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POLITICAL PARTIES: 1789 TO 1856. THE EDITOR, .
peal of the Missouri Compromise—The Struggle in Kansas-Organ-
- The Dred Scott Decision-It intensifies the Slavery Agitation-
tutional Amendment-Lincoln's Re-election in 1864-The Political
PART II.-VITAL QUESTIONS.
of the Homestead Law-Land Grants in Aid of Railroads and Canals-
Reclamation of Unearned Lands—Alien Ownership.
1871–Canadian Outrages-Evident Purpose of the Canadian and
- Treaty of 1853–Importance of the Fishing Industry.
during the Rebellion-Naval Policy immediately after the War-Rev.
1882-Conduct of the Navy Department under President Cleveland.
of Congressional Action- Modern Heavy Ordnance-The British Navy
Defenseless Condition-Party Policies.
Decadence of Ship-building-Our Coastwise Tonnage-Some Delusive
Wages, Maintenance of Crews, and Cost of Vessels-Objections to Free
Ships-Government Aid-Party Policies.
Trade—Promotion of Foreign Commerce by Establishing Postal Facili-
by other Nations-Our True Policy.
Measure-Comprehensive Character of the System— The Enormous
peal of the System in Time.
Independence-What Free Trade Means-Meaning of a Tariff for Pro-
coming to its Adoption.
Value of Farms—The Cereals-Hay, Cotton, Tobacco, and Other Great
Manufactures-Number, Capital Invested, and Value of Products-
Commerce — Rapid Growth Inland-Coastwise Foreign – Trans-
System--Influence on National Development.
Waterways — Mining — The Precious Metals — Useful Minerals
Petroleum- Natural Gas-Conclusion.
under Republican Administrations-History of the “Reform" under
President Cleveland-Future of the New System.
The South under Slavery-Revolution in the Domestic Economy
wrought by Emancipation-Changed Conditions and Opinions--Old
Material and Social Progress-A Bright Future.
stone of our Political System --Our Liberties Endangered.
Past Achievements-Constituent Elements of the Two Great
RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY, 1884 TO
Date. J. HARRIS PATTON, Ph.D., OF NEW YORK, 344
The Campaign of 1881-Cleveland's Election – Weakness and Failure
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS,
WM. HENRY HARRISON,
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.
POLITICAL PARTIES: 1789-1856.
BY THE EDITOR. DURING the Revolution there were two parties—the Whig and the Tory. The former contended for independence from Great Britain; the latter for continued allegiance to that power. The patriots triumphed, and the Tories either fled the country or accepted the situation and submitted.
For a time thereafter no organized political parties existed. Under the Articles of Confederation, however, earnest movement soon began for a stronger common government. There was no executive power. Congress could recommend action to the States, but it had no power to enforce action. It was a political condition of national helplessness. Its continuance was certain to result in resolving the Union back into its original elements of thirteen independent sovereignties. There was a general recognition of the necessity of a more vigorous national constitution; but when the question came of its formation, then began the differences which have ever since distinguished parties in this country. On one side were those who emphasized the Nation, demanded sovereign federal power, and insisted on liberal provision for national development and forthputting; while on the other were those who emphasized the States, demanded the reservation of their sovereignty, and insisted on restricted national powers. The Constitution was a compromise of these conflicting forces. And as the conflict was waged in its promotion, so has it since been waged in its interpretation and application. The question of its adoption by the several States turned each one of them into two con