Imágenes de páginas

spasm of misdirected patriotism which prompted her to dash herself against Turkish artillery served by German officers. She spent $200,000 at Paris, and her Byzantine pavilion of teakwood, iron, and ceramics will be re-erected at Athens as a permanent museum.

Instead of the old days of mighty empires, the Turkish dominating vast areas in Europe and western Asia, the Spanish ruling so much of America, the Chinese surrounded by a fringe of nations in eastern Asia, behold now three shivering skeletons, sick men in the fear of death. This vast change has been wrought in about fifty years! Spain has shrunk into her former shell. Turkey is but a name, albeit the agony of dying may be long continued. China, like a cooling center of the nebular hypothesis, has shrunk in all her dimensions. She has lost her satellites, Korea, Manchuria, Tonking. At Paris we greet a whole cycle of new nations freed from the Turk, the Spaniard, and Manchu. We hail new giants, American, Russian, British, German, Japanese, and wonder whether they, too, are to enter and to complete, like Babylon, the cycle which Isaiah depicted in his fourteenth chapter. Even the kaleidoscope of Africa shows new changes and combinations. It is like opening a revised atlas to attend this meeting-place of nations. Here on a grand scale is shown the evolution of past politics which become present history. Russia and France are one as allies. Britain is grandly alone. Germany at last has land abroad, and a navy at sea. Japan is a world-power. The varied exhibits of Russia, Asiatic and European, of Great Britain both home and colonial, of the United States, and of Germany, show easily which are the nations leading in vastness and variety of area ruled, in numbers governed, and in material wealth; while brave little Holland shows by her own exhibits and by those of the South African republics (now engulfed, as Jonah was, but still undigested) how she, though so small, is a mother of nations. By her impressive array of temples, pavilions, and native bungalows, Netherland proves that she is second only to Great Britain as a colonizer. In that Insulinde, or India of the Islands, she governs, by her wisdom rather than physical force, thirty-three million souls of the Malay

world. No part of the exhibition is more impressive than that of the Dutch East Indies.

Most wonderful of all the evolutions which the Exposition enabled us in mental vision to survey was that of man himself. Jewish legend and fairy tale, which Jesus, the greatest of the higher critics, so persistently challenged, masks the simple assertion of Scripture. The facts, so long hidden, distorted, masquerading under rabbinical and mediæval theology, are slowly but surely coming to light and line and order. For ages have we been blinded to the facts and to the right interpretation of the statement that God made man out of the dust of the earth. The first human representative, as evolved in the dogmatic consciousness, was a supernal being of incredible powers and perfections. Science has been the servant of revelation in helping us to scrape away the whitewash of scholasticism and see the simple truth. Sprung" from the dust of the earth," pathetic is the story of our ancestors' age-long education, as museums, trophies, and the reports of travelers in every land and age reveal it. In such an Exposition we trace his patient mastery of the forces of nature, his rise out of dumb brutehood into the moral consciousness that makes man, his martyrdom for the sake of knowledge, and his slow response to and advance in that training which, under his Infinite Friend, produces a Joseph Henry or a William Gladstone. I confess I took more interest in the gypsum image standing in the Sumatra House than I did in the garish figure, overdressed and overdecorated, perched on the Porte Monumental. Amid flags and streamers by day and many-colored lights by night, this symbolical female raised aloft looked to me, for all the world, like a doll inside the bits of blue and red glass stuck into the gypsum State House (with a penny candle to give the glory) of nursery days. Such a Paris, though so elevated, was to me plaster of Paris, and nothing


The Sumatra House is rich in Buddhistic imagery, and exquisitely carved emblems of that calm which comes from self-conquest and the extinction of all earthly passions-the goal of the Buddbist believer, as summed up in the word Nirvana, The wonderful bas-reliefs tell

not only of that Oriental history at which the Westerner in his ignorance sneers, but also show a keen love of beauty and passionate susceptibility to the glory of form. Within stands what some of the thoughtful would call at least a suggestion of the missing link in the divine chain of evolution between earth and brain, between nerves and spirit-the Pithecanthropus Erectus. This counterfeit in gypsum of the ape-man, or man-ape, shows a smoothskinned, or at least not a wholly hairy, creature, with something arboreal, or, in plain English, a stick, in his hand. With that scientific use of imagination commended by Professor Tyndall, the image, or rather its form, has been dictated by that fragment of skull which Dr. Du Bois found in Sumatra. As Cuvier could, without shaking the foundations of orthodoxy, tell from a bone or the fragment of a fossil to what order and

even genus its owner belonged, and thus from the scrap recreate to the imagination the whole animal, so Dr. Du Bois, the comparative anatomist and discoverer, having the upper half of a skull, has shown us how its owner, one of our forbears, may or must have looked. We can even accept this as a fair portrait of an ancestor, whether of primeval garden or forest, and still be none the less children of faith. Yet it is no wonder that the elegantly dressed "Anglaises” exclaimed "Shocking!" and the gay Parisians "How ugly!" Yet, if anything is certain, it is that beauty, whether male or female, in every race is but the fruit of a long process-the consummate white flower of perduring evolution.

It is said that nowadays "men love texts, but hate sermons." The Exposition preached to me, in every one of my seven visits," the steady gain of man."

Books of the Week

This report of current literature is supplemented by fuller reviews of such books as in the judgment of the editors are of special importance to our readers. The absence of comment in this department in many cases indicates that extended review will be made at a later date. Any of these books will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, to any address on receipt of the published price.

Almost as Good as a Boy. By Amanda M. Douglas. Illustrated. Lee & Shepard, Boston. 5x7 in. 375 pages. $1.25.

American Slave Trade (The). By John R. Spears. Illustrated. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 5x8% in. 232 pages. $2.50. The horrors of the slave-passage, the brutality of the slave-trade, the cold-blooded villainy of traffic in flesh and blood, are here portrayed by a calm recital of facts that needs no rhetoric nor any exaggeration to heighten the effect. Mr. Spears has marshaled his facts from authentic records and official reports. His book is the first complete, popular narrative of a chapter in American commerce which we of the Northern States as well as of the section that held slaves might well wish forgotten; but the record needs to be preserved and made emphatic as a world-lesson of the ease with which individual men without heart or conscience can be found to trample on the rights of the weak when once bad laws or non-enforcement of law opens the possibility of cruelty and oppression.

Bimbi: Stories for Children. By Louise de

la Ramée. Illustrated. Ginn & Co., Boston. 44×7 in. 239 pages.

There is an unusual quaintness and charm in these children's stories, especially in "The Nürnberg Stove," which tells of a little German lad who cared so much for the great porcelain stove that was the presiding genius

of the household that when it was sold he could not let it go, but gets inside and goes away with it.

Boston Boys of 1775; or, When We Besieged Boston. By James Otis. Illustrated. Dana Estes & Co., Boston. 512x8 in. 112 pages. 75c. Two boys are sent from the Continental army besieging Boston into the city as spies-dangerous work for men, and still more dangerous for boys, since one of them cannot keep his temper at the remarks of a Tory acquaintance, and they escape with difficulty to their own lines again, without the accomplishment of their mission.

Brenda, Her School and Her Club. By Helen Leah Reed. Illustrated. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. 52x78 in. 328 pages. $1.50.

A very natural story of a group of schoolgirls.

Church Folks. By "Ian Maclaren" (Dr. John

Watson). Doubleday, Page & Co., New York. 5x7 in. 206 pages. $1.25.

This volume of observations in brief by a judicious note-taker is in Dr. Watson's best vein of genial humor, with many a shaft of wit well barbed for proper targets.

Colonial Days and Ways: As Gathered from Family Papers. By Helen Evertson Smith. Decorations by T. Guernsey Moore. The Century Co., New York. 512x8 in. 376 pages $2.50. Reserved for notice later.

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One suspects this of being early and immature work. It is in no way worthy of the author of "The Pride of Jennico."

Cricket on the Hearth (The), and A Christmas Carol. By Charles Dickens. Illustrated. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. 54×734 in. $2 each. Of all Christmas stories these are the most spontaneous and delightful. Appropriate decoration, and drawings of genuine feeling and good technique, make this edition attractive for holiday purposes.

Dames and Daughters of Colonial Days. By Geraldine Brooks. Illustrated. Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., New York. 52x8 in. 284 pages. $1.50. The author makes no attempt to crowd between the covers of one book all the colonial ladies whose stories may be found worth telling. Eclectic as well as selective, she confines herself to ten women whom she considers the most representative of their respective States and periods. These are Martha Washington, of Virginia, Margaret Brent, of Maryland, Eliza Lucas, of the Carolinas, Sally Wister and Deborah Norris, of Pennsylvania, Betsey Schuyler, of New York, Anne Hutchinson, Abigail Adams, and Madam Sarah Knight, of Massachusetts, also Madame La Tour, of Acadia. Miss Brooks has done her work remarkably well. The historic atmosphere, what might be called the color of thought, of the periods and States, is admirably caught and conveyed. The strength of character, the real power, of some of these women of the olden time make puerile the claims of some of the so-called new women of the present. Margaret Brent, of Maryland, anticipated and acted out in her own person two hundred years ago all the "rights" claimed by the most advanced of her sex to-day. In the gray daybreak of the Boston of two hundred and fifty years ago, Anne Hutchinson, in her lonely grandeur, stands out a monument of intellectual and religious liberty. And as noble Abigail Adams-also of the old Bay Statelooms up from these pages, we cannot but recall a remark said to have been made by one of her descendants of the present day, when somebody congratulated him on his family record-"Why, my dear sir, the ablest man my family ever produced was my great-greatgrandmother, Abigail."

Daniel O'Connell. By Robert Dunlop, M.A. Illustrated. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. 5x7 in. 393 pages. $1.50.

A welcome addition to the popular "Heroes of the Nations" series. The romantic, brilliant character of the idolized Irish leader is cleverly caught; and the story of his life as here told is picturesque with continually interesting side-lights on men, manners, and politics. As a piece of biographical writing the book deserves high commendation.

Dr. Dale. By Marion Harland and Albert Payson Terhune. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York. 5x73 in. 408 pages. $1.50.

In this story the author is assisted by her It is one of the strongest works from her pen. The scene is laid in the oil-lands of


western Pennsylvania; the period, that of the sinking of the first petroleum wells, the outflow of the mighty yield, and the boom which followed. It has the interest which attaches to a field newly opened to fiction. The story itself is vivid, dramatic, realistic, and in the picturing of its character contrasts somewhat repulsive in its ruggedness.

Doris and Her Dog Rodney. By Lily F.
Wesselhoeft. Illustrated. Little, Brown & Co.,
Boston. 5×71⁄2 in. 338 pages. $1.50.
There is nothing in this book to appeal to the
intellect or the imagination of a child.

Dream Fox Story Book (The). By Mabel
Osgood Wright. Illustrated. The Macmillan Co.,
New York. 53⁄4×74 in. 251 pages. $1.50.
Even quainter, queerer, and jollier than Mrs.
Wright's "Tommy-Anne and the Three
Hearts." How Billy Button (a boy full of
boyishness and sturdy impulsiveness) met the
Dream Fox, and how together they found the
most remarkable, comical, and lively adven-
tures, makes up a topsy-turvy tale of surprises,
one which is most fitly illustrated by Mr.


Faith for To-Day (A). By R. J. Campbell, B.A. Thomas Whittaker, New York. 5x7% in. 353 pages. $1.50.

Since Frederic W. Robertson's voice was stilled by his early death nearly half a century ago, no preacher in a Brighton pulpit has attracted more interest than the author of these sermons. They present a marked difference to Robertson's sermons. They do not touch the deeper chords of religious feeling as did his. They deal with the profoundest questions of theology; a speculative, philosophic character predominates. The attractiveness of such discourses in popular and oral rather than literary form is evidence that theological interest is not declining among plain peopleat least among English Congregationalists. Mr. Campbell's theology is of the so-called liberal orthodox type.

Filibusters (The). By Cutcliffe Hyne. The Frederick A. Stokes Co., New York. 5×7% in. 326 pages. $1.50.

A rattling, "devil-may-care" tale of a South American revolution. None of the characters have any principles to speak of, and they fight like buccaneers. The hero escapes being shot, roasted alive, and boiled in a sugarkettle, all in one chapter. The plot is exciting, the literary execution just tolerable, the moral tone brutalizing.

Godson of Lafayette (The). By Elbridge S. Brooks. Illustrated. W. A. Wilde Co., Boston. 5x7 in. 333 pages. $1.50.

A story for boys, told in a manner to hold their attention and dealing with an exceptional and little understood phase of American history; namely, the strategy of the Rev. Eleazer Williams, missionary to the Indians, who was possessed with the belief that he was the "lost Dauphin" of France, son of Louis XVI. and Marie Antoinette, and direct heir to the French throne. With this personage the boy, Joseph Lafayette Harvey, meets, becomes fascinated, and for a while does his bidding. This was in the days when Jackson was President and Webster at the height of his


power, and Black Hawk was making trouble
for the Government. With these and all the
other notabilities of the time "Joe Harvey"
becomes acquainted, and carries the reader
with him in a series of remarkable adventures
which lay bare some strange bits of American

Helps for Ambitious Girls. By William Drys-
dale. Illustrated. Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., New
York. 5x8 in. 505 pages. $1.50.
The American woman may sometimes feel
surfeited with advice, but it were well if all
the advice were as sensible as that contained
in these chapters on various trades and occu-
pations for women, such as Photography,
Agriculture and Floriculture, Dentistry and
Medicine, and the demands and opportunities
of each. The frontispiece is a photograph of
the President of Wellesley College, and the
book contains portraits of women prominent

in other fields.

Henry Fielding: A Memoir. By Austin Dob

son. (Revised Edition.) Dodd, Mead & Co., New York. 44x7 in. 315 pages. $1.25.

A new and very attractive edition, revised and enlarged by the author, of an admirable biography.

Hidden Servants and Other Very Old Stories

(The). By Francesca Alexander. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. 54x74 in. 234 pages. $1.50. The superb print of this volume reminds us almost of some mediæval missal. The appearance of the book is thus in accord with the spirit of an age which produced a Saint Bernard, a Saint Louis, a Dante, and a Giotto -an age which built the great cathedrals. The Gothic Age was par excellence the age of faith. From old and curious Italian books and from constant intercourse with the coun

try people, many of whose legends and traditions had never been written down, the author of "The Story of Ida" has compiled this collection of stories, and then turned them into rhyme, in order to make them vivid and comprehensible to youngest hearers. Her poetry exactly matches the naïve simplicity, spontaneity, and directness with which the Franciscan's "Fioretti" were written and the Madonnas of Angelico painted.

"How to Play;" "How to Study;" "How to Work." By Amos R. Wells. (The "How" Series.) United Society of Christian Endeavor, Chicago. 4x74 in. 75c. each.

In this trinity of little volumes, which supple-
ment one another, the United Society of Chris-
tian Endeavor seems to have really hit a mark
often aimed at but generally missed-namely,
the combining of the didactic with the inter-
esting. How to make study engaging, work
a pleasure, and play a personal possession,
and not a mere thing of proxy, is here set
forth in a manner that can hardly fail of
pleasing any young person who may open these
little books.

Lady of Dreams (The). By Una L. Silberrad.
Doubleday, Page & Co., New York. 5x8 in. 418
pages. $1.50.

Genuine refinement of style and delicacy of
literary touch are to be found here, as well as
real creative power. But the shadows of mania,
innocent homicide, and suicide are so dark


that the total impression is rather one of gloom
than of power. In Miss Silberrad's former
story, "The Enchanter," the ghoulish and
devilish element introduced among charming
pictures of English country life was as if
Frankenstein's monster were to figure in the
Here the dis-
placid pages of "Cranford.”

cordant note is less jarring and yet there is a
dissonance. Doctor Jim, however, is a char-
acter worth having, and one only wishes he
had been thrown into a stronger light. The
author's knowledge of the London under-world
of poverty and vice is evident.

Lane that Had No Turning (The). By Gilbert
Parker. Doubleday, Page & Co., New York. 54x8
in. 359 pages. $1.30.

A group of short stories dealing with charac-
ters with whom Mr. Parker is most familiar,
and whom he sketches with almost unfailing
the old habitant are drawn again in these pages,
skill: the old seigneur of Lower Canada and
not only with vividness but with charming
sympathy. Mr. Parker succeeds in conveying
the fragrance of spirit of the old French life
of gallantry, and its religious devotion. The
expressed in its sense of honor, its conception
longest story, which gives its name to the book,
is extremely well told; the shorter stories are,
almost without exception, pervaded by that
picturesqueness which is Mr. Parker's most
striking characteristic.

Last Refuge (The). By Henry B. Fuller.
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston. 5x8 in. 284
pages. $1.50.

A story the scene of which is laid in southern
Italy, and in the manner, half fanciful, of Mr.
Fuller's earlier tales. A group of people who,
for one reason or another, have not found life
to their minds and are making one final effort
to get from it what they anticipated at the
beginning, are moved by a common impulse
to seek Sicily as the ultimate refuge of those
who have not found in life the beauty they
crave, in work the satisfaction for which they
looked, or in experience the joy and comfort
which it promised; but the story centers about
and finds its most characteristic figure in a
man of forty who selects a younger man to go
with him in order that he may revive the fresh-
ness, the vividness, and the joy of youth
through his eyes. The story is very delight-
fully conceived and delicately wrought out,
with charming bits of landscape in Mr. Fuller's
sensitive style.


Rostand. Adapted into English by Louis N. Parker. 22 pages. L'Aiglon: A Play in Six Acts. By Edmond R. H. Russell, New York. "51×$ in $1.50. in which Sarah Bernhardt and her The play by the author of "Cyrano de Bergerac company have made an overwhelming success in Paris, while an American company with Miss Maude Adams in the part of the Duc de Reichstadt is now rendering the drama in this city. The "eaglet," weakling son of Napoleon and Marie Louise, hardly had in actuality the imperial ambition and yearning to break the gilded chains of luxury with which he is credited in M. Rostand's conception. That conception, however, is instinct with dramatic lite and force. The situations are astonishingly strong and the surprises quick and sharp.

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Letters of Thomas Edward Brown. Edited by Sidney T. Irwin. 2 vols. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. 5×73⁄4 in. $4.

Two volumes of delightful letters, which go far to disapprove the statement that the art of letter-writing, like that of conversation, has perished. Mr. Brown's verse fills a large volume, much of which has a great deal of charm, and some of which has lasting value. But he has left nothing so interesting as this collection of letters, at once intimate, familiar, and reserved, with the reserve of a man of taste and dignity. A scholar, a clergyman, a Manxman, a poet, and a wit, with a genius for friendship, Mr. Brown had the background of a true letter-writer; and these volumes are the record of a life which had many interests, of a mind which had many resources, and of a nature rarely gifted in the art of expression. The letters are breezy, informal, personal, touched with literature, appreciative of scenery, and altogether delightful.

Life of Christ (The): A Poem. By the Rev. Samuel Wesley. Revised by Thomas Čoke, LL.D. Edited by Edward T. Roe, LL.B. Illustrated. Union Book Co., Chicago. 62x 10 in. 516 pages. This work by the father of John Wesley was published under royal patronage two centuries ago. Having gone out of print, it was republished a century later by Dr. Thomas Coke, the first Methodist bishop in America. Two years ago it was rediscovered by the present editor, and now reappears in an elegant form with twenty full-page illustrations. The editor's laudatory estimate of it is too high. The world recognizes a distinction, which he does not, between poetry and verse. He has done well, however, to preserve this memorial of the piety and literary ingenuity of a man to whom the entire Church owes much.

Lincoln at Work: Sketches from Life. By William O. Stoddard. Illustrated. United Society of Christian Endeavor, Boston. 44×7 in. 173 pages. 75c.

A sheaf of anecdotes connected with the life of the "martyred President" both before and after his election, told by one who seems to have been ever at his elbow, so to speak. These stories may not be new to all who open this volume, but they can bear a good deal of retelling. They help to show us Lincoln's daily life and habits of thought as if reflected from a looking-glass.

Life and Song. By Anna R. Henderson.

Charles Wells Moulton, Buffalo. 5x8 in. 113 pages. Life of Henry George. By Henry George, Jr. Doubleday & McClure Co., New York, 54×8 in. 634 pages. $1.50.

Reserved for notice later on.

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Mr. Dooley's Philosophy. Illustrated by William Nicholson, E. W. Kemble, and F. Opper. R. H. Russell, New York. 5×74 in. 263 pages. $1.50. Very few crises happen in American history which do not develop a humorist—a man who, behind the mask of comedy, has the gift of natural insight and of incisive comment. Mr. Dooley was one of the compensations for the Spanish-American war. His manner of approach is distinctly Celtic, but his vision has the straightness and his wisdom the directness which, perhaps with some self-sufficiency, we are in the habit of calling American. In this volume the Chicago philosopher deals with such questions as marriage, the servant-girl food, and other subjects as vitally unrelated problem, China, the Exposition, alcohol as to one another. The humor sometimes drags, and is by no means always of the best quality; but a great deal of it is genuine, and there is an underlying common sense in the volume which gives it some importance as a contemporary human document.

Mooswa and Others of the Boundaries. By W. A. Fraser. Illustrated. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 54×8 in. 260 pages. $2. A handsomely illustrated volume, in which the inhabitants of the forest-bird and beastmeet in conclave, tell their own stories, display their own codes of honor, together with their attitudes and sentiments towards man. It is

sympathetically done, and with a latent sense of humor which warms it to a gentle human heat from beginning to end.

Onesimus: Christ's Freedman. By Charles

Edward Corwin. The Fleming H. Revell Co., New York. 4474 in. 332 pages. $1.25. Onesimus, the slave whom St. Paul sent back to his master, used to be much heard of fifty years ago in the mouths of apologists for the Fugitive Slave Law. His possibilities as material for a much more commendable kind of fiction one never imagined till Mr. Corwin revealed them. It is a work of decided merit, not only in the plot and its working out, but also in the skill with which the author has availed himself of the meager Biblical material. In matters of technique some blemishes need the retouching which a good classicist might give; e.g., the Proconsul's proclamation is not in Roman style, and obol, not "oblos," is the correct term for a certain coin. Taking his cue from St. Paul's allusion in the Epistle to Philemon to the incongruity between the name and the character of Onesimus, Mr. Corwin depicts the slave as a desperate fellow, whose dream of freedom is realized at length in conversion to Christ. This, however, is but part of the general conflict between heathenism and Christianity, which is graphically delineated from the notices of St. Paul's work at Ephesus, as related in Acts xix.

Oxford Two-Versions Bible: Being the Authorised Version with the Differences of the Revised Version Printed in the Margins. Oxford University Press (American Branch), New York. 52x8 in. 1,373 pages. $7.50.

This is, as the Bishop of Gloucester says in his Preface, "a convenient and carefully arranged combination" of the old and the new Versions. The marginal references are added, which until now no combination of the two Versions has supplied. The handsome copy

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