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Social Justice ; A Critical Essay. By Westel man.” In some other points we find more

Woodbury Willoughby, Ph.D. The Macmillan Co., satisfaction. Mr. Morgan rightly emphasizes

New York. 6x9 in. $3. We welcome this volume because we think guarding purity of doctrine much better than

life in the Spirit, intent on service, as saferecent events have emphasized the importance creeds. "Righủy again, he insists that no of a serious, non-partisan, scientific discussion of such themes as Justice, Equality, Liberty,

Church, and no individual, holds all the truth. the Ethics of the Competitive Processes, and Story of a Little Beech Tree (The). By Esther the like. This is what Professor Willoughby

Harlan. Illustrated. E. P. Dutton & Co., New

York. 5x784 in. 52 pages. 750. attempts to give in this volume. It must be enough here to say that his spirit is non-parti he wants to reach the heart of things, and re

Every child is a natural philosopher; that is, san and scientific, while we reserve for possisponds instinctively to what is true. Few ble future consideration the nature of the views which he advocates.

children, therefore, will fail to enjoy “The

Story of a Little Beech Tree,” in which many Son of Carleycroft (The). By Theodore Burt

things that puzzle children are touched on in Sayre. Harper & Bros., New York. 5x7?a in. 344

the concrete way that they understand, and pages. $1.50. "A Romance of the Days of Charles Second.”

with the deeper meaning they are in search of. This, the story's sub-title, may suffice to let

The little beech tree's life makes more underthe reader know its contents. It is a story of

standable to a child the life of nature and of daring, gallantry, hard drinking, quarrel-pick- the people around him, and brings him the ing, unexpected adventure, and sword-play

cheer of its message that “ in God's world galore! Cleverly told, it has the charm which

there is nothing .too good to be true.'” comes of rollicking courage in the days when Story of Florence (The). By Edmund G. human life was held cheap.

Gardner. Ilustrated by Nelly Erichsen. The MacSource-Book of English History. Edited by

millan Co., New York. 41,*7 in. 436 pages. $1.75. Elizabeth Kimball Kendall, M.A. The Macmillan

No town has a better right to be included in Co., New York. 5x7., in. 483 pages. 80€.

the series on “ Mediæval Cities” than has When Professor Hart's “ American History Florence. The author who would adequately Told by Contemporaries" appeared, we won

describe Florence, however, in the compass dered how long it would be before a similar prescribed for the volumes in this series, has admirable work would be attempted for Eng. twice as hard a task as the duty placed before lish history. While the present volume is not those who have written on Toledo, Moscow, on the scale of Professor Hart's undertaking, and the other towns already treated. It is for that very reason, and also because it con- patent even to a tyro that, in the case of Flortains attractive texts to the average boy or ence, the task of selection is extraordinarily girl, it mav attain an even greater popularity. difficult

. In the volume before us, however, Of course, in one not very large volume every it has been done so satisfactorily that the important event in English history and every book becomes beyond most a real guide-book. important aspect of that history may not be a guide-book for the serious rather than for the treated, but so wise have been the selections superficial observer. In this volume we have of extracts that the volume deepens the im- the history of Florence admirably condensed, pression already made by Professor Hart's together with a setting forth of the facts and work in bringing to students of history a vivid opinions which every one ought to be familiar sense of reality, because they find themselves with in seeing the city's streets, buildings, and directly in contact either with those who made art treasures. The list of authors who have history or with those who witnessed the events described Florence is already an impressive described. This sense of reality is sure to be one, but the latest addition is worthy of a list followed in the case of the thoughtful student containing such names as Ruskin, Yriarte, by a greater judicial-mindedness, by an aban- and Villari. clonment of narrow prejudices, by a fairer

Sybaris, and How They Lived at Hampton. view, not only of past history, but even of

By Edward Everett Hale. (Library Edition.) Lit present politics.

tie, Brown & Co., Boston. 5x784 in. 470 pages. $1,50. Spirit of God (The). By Rev. G. Campbell

The latest addition to the charming collected Morgan. The Fleming H. Revell Co., New York.

edition of Dr. Hale's works comprises “ Syb594x8 in. 246 pages. $1.25.

aris” and “How They Lived at Hampton." One cannot give this work the high commen- Dr. Hale tells us that the date of the Sybaris dation given in these pages, September 29, to papers is 1869, but that nearly twenty years Professor Denio's remarkable book, " The

parts them from the date of the Hampton Supreme Leader," on the same subject. The book; yet the essays in the volume belong immanence of the Spirit in the world is not to together, however different in form. Dr. Hale be reckoned, as here, from the date of Pente- notes with pardonable pride the fulfillment of cost. Nor is His influence to be conceived, some of his prophecies thirty-one years ago. as here, to be that mainly of a restraining As he says, cable-cars have proved workable power, preventing the forces of evil from

in that time, and automobiles also. swamping the Church till a premillennial Advent takes place to set up the Kingdom of

Studies of the Portrait of Christ. By Re:. God. Nor is the subject capable of adequate

George Matheson, M.A., D.D., F.R.S.E. "Vol. II

A.C. Armstrong & Son, New York. 5x7, in. 35. exhibition on an exclusively Biblical line, as here, especially in connection with an exegesis The series is here completed of which the first which finds - counsel in the Godhead” re- volume appeared a year ago. The “Portrait vealed in the words of Genesis, “ Let us make studied is the whole impression made upon

pages.

mind and heart by the four Evangelists in their happily together in a union based on princidelineations of the Christ. For such study ples of compromise, equal justice, good will, Dr. Matheson combines the powers both of and mutual interest. poetic feeling and of philosophic insight, and

Weird Orient (The). By Henry Iliowizi. Illusappeals alike to imaginative and to reflective

trated. Henry T. Coates & Co., Philadelphia, readers. We quote: “ The light which is a 5x73, in. 300 pages. $1.50. unity in the sky is given in fragments by the With Preble at Tripoli. By James Otis. Illus. pool; even so on the waters of earth was the trated. The W. A. Wilde Co., Boston. 54/4x73, in. plan of the Father revealed in fragments.

349 pages. $1.50. The aim of this book is to piece these frag:

Another story of historic adventure, containments." Each of these twenty-four “ Studies" ing information that will instruct adults as closes with a brief utterance of devout aspira. well as boys. It deals with the exploits of tion in the form of a prayer.

the naval hero, Preble, and his famous old

ship, the Constitution. The bombardment of “The Monthly Review." Published by John Tripoli, the desperate fighting, the blockade

Murray in London. New York Agents, Doubleday,
Page & Co. 61,x 10 in. 170 pages. 60€.

running, and all the other features of marine Thoughts on Social Problems and Scripture tive form by the lad Richard Cutbush, of the

warfare of an older day, are depicted in narraReadings in Verse. By Emma C. Schafer. Pub lished by the Author, Pasadena, Cal. 434X744 in.

Constitution. 57 pages.

With Rifle and Bayonet. By Captain F. S. Three Colonial Maids. By Julia McNair Brereton, R.A.M.C. Illustrated. Charles Scribner's Wright. Illustrated. The Pilgrim Press, Boston.

Sons, New York. 5x7 in. 352 pages. $1.50. 43. *7', in. 291 pages. $1.25.

Another story dealing with that prolific subA stirring story of the stirring times when ject, the Boer war. It has the touch of one women were called on to defend blockhouses trained to a knowledge of war, and the sort of against the Indians, and to give their lives and information which gains the reader's contitheir fortunes for the oft-despaired-of Conti- dence. nental cause.

Woman of Yesterday (A). By Caroline A. Tommy and Grizel. By James M. Barrie.

Mason. Doubleday, Page & Co., New York, 5x8

in. 367 pages. $1.50. Illustrated. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 480x7?, in. 509 pages. $1.50.

A story of serious purpose; a study in the One of the most important novels of the year,

religious development of a girl born in the reserved for further comment.

middle of the century just closing. Much Tom's Boy. By the Author of “Miss Toosey's obscure New England village, and the effect

description is given to her training in an Mission," etc. Hlustrated by Percy Tarrant. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. 41268, in. 342 pages.

upon her of the narrow religious tenets to Twelve Great Artists. By William Howe

which she was bred, and how these in turn Downes. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. 419x7 in

affected her slow development into the broader 172 pages. $1.

beliefs which prevailed as she came into The author of these sketches has evidently mature womanhood. To many readers it will been a conscientious student of Fromentin's doubtless appear that the effect of early nar. Maîtres d'Autrefois," and the Fromentin rowness upon Anna Mallison is too much school of criticism is certainly a good one. insisted upon and overdrawn. Anna was the While the appreciations of Hals, Rembrandt, product of an unusual inheritance-a mother and Rubens are naturally influenced by the of a peculiar sect and a father whose sensitiveappreciations of the great Frenchman, those ness of conscience amounted to disease. Her of Fortuny, Daubigny, and a group of dis- own type is one likely to be found in any tinguished Americans seem somewhat more country and at any time. Among the worldly. original. All are often keen and clever, but minded of the Puritan-bred society in which their effect is marred by a continual protrud- she moved she was joked about and dubbed ing of the critic's self-consciousness.

" queer.” In France she would be labeled a

dévote. In a convent she would be a saint War in South Africa (The). By Captain A. T. Mahan. Introduction by Sir John G. Bourinot,

with valued executive ability. She is the K.C.M.G., LL.D., Litt.D. Illustrated. Peter Fene. result of temperament more than of environ

Jon Collier & Son, New York. 17x11?ą in, 208 pages. ment, and affords an interesting study in Its inconvenient size may deter some inter. psychology rather than in religion. The narested observers of the Boer war from buying rowness of her training is evinced more in this important volume, but those who do buy her ready vielding to the influence of John it will welcome a work which embraces in its Gregory, the Socialist, than in aught else. narrative all the principal events instead of Bred in a larger world, she might have crititreating them in sections as has been the case cised the weak points in his philosophy. The in the books by Messrs. Ralph, Churchill, and Gregory episode itself smacks of inspiration others. Though the present volume has been from the famous Brook Farm venture. But prepared by a master in his craft, we venture Gregory himself strikes us as one of the least to wish that he had included more of his per satisfactory characters in the story, which, as sonal judgments on the knotty problems in a study in character contrasts, is very well volved, and less of the narrative with which worth reading. In style it is lucid, in aim high, all are tolerably familiar. Sir John Bourinot, in result a trifle depressing. in his introduction, concludes that in South Wonderful Wizard of Oz (The). By L. Frank Africa as in Canada two races may exist side

Baum, lilustrated by W. W. Denslow.' The George by side, preserving their distinct languages M. Hill Co., Chicago, odoxy in. pagus. and customs, but animated by a desire to live The adventures of a little girl who is carried by a cyclone into the land of the Munchkins, and for the student than this. It presents in and has to seek the Wizard in the Emerald a series of introductions the facts which a City for help to return to her friends. The student of Shakespeare, from the literary point pictures of the companions who join her on of view, wishes to know, and it throws all the way, the Tin Woodman, the Scarecrow needed light for such a student's purposes on and the Cowardly Lion, will make other chil the difficulties presented by the text. dren wish to share the journey.

Worldlings (The). By Leonard Merrick. Works of Shakespeare (The). Edited by

Doubleday, Page & Co., New York. 5x8 in. 388 Israel Gollancz. Vol. XII. - Life of Shakespeare."

pages. $1.50. " Venus and Adonis," Rape of Lucrece,"

A realistic novel of signal dramatic merit. nets,” etc. Illustrated. (The Larger Temple Shake- The plot is indeed deep-laid. The story is

speare.) The Macmillan Co., New York. 514x71in. This volume completes the Larger Temple spun out in South Africa and England. Edition of the Works of Shakespeare in twelve World's Orators (The). Vol. III. Orators of volumes, with Mr. Gollancz's admirable pref

the Early and Mediaval Church. Vol. V. Orators

of Modern Europe. Vol. VI. Orators of England, aces and equally admirable notes, and with Part I. Edited by Guy Carleton Lee, Ph.D., with small and useful illustrations introduced in the Collaboration of Joseph Cullen Ayer, B.D.,Ph.D., the text. There is no edition of Shakespeare

Mitchell Carroll, Ph.D., and John R. Larus. (Uni

versity Edition, The World's Orators.) G. P. Putwhich is better arranged for the general reader nani's Sons, New York. 6x9 in. $3.50 per vol.

* Son

Notes and Queries

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It is seldom possible to answer any inquiry in the next issue after its receipt. Those who find expected answers late in coming will, we hope, bear in mind the impediments arising from the constant pressure of many subjects upon our limited space. Communications should always bear the writer's name and address. Any book named in Notes and Queries will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, on receipt of price. 1. In your issue of October 6, Dr. W. H. and in the modern history Falckenberg. 2. Our opinion

Tolman has an article on “Social Economics in the of it, in general commendatory, was given in our book Paris Exposition," ini which he speaks of the con- columns June 23 last. It is a fairly adequate outline of gresses held and the reports of those congresses. I the views classed under the name of “the new theology." am writing to inquire if those reports can be obtained, and, if so, how? 2. Also, can you advise where a his- Please recommend (1) what you consider the tory or histories of co-operation and co-operative enterprises can be obtained ?

E. R. P.

best secondary or academic school history of Ger

many; (2) the best complete history of Germany, 1. Perhaps by writing to Dr. Tolman at Paris, 95 Boule

with price and publishers.

0. H. B. vard St. Michel, aux soins de Mme. Chalamet. 2. The 1. Russell's “German Higher Schools: the History, League for Social Service furnishes us with the following Organization, and Methods of Secondary Education in list: “ The Co-operative Movement in Great Britain," Germany" (Longmans, Green & Co., New York. $2.25). by Beatrice Webb (Macmillans); “Labor Copartner- 2. S. Baring-Gould's “Germany" in the “Story of the ship,” by H. D. Lloyd (Harpers) ; Encyclopædia of Nations” series (Putnams, New York, $1.50), suppleSocial Reform,” edited by W. D. P. Bliss (Funk & Wag- mented by S. Whitman's “Imperial Germany" (J. W. nalls Co.); “Annual for 1900 of the English and Scottish

Lovell, New York, $1.25). Co-operative Wholesale Societies (Ltd.)” (published by the Societies, 1 Balloon Street, Manchester, Eng.);

Kindly suggest some books which will introThe City of Perth and its Co-operative Society," by

duce a beginner to the study of biology? A. M. J. Willocks (Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society

Boyer's " Laboratory Manual of the Elements of Biol(Ltd.), Morrison Street, Glasgow); “Co-operative Dis

ogy” (D. C. Heath & Co., Boston) is planned upon the tribution,” by Edward W. Bemis (Bulletin of the United scientific method for high-school pupils. If it is desired States Department of Labor, No. 6, Washington; sent

simply to waken an interest preliminary to the entrance free on application); “A Manual of Distributive Co- on scientific study, get Buckley's “Life and Her Chiloperation,” by Carroll D. Wright (Wright & Potter,

dren” (D. Appleton & Co., New York), and Grant Boston).

Allen's “ Flash Lights on Nature" (Doubleday, Page &

Co., New York). Allow me to ask you (1) the publisher of

Stone's " Public Uses of the Bible;" (2) What is its Please explain 1 Timothy v., 9, 10, “ Let not nature? (3) What is the best short history compre

a widow be taken into the number.” hending the historical events recorded in the Bible? The list of good works here given, in which they were (4) What systematized arrangements of the Prov- required to be experienced, shows that these widows were erbs, either in authorized, revised, or other translations, have been published in English? F.C. D.

a special class employed in the charities of the church. 1. The A. D. F. Randolph Company, New York, were

They were later called presbyteresses. Whether this and probably are. 2. We think it is for the cultivation

class was identical with that of deaconesses is disputed. of good reading by public speakers. 3. Kent's History, “ C. W. G.” asks as to where the lines “ Fair supplemented by Riggs's for the Roman period. 4. See Science spreads her lucid ray," etc., may be found. Proverbs in Moulton's Modern Reader's Bible series; I will say that they may be found in the Ode on also Walls's “Natural Law in Character” (Imperial Science, in an old singing-book published in 1849 by Press, Cleveland).

J. W. Reynolds, Cornhill, Boston. Also, in reply to

"C. W. H." for hymn containing the words, "'Oh, 1. I am much interested in reading up the Calvary is a mountain high," etc., that this is also History of Philosophy. Do you know any better

found in above publication, page 331. The words

“Mercy, O thou Son of David,' etc., are usually set book than Lewes? How is his work regarded by

to the tune Greenville.

A. P. scholars? 2. What do you think of Spence's " Back to Christ”?

W.

“F. J. H.” is informed that Renan's essay, 1. Lewes is a philosopher of the Positivist school, and “La Poésie des Races Celtique,” is contained in his work is one of signal ability. Yet we think we should the volume entitled “Essais de Morale et de Cri. prefer for the history of ancient philosophy Erdmann, tique,” Paris, 1890, page 375 seq.

FRIEND.

J. R.

The Outlook

Published Weekly

Vol. 66

November 10, 1900

No. 11

FOR McKINLEY

Electoral

Vote.

FOR BRYAN

Electoral

Vote.

8

4

In 1896 President McKin- had so long held it prior to 1896. Though The Election

ley received .271 electoral Indiana has finally broken its record of votes and Mr. Bryan 176. In 1900 the pendulum politics and has voted for vote, as it appears Wednesday morning, the Republican party, the Central West, stands 292 to 155, as follows:

especially Illinois, shows signs of reaction against Republican policies. Mr. McKinley's greatest gains were in the domain

west of the Mississippi. While in the California.. 9 Alabama.

11

Northwest the majorities of 1896 are apConnecticut. 6 Arkansas. Delaware.. 3 Colorado.

parently maintained, Granger States like Illinois.. 24 Florida..

South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Indiana 15 Georgia.

Wyoming have returned to the RepubIowa.. 13 Idaho..

3 Kansas.. 10 Kentucky

13

lican side, and there are decreased DemoMaine..

6. Louisiana . 8 cratic majorities elsewhere. Even the Maryland

8 Mississippi. 2 silver-mining States show a strong disMassachusetts 15 Missouri

1? position to break away from the free-silver Michigan... 14 Montana.

3 Minnesota.. 9 Nevada..

3

party, Utah now being in the column of Nebraska

8 North Carolina 11 Republican electoral votes. The Pacific New Hampshire.. 4 South Carolina.... 9 coast is probably again wholly Republican. New Jersey.. 10 Tennessee.. 12

As to the vote of great cities, the change New York.. 36 Texas.

15 North Dakota.. 3 Virginia.

12

in New York, Boston, and Chicago is too Ohio... 23

important not to be chronicled. In New Oregon..

York City, though the vote shows a great Pennsylvania 32

Democratic gain over four years ago, the Rhode Island.. South Dakota..

boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx Utah.... 3

give Bryan a much smaller plurality Vermont

than was expected, a fact which may Washington. 4

foreshadow the defeat of Tammany at the West Virginia. Wisconsin.. 12

next municipal election ; the borough of Wyoming 3

Brooklyn remains Republican. On the 292

other hand, in Boston there was a revolu155

tion against the Republican party, the Mr. McKinley is thus re-elected, not only McKinley majority of 1896 being transby a larger electoral vote than in 1896, but formed into a Bryan majority. The great probably by the largest electoral vote ever Republican decline in Illinois is entirely given to a Presidential candidate. At this due to the Chicago vote. Although that writing his popular vote is still uncertain. city voted for Mr. Mckinley, his plurality Every Northeastern State shows that the was but one-fifth of that in 1896. Finally, Republicans have lost ground; nor do the as to Congress, the Republicans have in. group of States south of Pennsylvania and creased their majorities in both Senate north of South Carolina show the gains and House. These gains have not leen expected by the Republicans. The solid confined to any one section, East, West, South seems as solid as ever, with the and even South contributing. While furexception of the decline of Democratic ther returns may change some of these power in Arkansas, a decline offset by details, it is certain that the country has the gain in Kentucky, restoring the elec. given plenary power to the Republican tora vote of that State to the party which party for at least two years more.

4

6

A Fair Vote The first duty of all public

The Republican pa

A Great Political Parade citizens of a free common

rade which was held wealth is to unite in securing a free vote last Saturday in this city deserves more and an honest count. Arguments can be than a passing notice. It was a fine specfound for the doctrine that the minority tacle, an impressive political demonstraought to control and the majority to be tion, and, more than either, an indication controlled, but no arguments can be found that the spirit of law and order may be for the doctrine that the majority ought maintained by enthusiastic political parto possess the appearance and be denied tisans under peculiarly trying conditions. the reality of controlling. Threats of The day was a cold and rainy one, and violence, schemes of fraud, contrivances yet more than one hundred thousand men, to reverse by electoral boards the verdict according to the estimate of the “World," of the people expressed through the bal- an opposition newspaper, marched four lots, are destructive of the foundations of miles up Broadway and Fifth Avenue to government in a democracy. So are be reviewed by Governor Roosevelt, who schemes, however veiled, to purchase or stood for several hours in the rain on a intimidate voters. Charges of wholesale stand at Madison Square, much of the purchasing and of wholesale coercion time with bared head. The sidewalks have been made, but at this writing there were lined with people, windows were is nothing to indicate that coercion or crowded, and in many places spectators direct bribery has been attempted to any stood even upon the roofs. Although the considerable extent. But there are two regiments were regiments of citizens in cases at least of attempts to interfere with ordinary dress, each man carried an the judgment of the people which are American flag, which gave color and picunquestionable. One is furnished by the turesqueness to the marching column. threats originating with Mr. Croker, and The spectators stood under open umbrellas, indorsed and approved by the Chairman and were good-natured and appreciative. of the Democratic National Committee, To the credit of the police, who are supcalling upon his followers to interfere posed to be in sympathy with Mr. Croker by violence with the count of the votes and Tammany, it must be said that they if that count does not agree with their own preserved order impartially, although there estimate. That this advice will be fol- was little need for their services. Some lowed to any considerable extent we do one in authority in the city government, not believe, but it is easier to kindle a fire presumably Mr. Croker, had caused to be than to extinguish it, and such counsel strung across the line of march the night should be met by reprobation from men before a large number of banners with of all parties. The other attempt is that these three inscriptions upon them: furnished by the election law of Kentucky,

They may make you parade, but they can't which leaves the count in each county to make you vote against Bryan. be determined by a partisan board. The It is a trust parade, not a Republican parade. “ Evening Post," of Louisville, which

“ McKinley's badge is on my coat, but declares itself a “ Democratic Newspaper,” Bryan's is near my heart, God bless him?" thus characterizes this law : “ The House The obvious purpose of the banners was to election law passed Saturday is vicious in create such antagonism on the part of the conception, infamous in its form, violent paraders that disorder and possibly rioting in its purpose, and a monument to the might ensue. But General Ånson McCook, degradation of the Democratic party.” the Grand Marshal, gave strict orders to The first duty which each State owes to every platoon captain that the irritating all its citizens is the enactment and banners should be ignored, and ignored enforcement of a law which will enable they were. No better illustration is needed every legal voter to cast his vote without of the truth that it takes two to make a fear, and to have it counted without fraud. quarrel. We have the faith to believe that any body of men who openly interfere with

North Carolina is exthis fundamental purpose will sooner or

periencing her first later suffer in public repute the just

conflict between capipenalty of their misdeeds.

tal and organized labor ; and at present

Strikes and Lockouts in

North Carolina

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