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Laus Veneris and Other Poems. By Algernon and leading up to the conclusion of an Infinite

Charles Swinburne. Doxey's, At the sign of the Intelligence as the author of life in plants as Lark, New York. (The Lark Classics.) 414*5'2 in.

in men. 149 pages. 50c. Maid at King Alfred's Court (A). By Lucy

Plutarch's Lives. Edited by Edward S. Ellis, Foster Madison. Illustrated. The Penn Publishing

A.M. The Penn Publishing Co., Philadelphia. Co., Philadelphia. 5x79, in. 362 pages.

412x6 in. 237 pages. Man and the Spiritual World. By the Rev.

Religious Movements for Social Betterment. Arthur Chambers. George W. Jacobs & Co., Phila

By Dr Josiah Strong. The Baker & Taylor Co., delphia. 5x7 in. 289 pages. $1.25.

New York. 5x712 in 137 pages. 50c. This is a significant work by an Anglican Originally a monograph in pamphlet form in clergyman and scholar. The object of it is to the series on American Social Economics stay those who are quitting the Church to join prepared for the Paris Exposition, this volthe Spiritualists and Theosophists for the sat- ume was strongly commended by The Outlook isfaction of their interest in the occult problems last summer. As a valuable contribution to of the world of spirits, by showing them that sociological studies, it deserved this republica. there is in the Bible, properly understood, all tion in book form. We would say to those the satisfaction they seek. So far as the

who write us for information about instituargument goes with churchmen who would tional churches, that they will find it here. ignore such problems, it is a strong showing Ruba'iyat of Omar Khayyam. Translated by of their inconsistency in accepting all Biblical Edward FitzGerald. With a Commentary by H. M. statements concerning voices, visions, spirits, Batson. Biographical Introduction by E. B. Ross. and angels, while rejecting modern statements

G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. 574x8 in. 288

pages. $1.50. concerning similar phenomena. One may take exception to the author's uncritical use of Bib

This edition leaves nothing to be desired in lical references, but for an ad hominem pur

the way of typography and birding, and fur

nishes the readers of Edward Fitzgerald's pose it is excusable. Mr. Chambers holds that

translation of the Persian poet with every the physical is everywhere interpenetrated by the spiritual world, and that the physica possible facility for studying that work, includbody of man incases a superphysical, or spir- of Omar Khayyam, which is in its first part

ing, as it does, a sketch of the life and times itual, body, with which the spirit releases

historical and in its second biographical ; an itself at death. Concerning the future state, he holds the traditional view of an intermedi- tion, and over two hundred and fifty pages of

account of Fitzgerald ; the text of his translaate existence between death and final judgment, but that during this the redemptive with incidental light upon his allusions, his

comment bringing out the poet's philosophy, work of Christ continues, and he reasons strongly against the notion that man's final style, and the times in which he lived. state is fixed at death. Altogether it is an Selected Letters of Voltaire. Edited by L. C. interesting discussion of problems now com- Syms. The American Book Co., New York. 5x7 manding increasing attention.

in. 249 pages. 75c. Maya: A Story of Yucatan. By William Dud- Sequel to a Tragedy. (The). By Henry C. ley Foulke. Illustrated. G, P. Putnam's Sons, New

Dibble. The J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia. York. 5x712 in. 219 pages. $1.25.

434X73. in. 276 pages. New Pronouncing Dictionary of the Spanish Spanish Conquest in America (The). By Sir and English Languages. In Two Parts. Com

Arthur Helps. A New Edition, edited, with an Inpiled by Mariana Velázquez de la Cadena. Revised

troduction, Waps, and Notes, by M. Oppenheim. 4 and Enlarged by Edward Gray, A.B., M.D.,

vols. John Lane, New York. Vol. 1. 5x7 in. F.R.M.S., and Juan L. Iribas, A.B., LL.D. D. Ap

369 pages. pleton & Co., New York. 7x107, in. 681 pages.

The first edition of this work was published This new edition of a famous dictionary in the fifties, and yet the present edition has a shows that a great deal has been accomplished timeliness which makes it almost a book of in recasting and modernizing the material the season. It was as a man to whom moral found in the work of Velázquez. In print and interests are supreme that Sir Arthur Helps binding the present volume leaves nothing to investigated the history of the Spanish conbe desired. It should take its deserved place quests in America, and his account of these as the Spanish dictionary.

conquests is continually illuminating respect. Photographic Mosaics: An Annual Record of

ing the moral problems which the recent hotographic Progress. Edited by Edward L.

American conquests have brought upon us. Wilson. (Thirty-seventh Year.) Edward L. Wil- The new edition is edited by M. Oppenheim,

son, New York. 419x7?, in. 176 pages. 50c. who contributes an admirable preface, bringThis photographic year-book is of interesting into high relief the contrast between the primarily to professional photographers, who benevolent theory of the Spanish invasion of will find in it a résumé of the conditions of the America and the sordid practice which pretrade in this country for the year. It is of vailed. almost equal interest to the amateur by reason of the large number of excellent half-tone re

Springtime Flowers : Easy Lessons in Botany.

By Mae Ruth Jorcros). Iliustrated, Silver, Bur. productions of portraits and landscapes, and dett i Co., New Jork, 0*71., in. 91 p.ges. Soc. the many helpful hints on photographic processes.

Story of King Arthur (The). By Dr. Edward

Brooks, 1. 11. Initial. The Penn Publishing Plant Life and Structure. By Dr. E. Dennert.

Co, L'iuludelphia. tonn, in. Spes.
Translated by Clara L. Skent. The Macmillan Co.,
New York. 4x6 in. 115 pages. 4).

Sunny Side of Life (The). By Rev. George

1. Perin D.D. The Every Day Church Publishing An admirable presentation of much in brief, Co., Boston, Higin, ses pages. si.

Survivals. By Lewis V. F. Randolph. Illus in the vein of “Elizabeth and Her German

trated. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. 514X734 Garden," not so vigorous, pointed, and fresh in. 98 pages. $1.

as that very readable book, but pervaded by Settlement After the War in South Africa

a very pleasant and wholesome sentiment, (The). By M. J. Farelly, LL.D. The Macmillan written in a graceful and easy style, with

Co., New York. 512X9 in. 32) pages. $1.50. This is a clearly printed volume, as befits its charming illustrations. A very companionable author's lucid argument. At first the book

though not a particularly luminous book. would seem to bear a somewhat misleading Songs of Two. By Arthur Shelburne Hardy. title. Many pages are devoted to Mr. Far- Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 5x734 in. 36 elly's four years' observations of racial, politi

pages. $1. cal, economical, and legal problems in South

Reserved for later notice. Africa before the war; apparently few pages Story of American History (The) for Elementhave to do with “ The Settlement After the ary Schools. By Albert F. Blaisdell. Illustrated. War.” It is evident, however, that exact

Ginn & Co., Boston. 549X71, in. 440 pages. and first-hand knowledge: must precede any

Well planned and interestingly written. judgments as to finality in the settlement of Systematic Methodology. By Andrew Thomas governmental conditions, and Mr. Farelly is, Smith, Ph.D. Silver, Burdett & Co., New York, to all intents and purposes, an admirably

5x714in. 366 pages. $1.50. patient and painstaking investigator. His

There are numerous " methods” of teaching opinions on British rights, on the Boer charac- which are simply special devices for facilitatter, on London Cabinet vacillation, on the ing the apprehension of a particular subject. Kruger policy, and on the real aggression to Dr. Smith shows in this volume that there is the present war, are worth any one's notice. but one rational method of teaching anything Such considerations form a necessary back

that embodies truth, and that all variations of ground to the discussion of measures made

this method depend on the kind of truth to be needful by the war concerning the territorial

conveyed. The first half of his work is conand constitutional settlement of annexed dis

cerned with the basis of rational method in tricts, as well as on the reorganization of the

psychology, ethics, and logic. The second general government of South Africa. Mr. half deals with the applications of it in the Farelly's idea of imperialism is inspiring in

several school studies, and abounds in sugthat it stands for justice, liberty, and humanity. gestions of practical value. As a treatise on In common with many pro-Boers, as well as the theory and practice of teaching, this work pro-British, he believes that fusion, whether

shows the hand of a master both of the science immediate or ultimate, is the only salvation

and the art. for the nationalities of South Africa. Fusion Things Worth Knowing. By John H. Bechtel. would be greatly advanced were some of his The Penn Publishing Co., Philadelphia. 413x6 in. recommendations followed--for instance, an inter-State scheme of irrigation, the reform of Three Witches (The). By Mrs. Molesworth. land tenure, the establishment of a general

Illustrated. The J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia,

5x7?, in. 278 pages. court of appeals. Shall We Believe in a Divine Providence ? By

Twenty-five Stepping Stones Toward Christ's

Kingdom. By O. P. Fradenburgh. Published by D. W. Faunce, D.D. Funk & Wagnalls Co., New

the Author, Liberty, N. Y. 6x83, in, 203 pages. $1. York. 416X71/4 in. 202 pages. $1. Dr. Faunce discusses this vital question very

Verses for Little Citizens. By Mary L. Wyatt. helvfully to any sincere doubter. He rightly

Illustrated. The Woman's Temperance Publishing

Association, Chicago. 8X912 in. 48 pages. insists on a religious spirit as necessary to a right conclusion in this problem of religion, no

Walcott Twins (The). By Lucile Lovell.

Illustrated. The Penn Publishing Co., Philadelphia. less than a scientific spirit in a problem of

5744734 in. 211 pages. science. He does not undertake to solve all

What Was His Duty? By George Hyde Lee, mysteries, but he makes plain enough what is

M.D. The Neale Co., Washington, D. C. 48. X7 the rational conclusion in view of the alterna- in. 221 pages. tives of skepticism and faith. He corrects false notions of Providence, and demonstrates

Women of the American Revolution (The).

By Elizabeth F. Ellet. Illustrated. George W. that moral ends must be its main though not Jacobs & Co., Philade'phia. 2 vols. 5x8 in. $4. sole concern. But in view of Dr. Faunce's The augmented interest gratifyingly manifest acceptance of the truth of the Divine imma- in American colonial and revolutionary hisnence, and general consistency in applying it, tory is accentuated by the publication of we wonder how he can still say that * Nature, these volumes, delightful alike in paper, print, including not only things but the dumb ani- illustration, and binding. The work is espemals, ... is not normal but abnormal.” Many cially valuable in that it gives to us a glimpse, who accept the statement of the Divine imma- not only of women of noted patriotism and nence as a theological proposition are not as

those highly placed in public life, but also of yet ready to accept, or even aware of, all that women highly placed in the world of literature it involves.

and of society. He who would gain a disSylvana's Letters to an Unknown Friend. By

tincter idea of America during the colonial and E. V. B. Illustrated. The Macmillan Co., New revolutionary periods will do well to read York. 514x8 in. 190 pages. $2.50.

these volumes, A kind of out-of-door diary, though without the formal and frequent divisions of a diary.

Young Financier (The). By William 0. Stod

dord. Hlustrated. The Penn Publishing Co., PhilA record of sentiment in a garden, somewhat adelphia. 5X71. in. 269 pages.

279 pages.

Correspondence

was

the

ern

Emigration to Cuba

winter resort for the people of a large To the Editors of The Outlook :

part of this continent; nd many hunMr. Walter Wellman's article on “ The dreds of thousands of our people could Cuban Republic--Limited,” in the last earn a living easier and would be healthier

а “ Review of Reviews,” shocked some, and happier there than here. Those who delighted others, and surprised still more. enjoy cold and wilt in hot weather should That it a truthful--and, indeed, move further north rather than south ; inspired—announcement of the intentions but those who hug the stove in winter and of the Administration can be safely are most comfortable in summer would assumed. The policy therein outlined be better off in more southern latitudes. will be bitterly denounced and warmly How far south they can safely go varies, defended ; but I do not propose now to but more than enough to Americanize the consider its ethical aspects.

Qu of the Antilles are constitutionally The desire for the annexation of Cuba, fitted for the Cuban climate. always strong, has grown rapidly since It seems, therefore, that the solution of

Spanish war, and, now that the the grave problem before us is to be found purpose of the Administration has been in emigration—especially from our Southmade known, it will do so faster than ever. States. Cuba's various attractions Whether right or wrong, this policy will need no enumeration, but three points undoubtedly be adhered to for four years, should be impressed on prospective emiduring which period the fortune of Cuba grants: will be made or marred. Its ultimate 1. There is room for many thousands absorption is inevitable. The uncertain of winter residences, hotels, and boarding. points are: How long will the process houses; but Cuba's chief need is more take? and, Will its people be dragged into educated, public-spirited people, with suffithe fold, or will they come willingly- cient means to make homes for themselves, joyfully? This subject is too important people who, instead of trying to buy the to be treated from a partisan stand- whole island, will be content with a few point, and those of

us who oppose

acres each, upon which to raise the things the Republican party should be careful that find a ready market here. not to allow our party feeling to influ- 2. At first the settlements should be

our judgment or action. On the mainly in groups, of elements socially contrary, we should, if anything, be the harmonious, which will act together for more actively helpful in the solution of the general good. the problem. The most difficult factor in 3. But, more important than everything the race is racial. Probably no white else, the emigrant should cultivate the race is so antipathetic to the Anglo-Saxon altruistic part of his own nature; persistas the Spanish; and, though a majority of ently bear and forbear; and be careful not our people are not Anglo-Saxon, this is to expect too much, nor to give too little. admittedly the strongest element in our In short, he should make the people feel population. The task before us is to that, while properly caring for his own change a repelling into an attractive force, interests, he is a true friend, and that they which will require very wise action. The are benefited by his presence among them. Government cannot do this alone. The The principal reasons why there has Cubans cannot be made loyal Americans as yet been so little emigration to Cuba in a lump. They will have to be won are that the people have had no assurance individually; and this can be done most that the government would protect them, successfully by private persons on the if necessary, from flagrant injustice; and ground. Fortunately, Cuba is sparsely that, if they should go there with little or settled, and can support ten times its no knowledge of the language and condipresent population. Moreover, it is the tions of the country, they would be likely nearest and most easily reached as well to return with nothing but experience. as the most fertile and attractive natural It therefore seems to me that, if Cuba is to be Americanized, there should be one given are so appalling as to make us or more Emigrant Associations formed by wonder at the silence of State Food Compeople who have no axes to grind, and missioners. Look a little deeper and you whose sole purpose is to help the best will see the shadow of the ballot-box filled class of people to make homes for them- with granger votes. Is it not a fraud to selves in Cuba, with the least expense and take white butter of a grade just above trouble. To this end they would facilitate rancid, color it, and load it on the market the formation of emigrant parties, the as “best dairy” and even sneak tons of procuring of reduced rates of transporta- it into “creamery" grades? Granting tion, and the general dissemination of the coloring matter is not unhealthy, is it needed information throughout this coun- not a fraud to use it for the purpose of try. Offices should be opened in various raising lardy, unpalatable butter in value? parts of Cuba, to which immigrants could But do not for a moment suppose a go for counsel, with agents whose sole political party would dare attack this. duty it would be to help them in selecting

ence

Milwaukee, Wis.

W. B. H. and purchasing the kinds of land they might desire, as well as supplies; to pre

Politics and Public Service vent or allay friction between immigrants, To the Editors of The Outlook : and to encourage their co-operation; and Commenting on the recent article by Mr. to promote cordial business and social Washington Gladden, the following proprelations between the newcomers and the ositions are made prominent: (1) The natives.

public service companies corrupt the city The New England Emigrant Aid Society, governments; (2) they exact exorbitant by appealing to the patriotic, altruistic, returns on their investments; (3) to the and Christian sentiment in its day, saved detriment of the people; and (4) the remKansas to freedom. It is more than edy is for cities to own the corporations. possible that the right kind of an associa- The first two claims must be allowed. tion now, by organizing the same elements, Sums of money are offered to men in would soon regenerate Cuba. If this is office with the intent and effect of purto be done, no time should be lost. The chasing them; these men are elected by destinies of Cuba are in our hands. We the people. can make it an earthly Hades, or the gar- 3. This is denied. Everywhere and at den-spot of the world. Which shall it be? all times in communities of men the

ALBERT GRIFFIN, greater number spend as they get. It is Topeka, Kan.

the exceptional man who sets his heart on

accumulation. Without this there could Oleomargarine Again

be no progress. I am not speaking of To the Editors of The Outlook :

ideal men, but of the human being as he In your editorial on the Oleomargarine is. Individuals must accumulate capital Bill you close with the following: “And before progress begins. If any one will the sale of, oleomargarine as butter is such take a public service company, trace its a fraud. Otherwise why color it at all?” history in getting and spending, I think May not the same be said of butter which he will find somewhere in this country, is colored ? How many creameries are in the shape of material improvements, there, in your State or this, where no color- almost every dollar of profits, legitimate ing is ever used ? Every one in the least and illegitimate, made in the enterprise. familiar with dairying knows butter is not The question now is this: Will the counthe same color the year around; that its try be better off if all these improvements color is controlled by the grade of the are obliterated and their cost returned in milch cows and the feed.

detail to the persons who furnished the If over ninety per cent. of the “best" means of erecting them ? (I leave out (?) creamery butter is colored, why is with bare mention the fact that all these there such a cry about oleomargarine, when improvements have been paid for in cash, the same calamity-howlers are mum on and necessarily employed labor on a large the subject of colored butter? Statistics scale.) I am inclined to say no. The on manufacture of milk and butter“color” few cents a day contributed by many are difficult to procure, but the amounts thousands, accumulated as a fund, is

sons.

potent; remaining dispersed, nothing large governments consist of corruptible peror permanent would come into being. The only remedy is to change that. Most of us are like certain plants, the

Crolbaugh, Pa.

W. L. growth of which is accelerated, not retarded, by judicious pruning. The trans

Only a Quotation action here under review is simply one of

To the Editors of The Outlook : robbing Peter to pay Paul for doing work

Your reviewer of books reveals his that enriches both. If Peter was not shallowness in a sharp criticism upon an robbed, Paul would not be paid, and the expression in my new book, “ Making a improvements would not be made. Always Life.” That sentence is in a long quoallow that I am speaking of these gentle- tation from Carlyle. It is not mine.

I men as we find them, not as we can easily know Carlyle is not as good as I am, but imagine them to be. The error in such

I simply ask justice. complaints as this is that the money ob

CORTLAND MYERS. tained is regarded as • lost.” What the corporation gets unjustly is supposed to [Mr. Carlyle, then, must shoulder the be lost by the people; but the conserva- responsibility for this peculiar sentence: tion of capital may be studied with advan- “ The Great Western, bounding safe tage as well as that of energy.

through the gullets of the Hudson, threw 4. This also is denied—as a generality; her cable out on the capstan of New it may be true in particular instances. York." The absence of quotation-marks Where men are corruptible, sources enough in the long extract to which Mr. Myers will be found to effect their corruption. refers was responsible for our temporary The core of this proposition is that city shifting of the burden.—THE EDITORS.

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Notes and Queries

It is seldom possible to answer any inquiry in the next issue after its receipt. Those who find expected answers late in coming will, we hope, bear in mind the impediments arising from the constant pressure of many subjects upon our limited space. Communications should always bear the writer's name and address. Any book named in Notes and Queries will be sent by the publishers of The Outlook, postpaid, on receipt of price. You say that “religion is the life of God in Who is the author of this verse: “ They roll the soul.” Is there

sin as a sweet morsel under their tongue"? Is not all life God inny other life but God's life? Do not irreligious people

C. S. F. possess life in their souls? Or do they have souls? Is it not, then, God's life which they have in their

Matthew Henry, in his famous “ Commentaries," uses the souls?

D. H. R.

phrase in reference to Psalm xxvi. All life is one, and the Infinite life finites itself in all living things to which, it gives birth. But we recognize

I very much wish to find a piece of verse which more and more of life in the ascending grades from the

was in one of the school readers I studied in my grass to the cattle, from cattle to men, from men merely

younger days. I should think it would be in one of

the old series known as Sargent's Standard Readers. self-conscious to men who are God-conscious. In the The verses recite the experiences of two or three per God-conscious, religious life, the life of God is most sons who take a walk over the same route. All of fully manifest. So Jesus said, “I came that they may them save one bring back a commonplace and wearihave life, and may have it abundantly." The phrase you some report of an uninteresting expenence. One of quote uses the term "life" in the intense sense often

them, however, gives an enthusiastic account of

*vhat he had seen, heard, and telt. Can any one put given to it in the New Testament.

me upon the track of the verses?

N. B. Some fifty years ago Kames's “ Elements of

“ C. G. H.” asks concerning the authorship Criticism" was a common text-book in our colleges, and filled an important place. Has the work been

of “ The harvest time is passing by," etc. It is from revised so that it is usable at date? or has any other

a song for contralto or baritone, both words and work been written which can take its place?

music being composed by Will L. Thompson, who S.C. F.

is also the publisher. It can be obtained price 35

cents) from Will L. Thompson & Co., East Live We do not know of its being revised. A good modern erpool, O., or through any tirst-class music dealer: treatise is Professor Raymond's " Representative Signifi- The song has a chorus " ad libitum," but can be used cance of Form" (Putnams, New York, $2). Another ettectively as a solo.

D. E. B. is Winchester's “ Principles of Criticism,"

“H. E. J." asks as to West's picture of Lord Please give the names of several books, in the Clive. In the reorganization of Hindiostan, under order of their importance, on the influence of Greek

Lord Clive's administration, the Shah of Oudh Philosophy upon the doctrines and polity of the granted to the East India Company the draini Christian Church.

W.R.F.

" Diwán" is officer or minister of tinance) or hnan

cial administration of the attairs of Bengal and The best thing we can suggest is Hatch's "Influence of

Orissa. The picture, no doubt, reprents the official Greek Ideas and l'sages upon the Christian Church"

document passing' from the Shah to Lord Chve. (Scribners, New York, $ 3.75).

L.

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