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his accounts of battles, scoutings, individual Antietam, and Gettysburg) and by the subtlety adventures, and division-movements, is thor- of the character-study. oughly convircing. The narrator, while acting Where Dwells the Soul Serene. By Stanton as a Únion spy in Confederate lines, is struck

Kirkham Davis. The Alliance Publishing Co., New by a shell, completely loses his memory of the York. 5x834 in. 220 pages. $1.25. war when he comes to his senses in a Confed

Winefred. By S. Baring-Gould. Illustrated. erate hospital, and (being convinced by argu- L. C. Page & Co., Boston. 5x794 in. 309 pages. ment that the South is right, at least in part) $1.50. becomes a Confederate in good earnest. In

Mr. Baring-Gould is always interesting, bethe end his memory returns, he escapes to the cause he treats in fiction out-of-the-way places Federal lines, and gives valuable information. and subjects and utilizes his great stores of The psychology of this “ amnesia” is interest- folk-lore and legend. This tale of the chalk ing, but a trifle wearying. There is very little cliffs near the mouth of the River Axe is no love story, and what there is has the effect of exception to the rule. a mere piece of mechanism. The political philosophizing of the mysterious Dr. Khayme Winter märchen. By Heinrich Seidel. Edited

by Corinth Le Duc Crook, Ph.D. Henry Holt & Co., is not always entertaining reading. The aver- New York. 414X672 in. '129 pages. 35c. age novel-reader will find some application necessary to keep up his interest; but such Writing in English. By William H. Maxwell, effort will be amply repaid by the stirring

M.A., Ph.D., and George J. Smith, M.A., Ph.D. The

American Book Co., New York. 5x714 in. 269 battle scenes (Bull Run, Fredericksburg,


pages. 75c.

Notes and Queries

It is seldom possible to answer any inquiry in the next issue after its receipt. Those who find expected answers late in coming will, we hope, bear in mind the impediments arising from the constant pressure of many subjects upon our limited space. Communications should always bear the writer's name and address. Any book named in Notes and Queries will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, on receipt of price. I have been especially interested in the articles edge or from current reports. They were probably com

which have appeared from time to time in The posed or compiled, substantially in the form in which Outlook on the subject of direct primaries. As we we now possess them, by the authors whose names they need direct primaries, or anything else that will give bear. us decent politics, here in Cincinnati about as much as any place on earth, I locked through the statutes I have read Gustave Le Bon's books “The of South Carolina and Georgia to learn the details Crowd" and "The Psychology of Peoples," and of the system, but failed to find anything there. Will would like to follow the subject up. Can you recomyou please let me know where I can get full informa- mend any other books ?

W.H.G. tion as to this matter, and you will greatly oblige See the following: Tarde's “ Les Lois de l'Imitation"


(Alcan, Paris); Sighele's “La Foule Criminelle" (the Read the account of the Crawford County system in

same); J. M. Baldwin's "Social and Ethical InterpreDallinger's Nominations for Elective Office” (Long

tation in Mental Development” (Macmillan). mans, Green & Co., New York) and the report of the ** National Conference on Practical Reform, of Primary

Please give a list of books relating to the Elections,” published by the Civic Federation of cago.

trusts, especially on the side against trusts, and also The direct primary systems in the South are the out

where I can secure these books, and their price.

M. W.C. come of the demand of the white voters that they shall

1. " Trusts or Competition,” by A. B. Nettleton (Leon directly name the Democratic candidates. The systems

Publishing Company, Chicago, $l). 2. “Monopolies and were established by Democratic conventions and not by

Trusts,” by R. T. Ely, and the books to which it refers its statute.

readers (The Macmillan Company, New York, $1.25). You say that the Evangelical defines religion

Is there any authority for the idea that as "the life of God in the soul of man;" and, further "Cyrus" was a title as well as a proper name? For on, you place this definition of religion in the six

instance, The Cyrus of Persia ; as, The Sultan of teenth century. Will you kindly state (1) if it is

Turkey, etc.

M. G. A. known who first used these words as a definition of

None that we are aware of. religion, and (2) to what extent this definition of religion was accepted by evangelical teachers in the I wish some reader would kindly give me the Church?

A. T. B.

author of the following lines: 1. The Rev. Henry Scougal, minister at Auchterless, Scot

“ The saddest grave land, and till his death Professor of Divinity in Aber

That ever tears kept green must sink at last deen, published a book in 1677, with an introduction by

Into the common level of the world, Bishop Burnet, entitled “Religion the Life of God in

Then o'er it runs a road." the Soul of Man”--the earliest known use in English of They sound like “ Festus," but I have not been able this phrase. 2. By the Wesleys particularly, and their to tind them there or anywhere.

W.J.S. followers; also such men as Thomas Erskine and Fred.

Can some reader of The Outlook give the erick Maurice.

author of the old poem “The Shadow on the Wall, Does Dr. Abbott hold to the view that the

beginning : Synoptic Gospels in their present form are records

“My home a stately dwelling is, of the life of Jesus as seen by the Apostles? S.

With lofty, arching doors?' E. E. Y. The origin of the Synoptic Gospels is matter of hypothe- Can you tell me who is the author of a hymn sis. Dr. Abbott holds the opinion that in all three Gos- the closing lines of whose chorus read: pels some common matter, oral or written, was made use

The harvest time is passing by, of by the authors or compilers, but that in each some

The summer days are ending"? original matter was added, either from personal knowl Also where can I purchase it?

C. G. H.

To the Ports of the Mediterranean

O the transatlantic traveler in warmer and calmer waters than those Europe used to mean of the North Atlantic. The traveler who chiefly England and the makes choice of the Southern route has Northern sections. What no monotonous trip before him, all sky is left us of “ihe glory that and sea from port to port, but he is was Greece and the grand- on a course full of variety. The vessels eur that was Rome," and which ply between New York and Genoa

all the art and the loveli- are famed for their hospitality, and also ness of scenery of the Mediterranean for their bright social atmosphere so countries, were a sort of afterthought, and unusual on shipboard. It is no rugthe Southern lands were to be visited if time and money held out. With the advent of the joint steamship service of the North German Lloyd and HamburgAmerican Companies, established between New York and Mediterranean ports, this has been changed. Now Spain, once so difficult of access, Morocco, Algiers, and Italy, are as quickly reached as was England ten years ago, and Greece, Egypt, and Turkey are no more thought of as very far away pleasure grounds. The traveler just returned to New York by this Southern route says naturally, “ The other day, on Vesuvius," or "Last week, in Madrid," and

closer neighborhood to these places is realized with surprise by one who had not noticed how the Old World and the New had been drawn together in this direction.

Now we have our Italy and the wonderful Mediterranean borders at first hand if we will it so, and at the end of a sea voyage

Monte Carlo



that, particularly on the island of Fayal, make lines of azure through the green at the time of the dense blossoming of the blue hydrangea that is used for this purpose.

Fayal, St. George, and St. Michael's are fair to see, but the glory of the Azores is Pico, a volcanic island rising direct from the sea nearly eight thousand feet, without a meaner height to confuse the eye glanc

ing up the symmetrical mounsummit of (sibraltar

tain to the perfect cone on the

top, from which at times even wrapped crowd in steamer-chairs, calmed now a thread of smoke can be seen by the stagnation of vast ocean without a ascending from the crater. When, as is break till the haven is in sight. These often the case, a mist floats about the passengers are kept active with the cone, and the summit breaks clear above spur of repeatedly seeing new bits of the world, as they go on bound to a final landing where Europe is most attractive.

Instead of resignation to the inevitable uniformity of the Northern route, it is eager interest in coming events at sea that fills the mind of the traveler voyaging to the Mediterranean. The lovely group of Portuguese islands makes the first break on the line from New York to Genoa. There is a lively gathering on the decks when these lands of perpetual spring come in sight. The richly cultivated slopes are carried high on rug

Arrival at a Mediterranean Port ged, precipitous cliffs, and over the mountain-tops the vineyards grow the cloud, and seems to rise to an ingreen up into the clouds. White towns credible altitude, then on the ship's decks nestle everywhere in the rich vegetation, the excitement goes to fever-height. and the fields are marked off by hedges The next land sighted is the Spanish

coast, along which the ship runs for hours with an engrossing panorama unrolling beside itcliffs with rocky highlands running back to blue mountain ranges, and fair wide valleys cutting a green swath through from the shores. Cadiz is seen, lying along the sea, and white like all Southern towns.

As the ship approaches the Strait of Gibraltar, another conmeaning of the word Africa, gained from unfamiliar goods from Spain and Africa. the geography lessons. This Africa is no The market in the proper seasons offers desert plain with an oasis and a palm, but delicious fruits. Gibraltar strawberries a range of lofty mountains coming down and Gibraltar grapes are too luscious to to the sea in great precipices and ridges, be soon forgotten. In and out of shops and the bare, sterile tops rising above with and highways winds the throng of diverse only the shifting shadows to clothe them. peoples, dusky of face and light, and with In whatever light one comes on this sight, the white robes of the Moor brushing the it is grandly beautiful. At the base of European garbs and the gay uniform of the range, Tangier has crept into a niche Tommy Atkins. and made a white touch in the scene. Those going to African countries, or to

tinent claims attention, and the Monto Pellegrino, Palermo

sight dissipates forever an old


Gibraltar is the first halting-place, and Madrid and the Spanish towns, make as the ship glides in under the great rock, Gibraltar the starting point for these tours.


A Street of Pompeii showing the remarkable Excavations she finds herself in a lively company of Again at sea, the course is along the other passenger vessels with war-ships and Mediterranean shores of Spain for nearly many little home craft. In Gibraltar the twenty-four hours, and all the way the drive up to the fortress galleries and the faithful watch-towers of her old masters walk through some of them are the main are found crowning the heights, ready for thing. The interest here, after the work of the signal-fires as of old. A day out of construction has been noticed, is in coming sight of land, and then Sardinia furnishes out of the embrasures and looking down hours of entertainment as the ship steams on two continents and on the glorious sea along its grand coast. and harbor, and at the life below as the The approach to the Bay of Naples steady stream of people of many nations remains forever, to the traveler who has flows back and forth over the causeway seen it, a beautiful thought. Ischia, at the which is the connecting link with Spain. left of the entrance, rises in magnificent Down in the narrow streets of the quaint lines—the volcanic island whose buried town the shops are set out famously with giant still moves at times, playing the part


of Enceladus under Ætna, shaking the villages to ruin.

On the right of the ship is Capri, the lovely island with softer mountain curves, and still holding the remains of the villas of the old emperors who loved it for its mild air and fascinating outlook. The ship sails on, following the path the Plinys took so many centuries before us, and that of St. Paul on his way to the seven days of rest at Pozzuoli. The land rises about the Bay in a wide curve, with Sorrento, Castellemare, Portici, Torre del Greco, and a dozen other towns carry

The vine-clad slopes of Capri ing the white lines along the shores, and Naples piling up a mass of unlimited in number. The magnificent light-colored masonry on the hills in the temples of Pæstum, the finest of the Greek background. Vesuvius trails a long plume structures outside of Athens, are within a of smoke from its summit, and on the lower day's reach.

day's reach. Rome itself is only a few slopes of the active volcano is seen the hours distant. plain where lie the overwhelmed cities. The sail for those going on to Genoa

The ship stops at Naples long enough is along the Italian coast, with the steamto allow a visit to the unsurpassed museum, ship at all times near the land and in view and drives to the points of fine view. Often of the fine shores. Arriving at the city of there is time to see Pompeii or Hercula- palaces, one finds Genoa indeed superb neum. The street life of Naples is ex- as seen from the sea. There is much tremely entertaining. A landing at this here for which to linger, and in the subport is a plunge into the novel and urbs is the Villa Pallavicini, in the most curious. There is no gradual familiarizing ornate and individual style of Italian garthe traveler to the ways of strange coun- dening. As an entrance to Europe, Genoa tries, as there is when entering Europe is well placed. The French and Italian by way of England.

Riviera are close at hand, and the cities of For those who part with the ship at Northern Italy easily reached. The Italian Naples, the excursions about the city are lakes are near, and, for those who come in

summer, Switzerland and her eternal snows can be gained in a few hours after leaving the ship. Considering the beauty and novelty along this Southern route to Old World scenes, it is not surprising that it increases in favor every year.

The sailing list for this German-Mediterranean service and all information desired will be sent upon application to Oelrichs & Co., 5 Broadway. New York; H. Claussenius & Co., 90 Dearborn Street, Chicago; or

the Hamburg American Line, 37 Broadway,

New York, and 159 Randolph On the road from Sorrento to Amalfi

Street, Chicago.

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