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Russia. After the death of Canova, Gib. and the inhabitants of that city have not son did not disdain again to become a been backward in showing their apprecialearner, and accordingly was, for a time, tion of his merits, and in regarding him a pupil under Thorwaldsen. Thus, trained with pride as a fellow-townsman. There under the two master-minds of modern is a fine collection of about twenty casts sculpture, he entered on his career with a from Gibson's best grouped statues at the hand and a mind more thoroughly disci- Crystal Palace, Sydenham. plined than perhaps any other English Mr. Gibson's studio at Rome was visited sculptor, yet without losing any thing of by every stranger; and no one who had his originality or individual character. tħe privilege of an introduction to him Mr. Gibson was elected an Associate of the will ever forget the simple and lucid manRoyal Academy in 1833, and became R.A. ner in which he used to narrate his favourite in 1836. He was, however, but a fitful Greek legends, illustrative of the immortal contributor to the annual exhibitions of figures he created. When the Prince of the Academy of which he was so distin. Wales visited Rome in 1857, Gibson was a guished a member. With the exception frequent and honoured guest at His Royal of short visits made at intervals to this Highness's table, and Her Majesty, whose country, Mr. Gibson resided almost entirely high appreciation of all that is great in at Rome since his first visit to that city Art is well known, gave Gibson many comin 1817. No one was more ready than missions, and conferred on him many himself to extend the hand of friendly marks of her confidence and admiration. assistance to young students on their first It is a fact equally honourable to the arrival in that great metropolis of Art. Queen and her distinguished subject, that It would be impossible, in our limited a telegram despatched by Her Majesty's space, to give a perfect list of Mr. Gib. orders arrived at Rome the morning of the son's works of a classic and ideal charac- day before his death, inquiring after the ter. His principal efforts in portrait sta- health of the great artist. He was then tues were one of Her Majesty for Buck- still sensible, and his friends, thinking it ingham Palace, and another for H.R.H. would give him satisfaction, placed it in the late Prince Consort's Chamber in the his hands. On attempting to withdraw it, palace of Westminster; the colossal sta- he held it so fast that they were compelled tues of the late Right Hon. William Hus. to leave it; and with this mark of Royal kisson, M.P., executed for Lloyd's Rooms, favour and kindness in his hands he died. London, and for the Cemetery, Liverpool - Other sovereigns and other countries dethe latter reproduced in bronze, for the lighted in doing honour to Gibson. He frout of the Custom-house in that town; was decorated by the present Emperor of Mrs. Murray, exhibited at the Royal the French with the order of the Legion Academy in 1816 ; and George Stephen. of Honour; his statue now stands in son, in 1851. He also executed several Munich by direction of King Ludwig, monumental tablets and bassi-relievi; some together with those of Tenerani, Schwanof the latter, although very beautiful, are thaler, and Routh, selected by His Majesty perhaps inferior to his bas-reliefs of clas- as men who have diguified sculptural art. sical subjects. It has been objected that, A Royal Academician and member of the as a monumental sculptor, he insists on Society of St. Luke's in Rome, he was draping his figures in ancient and classical associated with many other artistic socie. costume. Within the last few years Mr. ties in various countries. The qualities Gibson lent the weight of his high reputa- of the man ought not to be lost sight of in tion and example to an innovation which the merits of the artist. His modesty caused considerable discussion in various and unpresuming bearing won the confi. quarters--namely, that of applying colour dence and aflection of all men, while they to marble in sculpture. This he did in led to the concealinent of numerous acts of his statue of Her Majesty, and in some of charity unknown to the world. There his other works-particularly in his exqui- are many in Rome who bear grateful testisite Venus which attracted so much atten. mony to the kindness which he ever tion at the International Exhibition of showed in counselling and forming their 1862—but, as may be supposed, very taste, and who lament his loss as that of a cautiously, and with the best taste; in father. the drapery and accessories of his great The deceased was interred in the English seated statue of the Queen, the same prin- Protestant burial-ground, in the neigh. ciple is carried out more freely. It is only bourhood of Rome, on the 29th of January, necessary to add, that England is tolerably his funeral being attended by the members rich in the works of Gibson, some one or of the Art Academies of Rome, the vari. more of which have found a place in every ous embassies, and a large number of the good collection. Liverpool is particularly English residents and visitors, besides well supplied with specimens of his chisel; many foreigners.
August at Sandhurst. This distinguished
veteran officer, who was born at LandA politician of considerable note in his guard Fort on the 14th of March, 1792, day, and much esteemed by contemporary obtained his commission as Second Lieustatesmen, but who, at the advanced age tenant in the Royal Engineers in Sepof 87, when his death took place, had tember, 1808, and in the following year somewhat passed out of the recollection of served in the expedition to Walcheren. the public,—the Right Hon. Charles Grant, He also served in the campaigns from first and last Baron Glenelg, of Glenelg, in 1810 to 1814 in the Peninsula. In Inverness-shire, the last of the “ Canning- February, 1815, he joined the army under ites," and a Privy Councillor of Great General Lambert in Dauphin Island, and, Britain and of Ireland,—died at Cannes on by the return of an American flag of the 23rd of April. Lord Glenelg was eldest truce, was sent to New Orleans on special of the three sons of Mr. Charles Grant, duty. On his return to Europe he promany years M.P. for Inverness-shire, by ceeded to join the army in the NetherJane, daughter of Mr. Thomas Fraser, of lands, and landed at Ostend on the 18th the Frasers of Bainain, and his next brother of June, 1815. He was appointed comwas the late Right Hon. Sir Robert manding Engineer in charge of the fortifiGrant, G.C.H., many years Governor of cations on Montinartre after the entrance Bombay, who died in 1838 while Governor. of the British troops into Paris in 1815, Charles was born in India, October 26, and was appointed a Commissioner to the 1780, was educated at Magdalene College, Prussian Army of Occupation in 1816. Cambridge, and graduated B.A. in 1801 At the commencement of the war against as fourth wrangler and senior Chancellor's Russia in 1854 he was appointed a Brigamedallist for classics—a very distinguished dier-General for particular service in the degree indeed. He entered Parliament as Baltic, and commanded the British forces member for Montrose in 1807, and sat at the siege operations against Bomarsund till 1818, and sat for Inverness-shire from in the Aland Isles. For his services in 1818 to 1835. From 1819 to 1822 he the Baltic he was promoted to majorwas Chief Secretary for Ireland ; from general. He was appointed in February, 1823 to 1827 Vice-President, and from 1855, to command the Royal Engineers in 1827 to 1828 President of the Board of the Eastern campaign, which he retained Trade; from 1830 to 1834-now as a until the fall of Sebastopol. He was Whig-President of the Board of Con- wounded in the forehead by a spent grapetrol; and from 1834 to 1839 Secretary to shot on the 18th of June. He was made the Colonies. But the Canadian rebellion a Knight Companion of the Order of the of 1838 was fatal to his reputation, and Bath, and was created a Grand Cross of resulted in his resignation of his oflice. that Order in 1861. He also received the Lord Glenelg approved of the famous following distinctions and decorations : “ Ordinance of Lord Durham, the gist of 1st Class Military Order of Savoy; 2nd which was that those of the rebels who Class Mejiddie; Baltic Medal; Medal and had acknowledged their guilt and sub- Clasp, Siege of Sebastopol; Sardinian mitted to the Queen's pleasure were to be Medal; Turkish Medal for services in sent off to Bermuda, but under constraint, the East. His commnissions bore date and punished with death if they returned. as follows:- Second Lieut., September The ordinance was disallowed, Lord Dur- 17, 1808; First Lieut., June 24, 1809; ham was recalled, and Lord Glenelg, as Second Captain, November 12, 1813; having approved of his conduct, resigned. Capt., July 29, 1825 ; Brevet-Major, After this he never held any ofice, except January 10, 1837; Lieut.-Col., Septemthat of a commissioner of land tax, and ber 7, 1810; Brevet-Col., November 11, accepted the pension of 20001.
1851; Col., July 7, 1853; Brigadier-Gen., In his political character Lord Glenelg July 10, 1854; Major-Gen., December 12, was eminently respectable, and personally 1854; and Lieut. Gen., July 6, 1860. He much beloved. Though not a brilliant
was appointed Col.-Commandant of the statesman, he was an active politician to Royal Engineers on August 2, 1860. In the last behind the scenes. He was never 1856 he succeeded Gen. Sir G. Scovell, married, and his title becomes extinct. K.C.B., as Governor of the Royal Military
College, and of the Staff College at Sandhurst. He was employed also in the dis
charge of various other duties, one of the SIR HARRY JONES.
most important of which was that of
President of the Defence Commission, Sir Harry David Jones, G.C.B., Royal from which emanated the extensive works Engineers, and Governor of the Royal for the defence of our harbours and dockMilitary College, died on the 2nd of l yards. During the 18 years spent in the service of his country the deceased Gene- of Xenophon and Julius Cæsar.” He was ral earned and maintained the character ordained Deacon by Dr. William Jackson, of a thoroughly efficient, able, and gallant Bishop of Oxford, on Trinity Sunday, soldier, unsparing of himself and devoted 1815, and Priest in the following year. to the duties of his profession.
He had already become one of the tutors of Oriel College, and he acted as Public Examiner in the University in 1814-16;
and again 1821-3. About this latter date THE REV. JOHN KEBLE. he ceased to reside, and retired to his
father's living at Fairford, where he had Eminent as a theologian, but much a few pupils, and whence he made fremore admirable as a poet, and the author quent visits to Oxford. He also filled of a volume which is esteemed among the successively the curacies of East Leach most cherished treasures in thousands of and Burthorpe, and afterwards of SouthEnglish households, and has exerted a rop. These parishes are extremely small very powerful influence on the religious and contiguous to each other, near also thought and feeling of the nation, the to Fairford, whence he might count on Rev. John Keble, Vicar of Hursley, Hants, the assistance of his father. He was pretty died at Bournemouth on the 29th of regularly during the vacations residing March, at the age of 73.
at Fairford, and during term time he The deceased (who came maternally of rode from Oxford, on alternate Saturdays, a Scottish Jacobite family) was a son of for the duty of the Sunday. the Rev. John Keble, some time Fellow “The period of his life which he passed of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, for in Oxford in the discharge of these Uni. fifty-two years vicar of Coln St. Aldwyn's, versity and college duties,” says Sir J. T. Gloucestershire, by Sarah, daughter of the Coleridge, in an interesting memoir of the Rev. John Maule, vicar of Ringwood, deceased, “was a very happy one: it was Hants. He was born at Fairford, Glou- also one of great intellectual activity. He cestershire, on the 25th April, 1792 ; and, lived on the best of terms with many of the having received his early education under ablest of the Oxford residents, and he was his parental roof, procceded to Corpus fond of the Oxford society. As Tutor he Christi College, Oxford, where, before he contracted friendships with several of his had completed his fifteenth year, he was a pupils. Very frequently three or four of successful candidate for a Scholarship, and them would follow him to Fairford during where he graduated B.A., in first-class the vacations to read with him; and it honours, both in Classics and Mathematics, must not be passed over, even in this in Easter Terin, 1810 (being at that time short narrative, that he thus formed his only just 18). He was soon afterwards life-long friendship with Sir William elected to a fellowship at Oriel College, Heathcote, and ultimately became the inwhere he was the contemporary and friend cumbent of the living of Hursley, which of Dr. Arnold, as he had been at his will for all time to come be associated former college; and where he took his with his name." degree of M.A., May 20, 1813.
In the Autumn of 1825, Mr. Keble In the Oxford University Calendar for accepted the curacy of Hursley, which, 1814, he is entered as Fellow of Oriel however, he held but for a short time; for, College, and M.A. Among his colleagues owing to the alarming illness, and subse. were Copleston (afterwards Provost of the quent death, of his younger sister, he College and Bishop of Llandaff'), senior withdrew from Hampshire, and resumed Fellow; the Rev. Jolin Davison (author bis residence with his father and only of works on “ Prophecy,” “ Baptismal Re- surviving sister at Fairford, where he generation," &c.), Bursar and Tutor; the remained until 1835. Rev. James Endell Tyler, M.A., afterwards In 1827 was commenced the publication Rector of St.Giles's-in-the-Fields; the Rev. of « The Christian Year,"
,” “than which," Richard Whately, M.A., afterwards Arch- says a competent critic, “no book of bishop of Dublin; and Edward Hawkins, modern times has come nearer to what we B.A., the present Provost. Among the may call a Divine work.” The greater commoners of the College at the time part had already existed for some time in were R. D. Hampden (now Bishop of albums, written under great variety of Hereford), Thomas Parry (now Bishop circumstances. Some of the poems were of Barbados), and Samuel Rickards, the the work of a day- a few hours. It was late rector of Stowlangtoft, Suffolk. only when half, or more than half, the year
Mr. Keble, in 1813, gained the Chan- had been written, that Keble would listen cellor's prizes for an English essay on to those who wanted the whole year, and “Translations from the Dead Languages,” in print. and for a Latin essay on "A Comparison The work appeared anonymously, and
has probably exercised more influence on Mr. Keble was Professor of Poetry at English religious thought than any volume Oxford, and his lectures attracted crowds of poems for very many generations. Its of students. motto was, “ In quietness and confidence On Sunday, July 14, 1833, Mr. Keble shall be your strength;" and its object preached an assize sermon at St. Mary's, was to promote " a sober standard of feel- on the national apostasy, which he deing in matters of practical religion," and clared then to have set in, and which he to show “the soothing tendency of the invited the Church to follow him in Prayer-book.” The wonderful popularity treating as Samuel had done Saul and of * The Christian Year" enabled the the children of Israel. venerable author to rebuild the parish That sermon may be said to have been church of Hursley at a very great cost. the great epoch, if not the turning point, The work not only gained a very wide of Keble's life. It explains not only why circulation in this country, but its popu- he joined the Oxford movement, and be. larity in America is unbounded.
came one of the mighty men in its fore. Concurrently with the preparation of most rank; but also, and still more, the « The Christian Year” for publication, special part he took in it. His line ever and for some long time after, Keble was since was one continued protest against engaged in his edition of Hooker. “This," secular indifference and civil assumptions; says Sir J. T. Coleridge, "was a most though it is only fair to add, that this important work, which he embarked in protest was rather of a passive than an with great interest, and executed with active character. conscientious industry. It is now the The year 1835 was an eventful one in standard edition. His preface is an
the life of Mr. Keble. At the commence. elaborate work, and throws clear light ment of it-namely, on the 24th of Januon the serious question of the authenticity ary—his venerable father, who for some of the sixth and eighth books. Hooker weeks had been confined to his bed, re. had been a great favourite with Keble taining the full use of his faculties, was from his youth, as a man and a writer." taken to his rest; and before the conclu.
In 1828, a year after the publication of sion of the year he became the husband “The Christian Year,” Dr. Copleston be- of Miss Clarke, the second daughter of came Bishop of Llandaff, and the Pro. his father's old college friend and brother vostship was vacant. Mr. Keble was the fellow of Corpus, the rector of Meysey senior of those who had any pretensions, Hampton, a neighbouring parish of fair. and he did not conceal his wish to succeed. ford. In this year, also, he was presented Dr. Hawkins (the present Provost) was, by Sir William Heathcote, Bart., to the however, the choice of the majority. vicarage of Hursley, with Otterbourne
After the passing of the Reform Bill, (an annexed rectory), and Ampfield (an in 1832, Mr. Keble formed one of the four outlying hamlet), near Winchester. The eminent members of the University of living was worth nominally 4001. a year; Oxford who met together to devise a but in Mr. Keble's incumbency Otterremedy for the evils which they regarded
bourne church was rebuilt, and a new as sapping the very foundations of the church erected at Ampfield. A chapel Church. The object of these friends was was also provided for Pitt, another distant to enunciate in simple language the true hamlet of the parish. views of Church government, the apostoli- Amongst the other writings of Mr. cal commission of the clergy, the value of Keble we may enumerate “ De Poeticâ Vi ordinances, and the testimony of antiquity Medicà, Prælectiones Academica Oxonii to Church principles. The first of the habitæ,” 2 vols., published in 1844; a now famous “ Tracts for the Times” ap- pamphlet“On the Admission of Dissenters peared in 1833. Although these Tracts, to Oxford” (1854); and one against “Promany of which created a prodigious sen- fane Dealing with Holy Matrimony," pub. sation, were published anonymously, there lished in 1847. Mr. Keble was also the is no great secret as to Mr. Keble's author of the “Lyra Innocentium,” 1846, authorship of Tracts 4, 13, 40, 52, and and (with Newman, Froude, and some 89; and it may be said that the move. others) of the “Lyra Apostolica”-his ment which they originated for more than poems in this latter work being distin. thirty years leavened the whole English guished by the Greek letter y. His Church.
greatest work was undoubtedly “The From 1831 (when he succeeded Dean Christian Year.” “No one, I believe," Milman without any opposition) to 1842, writes his friend Sir John Coleridge,
“who was any way concerned in it, and 1 The others were the Rev. J. H. New- certainly not he himself, had realized at man, the Rev. E. B. Pusey, and the Rev. the time its importance: we all thought R. H. Froude.
it would probably succeed, sooner or later; and we felt sure that in proportion to its, student of Lincoln's Inn, in 1812, and in circulation it would do good, and be 1817 called to the Bar. After attending a delight and comfort to those who the Welsh circuit for a short time, he exshould read and study it. It is not much changed the Common Law for the Equity to the discredit of our sagacity that we Bar, where his great talents and industry did not contemplate what followed. I soon secured a large practice. In 1829 do not speak of cditions--nearly, if not he was appointed a King's Counsel, and in quite, ninety in less than forty years, 1831 was returned to Parliament for with a circulation still in full vigour. Bishop's Castle—a borough which was disCircumstances for some years made me a franchised at the passing of the Reform sort of steward of it, and I know that the Bill, in 1832. In 1834 he received the editions were unusually large, 3000 copies degree of D.C.L., honoris causá, from the being a very usual number. I do not University of Oxford. He was a magis. speak of this, but of the manner of its trate for the counties of Surrey and Midreception and use; it has not been a book dlesex, for the library-read through once, re- A Conservative in politics, he was one of stored to its shelf, and occasionally referred the counsel heard at the Bar of the House to for a quotation-but a book for each of Lords, in 1835, against the Corporation individual, found in every room, com- Reform Act, Sir Charles Wetherell being panion in travel, comfort in sickness, his leader. In 1837, the year in which he again and again read, taken into the assumed the additional surname of Bruce mind and heart, soothing, sustaining, by Royal licence, he closed his parliamen. teaching, purifying, exalting.” The last tary career by an unsuccessful struggle for edition of " The Christian Year" is the the representation of the borough of Cam92nd; and no less than six were issued bridge. within the last six months of the author's On the 15th of January, 1842, Sir James life.
Knight-Bruce, who had just been made a The venerable divine and poet was Vice-Chancellor, was sworn of the Privy buried in Hursley churchyard on the 6th Council by command of Her Majesty, and of April, in the presence of large numbers he thus became, in virtue of the Acts conof distinguished members of the Univer- stituting his office, a member of the Judicial sity of Oxford and others, who had made Committee of the Privy Council and of a journey to Hursley to do honour to his the Final Court of Appeal from the courts memory.
of India and of the Colonies, and from the ecclesiastical and admiralty jurisdictions of
this country. Nine years later, in 1851, SIR J. L. KNIGHT-BRUCE, D.C.L.
on the creation of the Court of Appeal,
Lord Cranworth and Sir J. Knight-Bruce The Right Hon. Sir James Lewis Knight- were selected as the first Lords Justices, Bruce, D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A., was the and on the elevation of Lord Cranworth to youngest son of the late John Knight, Esq., the Woolsack in the following year, Sir of Fairlinch, Devon, by Margaret, only George Tumer was appointed Lord Justice, child and eventually heiress of William and Sir J. Knight-Bruce became the senior Bruce, Esq., of Duffryn, co. Glamorgan, a justice, a position which he held till within surgeon in the R.N., afterwards a banker
a fortnight of his death. That event took in London, and formerly High Sherif' of place on Noveinber 7, at Roehampton the former county, and a descendant of the Priory, Surrey. family of Bruce of Clackmannan. He was Sir James Knight-Bruce was one of the the youngest of three brothers, of whom most assiduous and influential members of the eldest, Mr. John Bruce-Pryce, of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Duffryn, Glamorganshire, is the sole Council, in which he sat many hundreds survivor. The second brother, the Rev. of days; and no man contributed more William Bruce Knight, was Dean of Llan. than he did to the high authority it enjoys daff, and died in 1845. He was born at in all the dependencies of the empire. If Barnstaple on the 15th of February, 1791; the judicial office which he filled in the at an early age he was sent to the King Court of Chancery called for the daily Edward's Graminar School at Bath, in exercise of the science of equity pleading which city his parents were resident. He and equity jurisprudence, in which he remained there about two years; and upon was by common consent a consummate his father's death in 1799, was removed to master, the wider range of the appellate the King's School, Sherborne. On leaving jurisdiction of the Privy Council opened a Sherborne, he studied under Mr. Roy, of varied field of inquiry before him, which Burlington-street, London, an eininent no man was more enger or more able to mathematical tutor, until he began to pre- explore. pare for the Bar. He was admitted a The predominant characteristics of Sir