even against the Commandment of our
An abused Conscience ought to be reformed by the Will, and con-
The Error of a Conscience is not always to be opened to the erring
OF THE PROBABLE, OR THINKING CONSCIENCE.
A probable Conscience defined
A probable Conscience may be made certain....
Of two Opinions equally probable, one may be safer...
An Opinion speculatively probable, is not always practically the same 72
The greater Probability destroys the less ..
When two Opinions seem equally probable, the last Determination
is to be made by collateral Inducements..
It is not lawful to change our practical Sentence, while the same Pro-
A Probability is not to be followed, except in great Necessity...... 87
Multitude of Authors is not ever the most probable Inducement ... 90
In following the Authority of Men, the Choice is wholly to be con-
ducted by Prudence
A probable Opinion may be lawfully deposed, upon Confidence of the
Sentence of another
He that inquires of several Doctors until he find one answering accord-
ing to his Mind, cannot by that Inquiry make his Conscience safe 113
A Man may sometimes answer against his own Opinion
The Guide of Souls may sometimes proceed according to the Con-
science of the Penitent
The probable Sentence of a prudent Man, is more than a probable
Warranty to Actions otherwise undeterminable
OF A DOUBTFUL CONSCIENCE.
A doubtful Conscience defined
A negative Doubt binds only to Caution and Observance.......... 120
A privative Doubt cannot obstruct a prudent Inducement... 123
In Doubts of Right, or Law, we are always bound to inquire; but in
Doubts of Fact not always
In Doubts the safer Part is to be chosen
The Conscience may act against a speculative Doubt
Every Judgment of the Conscience is sufficient for the Deposition of
Of two contrary Precepts, the more binding is preferable
OF THE SCRUPULOUS CONSCIENCE.
A scrupulous Conscience defined .
A Conscience sufficiently instructed by proper Arguments, may pro-
ceed to Action against the Scruple ...
He that is troubled with Scruples, ought to rely upon the Judgment
of a prudent Guide ...
When a Doubt is resolved in the Entrance of an Action, we must
judge of our Action by the same Measures as before...... .... ibid.
Remedies of a scrupulous Conscience
The Law of Nature is the Foundation of all Laws, and the Measure
of their Obligation
T'he greatest Band of the Law of Nature is Fear of Punishment ... 230
'The second Band of Virtue is Love
The Imperfection of civil Laws is supplied by natural Obligation... 241
Criterion of Sins against the Laws of Nature....
Actions forbidden by the Law of Nature are not only unlawful but
An Act forbidden by the Law of Nature for the Turpitude of the
Action, is also void, when the Turpitude remains...
The Law of Nature can be dispensed with, by the Divine Power... 260
The Law of Nature cannot be dispensed with, by any human Power 270
That the Obligation to a natural Law does cease in any Particular, is
to be declared by the public Voice
The Exactness of natural Laws may be allayed by Equity
OF THE LAW OF NATURE, OR OF ALL MANKIND, AS IT IS COMMANDED,
DIGESTED, AND PERFECTED, BY OUR SUPREME LAWGIVER, JESUS
CHRIST, VIZ. OF THE CHRISTIAN LAW, THE GREAT RULE OF CON-
The Law of Jesus Christ is more obligatory than the Old Testament 281
The Ceremonial Law is void
The Judicial Law of Moses is annulled..
The Ten Commandments of Moses are not a perfect Digest of the
Law of Nature ...
Explications of the Moral Law, found in the Old Testament, are Parts
of the Moral Law.
Every Thing in the Decalogue is not obligatory to Christians...... 360
There is no State of Men or Things, but is to be guided by the Pro-
portion of some Rule or Precept in the Christian Law ..
OF THE INTERPRETATION AND OBLIGATION OF THE LAWS OF
In negative Precepts the Affirmatives are commanded ; and in the
affirmative Commandments, the Negatives are included......... 465
When a Negative and an Affirmative seem opposite in any Sense, the
Affirmative is to be expounded by the Negative, not the Negative
by the Affirmative....
In the affirmative and negative Precepts of Christ, not only what is
in the Words of the Commandment, but whatsoever is symbolical
or alike, is equally forbidden or commanded....
When any Thing is forbidden by the Laws of Jesus Christ, all those
Things are forbidden also which follow from that forbidden Action,
and for whose Sake it was forbidden
The Laws of Jesus Christ are the Measures of the Spirit, and are
always to be extended to a spiritual Signification...