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before us includes all this, together with an "help"-and practically the most resourceful indexed atlas, in a volume of thin paper and member of the household-would alone make very moderate size, printed in clear type. the story an entertaining one. While some of Queen versus Billy, and Other Stories (The).

the incidents may be tinged with the improbBy Lloyd Osbourne. Charles Scribner's Sons, New

able, the whole effect is morally wholesome. York. 3x8 in. 300 pages. $1.25.

Religion of a Gentleman (The). By Charles There is a hard, unsympathetic note in many F. Dole. Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., New York. of these stories of South Pacific life, the same 41/4x7 in. 219 pages. $1. discordant note that jars in “ The Wrong Some years ago Professor Sumner, of Yale, Box" and some other tales in which Mr. commented on evil symptoms in American sociOsbourne collaborated with Robert Louis ety by saying, “ We do not need patricians, Stevenson. But from this criticism must be but we need patrician virtues." To expel the excepted “The Happiest Day of His Life," taint of a vulgar and mercenary commercialthan which few more charming and idyllic ism our democracy needs the spirit of the oldtales have appeared in recent years.

time gentleman ever ready at his own cost to Real Chinese Question (The). By Chester

serve the State, the knightly spirit self-pledged

to defend the weak and succor the helpless. Holcombe. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York. 5x734 in. 386 pages. $1.50.

Such is the spirit of the religion that Mr. Dole * The Real Chinaman" is one of the best books

here commends to young men as the religion on China. Its readers will have, therefore, a

of the truly civilized man. He appeals to ready welcome for the author's new volume,

those generous, soldierly, heroic sympathies “ The Real Chinese Question.” Mr. Hol

that are peculiarly responsive in the earlier combe's long service as Interpreter, Secretary

period of life. Nor does he leave unanswered of Legation, and Acting Minister of the United

those profounder interests that grope for States at Peking well fits him for his task.

satisfaction where religious thought is perHis book has atmosphere. His words are

plexed by doubts. Books of this sort are those not of the mere observer, no matter how

greatly needed to correct false and one-sided clever the observations. His words, like Dr.

ideas of the spiritual life by duly accenting its Smith's in “Chinese Characteristics,” are those

manly and strenuous side, too frequently overof one who has lived long amid the scenes he

shadowed, as it has been, by the gentle and describes, who has not merely learned to know feminine. China, but who has allowed China time Representative British Orations. Edited by enough to learn to know him. Men of the Charles Kendall Adams. With a Supplementary alert intelligence of these two have thus a

Volume by John Alden. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New

York. 5x714 in. 4 vols. (sold separately, $1.25); per right to speak with authority on Chinese prob- set, $5. lems. Mr. Holcombe points out in some These well-edited volumes have a particular detail the friction and conflicts necessarily value. They show more comprehensively resulting from misconceptions of the Chinese than do ordinary histories the currents of character; he analyzes that character, showing thought which have shaped the policy of that the Chinese are not a decadent race; he Great Britain during the past two and a half describes their literati, their secret societies, centuries. The historical notes are admirable, their army and navy, and finally the mission and in themselves furnish a history of England ary, mercantile, and diplomatic work of for. from Pym to Rosebery. eigners in China. He concludes that the real

Return to Christ (The). By Amory H. Bradquestion is that of the continued existence of

ford, D.D. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York. 4X68, the Chinese nation, and that the solution of in. 155 pages. 75c. the question is not to be found in the partition That remarkable movement of religious of the Chinese Empire, but in wise aid given thought during the century which is designated by the Powers to China, that she may aid by this title Dr. Bradford here exhibits in herself.

various points of view. What has come to Record of Books Loaned from the Library.

pass and is going on for the simplifying and Current History Co., Boston, Mass. 4x534 in. 48 ethicizing of theology, the socializing of ethics, pages, 25c.

truer conceptions of the Divine Kingdom and Reels and Spindles. By Evelyn Raymond.

better methods for promoting it, is presented Illustrated. The W. A. Wilde Co., Boston. 5x794

with clearness and cumulative effect. in. 369 pages. $1.50.

Russia and the Russians. By Edmund Noble. A story for girls. The heroine, Amy Kaye,

Houghton, Mittlin & Co., Boston, 5x7 in, 285 daughter of a sweet-natured Quaker mother, pages. $1.50. and an artist father whose life is passed in A close and thoughtful study by a fair-minded dreams without outcome, finds herself at an political philosopher. More than ever to-day early age beset by trials of a most grinding the world is eager to understand Russia beand pressing poverty. Nobly unseliish and cause of its prominence in world-problems. wholly ignorant of life, she faces the situation Mr. Noble treats in broad outline the founding by simply taking up the first work that offers- of the empire, the origin of the autocracy, the in a carpet-mill. How she triumphs over cir- impetus given to national growth by Peter the cumstances by simple strength of character, Great, the partial Europeanization that fol. melts the soul of a sordid relative, and uses lowed, the various revolutionary propaganda, what she inherits for the good of others, forms the emancipation of the peasants, the exile the burden of a story ideal in purpose and system, the material and territorial expansion, admirably well told. A half-witted boy whom and the language and literature. Finally, he Amy befriends, and Cleena Keegan, the Irish devotes a chapter of supreme interest to a discussion of the future of Russia. He believes Chandler Harris, and the force of the common that the process of political transformation, remark that there is dialect and dialect is at though certain, must be slow, because the once evident. The second fault is the mingling autocracy is strongly upheld by the ignorant of the supernatural and the realistic incongruand unprogressive class, but that the measures ously—the first chapter repels those whose for encouraging industry and spreading educa- taste or imagination does not care for ghostijtion introduced in the present reign must grad- ness; here again we do not refer to the ually bring about the conditions under which depicting of negro superstition, but to those Russia will be regenerated. Even its present "spooky " things which the reader is called on military supremacy must, he thinks, necessa- to accept as actual occurrences. Apart from rily yield before powers higher in social and these drawbacks and a general over-intensity political development, while the traces of popų- that often becomes melodramatic, the novel is Îar representation now existing might make it remarkable for its dramatic situations and possible even in two generations to graft con- the vividness of its pictures of Kentuckian stitutional reforms upon the nation's life, when village life. once the principle of such representation is Theatre and Its People (The). By Franklyn admitted by the government.

Fyles. Illustrated. Doubleday, Page & Co., New

York. 434x712 in. 259 pages. $1.25. Short Rails. By Cy Warman. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 434x7 in. 310 pages. $1.25.

The author writes not to encourage illusions A dozen or more spirited tales, tersely told,

nor to detract from the popular regard for and with that surety of touch which comes

things theatrical. He knows intimately the only from intimate knowledge. In the man

practical side of play-writing, acting, scenic agement of a flying train over difficult passes

art, and stage-management, and he lets the lay the writer is as much at home as is the average

reader into many interesting secrets. Many individual at his own fireside. The romance,

people will question his belief that the danger, bravery, plottings, and nobility of

theatrical “ trust" system has raised dramatic action incident to life on the rail are all realis

standards. tically depicted, and the reader feels the charm

Tongues of Conscience. By Robert Hichens. which attaches to the new or strange. The

The Frederick A. Stokes Co., New York. 5x7%, in.

368 pages. $1.50. literary form is good, the situations varied

Here are five stories intended to deal with and kept well in hand.

situations in which soul problems are involved. Sleeping Beauty and Other Prose Fancies. In one a painter is haunted into madness by

By Richard Le Gallienne. John Lane, New York. dwelling on the supposed ruin of a child 4*X734 in. 211 pages. $1.50.

whom he tutored into becoming a mere puppet There is less of self-consciousness here than

to his æsthetic requirements; another man in most of the author's essays. Whether he

ruins his family and meets a tragic death is deploring Kipling's “ Absent-Minded Beg through a similar mania for “art for art's gar," defending Stevenson's style against Mr. sake. In another a lady miser is converted George Moore, chatting pleasantly about his American visit, or writing from a new-found finding herself haunted by the memory of a

into leaving all her wealth to charity, through Danish bathing-place, the author for once is thinking more of the matter than the manner

man driven to suicide through her refusal to of his writing

give him bread. The working out of these

stories shows a good deal of literary art and Social Teaching of the Lord's Prayer (The). subtle penetration, but they result only in

Charles William Stubbs, D.D. Thomas Whittaker, making the reader feel that they were written New York. 43 x 714 in. 102 pages. 75c.

because of the author's own bias towards the The request of American friends, who heard

æstheticism he condemns. They are soul the Dean of Ely on this subject in various

stories with a morbidly unwholesome flavor. cities which he visited last year, has drawn

Twelve Great Actors and Twelve Great Acfrom him these four sermons given in his term

tresses. By Edward Robins. Nlustrated. G. P. as Select Preacher before the University of

Putnam's Sons, New York. 2 vols. $5. Oxford. Many as are the volumes upon the The author of " Echoes of the Playhouse". Lord's Prayer, its social teachings have not has now put forth a work which may be of been adequately exhibited. We would ear

even greater popularity. In describing the nestly recommend this volume as supplying the careers of twenty-four actors and actresses he defect, and exhibiting the lessons of social describes as well twenty-four real philanthroorder, social progress, social justice, social

pists, those who gave royal pleasure to the duty, and social discipline, which all who use

public. Mr. Robins's skill in narration is nothat universal prayer should lay to heart. table, and these two volumes will undoubtedly Stringtown on the Pike. By John Uri Lloyd. find special favor at the holiday time. The

Illustrated. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York. 5x734 selections range from Garrick to Wallack, in. 414 pages. $1.50.

from Anne Bracegirdle to Adelaide Neilson. Two causes will prevent a large class of readers from thoroughly enjoying Mr. Lloyd's

United States in the Nineteenth Century (The).

(Old South Leaflets.) Old South Meeting House, novel despite its unquestionable originality. Boston. 5x7 in. 180 pages. One is its excess of dialect, too painfully ren- United States in the Orient (The). By Charles dered, with almost every word misspelled. A. Conant. Houghton, Mifflin & Co.. Boston. This may be accurate, but it is harsh to the 5x799 in. 228 pages. $1.25. eye and tedious to read; compare a page of it The economic and political problems involved with the negro dialect writing of Thomas in the new position of the United States as a Nelson Page, or Harry S. Edwards, or Joel world-power are well stated in these pages, be welcomed most by those who may desire even if reality is stretched to the snapping

Though the manner in which we have assumed of value to its users just in proportion to the our new duties may have had something of fullness of its vocabulary; and we are pleased the appearance of accident, Mr. Conant shows to note that the new International contains that we are only following other countries in many familiar terms of recent introduction the general movement to find outlets for sur- not found in other dictionaries; as, for inplus capital and for the products of labor. stance, commandeer, Harvey process, osteopMr. Conant does well to call attention to the athy, telephoto, fin keel. The very important labor interest, since the laborer is the largest feature that has distinguished the Internacontributor to the vast fund of savings which tional from some of its rivals, that of ease of seek investment in remunerative enterprises, reference, each word having a paragraph to His savings suffer by a fall in interest, and itself, is carried out in the supplement. Taking are permanently impaired in value if he per- it all in all, we are inclined to say that, for the mits the markets of the world to be closed to general reader and the average family, the new the products of his labor. Therefore foreign edition of the International is entitled to the outlets become necessary if we would prevent praise given to the old edition by Dr. J. A. H. idleness of wage-earners, commercial depres- Murray, editor of the great English Dictionary sion, and consequent suffering. In the case now in course of publication, that it is perof the United States, by instinct of self-pres- haps the best of one-volume dictionaries." ervation, a great agricultural and manufac

White Flame (The). By Mary A. Cornelius. turing country is compelled to enter upon the The Stockham Publishing Co., Chicago. 5x73. in. field of international politics. While Mr.

402 pages. Conant devotes himself chiefly to the eco

Woman Tenderfoot (A). By Grace Gallatin nomic aspect of the problem, not so much to

Seton-Thompson. Illustrated. Doubleday, Page & its ethical or political aspects, he admits that Co., New York. 512X8 in. 361 pages. $2. they are not “ traitors " who are convinced Mrs. Seton-Thompson has been her husband's that expansion is unwise and can give rea- companion in many of those expeditions in sons for their belief. Then, however, he forest and cañon which have aided to give proves impressively that they are not without him the marvelous knowledge of animal life ethical ideals who believe that, both on the and animal thought (if the word may be used) economic and the moral side, the application so charmingly drawn upon in his books and of American commercial enterprise and Ameri- lectures. Here we have the story of camping, can civic standards to the Philippines, for in- hunting, and mountain-climbing in the far stance, will result in benefits of high character, Northwest from the woman's standpoint. The first to our island wards, and then inevitably author's experience was not by any means to the home country.

free from disagreeables, but hardships overWanted : A Match-Maker. By Paul Leicester

come only added to her joy in free, exhilarating Ford. Ilustrated by H. C. Christy. Dodd, Mead

outdoor life. Incidentally she gives other & Co., New York. 512X83. in. 111 pages.

women expert advice as to camp outfit and As amusing a little story as one could wish dress. The volume is odd and attractive in with which to while away a pleasant hour. decoration and illustration, but the figureWith such every-day subjects as a rich young drawing is sometimes rather queer. woman sighing for some object in life and too Wonders of Nature : As Seen and Described fastidious to marry without love, an impecuni- by Famous Writers. Edited and Translated by ous doctor of soaring scientific ambition, and Esther Singleton, Dodd, Mead & Co., New York. the most slangy of newsboy street waifs, the

512 X874 in. 346 pages. $2. author of “ Janice Meredith” is to be congratu

This beautifully illustrated volume is likely to lated on having achieved an artistic success

some acquaintance with the varying styles of

famous authors without spending the time point!

required for studying them at large. Among Webster's International Dictionary of the the authors from whose works excerpts are

English Language. New Edition, with Supplement of T wenty-five Thousand Words and Phrases; W.T.

selected are Balzac, Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, Harris, Ph.D., LL.D., Editor-in-Chief. G. & C. Scott, Thackeray, Dickens, Pierre Loti, ShelMerriam Co., Springfield, Mass.

ley, Keats, Sir Edwin Arnold, Kingsley, The publication of a new edition of Webster Lamartine, Eugene Fromentin, l'on Humis an important event in the book world. boldt, David Livingston, Gautier. Sir Richard Since the last revision was issued, in 1890, Burton, Gordon Cumming, Lady Brassey, Ameother and larger dictionaries have been pub- lia B. Edwards, Lord Dufferin, John Ruskin, lished, and those who wish to “ follow Web- Rudyard Kipling, and others. The author ster” will be pleased to find their favorite

says she has purposely confined herself to the again fully abreast of the times in this new grand, the curious, or awe-inspiring, eschewedition. While this is not, of course, a new ing topographical or detailed description; the book throughout, it is printed from new plates, aim has been to reproduce for the benefit of and such changes as the advance in knowledge the reader the effect upon the author. Hence of a decade has made necessary have been those who would look for such beauty s made in the plates. In addition, a very valu- might smile from the Lakes of Killarney or able supplement of twenty-tive thousand words the vine-clad hills of the Rhine must await it has been added. The preparation of this sup- in another volume. plement has been under the general charge of Works of Theodore Roosevelt (The). 15 vols. Dr. W. T. Harris, United States Commissioner Each containing Frontispiece. 6. P. Putnam's of Education, and with him many well-known Sons, New Sork. 4. 20. in. $7.521 specialists have collaborated. A dictionary is Although still a young man, Mr. Theodore

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Roosevelt takes his definite place among the doubt by the appearance of three corrple e makers of literature, if the collection of his translations of his monumental “Comédie works in a uniform edition may be taken as Humaine" in less than ten years. That now an indication. There are fifteen volumes in before us is in sixteen volumes, is sold at an this edition. It comprises Mr. Roosevelt's extremely moderate price, and is in typo“ Winning of the West,” “ The Naval War of graphical form satisfactory and even surpris1812,” “The Rough Riders," " Civil Service," ingly good if price be considered. Professor

American Ideals,” and his four books on Trent, of Columbia, has evidently devoted hunting—“The Wilderness Hunter," “ Hunt- care and thought to the editing of the work; ing Trips on the Prairie,” “ Hunting Trips of he furnishes an adequate biography of Balzac, a Ranchman,” and “Hunting the Grizzly." an accurate bibliography, and introductions The publishers have put these works before to the several stories. Through all these the public in volumes extremely light and con- means the reader may readily gain full knowlvenient to the hand, in irreproachable binding edge of the author's life, and especially of his both as regards cloth and color, and in paper purpose and proposed system in this in many and print very agreeable to the eye.

ways the most ambitious and wide-embracing

work of fiction ever planned. The freshness Works of Honoré de Balzac (The). Edited

and clarity of Balzac's style have held their by Professor W. P. Trent, of Columbia University, New York. Illustrated. Thomas Y. Crowell & Co.,

own for fifty years, and despite the difficulties New York. Popular Edition. 16 vols. 534X8 in. of translation. His amazing acquaintance $1 per vol. $16 per set.

with the society of his time and country and That permanent regard for Balzac's works with universal human traits make his fame exists among American readers is put beyond


Notes and Queries

It is seldom possible to answer any inquiry in the next issue after its receipt. Those who find expected answers late in coming will, we hope, bear in mind the impediments arising from the constant pressure of many subjects upon our limited space. Communications should always bear the writer's name and address. Any book named in Notes and Queries will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, on receipt of price. 1. Please give the underlying basis of Kant's Buckland's “The Heroic in Missions " (50 cents). Be

philosophy, as you kindly did of Hegel and Lotze. sides these, others of great interest are “ The Story of What is the best exposition of his teaching that can Mackay of Uganda by his Sister," Dr. Hamlin's * My be secured? 2. What do you think of the story of Life and Times” ($1.50 each), and Tiffany's "Dorothea the Witch of Endor? Can it be explained by modern hypnotic revelations? 3. Mention two or three

Lynde Dix” ($I). You can conveniently order all these of the best histories of the Jews.


from the Pilgrim Press, Boston. 1. The basis of Kant's system was like the feet of Nebu- Please inform me where I can obtain the chadnezzar's image, part of iron, part of clay. The Apocalyptic books under one cover. If this is impos clay was his doctrine of the inadequacy of “pure reason

sible, where can copies of the separate books be our to transcend the sphere of common consciousness and

tained, especially of the Book of Enoch?

X. Y. Z. to attain the knowledge of ultimate reality, or "thingsin-themselves.” The iron was in his doctrine of the

See “ The Sibylline Oracles," Dr. Terry's version (Eaton

& Mains, New York, $2). " practical reason,” postulating God, Freedom, and Immortality as necessities of the ethical life. Ethical con- Some years ago a picture or engraving entitled siderations are the basis of Kant's positive teaching. 2.

the " Drunkard's Five Steps," or "Five Steps Drinks She is prototype of the modern trance-medium, well

ing Gin," etc., was published in Philadelphia. It known to Spiritualists. For this view see a chapter in

illustrated the drunkard's downward career by five

representations of the same man in ditterent stages “ Early Pupils of the Spirit" (T. Whittaker, New York,

of demoralization. Would you kindly give name of 80 cents). 3. Graetz's History of the Jews is a standard publisher?

A. E. P. work in tive volumes (Jewish Publication Society, Phila- Referred to our readers. delphia). Kent's and Riggs's three volumes are valuable (Scribners, New York).

Our recent notice of the Seminar conducted

by Dr. Moxom in the South Church at Springfield on the Please answer the following question: How Book of Psalms has brought him many letters from read

do you interpret John i., 1-3; xvii., 5; Col. i., 15; ers who suppose him to have prepared an outline for a Heb. i., 2, 3? Do they teach that Christ existed be

course of general Bible study, of which they desire coples. fore the incarnation? If so, how?

F. K.

Dr. Moxom has no such thing for distribution, but only a With reference to the point of your inquiry, all these

very brief and simple exhibit of what his seminar is doing passages, if the first be connected with its sequel in John on the Psalms. He has distributed these to applicants, i., 14, teach the preexistence of Christ. The mode of it

but cannot do so indefinitely. is nowhere explained except in Philippians j1., 6, “the form of God," which is more properly translated "a

Kindly state who is the author of this quotadivine form."

tion, and where it is to be found:

" Brightly the splendor of the Godhead shone Please name six best books for our Young In awful glory from His living throne,

People's Society of Christian Endeavor, to be re Then bowed was every brow; no human sight viewed before them to encourage those who read Could brave the splendor of that flood of light little to read, They are young people of limited That veiled His presence and awful form, education, from fifteen to eighteen years of age.

Whose path the whirlwind is, whose breath the storm." A R. P.

D. V. S. Biography seems to us the most promising field for your undertaking. Christian ethics are best taught in that

I want a copy of “Seven Great Hymns of the line. Try the "Missionary Biography Series" (75 cents

Mediæval Church.” It is out of print. Can any

Outlook reader furnish me a copy? per volume), the lives of eight Christian heroes; also

C. B. B., Box 472, Rockport, Mass.

The Outlook .

Published Weekly

Vol. 66

November 17, 1900

No. 12


Lord Salisbury's Speech

Every year at the " It is quite wrong for a Secretary of

Lord Mayor's ban- State to make observations in regard to quet the British Premier makes the princi- the internal politics of another country, pal speech, and, as far as it can be divulged, but I am soon to relinquish that office. I outlines the policy of the Government. therefore hope that the Ambassador will Last week the Marquis of Salisbury, in forgive me for expressing the extreme fulfilling this function, was unusually pes- satisfaction with which we have all heard simistic, even for him. He even admitted of what has recently taken place in the that “the trend of recent events has United States. We believe the cause almost put an end to the hopes of the which won is the cause of civilization and Russian Emperor and those who took part commercial honor. We believe those in the Peace Conference at The Hague.” principles lie at the root of all prosperity Mr. Kruger and the Empress of China, and progress in the world.” he went on to say, had forced war upon Great Britain. He earnestly maintained that the idea of invading China with “our

Last week the rebellion broke out scanty force," or of "approaching the

afresh in the provinces of Kuangstupendous task of governing China in- tung and Kuangsi; and Marshal Su, Comstead of leaving it to be governed by the mander-in-Chief of the Imperial forces, is Chinese,” was extremely dangerous. The asking for more men. The British have Anglo-German compact, he remarked, despatched additional infantry and artil“represents the feelings of most, if not lery from Hongkong to guard their Kaulun all, the Powers allied. It is impossible frontier. In the north, on the other hand, to lay too much emphasis upon the integ- the news is more encouraging to the peacerity of China and the 'open door,' and I lover. The foreign envoys in Peking anthink it a matter of great advantage that nounce that they have reached an agreethe Powers should have expressed them- ment regarding the punishment of the selves in favor of these fundamental prin- main culprits, the mandarins and princes; ciples, for, if they are achieved, the issue the witnessing of the execution of such of the China problem need not concern punishments by representatives of the us very anxiously.” Lord Salisbury ap Powers; the principle of paying damages pealed to the people of England to main to the several Governments for the costs tain their home defenses in such a perfect of the China expeditions, and for damcondition that “we shall not be exposed ages sustained by private persons and to any sudden interruption of the peace missions; the permanent stationing of upon which our prosperity depends." To sufficient guards for the Peking Legations; Americans the speech is especially mem- the razing of the Taku forts; and, finally, orable from the Premier's references to the maintenance of secure and regular comAmerica. He said that the one cir- munication between Peking and the sea. cumstance which had gratified him most shore. China also seems to be doing her during the past year was that the heart share in this direction. Minister Wu iniest and friendliest feeling had been formed Secretary Hay last week that the displayed between Great Britain and Board of Punishments—directed to con. thc United States; and, turning to Ambas- sider the cases of Prince Tuan and other sador Choate, who was one of the Lord officials named in the recent edict-has Mayor's guests, Lord Salisbury added: made its report. Prince Tuan is sentenced

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