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through his life and work and influence Christ they confess and the goodly fellowin it; and gladly submits to the teaching ship they enter, not on the profession of Christ and the influence of the Spirit, they are able to make of their own expethat he may learn how to do this good rience and attainments. It is not likely work, and keep the impulse to do it alive. that many who are spiritually unfit will

Third: The open door. Not long ago, seek to enter. And even if some should, in the familiar conversation of a club com- it is better to have one undeserving sheep posed of business and professional men, in the fold than to keep ninety and nine a man who is a member of a Congrega- righteous ones standing outside in the tional church remarked : “I cannot con- cold. By all means let us take down the ceive of any way by which my boy can bars and bolts with which tradition has ever get into the church.”

The boy was closed up the Church from the young, not in any way exceptional. He had no and welcome them at the open door. special hostility to religion. As a matter Fourth: Reasonable and broad requireof fact, he has since been confirmed in ments of members. We must not pick the Episcopal Church. What the father out a lot of specific amusements, like meant was that it was practically out of theater-going, dancing, card-playing, and the question for that boy, or for hundreds the like, and say to our young men, “ You of healthy, normal boys just like him, to cannot be good Christians, you cannot be go some evening to the prayer-meeting, members of the Church of Christ, if you and at the close go up to a committee of do this or that." We may not care to do elderly saints, state his theological views these things ourselves; we may, if we can, and religious experience to them, and show others good reasons why they should then be formally propounded in the not care to do them; but the decision in church on Sunday morning, and thereby all such matters must rest finally with the set himself up as a model and marvel of individual Christian. For the Church of superior piety to his fellows. To be sure, Christ is not a cult of ascetics. So long in the fifteen years during which I have as there is the honest desire to worship been connected with that church, I have and obey God, to follow Christ, and to seen three boys in that community of cultivate the Christian spirit, we may not seven thousand people go through that venture to lay down special prohibitions ordeal. But they were boys of exceptional to bind individual consciences. I do not strength and independence and earnest- say that it is desirable that all young ness of character. But a door through Christians should engage in these and which only three young men can be in- kindred forms of amusement. But until a duced to go in a decade and a half is not young man can do these things, provided a very wide open or attractive door. And his conscience does not condemn him in our statistics indicate that the door in it, and still remain in good and regular this church is about as wide open, and standing in the Congregational Church, the passage through it about as

that branch of the Church will remain, in frequented, as that of the average Congre- its practical appeal to multitudes of young gational church in t1: State. There men, a sect and not the Church. should be regular seasons in the year On the other hand, beyond such attendwhen, at the close of a period of special ance upon and support of public worship instruction, the young people should be and such habits of private devotion as one expected to come in groups from the pas- may find most profitable for his growth in tor's class into the church. An intelli- the spiritual life, we must not impose gent and earnest desire to enter should specific duties and obligations upon tender be considered sufficient evidence of fit- consciences. ness to do so. The air of awful solem- In particular, participation in prayernity and mystery that hangs about the meeting must not be erected into an exentrance to many churches should be pressed or implied obligation of church dispelled, and young people should come membership or Christian character. The into the church as naturally and gladly ability to do that is a valuable gift, to be as the young man casts his ballot when prized and used by those who have it. first entitled to do so on election day. But no stamp of even implied inferiority The emphasis should be placed on the must be put upon those who find it more


natural to express their Christian faith in hard thing will be, not to find something the gentle ministries of home, in the up- to say, but to decide which of the score right conduct of business, in the generous of things he wants to say, and his people devotion to public duty, and in the gener- need to hear, shall take precedence of the ous support of charity and reform. There rest. So simple and vital and fruitful does are twelve gates to the heavenly city; and preaching become as soon as the pastor we must allow our fellow-Christians to go knows intimately and sympathetically the in and out freely at whichever of these spiritual tasks and problems of his indigates they find most convenient and serv- vidual hearers. Preaching then, by ceasiceable.

ing to be an end in itself and becoming a Fifth : Each member must be given a means to the life and growth of individual specific work to do. It must be some- souls, becomes direct, simple, earnest, and thing more concrete and definite and dif- therefore eloquent and effective. In the cult than talking and praying and singing. language of golf, it is driving the ball, It may be to take his place on a working instead of simply addressing it. And incommittee in some form of institutional asmuch as each individual member of the work for the better intellectual, social, or Church is hard at work in doing someeconomic life of the community. It may thing for the glory of God and the good be personal work in his own home or of man, and he finds personal help in neighborhood to increase the happiness doing it, both by private counsel and symand uplift the character of individuals. pathy and by public exhortation and supIt may be a battle with bad habits and plication, he finds out for himself, and tells base impulses within his own breast. But his young friends, that church membership unless a Christian is fighting some form is really worth while. Until church memof evil and doing some form of good, you bers can say that as naturally and sincerely may be sure that he is dead. People will as they would urge their fellows to join a not care to belong to an institution which political or social or athletic club, we may gives them nothing to do. It is the pas- not expect to see the numbers of churck tor's most important function to make members greatly increase. A practical, sure that each member of his church is spiritual work to do, and help in doing it, strenuously engaged in some form of though I have placed it last, is, after all, struggle against wrong and service of the the main condition of church growth, to right; to share that struggle with him, which all the others are subordinate. and to encourage and guide him in it. There are to-day, scattered through the Unless the pastor has this intimate sym- various communions, local churches in pathy with the personal problems of each which, thanks to the leadership of a member of his church, his preaching will Beecher, a Field, a Brooks, a Hale, or a go out into the empty air, and return unto Van Dyke, or a pastor or layman of kinhim void. It is this abstract address to dred spirit but lesser fame, these five men in general, without the individual conditions of a real church obtain. No understanding and personal sympathy denomination has a monopoly of them. behind it, which makes much of our In all denominations they are still in the preaching the fruitless and ineffective ex- minority. Perhaps we Congregationalists ercise it is.

have as large a proportion of such churches On the contrary, the pastor who knows as any denomination. Our polity is exintimately the specific service each indi- ceptionally favorable to the growth of such vidual in his church is trying to render, local churches as shall be worthy reprewho shares his difficulties and discourage- Sentatives of the one true catholic Church. ments, who brings to him personally the If we degenerate into a sect, our days motives to sustain and strengthen him in are numbered, as they ought to be. A the contest, will find his public preaching broadened, liberalized, modified Episcogrowing more vital and powerful. Every pacy will come in to take the place which Sunday will bring its opportunity to say we leave vacant. If, on the other hand, to this, that, and the other individual in we identify the Church with the great comthe congregation the word of warning or pany of those who are trying to do all the encouragement he needs. Subjects will good they can in the world for the glory crowd upon him for expression ; and the of God and the love of man; if we train our youth in loyalty to the Christian prin- to be counted as its members, and it will ciple of unselfish service ; if we keep the survive by virtue of its fitness, because recruiting stations open, and have stated nothing better or broader can rise up to times when we expect them to enlist ; if occupy its place. we impose on them no form of words, no It is the earnest hope of such continued abstinence from wholesome pleasure, no and increasing prosperity for the beloved special obligation save such as the Spirit churches of our order that has constrained working in their hearts spontaneously me to gather these unwelcome facts, criticonfirms, then, and not otherwise, the Con- cise certain well-meant but dangerous gregational body will represent the true tendencies, and point out these radical Church of God, young people will rejoice but I trust effective remedies.

Books about Art

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N the season's books on art one Country vigor and thoroughness, and, with of the most sumptuous is the large all his admiration for Van Dyck, consci

volume containing illustration in entiously shows that the very earliest photogravure of “Fifty Masterpieces of canvases were perhaps too Flemish in a Anthony van Dyck," and the sympathetic- certain weight, and the later too English ally illuminative comment by M. Max in a decided thinness. We would add Rooses. (J. B. Lippincott Company, Phil- that, ideal as are most of Van Dyck's poradelphia.) The term “ Masterpieces traits, his religious pictures, with all their seems rather extreme unless we remem- consummate taste, do not, as a whole, ber that the painter left nearly a thou- always compel the highest reverence. sand canvases, most of them of exalted Even that admiration evoked at Antwerp merit. The pictures which find place and elsewhere is somewhat due to the in this volume were all shown at Ant- proximity of Rubens's work and to the werp in 1899; the book is therefore a glaring proof that the pupil's is marked fitting souvenir of a notable exhibition. by infinitely more sensitiveness and refineThose who have been unsatisfied with ment than is the master's. Most critics, previous appreciations of the painter will we believe, while giving these religious gladly welcome this splendid volume- canvases a great place, would not set satisfactory in text and in illustration, but them as high as does M. Rooses. Few not in binding; those content with the artists have reached the spiritual height appreciations already written may be sur- attained by such men as Fra Angelico and prised to find how easily and inadequately Hans Memling. they were satisfied. From first to last One of the best new "popular ” works M. Rooses emphasizes the fact that Van on art is Mrs. Bell's “Representative Dyck was essentially a poetical painter. Painters of the XIX. Century" (E. P. Yet, intensely artist-nature as was his, and Dutton & Co., New York), really an painter's painter as he was, he did not dero- epitome of the century's painting. gate from a gentleman's dignity under the is the work entirely retrospective; to a specious plea, proffered in every age, that certain extent it deals with present tendgenius excuses. True courtliness showed, encies and with prophecies of the future. not only in the master's uncommonplace Mrs. Bell has chosen fifty representative life, but in the distinction of his every painters; there is a characteristic illuspicture. The robust exhilaration of most tration in photogravure or half-tone of the Flemings too often sensually clogs their work of each artist, together with a notice native sensuousness, weights their brill- of the leading facts in each man's career, iancy with grossness, impedes their higher an analysis of the controlling principles growth. In Van Dyck's career, however, of that career, and especially of those masculine vivacity was prominent but not qualities which distinguish the particular oppressive, grace became neither effemi- painter's worth from that of others. nate nor heavy but well-nigh ethereal, and While lacking the accent of authority, the the note of nobility was natural, not text is extremely informative, vivacious, forced. Yet M. Rooses is true to his Low- and comprehensive. Nearly half of Mrs. Bell's list is made up of Frenchmen, portrait which it in some measure debeginning with Géricault and ending with scribes. However, the work is, we beDegas. Englishmen, beginning with Tur- lieve, the first of its kind, and the collecner and ending with Walker, form a quar- tion of portraits at London being so ter of the list. . America is represented by particularly valuable on account both of Whistler, Sargent, and Abbott Thayer, its worth to art and its worth to history, and Holland also by three notable names, the book should receive wide circulaIsraels, Mesdag, and Mauve. There are tion. We hope that the publishers may two Belgians, two Germans, and one each see fit to publish it ultimately in a less from Austria, Hungary, Italy, and Spain. expensive form. There are many adWhile in general the selection is good, mirers of that prince of portrait-painters, there are many names-Fromentin, Len: George Frederick Watts, who will be bach, Knaus, the Marises, for instance- anxious to possess a collection which inwhich might as fitly find place as some of cludes such celebrated portraits of his as those included in the present list. We those of Gladstone, Manning, Tennyson, hope, therefore, that this is but the first Browning, Matthew Arnold, Shaftesbury, of two volumes to be issued under one Carlyle, Lord Lawrence, Stuart Mill, and title.

others. While Watts seems the most point of binding, the most remark- important of all the painters of any epoch able book of the year is that entitled represented in the National Gallery, there “ National Worthies.” It is a selection of are also such superb portraits included in over a hundred and fifty portraits from this collection as those of Van Dyck's the National Portrait Gallery, London. “Children of King Charles the First,” In an appendix of eighty-odd pages we Sir Peter Lely's Mary Davis" and have short descriptions of the subjects of “Charles II.,” Sir Godfrey Kneller's these portraits, descriptions much after “ Dryden ” and “Sir Christopher Wren," the manner of those in “Who's Who." and Sir Joshua Reynolds's "Blackstone." It is a pity that these might not have been We mention these names that the dignity a little more elaborated, and it is espe- and worth of the volume should be parcially a pity that each might not have ticularly krown to our readers. (E. P. been printed on a page following the Dutton & Co., New York.)


Books of the Week

This report of current literature is supplemented by fuller reviews of such books as in the judgment of the editors are of special importance to our readers. Any of these books will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, to any address on receipt of the published price. Actual Business Dictator (The): A Collection no map. This omission would seem strange of Verbatim Business Letters for the Use of

these experiences were confined to one or Teachers and Students of Amanuensis Stenog. raphy. The Ellis Publishing Co., Battle Creek,

two countries; as a matter of fact, Mr. Curtis Mich. 512X814 in. 135 pages.

visits half a dozen on his journey down the Angels and Their Ministrations (The). By

west coast between the Isthmus of Panama Robert M. Patterson, D.D., LL.D. The Westmin.

and the Straits of Magellan. The illustrations, ster Press, Philadelphia. 419x71 in. 133 pages. however, are frequent and genuinely illustra75c.

tive of the text. Mr. Curtis lands at Colon, Animals of Æsop (The). By Joseph J. Mora. one of the few places in South America where Ilustrated. Dana Estes & Co., Boston. 74 7x 914

steamers can go up to a dock, and tinishes his in. 211 pages. $1.50. Æsop's Fables go on from one generation to

journey in Tierra del Fuego-another promis

ing Klondike, he says, though the climate is another, and this is an arrangement, for chil

severer than that of Alaska. Between the dren, of the animal stories, copiously illus

Isthmus and the Straits Mr. Curtis has many trated.

other not-realized facts to convey to his readers. At Odds with the Regent. By Burton Egbert

His book is distinctly readable and profitable. Stevenson. The J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia. 5x78, in. 365 pages. $1.50.

Brahman: A Study in the History of Indian Between the Andes and the Ocean. By Will.

Philosophy. By Hervey De Witt Griswold, M.A.

Cornell Studies in Philosophy, No. 2. The Maciam Eleroy Curtis. Illustrated. Herbert S. Stone millan Co., New York, oxu, in. 89 pages.

& Co., Chicago. 519 in. +37 pages. $2.50.
In the artistically bound book containing Mr.

Breaking the Shackles. By Frank Barrett.
L. (. Page & Co., Boston, Sin.

30 pages. Curtis's experiences in South America we find $1.50.

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Cap and Gown in Prose: Short Sketches Se- garding the restoration to Egypt of that vast

lected from Undergraduate Periodicals of Recent stretch of country rent sixteen years ago from Years. First series. Edited by R. L. L.C. Page & Co.,

Boston. 41, 47 in. Zo pages. $125. the Khedive's dominion. Child of the Sun (A). By Charles Eugene Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Banks. Ilustrated. Herbert S, Stone & Co., Chi

(An). By David Hume. (The Religion of Science cayo. 6-, in, 1663 pages. $1.50.

Library.) The Open Court Publishing Co., Chicago. Indian child-lile and Indian traditions and

5x792 in. 180 pages. Paper bound, 25c. myths, all touched with sentiment and poetic Episodes from “The Winning of the West," charm. The color-printing of the illustrations 1769-1807. By Theodore Roosevelt. G. P. Putnam's

Sons, New York. (The Knickerbocker Literature is deserving of high praise, and Mr. Betts has

Series.) 5x79, in. 247 pages. 90c. put character into his drawing.

An excellent book for boys. Comfort and Exercise. By Mary Perry King: Expansion. By Theodore Marburg., (ReSmall, Maynard & Co., Boston. 512X792 in. 138

printed from the American.) The John Murphy pages. $1.

Co., Baltimore. 4%x7 in. 80 pages. 15c. Constantinople. By William Holden Hutton.

Fairy Tales from the Arabian Nights. Illus. Illustrated. The Macmillan Co., New York. 44X7

trated by T. H. Robinson. The Macmillan Co., in. Al pages. $1.50.

New York, 4x6 in. 287 pages. 50c. Admiration for this " Mediæval Towns” series

Pleasantly retold; daintily printed. increases with every new volume. Physically the books are so well planned that in pocket

For the Honor of the School. By Ralph

Henry. Barbour. Illustrated. D. Appleton & Co., size and good type we have still a literary New York, 512X8 in. 253 pages. $1.50. treatment of adequate proportions. Mr. Hutton tells the dramatic story of Constantinople, lastic sports, and finely illustrated. Fair play

A spirited story of school life and interschocrowded with episode and tragedy, with ani. and high honor are presented in a praisemation and also with accuracy. Nowhere else worthy manner, and the force of the story can a single-volume book be found dealing centers itself in showing how study must suwith the subject in so satisfactory a manner. persede play. High spirits, good fellowship, It is the work of a careful historical scholar, and manliness breathe from its pages. but it is also the work of a clear writer who can hold the attention of the average reader.

For the Liberty of Texas. By Captain Ralph

Bonehill. Illustrated. Dana Estes & Co., Boston. Chinaman (The) as We See Him and Fifty 5x734 in. 298 pages. $1.25.

Years of Work for Him. By the Rev. Ira M. Con- This is the first book in a series of three voldit, D.D. 5x784 in. 233 pages. The Fleming H.

umes under title of The Mexican War Series. Revell Co., New York. $1.50. The general reader will not be greatly inter

It has little to do with Mexico, but shows ested in this book save in its valuable chapter to what followed. Such a story cannot fail

how the struggle for liberty in Texas led up on treaty making and breaking, but those who care for missionary enterprise in general and

to prove interesting, revealing, as it does, how Presbyterian in particular will find much of bare historic facts may be as wonderful as the

best-laid plots of fiction. The movements of moment.

Americans, Mexicans, French, Spaniards, and Das Mädchen von Treppi. By Paul Heyse. others within that vast territory, their encounEdited by Edward S. Joynes. D. C. Heath & Co.,

ters with Indians and with one another, are Boston. ***oy in. 124 pages. 30c.

as romantic as brain could devise, while the Defense of Fort Henry (The): A Story of exploits of dashing Sam Houston and the

Wheeling Creek in 1777. By James Otis. Illustrated. A. L. Burt, New York. 5x73, in. 365

maneuvers of Santa Anna will prove a delight pages. $1.50.

to boy readers. A stirring record of the settlement of Wheel

Fortune of a Day (The). By Grace Ellery ing in the colony of Virginia. A full account Channing-Stetson. Herbert S. Stone & Co., Chicago of the deeds of the woman hero, Elizabeth 44x7 in. 319 pages. $1.25. Zane, is here given, and, as a foil, the inglori- The title, “ The Fortune of a Day,” covers a ous acts of the dastardly Simon Gritty.

collection of simple and charming if somewhat Down Among the Crackers. By Rosa Pen

too finely spun out stories. dleton Chiles. The Editor Publishing Co., Cincin- Friendship and Other Essays. By Ralph nati, 51 in. 328 pages.

Waldo Emerson. Dodge Publishing Co., New York England, Egypt, and the Sudan. By H. D.

5x6 in. 90 pages. $1.50. Traill, D.C.I. Mustrated. E. P. Dutton & Co., A pretty edition, half spoiled by an absurd New York. Smyror in, 2+2 pages. $5.

frontispiece. In this book-well printed and gratefully light Forward Movements of the Last Half Cento the hand--the late Mr. Traill describes

tury. By Arthur T. Pierson. The Funk & Wagevents in northeastern Africa from the estab- nails Co., New York. 5x8 in. 421 pages. $1.50 lishment of the Khedivate to the Marchand This volume covers a wide range of religious attair. The larger part of the book is of much and benevolent enterprises. With what it historical worth. Nr. Traill's closing chap more obviously suggests it includes such subter, however, will attract greater attention jects as the "Keswick Teaching." the - Culbecause of its description of present politics, ture of the Grace of Giving." and the Growth and especially because of his explanation why of Belief in Divine Healing." So far as it England continues to occupy Egypt. He treats of things attempted and done, it is a jusdy declares that the institutions which stimulating record, and its emphasis on the England has given to Egypt are unworkable spiritual motor-force is both strong and whole without the continual support of those who some. In view of this, one mav forgive the introduced them. Especially is this true re author his whimsical concluding chapier ou

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