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In hope that the other files may be covered in respect of the

opinions there expressed, the present volume is numbered Part I.


II, when and as produced, will complete the presentation of opinion from

other sources.

The file of the Cleveland LEADER has been used in the preparation

of this volume.

In 1876 tbe editor of the LEADER was Edwin Cowles.

Its policies were Republican.

Reference Line. L Apr. 3; ed:2/1 - indicates that the article

following this reference was an editorial taken from the LEADER of

April 3, page two, column one.

An "adv" in the reference line indicates

that the abstract was made from an advertisement. The number in

parenthesis at the end of the abstract indicates the number of inches

in the original newspaper article.

Newspaper files used in abstracting were made available through

the courtesy of Mr. Wallace Cathcart, of the Western Reserve Histori

cal Society, Miss Linda Eastman, Mr. Louis Seltzer of the Cleveland

PRESS and Mr. Earle Martin of the Cleveland NEWS. Miss Marilla Freeman

and Mr. William Lippert of the Cleveland Public Library and the City

Clerk's Office have been of great assistance,


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SOCIAL FORCES & CUSTOMS 4382 - L Jan. 1; ed: 4/5 - The PLAIN DEALER says: It is in perfect keeping with the character of a bitter radical sheet like the LEADER to protest on the eve of the centennial year against a full forgiveness of the South.

(L) That is not the question now. The real point is whether the South will forgive the North for having interfered with its effort to disrupt the Union.


4383 L L Jan. 1:1/3 . The west side rink was decorated most tastily for the annual ball given by the Emmet Guard last evening. The attendance was large and many pretty faces were to be seen. The list of dances was a most attractive feature and embraced all tbe more modern and popular styles, also, some of the time-honored but still popular ones.

The ball was a complete success and reflects great credit on the mili. tary company having it in charge.


4384 · L Jan. 1:8/2,4 The centennial year of our independence was met with a spontaneous and genuine outburst of patriotism. People of all creeds and parties joined hands to give the New Year a welcome.

Along the principal streets flags were hung out, colored candles were placed in windows ready for illuminations. At the city hall, from the first floor to the dome, the building was one mass of evergreens, flowers, pictures, statuary, and mottos of welcome.

When the hour arrived at which the city had been invited to look at its possessions, the Emmet Guard band played a stirring air at the entrance. At 11 p.m. the upper tier windows in the city ball, the windows in the post office, engine houses, and police stations were illuminated with red and blue lights. A mammoth cauldron was set near the corner of Superior st. and the Square. Thirteen barrels of oil were on band for the cauldron. At two minutes to twelve a match was applied to the still and a stream of fire shot up and lighted the whole square with its blaze,

As the hands of the clock touched the momentous point the deep boom of three guns rent the air. Before the echo could be heard, fire bells, church bells, steam whistles, and the banging of firearms and firecrackers, joined together to make a noise, without measurement and without control. The reign of confusion continued until one a.m., at which time the hoarsest steam whistle surrendered and silence and peace fell suddenly upon the ringing ears of the city. The illumination ceased, the bonfire was extinguished, and the grand celebration came to an end.

(51) 4385 · L Jan. 3; ed: 4/1 · "The PLAIN DEALER lets ex-Sheriff hinslow down easily. A paragraph in its Tuesday (Dec. 28) edition relates that 'ten prisoners have escaped from the county jail. Then the young man whose duty it is to hash up the local news of the LEADER for the afternoon PLAIN DEALER steals a long account of the Ashtabula horror without give ing the slightest hint of where it came from. Journalism on Seneca st. has all the ease and carelessness of the Arcadian shepherd.


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4386 - L Jan. 3:5/3 - John Ellser of the Euclid ave. Opera house was
tendered a serenade on the night of Jan. 1 by tbe male members of his
company and orchestra. The gentlemen were invited to enter Ellser's
house and a choice collation was spread to which all did ample justice.

(2) 4387 · L Jan. 3:7/2 · The Lake Shore and Michigan Southern and the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis, and the Cleveland and Pittsburg railroads gave their second annual dinner on the afternoon of Jan. 1, in the dining hall of the Union depot, to their yard employes at this place and in this vicinity. There were about 200 railroad employes who were treated to an excellent dinner.

The occasion was enlivened by the music furnished by the Oriental Cornet band. The affair was a very pleasant one, and must result in strengthening the kindly feelings which exist among the employes running cars into the Union depot.


4388 · L Jan. 3:7/3 - The fourth anniversary of the Sunday school at the
Dare St. Baptist mission was celebrated on Dec. 31, 1875. Reverend
J. H. Scott, Reverend Lyon, and Samuel Bierly made addresses.
There has been a regular attendance of 200 scholars for the four years.

(6) 4389 - L Jan. 3:7/3 - In a letter to the editor, "B" says:

"The residence of Prof. N. Coe Stewart, Superintendent of Music in the public schools, was the scene of a very pleasant gathering December 30th. The many friends of the Professor and his wife assembled to celebrate the tenth anniversary of their wedding.... Professor Stewart and his wife came to Cleveland immediately after their marriage.... His musical work has told in thousands of families, and the success of his plans is shown by the fine singing to be heard in every school." (11)

4390 L Jan. 3:8/1 · The office of the WACHTER AM ERIE on Michigan St., was handsomely illuminated on the night of Dec. 31. "This is another evidence that the German population are deeply interested in the Centennial."


4391 - L Jan. 3:8/2,3 · New Year's day was marked by a surprising phenomenon in the weatber. The day opened with a warm south wind and at seven a.m. the thermometer stod at 58 degrees above zero. The sun came out with considerable force during fornoon and at two p.m. the mercury wended its way up to 68 degrees. It is hardly possible to trace this suprising weather to any definite cause, its long continuance making it all the more phenomenal.

The host of builders whose foundations were laid last fall and who expected to stop work when the snow fell are elated over the chance to push their contracts while labor is cheap. Buildings have been enclosed in an unexpected manner, the county jail being the most prominent example of the progress made.


1 .

Abstracts 4392 - 4397

SOCIAL FORCES & CUSTOMS (Cont'd) 4392 - L Jan. 3:8/3 - New Year's day was very enjoyable, without any "untoward circumstances." Mayor Payne received guests at the city hall in the afternoon. The other offices of the city hall and the public library were closed.

(4) 4393 · L Jan. 3:8/3 · The residents of the 18th ward have awakened to the fact that they have a large population to whom some aid must be rendered this winter. Consequently, on New Year's eve a grand calico ball and supper was given at the town hall by the Broadway Social club and the Mazourka society, which was attended by a large company of ladies and gentlemen. Nearly all the ladies wore calico, while every member of the Broadway club wore a calico coat and necktie. It is estimated that the net receipts will foot up to at least $150.

(7) 4394 · L Jan. 4; ed:4/1 The CATHOLIC UNIVERSE, which applies the term bigots and fanatics to all who oppose its ideas in the Romish question, approves of the pronunciamento of Bishop Wood of Philadelphia, ordering his people not to attend the preaching of Moody and Gankey.

"If a Protestant clergyman had issued such a pronunciamento, how the PLAIN DEALER and other pro-Catholic papers would have advertised their superior virtuous indignation."


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4395 · L Jan. 4; ed:4/1 · Will the UNIVERSE please show up the iniquity of the 50 Romish bishops of this country forming into a secret order to concoct schemes for overturning Protestantism in this country? Will the UNIVERSE explain the necessity of having 60,000 Jesuit priests sworn to oppose Protestantism by fair or unfair means? Will the UNIVERSE state why that secret order known as tte "Ecuminical council" should meet with closed doors for several months as it did in 1870, in the city of Rome?

(4) 4396 · 1 Jan. 4; ed: 4/3 · The CATHOLIC UNIVERSE says that the object of

L the 0. A.U. is admitted by the TRIBUNE to be in sworn opposition to the Catholic church and that every member is sworn to do everything in his power to injure every Roman Catholic.

(L) The UNIVERSE and TRIBUNE have manufactured a false statement of principles of the 0.A.U. The officers of that order have published their principles, which are: opposition to sectarianism in our public schools; opposition of appropriations for sectarian institutions; favoring taxa. tion of all property except public property and cemeteries. The 0.A.U. declare they war against no man's creed.

"The UNIVERSE is invited to compare the creed of the 0.A.U. with the creed of that great Romish secret order, the Society of Jesus, with its 60,000 priestly members."


4397 · L Jan. 4; ed: 4/3 - There is a bill in the California legislature providing for the punishment of wife beaters by flogging. True, the law will revive the whipping post, but there is an obvious need of something of the kind in the United States.

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