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ed with the laws of punctuation ; especially with tleness into the sources of thought and feeling.
those concerning the comma. A neatly and cor- Are the showy pieces generally sung at the pres-
rectly punctuated book-page not only appears bet- ent time destined to an extended existence? And
ter but is more readily understood than a page will they be worthy of a life so real and so lasting
bristling with ill-placed punctuation marks, ap- as those sweeter songs of a former day whose
pearing, to one who notices such matters, like a sounds call up the deeper and calmer emotions of
drawing well executed, but defaced by random the heart?
strokes from an unskillful hand,

For the Schoolmaster.
For the Schoolmaster.

Synonyms.
School Songs.

Recollect -- Remember.'
WITHIN a year or two, song books for the use

Cowper, writing to Mr. Newton, April 20, 1783, of schools have been greatly multiplied. Thus upon his studies, makes a very clear distinction there has been instituted an exceedingly varied between these two words : style of school music, unworthy a definite name,

“My studies,” he says, “are very much confinconsisting often of selections from popular sheet ed, and of little use, because I have no books but music, interspersed with the easier pieces from glee what I borrow, and nobody will lend me a memobooks; sometimes of reprints of German songs ac- ry: my own is almost worn out. I read the Biocompanied by English paraphrases and again of graphia and the Review. If all the readers of the the silliest melodies affixed to words which none former had memories like mine, the compilers of but a little child in his simplicity would consent to that work would in vain have labored to rescue the sing. There is very little in all this miscellaneous great names of past ages from oblivion ; for what material that is fitted to produce a right influence I read to-day I forget to-morrow. A by-stander upon children; little that touches and elevates the might say, “This is rather an advantage; the book heart of a child and instructs him after the kindly is always new.' But I beg the by-stander's parmanner of Nature in the love and condescension don : I can recollect, though I cannot remember; of his Heavenly Father.

and with the book in my hand I recognize those Every one of my readers knows that simplicity passages, which, without the book, I should never of style without puerility is a powerful instrument have thought of more.” in accomplishing good, and that without it instruction to children would prove quite of no effect.

QUESTIONS FOR Joining, then, the elements of true simplicity to a

Written Examinations. genuine religious spirit expressed in kindly words, school songs might be made to exert a lasting influence on minds easily impressed, and to lead

COMMUNICATIONS for this Department should be adthem into channels of thought which all their lives

drəssed to A. J. MANCHESTER, Providence. they would delight to follow.

The child loves to sing of scenes in nature; of springing flowers on the green banks of rivers be

1. Three times the difference of two numbers neath the open sky; of the joyous warbling of equals 2908.679085 divided by .0005, and 1-7 the birds; the expansive beauties of spring; the gen

sum of the numbers equals 800156908,69. What ial influences of summer; the generosity and are the numbers ? bounty of the autumn season ; and of winter, with

2. Get the L. C. M. of 63, 4 1-6, 11-20, 8 2-5, its frosts and snows. Home is a favorite subject

33-10. of song; - sister and brother, father and mother

3. I have a garden 5 rds. long and 3 rds. 4 yds. are delightsome words to him when skillfully em- wide; how deep must a trench, 6 ft. in width, be ployed by the song-makers.

dug around it, on the outside, that the earth thrown And so the range of subjects is not narrow nor

upon the garden shall raise it lf feet?
4-9 1-.0%

.0089 their character mean.

4. Neither are these themes new nor useless. The 8-15

.03-00 4-5

1-.0163 material is not now at hand for makir.g this an 5. What part of 35 roods is 73 sq. yds., 6 sq. illustrative article; but it could be easily shown ft., .00124 sq. in. that music and words combining simplicity with a 6. John can do a piece of work in 2-5 of a day, pleasing naturalness are not rare among the sing- William can do it in of a day, and James in f a ing books rather recently laid aside.

day. In what time can the three working together It is a suggestive inquiry whether the calm and do the work ? quiet character of those excellent musical poems 7. A cellar is 40 ft in length, 25 feet in width, has not been succeeded by noisy, demonstrative and 7 ft. 9 in. deep; what is the uniform depth of pieces, rather fitted to awaken the ruder qualities earth that must be taken from the surface of 11 of mind and heart than to instill kindness and gen-'roods to fill the cellar ?

ARITHMETIC.

х

nouns.

8. Get the simple interest on $975.875 for the The following contributions have been received time between the dates of Feb. 13th, 1857, to Dec. in compliance with a resolution passed at a recent 7th, 1861, money being worth 7 1-5 per cent. meeting of the Rhode Island Institute of Instruc

9. A note for $$740.60, dated March 11th, 1861, tion, held at Carolina Mills, for the relief of the and payable in 90 days, was discounted at a bank sick and wounded soldiers : April 1st, 1861. The sum received was invested, John J. Ladd, Classical Department High after a commission of 1 4-5 per cent of the pur- School, Providence......

$5 55 chase money was deducted, in cotton at 25 cts. per Wm. A. Mowry, English Department, do.. 8 10 1b. How many bales were purchased. each weigh- Samuel Thurber, Junior Department, do... 5 00 ing 500 lbs.

Miss E. B. Barnes, Carpenter Street Pri10. John can do ż a piece of work in 5 days, mary, Providence..

1 16 William can do the piece in 6 days, James can do F. B. C. Davis, Public School, Westerly... 55

the piece in 4 1-6 days, and Charles in 10 days can S. A. Briggs, Public School, E. Greenwich, 3 00 do 24 times the work. In how many days can all Charles E. Howes, Public School, District working together do it? How much can all work- No. 9, Westerly ..

42 ing together do in one day?

P, T. Coggshall, Public School, Portsmouth 1 25 GRAMMAR.

J. W. Gorton, Public School, Peacedale... 91 1. What are the vowel sounds of i?

H. E. Miner, Public School, Charlestown.. 35 2. Write the present and perfect participles of Miss I. F. Dixon, Public School, S. Kingsthe verbs concur, filter, rear, and revere ; why do

town .....

12 you spell them so ?

Mr. G, M. Bently, Pub. School. Hopkinton, 40 3. Write the plural of these nouns: Genus, Miss S. M. Lillibridge, Public School, RichLamina, radius, idex, army, ox.

mond ....

16 4. Write the singular of vortices, oases, man- Mr. A. A. Lillibridge.......do.........do. 22 ners, morals.

F. B. Snow, Bridgham School, Providence. 6 13 6. Give examples of the several classes of ad- M. A. Maynard, Dist. No. 2, Burrillville... 25 jectives.

George W. Spalding, Natick,

1 84 6. Give examples of the several classes of pro- Miss Kate Pendleton, No. 11, Watch Hill,

Westerly.....

60 7. Give the passive voice, indicative mode, fu- F. B. Smith, Valley Falls, Dist. No. 33.... 3 75 ture perfect tense, third person, plural of the verb: Second Primary, Elmwood......

50 To teach.

H. H. Gorton, Dist. No. 15, Warwick,.... 51 8. Write a sentence containing a transitive Miss E. A. Pierce, Summer Street Intermeverb, and the relative pronoun that in the objec- diate, Providence.......

1 51 tive case plural.

W. H. Gifford, Middletown, Dist. No. 3,... i 25 9. Correct the errors in the following sentence: A. R. Adams, Public School, Centreville... 85 "Danger, long travel, want, or woe, A Primary School, Providence,..

1 52 Soon change the form that best we know." W. C. Peckham, No. 11, Burrillville....... 36 10. Correct the errors in this sentence, tell why Miss E. P. Cunliffe, Dist. No. 1, Warwick. Miss S. J. Bates, Primary, No. 11, do...... 36

1 00 they are errors, and parse each word in it: East District, Warren,....

28 Give John and i what was lying on the table. H. M. Rice, High School, Woonsocket

75 Perley. Verry, Grammar School, do........ 82 Editors' Department. Miss A. Peck, Intermediate do...do........ 57

Miss B. J. Brown, Primary do...do....... 38 We would call attention to the advertisement of

Miss E. Paine.......do.....do...do........ 40 Messrs. Bazin & Ellsworih, publishers of a set of Miss M. R. Brown,..do.....do...do........ 35

73 Readers. The Progressive Readers are too well Miss Lucy Smith....do......o...do........ known in Rhode Island to need or even to profit

N. W. DeMunn, Principal Benefit Street

3 06 by a notice, editorially, in The SCHOOLMASTER.

Grammar School, Providence,..... With these Readers and a live teacher, the art of Mary W: Armington,

Graham Street Intermediate School, Providence,

1 12 reading is imparted with wonderfui facility to the Mary E. Anthony, Benefit Street Intermeyoung student. There is a marked appropriate- diate School, (one room,) Providence,. 50 ness in the selection of the sentiment in the various Lizzie A. Davis and Susan R. Joslyn, Ben

63 numbers. The pupil reads them because he finds J. H. Arnold. Portsmouth, District No. 5.. 5 00

efit Street Primary School, Providence, a special congeniality in the subject matter. In William L. Chace, Chepachet.

2 00 the higher numbers are not only gems of thought, but a judicious rhetorical arrangement of princi

$64 21 ples, making, from foundation to capstone, a series We will furnish Tue ScHOOLMAster and the which need to be used in the school-room to be Atlantic Monthly or Harpers' Magazine for the fully appreciated.

subscription price ($3.00) of either monthly.

Military Training in our Schools. win, the first assistant, has had many years expeWe are pleased to notice that this subject is

rience in this department, to which, at the comrapidly meeting with the attention which it de- mencement, she brought many rare natural and mands. Gov. Andrews, of Massachusetts, strong: Auence over the pupils, especially the young ladies,

acquired endowments. Her literary and moral inly recommends that the present legislature shall

is invaluable. Miss Ellen R. Luther, the second make provision by statute for the drill of their youth. Gov. Morgan, of New York, very em

assistant, enjoyed a thorough normal training un

der the model educator, Mr. Dana P. Colburn, and phatically calls the attention of the legislative

has imbibed a desirable share of his enthusiasm body to the subject. The governors of several other loyal States, either have already or we doubt

in the work. Being familiar with the piano, acnot will, advocate a military department in all our companied with a commanding voice, she has exschools. Gov. Curtin, of Pennsylvania, speaks as

ercised the school daily in the pleasing art of vofollows in relation to it :

cal music, now so generally introduced into our "I earnestly recommend to the legislature that public schools of every grade. provision be made for the military instruction of

Thus is your Normal Department furnished with youth. The appointment of a military instructor teachers whose united ability to do the work asin the normal schools would, in a short period, signed them, we venture to say, is not inferior to give teachers to the common schools, who would be competent to train the boys in attendance on

that of any school of the same character in New them. It would, in my opinion, be wise also to England. provide for the purchase or leasing by the Com- Belonging to the school is a well selected library monwealth of a building for a military school, and of 1906 volumes. These books are for the daily for employing competent instructors at the expense of the State, requiring the pupils to defray use of the scholars, or for reference, or for such the other expenses. No pupil should be admitted general reading as the teachers and more advancto this school without having passed a thorough ed pupils may need. The rooms are furnished with examination in mathematics, and all fitting subjects of instruction, except the military art proper. maps and charts of the most modern improvement. I respectfully urge this subject on your early con- A valuable apparatus has recently been obtained sideration as one of material, perhaps vital im- for the purpose of giving a more perfect demonportance.”

stration of the primary practical principles of His Excellency Governor Sprague, in his com

chemistry, galvanism, and electro-magnetism. munication to the General Assembly, says: My attention has been called to the subject of

During the past year, sixty-two different persons introducing military exercises and instruction into have been registered as members of the Normal our common schools. I can perceive no serious School, and have enjoyed its advantages for one or objections to such a change, but much that may more terms. A greater number of males has been commend it to your consideration and favor."

in attendance the past year, than during any year Report of the Trustees of the Normal Shcool. preceding. It is worthy of note, as indicating the To the Honorable General Assembly:

growing interest of the community in the Normal In compliance with the statute, the Trustees of Department, as the source from whence teachers the Normal School respectfully submit their Se- are to be obtained, that applications for male teachcond Annual Report.

ers for this winter's schools within our State, hare The term for which Hon. J. J. Reynolds was exceeded our means of supply. Indeed, it is manelected having expired, and declining a reelection, ifest to your Board, that such is the growing popHon. Charles H. Denison was chosen by your hon- ularity of these modern institutions in the Northorable body to fill his place. Your Board, thus Eastern States, where common schools have atconstituted, have held their quarterly meetings for tained the greatest perfection, that the time is not business, and visited the school under their super- far distant when it will become an indispensable vision each term, as by law required.

qualification in a candidate for the office of a teachThe school has continued through the year un-er, that he or she has been a member of a Normal der the government and instruction of the same School. And why should it not be so ? principal and assistants as during the year previ- The business of teaching and governing a pubous. Joshua Kendall, A. M., the principal, has lic school has already become a profession; comfulfilled the duties of his responsible office to the manding greater numbers, and in instances not a high satisfaction of the Trustees, and of such as few, greater salaries than some of the so-called have been associated with the school as patrons or learned professions. And since seminaries are pupils. By his untiring diligence, his amiable and founded specifically for these professions, such as courtly demeanor, winning the confidence and af- the Law, Theology and Medicine, why are they not fection of his pupils; by his ability to illustrate equally necessary for the qualification of those inand impress the various subjects of daily lectures to whose hands the training of the minds and more and remarks upon the apprehension and memory, als of our youth is to be committed during six or he has already accomplished among us a work in eight years of the most important portion of their the cause of education, which, we believe, will be lives? As it regards the peace of families, the felt throughout the State. Miss Harriet W. Good-social elevation of the neighborhood, the main springs of obedience to law, and reverence for the

Our Book Table. civil power, no office-bearer can claim superiority over the teacher of our children. Hence the origin and importance of Normal Schools. We see CHAMBERS' ENCYCLOPÆDIA. Published by J. B.

Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia. not how they can be dispensed with in any State

We are indebted for the 38th and 39th numbers and community where they have been successfully

of Chambers' Encyclopædia. The more we see of begun, without producing a sad retrogression in

this masterly work the more we feel its necessity, the present greatly improved system of popular

and the more we realize the benefit conferred upeducation.

on the American public by its enterprising pubThe Institution under the patronage of your hon

lishers. A Rhode Island scholar says: orable body, is comparatively recent in its origin; and yet five hundred, averaging nearly sixty-three

“I have examined with some care the numbers a year, have shared in its privileges; most of of your re-print of Chambers' Encyclopædia. If whom may be supposed to be living and active a judgment may be formed from these specimens, educators of the rising generation in some of the I consider it a timely and important addition to various departments of primary instruction.

our means for rendering general knowledge accepWe are aware that the General Assembly, under table to the whole community. The articles are the pressure of the civil war with which our coun- well selected, the knowledge is brought down to try is now afflicted, will find it necessary to con- the present time, the plan is very comprehensive, sult the strictest economy in their appropriations and the work derives a peculiar value from the for the current year, that is compatible with the pictorial illustrations with which it is abundantly well being of the commonwealth. But we sincere- supplied. I think it will be found a capital book ly hope that the excinding knife, if it be necessary for reference in every family.”—FRANCIS Wayto apply it at all, may not fall upon this essential LAND, D. D., LL. D. pillar of our educational system. This Board most earnestly commend this school to your generous

The Youth's COMPANION. Published by Olmpatronage and continued support.

stead & Co., School street, Boston. Does the litThe term for which Hon. S. G. Arnold and Rev. tle son or daughter wish a newspaper of their own ? T. P. Shepard were elected, will have expired be one that shall make the whole homestead glad fore the session of May next. It will therefore when it comes ? Then we say, take the Youth's devolve upon the Assembly to elect, during this Companion. It is one of the best little papers, if present session, two Trustees to supply the vacan- not the best, now published. It is, if we mistake cy in the Board.

not, the oldest one in the country of the kind. It The following disbursements have been made is one of those juvenile papers which old as well during the year, viz. :

as young must love. A juvenile word well said Salaries of the teachers.... $2,350 00 always gains the maturer attention. In the old Silliman's Journal......

5 00 homestead of our youth it has made its visits to Expenses of Trustees.............

36 55 George Loomis.......

each one respectively of five children, and now it 32 00

still cheers the hearts of the lonely pair as its

$2,423 55 pages breathe forth sweet and gentle words. Pa In behalf of the Trustees,

rents, do you want a gem for your son or daughter, THOMAS P. SHEPARD.

take the Companion to your hearthstone. OUR EXCHANGES. - Among our numerous ex. THE PULPIT AND THE ROSTRUM., An Elegant changes, we have many that deserve a frequent Pamphlet Serial, contains the best Sermons, notice in our columns. Of these, we now speak of Lectures, &c. Twelve Numbers, $1.00, in adGodey's Lady's Book. We do not well understand

vance. Single Number, 10 cents. E. D. Barker, how a lady can dispense with its valuable informa

publisher, 135 Grand street, New York. tion. It is never meagre, it is never dry, or driven

We have received the February number of this out at its appointed time by sheer necessity. It

serial. It contains the great speech of Wendell goes forth to its ten thousand readers full, like the

Phillips on the Southern Rebellion. In times like bee to the hive, from the wild Thyme bed” lad- these we need to preserve the thoughts of our great en to overflowing, and therefore must go. It is men, and by publishing our best lectures in a pamhigly moral in its tone, and yet merry in its ring. phlet form they may be kept. The ability of the As to patterns, designs, crochet work, embroidery, publisher

, in selecting from the mass of lectures recipes, fashion plates, and engravings, we think such as are worthy of preservation, is a sufficient it has no superior on the western side of the At- guarantee to the public. lantic. You may depend upon what is said about THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY. - We have received the "cut” of a "yoke,” or the length of a cloak, the February number of this magazine, for which or the shape of a hat. We say, then, let your la- we always have a hearty welcome ready. In fact, dies take Godey one year and you will dismiss your dress-maker the next, before you do the Lady's we do not feel established for the month until we Book. Address L. A. Godey, Philadelphia, Pa. have seen the Atlantic. If there are any of The SCHOOLMASTER's friends who do not take it we say on all current topics, and also devote abundant to them, read the prospectus for 1862. Its writers space to those racy specimens of American wit and have always numbered the brightest stars of our position of our national character. Among those

humor, without which there can be no perfect exliterary firinament, but what a galaxy for the new who will contribute regularly to this department year: Longfellow, Lowell, Emerson, Hawthorne, may be mentioned the name of Charles F. Browne, Holmes, Whittier, Bayard Taylor, Mrs. Stowe,l!“ Artemas Ward,”) from whom we shall present,

in the February number, the first of an entirely Harriet Martineau, Rose Terry, and a host of oth- new and original series of Sketches of Western ers. Who would do without it, when for the tri- Life. fling price of its subscription, we may not only be

“The Continental will be liberal and progressive, admitted into communion with minds like these, grasp of the age; and it will endeavor to reflect

without yielding to chimeras and hopes beyond the but have AGAssiz for our teacher ?

the feelings and interests of the American people,

and to illustrate both their serious and humorous We have received from N. Bangs Williams, 113 peculiarities. In short, no pains will be spared to Westminster street, Harpers' Magazine, which may make it the representative magazine of the time. now be considered one of the institutions of the the soldier on duty, the publisher will send the

“ Appreciating the importance of literature to country. It would seem useless to call the atten. Continental, GRATIS, to any regiment in active sertion of any of our readers to its attractions. It is vice, on application being made by its Colonel or the magazine for the people, and has grown in fa- those desiring to furnish it to soldiers in the ranks

Chaplain; he will also receive subscriptions from vor from year to year, until its circulation exceeds at half the regular price ; but in such cases it that of any other monthly. The opening numbers must be mailed from the office of publication." of the year are unusually interesting, and promise THE INDEPENDENT. Joseph H. Richards, pubmuch for those to come. We hope to be remem- lisher, No. 5 Beekman street, N. York. Terms, bered in this same way through the new year. by mail, $2.00 a year, payable in advance.

"The Independent has now entered upon the fourWHAT AN OLD TUTOR SAID.-An old tutor once teenth year of its existence, and is conducted by charged a class in English composition, in all their the same corps of editors who originated it, and

with the same general principles and aims for productions, to “make a point. We think Potter which it was started. It is a religious newspaper & Hammond “made a point” hard to be beaten of the largest class; Congregational, but not secwhen they gave us those flexible pens, than which tarian, in its denominational affinities; Orthodox, there are none better in Brother Jonathan's do- decided in opposition to Slavery, and every organ

but tolerant, in its theological views; earnest and minions. Don't take our word for it, but try them. ic or social iniquity and wrong, yet Christian in its

temper, and lawful in its methods of dealing with CONTINENTAL MONTHLY. Published by J. R. Gil- public sins. In the great contest now raging in

more, 110 Tremont street, Boston; George P. our country, The Independent is uncompromising Putnam, 532 Broadway, N. York; T. B. Peter- in hostility to the Rebellion, and earnest and resoson & Brothers, 306 Chestnut street, Philadel-lute in upholding the Government. phia. Terms: $3.00 per year, in advance, (post- “In addition to a weekly summary of secular age paid by the publishers); two copies for $5.00, and religious news, carefully prepared, The Inde three copies for $6.00, (postage unpaid.) pendent is enriched by a various and a wide-spread

"To meet the wants of the present extraordina- correspondence from our own and other lands. ry times, the publishers have commenced, under In its selected religious articles and its original the editorial charge of Charles Godfrey Leland, contributions, it provides instructive reading for the publication of a new magazine, devoted to lit- the family. Every week it contains A Sermon by erature and national policy.

Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, reported expressly for “In politics it will advocate, with all the force its columns; and it numbers among its Special at its command, measures best adapted to preserve Contributors some of the highest names in the rethe oneness and integrity of these United States. ligious, political and literary worlds, viz:- Mrs. The early numbers will contain articles on this Harriet Beecher Stowe, Rev. Robert M. Hatfield, subject from Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson, Hon. Geo. Rev. George B. Cheever, Horace Greeley, Rev. Bancroft, Hon. Horace Greeley, and others of Theo. L. Cuyler, Bayard Taylor, John G. Whitequal eminence.

tier, Charles L. Brace. ** Among its attractions will be presented, in an "It will be the aim of its editors and proprietors early number, A New Serial of American Life, to make The Independent for 1862 even more atby Richard B. Kimball, Esq., the very popular tractive and profitable to its readers, and more author of " The Revelations of Wall Street,” “St. worthy of its mission for truth and righteousness, Leger," etc. A series of papers by Hon. Horace than in any former year. Greeley, entitled, " Across the Continent,” embo- "Any person who will send to the office of The dying the distinguished author's observations on Independent the names of five new subscribers for the growth and development of the Great West. one year, or of one new subscriber for five years, A series of articles by the author of "Through with’ten dollars, (being two dollars a year for each the Cotton States," containing the result of an ex- subscription,) will receive as a gift a handsome tended tour in the seaboard Slave States just prior copy of Webster': Unabridged Dictionary, pictorial to the breaking out of the war, and presenting a edition, containing fifteen hundred engraved illusstartling and truthful picture of the real condition trations. of that region. The lyrical talent of John G. “We also offer to any old subscriber a premium Whittier, the descriptive talent of Bayard Taylor, of a copy of Webster's Abridged Dictionary, con. the eloquent pen of the Rev. Henry W. Bellows, taining nearly five hundred pages, for the name of are all promised to its pages.

every new subscriber for one year sent us with two "The editorial department will cmbrace, in addi- dollars. The price of the Dictionary alone, at the tion to vigorous and fearless comments on the book-stores, is $1.50. The book will be delivered eyents of the time, genial gossip with the reader at our office, or be sent by express, as desired."

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