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Other evidence of the same description greatest of evils, it is provided that martial was given, showing that there was both in law should not in future be declared or St. Thomas-in-the-East, and in some other imposed but by the opinion and advice of parts of the Island, a vague expectation a Council of War. that in some way the occupiers were in By another section of the same Act it future to be freed from the payment of was -provided, that the Governor, the rent.

members of the Privy Council and of the House of Assembly, with certain naval and militia officers, should be members of

the Council of War, and that not less than THE SUPPRESSION.

twenty-one should be a quorum.

This Council was summoned to meet on 1.-THE MEASURES ADOPTED.

the morning of the 13th, and was attended The Despatch of Troops. Proclamation

by about thirty members, among whom of Martial Lar.

were men of all parties in the Island.

The opinion of the Chief Justice was It is right that we should now relate required by the Governor, and given ; and the means by which this apparently for. it was unanimously resolved that martial midable insurrection was checked and law should be at once declared over the finally suppressed.

whole of the county of Surry, with the exThe letter of Baron Ketelhodt, written ception of the town of Kingston. on the 10th of October, and requesting The only point upon which any

differmilitary aid, was received by the Gover- ence of opinion was manifested at this nor at Spanish Town on the following meeting was, as to whether Kingston morning.

should not be included. One witness, in. Expresses were immediately sent off to deed, who was present, stated it to be his Major-General O'Connor at Kingston, impression that the Governor had prorequesting him to get ready 100 men for posed that martial law should be declared immediate embarcation, and to the senior over a more extended area. No one else, naval officer at Port Royal, requesting however, seems to have had this impres. that a man-of-war might at once be sent tion, and it is clear that it was the result up to Kingston to receive the troops, and of mistake. convey them without delay to Morant The original draft of the Proclamation Bay.

prepared by the Attorney-General by the These requests were at once complied direction of the Governor was laid before with, and the troops arrived at Morant us; and on comparing it with the actual Bay in time to preserve that place from a Proclamation agreed to by the Council, we second attack of the insurgents.

found that the area agreed upon by the On the following morning the Governor Council was somewhat more extensive received information of the events of the than that originally suggested by the 11th, that the Court House had been Governor. burnt down, many persons murdered, and The following is a copy of the Procla. the prisoners released ; and also that the mation :insurgents were marching up the valley on the line of the Yallahs River.

“Jamaica S.S. In consequence of this information an

“Victoria, by the grace of God of the additional force was sent to Morant Bay,

United Kingdom of Great Britain and troops were ordered to march from

and Ireland Queen, and of Jamaica Newcastle towards the Blue Mountain

Supreme Lady, Defender of the Valley, to stop the progress of the insur

Faith. gents in that direction.

The Privy Council were then summoned. To all Our loving subjects. They met on the evening of the 12th, and “ Whereas We are certified of the comall the information which had been received mittal of grievous trespasses and felonies up to that time was laid before them. within the parish of St. Thomas-in-theThey came unanimously to the conclusion East of this Our Island of Jamaica, and that it would be desirable at once to pro- have reason for expecting that the same claim martial law. By an Act of the may be extended to the neighbouring Local Legislature of 9 Ŭict. c. 35, after a parishes of the county of Surry of Our recital that the appearance of public said Island: We do hereby, by the authodanger by invasion or otherwise may some- rity to Us committed by the laws of this times render the imposition of martial law Our Island, declare and announce to all necessary, but that, from experience of whom it may concern that martial law the mischief and calamities attending it, shall prevail throughout the said county it must ever be considered as amongst the of Surry, except in the city and parish of

ور

Kingston; and that Our military forces “Wolverine," who co-operated with the shall have all power of exercising the regular troops. rights of belligerents against such of the Bodies of Maroons protected Port Aninhabitants of the said county, except as

tonio and Bath. aforesaid, as Our military forces may con- Troops were also sent to Linstead in sider opposed to Our government, and St. Thomas-in-the-Vale, about 14 miles to the well-being of Our loving subjects. the north of Spanish Town; and Volun“Given at Head Quarter House,

teers, pensioners, and special constables Kingston, on the 13th day of Octo

were enrolled for the protection of Kingber, in the year of our Lord one

ston, and for the general maintenance of

order.
thousand eight hundred and sixty-
five, and in the 29th year of Our

These military arrangements appear to reign.

us to have been prompt and judicious.

By confining the insurgents to the "Witness, his Excellency Edward John

parish of St. Thomas-in-the-East and its Eyre, Esq., Captain General and Governor.

neighbourhood the disturbances were kept in-Chief in and over Our said Island of

in check, and were prevented from spreadJamaica, and other the territories thereon

ing to other parts of the Island. depending in America, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony of British Honduras, Chancellor of Our said Island

Operations of which Morant Bay was the

Centre. of Jamaica, and Vice-Admiral of the same. “ (Signed) E. EYRE.

On Friday, the 13th of October, Cap“ By his Excellency’s command.

tain Luke was sent forward from Morant “(Signed) EDWARD JORDON, Bay with a force of 120 men of the 1st “Governor's Secretary.”

West India Regiment to Bath, which he

reached on the following day. We are of opinion that the Legislature At the “Rhine,” an estate near Bath, of Jamaica, in the recital to the Act just he found nearly 100 refugees, consisting of referred to have not in any sense exagger

the women and children of the families ated the magnitude of the evils attending from the surrounding districts. martial law, and we are confirmed in that These refugees were escorted to Port opinion by what is shown to have taken Morant, whence they embarked for Kingplace in the Island during the few weeks ston. Many of them had undergone of its continuance.

severe privations, and some were severely But with the full knowledge of all that wounded. has occurred we are nevertheless also of On the morning of the 14th a man was opinion that upon the information before tried by Court-martial at Port Morant, them, and with the knowledge they pos- and executed, who was said to be one of sessed of the state and circumstances of the leading rebels, and had threatened the Island, the Council of War had good the life of the Collector of Customs at reason for the advice which they gave,

that place. and that the Governor was well justified During the same day a party of fifty in acting upon that advice.

marines and sailors under Lieutenant

Oxley, Royal Navy, advanced from Morant The Military Operations.

Bay, westwards as far as Easington. On

the road two negroes were seen running When intelligence of the outbreak away, and failing to stop when ordered to reached the Government, troops were do so, they were both shot. The same immediately sent to the scene of action, fate befel a prisoner who, during the the object being to limit the disturbances march, attempted to escape by flight. A within certain bounds.

fourth man was tried and executed, by With this view, detachments composed order of Court-martial, at Easington, for of the West India regiments serving in having joined in the outbreak on the 11th. Jamaica were despatched to Morant Bay On the 18th of October ninety men and to Port Antonio, at each of which were sent up to Stony Gut from Morant places military posts were established. Bay. This party, on their arrival, took

At the same time a party of the 2nd possession of that place, and of the chapel battalion 6th Regiment marched from belonging to Paul Bogle. On this occaNewcastle to proceed along the line of the sion an act of cruelty towards a woman Blue Mountain Valley, and endeavour to has been charged against this party. intercept the insurgents who were

As far, however, as the officer in comported to be advancing by that route. mand and his men were concerned, their

Seamen and marines were also landed at acts appear to have been limited to this :Morant Bay from Your Majesty's ship That they detained the woman during the

re.

Other evidence of the same description greatest of evils, it is provided that martial was given, showing that there was both in law should not in future be declared or St. Thomas-in-the-East, and in some other imposed but by the opinion and advice of parts of the Island, a vague expectation a Council of War. that in some way the occupiers were in By another section of the same Act it future to be freed from the payment of was provided, that the Governor, the rent.

members of the Privy Council and of the House of Assembly, with certain naval and militia officers, should be members of

the Council of War, and that not less than THE SUPPRESSION.

twenty-one should be a quorum.

This Council was summoned to meet on 1.-THE MEASURES ADOPTED.

the morning of the 13th, and was attended

by about thirty members, among whom The Despatch of Troops. Proclamation of Martial Law.

were men of all parties in the Island.

The opinion of the Chief Justice was It is right that we should now relate required by the Governor, and given ; and the means by which this apparently for. it was unanimously resolved that martial midable insurrection was checked and law should be at once declared over the finally suppressed.

whole of the county of Surry, with the ex. The letter of Baron Ketelhodt, written ception of the town of Kingston. on the 10th of October, and requesting The only point upon which any differ. military aid, was received by the Gover- ence of opinion was manifested at this nor at Spanish Town on the following meeting was, as to whether Kingston morning.

should not be included. One witness, in. Expresses were immediately sent off to deed, who was present, stated it to be his Major-General O'Connor at Kingston, impression that the Governor had pro. requesting him to get ready 100 men for posed that martial law should be declared immediate embarcation, and to the senior over a more extended area. No one else, naval officer at Port Royal, requesting however, seems to have had this impres. that a man-of-war might at once be sent tion, and it is clear that it was the result up to Kingston to receive the troops, and of mistake. convey them without delay to Morant The original draft of the Proclamation Bay.

prepared by the Attorney-General by the These requests were at once complied direction of the Governor was laid before with, and the troops arrived at Morant us; and on comparing it with the actual Bay in time to preserve that place from a Proclamation agreed to by the Council, we second attack of the insurgents.

found that the area agreed upon by the On the following morning the Governor Council was somewhat more extensive received information of the events of the than that originally suggested by the 11th, that the Court House had been Governor. burnt down, many persons murdered, and The following is a copy of the Proclathe prisoners released ; and also that the mation :insurgents were marching up the valley on the line of the Yallahs River.

• Jamaica S.S. In consequence of this information an

“Victoria, by the grace of God of the additional force was sent to Morant Bay,

United Kingdom of Great Britain and troops were ordered to march from

and Ireland Queen, and of Jamaica Newcastle towards the Blue Mountain

Supreme Lady, Defender of the Valley, to stop the progress of the insur

Faith. gents in that direction.

The Privy Council were then summoned. “To all Our loving subjects. They met on the evening of the 12th, and “Whereas We are certified of the comall the information which had been received mittal of grievous trespasses and felonies up to that time was laid before them. within the parish of St. Thomas-in-theThey came unanimously to the conclusion East of this Our Island of Jamaica, and that it would be desirable at once to pro- have reason for expecting that the same claim martial law. By an Act of the may be extended to the neighbouring Local Legislature of 9 Vict. c. 35, after a parishes of the county of Surry of Our recital that the appearance of public said Island: We do hereby, by the authodanger by invasion or otherwise may some- rity to Us committed by the laws of this times render the imposition of martial law Our Island, declare and announce to all necessary, but that, from experience of whom it may concern that martial law the mischief and calamities attending it, shall prevail throughout the said county it must ever be considered as amongst the of Surry, except in the city and parish of Kingston; and that Our military forces “Wolverine,” who co-operated with the shall have all power of exercising the regular troops. rights of belligerents against such of the Bodies of Maroons protected Port Aninhabitants of the said county, except as tonio and Bath. aforesaid, as Our military forces may con- Troops were also sent to Linstead in sider opposed to Our government, and St. Thomas-in-the-Vale, about 14 miles to the well-being of Our loving subjects. the north of Spanish Town; and Volun“Given at Head Quarter House,

teers, pensioners, and special constables

were enrolled for the protection of KingKingston, on the 13th day of October, in the year of our Lord one

ston, and for the general maintenance of

order. thousand eight hundred and sixty

These military arrangements appear to five, and in the 29th year of Our

us to have been prompt and judicious. reign.

By confining the insurgents to the "Witness, his Excellency Edward John

parish of St. Thomas-in-the-East and its Eyre, Esq., Captain General and Governor.

neighbourhood the disturbances were kept in-Chief in and over Our said Island of

in check, and were prevented from spreadJamaica, and other the territories thereon

ing to other parts of the Island. depending in America, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony of British Honduras, Chancellor of Our said Island

Operations of which Morant Bay was the

Centre. of Jamaica, and Vice-Admiral of the same. “(Signed) E. EYRE.

On Friday, the 13th of October, Cap“By his Excellency's command.

tain Luke was sent forward from Morant "(Signed) EDWARD JORDON, Bay with a force of 120 men of the 1st “Governor's Secretary.”

West India Regiment to Bath, which he

reached on the following day. We are of opinion that the Legislature At the “Rhine," an estate near Bath, of Jamaica, in the recital to the Act just he found nearly 100 refugees, consisting of referred to, have not in any sense exagger

the women and children of the families ated the magnitude of the evils attending from the surrounding districts. martial law, and we are confirmed in that These refugees were escorted to Port opinion by what is shown to have taken Morant, whence they embarked for Kingplace in the Island during the few weeks ston. Many of them had undergone of its continuance.

severe privations, and some were severely But with the full knowledge of all that wounded. has occurred we are nevertheless also of On the morning of the 14th a man was opinion that apon the information before tried by Court-martial at Port Morant, them, and with the knowledge they pos- and executed, who was said to be one of sessed of the state and circumstances of the leading rebels, and had threatened the Island, the Council of War had good the life of the Collector of Customs at reason for the advice which they gave,

that place. and that the Governor was well justified During the same day a party of fifty in acting upon that advice.

marines and sailors under* Lieutenant

Oxley, Royal Navy, advanced from Morant The Military Operations.

Bay, westwards as far as Easington. On

the road two negroes were seen running When intelligence of the outbreak away, and failing to stop when ordered to reached the Government, troops were do so, they were both shot. The same immediately sent to the scene of action, fate befel a prisoner who, during the the object being to limit the disturbances march, attempted to escape by flight. A within certain bounds.

fourth man was tried and executed, by With this view, detachments composed order of Court-martial, at Easington, for of the West India regiments serving in having joined in the outbreak on the 11th. Jamaica were despatched to Morant Bay On the 18th of October ninety men and to Port Antonio, at each of which were sent up to Stony Gut from Morant places military posts were established. Bay. This party, on their arrival, took

At the same time a party of the 2nd possession of that place, and of the chapel battalion 6th Regiment marched from belonging to Paul Bogle. On this occaNewcastle to proceed along the line of the sion an act of cruelty towards a woman Blue Mountain Valley, and endeavour to has been charged against this party. intercept the insurgents who were

As far, however, as the officer in comported to be advancing by that route. mand and his men were concerned, their

Seamen and marines were also landed at acts appear to have been limited to this :Morant Bay from Your Majesty's ship That they detained the woman during the

re

to The following General Order was next

day to act as cook for the troops, confin- ing estates that had been sacked, he ing her to the spot by attaching a long ordered seven men to be tried by courtcord to her wrist, the other end being martial, six of whom were executed on fastened to the door of the building to the 24th of October. They were not exeprevent her escape.

cuted until their trials had been reported Whatever else may have been done to to Brigadier Nelson at head-quarters, and her was done before the troops arrived, the following despatch had been received and is attributed to Mr. Gordon Ramsay,

in reply :-the Provost-Marshal, whose conduct will “Memo.-Lieut. Adcock, A.D.C., com. be referred to in a future part of our Re- manding detachment, is hereby authoport.

rized to carry out the sentences awarded While this party of marines and sailors on the prisoners brought in. were advancing through the village of “ It is not desirable now to inflict Stony Gut, a shot was fired at one of capital punishment, except on men acthem from within one of the huts. A tually found armed, or those who were man who ran out of it directly afterwards ringleaders or murderers.” was shot at and hit, but he succeeded in After this Lieutenant Adcock returned getting away. On the following day this

to Morant Bay. force left Stony Gut, after burning the chapel and about eight cottages.

issued by Brigadier-General Nelson on the Easington was again occupied from the 25th of October :21st to the 29th of October, with the view “Officers commanding respectively must of keeping up communication with the forbid any man to enter a house in or near troops who were posted under Colonel his place under any pretext whatever, Hobbs in the Blue Mountain Valley. unless accompanied by a non-commissioned

By order of Brigadier-General Nelson, or a warrant officer. Any man found who was in command at Morant Bay, doing so to be handed over to the Provost. Lieutenant Adcock of the 6th Royal Marshal for summary punishment.". Regiment, and ten men, accompanied by A party of twenty-five men, detached a body of Volunteers and armed planters, from the 1st West India Regiment were marched northward from the Bay through ordered by Brigadier-General Nelson on the Leith Hall to Golden Grove on the Plan- 31st of October to be sent from Mancbioneal tain Garden River on the 21st of October. to Golden Grove for permanent service;

On the morning of the same day Ensign and on the 2nd of November an officer Cullen was sent with fifty men of the 1st proceeded from Morant Bay to take comWest India Regiment southward from mand of them, with the following orders Manchioneal to meet Lieutenant Adcock. given to him by Brigadier Nelson :

The orders issued by Brigadier-General “It will be necessary for you to exerNelson to Lieutenant Adcock were “to cise strict control over the men of your make excursions in any direction supposed detachment, and not to permit any man to be advantageous, care being taken that to quit his quarters for the purpose of firing of huts and buildings be not carried foraging to excess."

“ You are not sent to your post for the At Leith Hall a prisoner charged with purpose of punishing the negro, but to having fired on the Volunteers at Morant maintain order, and to afford protection Bay was tried and executed.

to the inhabitants generally. You are not Near Harbour Head, on the road to authorized to inflict summary punishGolden Grove, a man named Charles ment. If any supposed rioter be sent as Mitchell was taken prisoner, and on the prisoner to you, be good enough to incharge of having attempted the life of a quire into the case, and if you consider person at Bowden on the 12th of October the same as of a serious nature, send him he was tried by drum-head court-martial, to my head-quarters with the evidence and shot in his own yard. The circum- against him. stances of this man's case call for special " You will doubtless have many pri. notice. He was in the first instance soners brought before you, and some charged with a minor offence, for which he possibly through the animus of the inha. was sentenced to be flogged, and was tied bitants. Petty cases of larceny I cannot up to receive his punishment. While he interfere with; they must hereafter be was in that position fresh evidence was dealt with by the civil authority. taken on a second and more serious charge, "I am quite aware you will be much for which he was sentenced to be shot, pressed to administer punishment to supwhich sentence was immediately carried posed criminals, and you must be firm, into effect.

temperate, and judicious in all communi. After Lieutenant Adcock had reached cations with civilians." Golden Grove, and visited the neighbour- At the time that the district of Plan.

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