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MONTHLY REGISTER.

POLITICAL HISTORY.

We call upon

GREAT BRITAIN.

us in a compromising support of the estaTHE CHURCH IS IN DANGER. The dig, blished hierarchy. Let us vindicate the cause nitaries of the overgrown establishment of of true religion and justice, which are injured England, like the boy who cried wolves, in and violated by its existence. We believe the fable, have raised this clamour so often, the church establishment to be founded in that nobody will believe them, now that their error, to be unjustly supported, and inefficient words are sooth. We beg to add our unsus- for the great purpose for which it exists. pected testimony to theirs. “ The Church Let us act as inen labouring under such is in danger;" and a brief recapitulation of impressions. Let us conduet ourselves as the signs of the times will shew it. Imprimis, the correctors of error, as the opposers of inAt the Hornby Reform Festival, celebrated on justice, and the determined foes of every Tuesday, the 9th of October, the Hon. C. inefficient monopoly, whether temporal or A. Pelham, M.P., thus expressed himself: spiritual. Our separation from the esta-“I have had the satisfaction of informing blished church, is a standing memorial of our you, upon excellent authority, what are the dissent, an ever-abiding witness of our oppresineasures which it is the intention of his sion; but we neutralize our dissent by a Majesty's ministers to introduce in the next quiet and compromising payment of all ecclesession of Parliament. The Bill for Reform sistical demands. We cast an imputation of the Church, I know is already prepared. upon our sincerity, by continuing to support (Tremendous cheers.) It is, therefore, not that practically, which we are ever theoretifor me, if I am again returned as your repre- tically condemning. sentative, to say, before I go into the House, you not to violate any law, not to embarrass whether I shall support that bill or not: all the operations of our ministry, (our strength that I can state at present, is, that I will give is in the prompt obeyance of the law,) but it my best attention; anı will anxiously we do call upon you to obey it; in such a and deliberately form my judgment upon it. manner, as shall shew your sense of its (Loud cheers.) At the same time, I believe, injustice, and your determination to cast off -at least, I have great hopes, I shall be its yoke, while, so long as it continue's, you able to support it; because I'do not conceive are willing to comply in one sense with its that the same ministers who would give you demand. The example of the Quakers is so full, and efficient, and beneficial a measure that which we call upon you to imitate. of reform for the representation of the people, They have been for the last fifty years at will so change their principles in so short a least, bearing a silent, but increasing testitime, as to give you a mean and scanty mea- mony to the injustice of the claims of the sure of reform in the church. (Loud cheers.) clergy. If the whole body of the Dissenters I trust that this measure, like the one recently had imitated their example from the first, given, will be temperate and moderate, but we do not hesitate to say, that long ere this, amply efficient. (Continued cheering.") the question would have been settled for ever. One great point, therefore, is established, We call the county of Bucks first in the that ministers have a plan of church reform field; because from it has proceeded the first in petto. The next point is, to inquire “for proposal for a general strike on the part of what extent of church reform is the country the Dissenters. Isolated individuals and ripe?" In so far as Ireland is concerned, communities had already, before the appearthis question has already been pretty loudly ance of the appeal from which we have and intelligibly answered. Let us next look quoted, begun to act upon the principle in to England. "First in the field, as in duty different parts of England. In the spring of bound, is the native county of Hampden. the present year, a gentleman in the north of On Saturday, the 7th of October, a stirring England allowed his furniture to be distrained appeal to the Dissenters appeared in the and sold by auction, for his tithes, and emBucks' Gazette, which has since run the braced the occasion of the sale, to address to circle of almost every newspaper in the king- a numerous assembly, an exposition of the dom. It throws down the gauntlet. “ Let principles upon which he acted, and his resous awake to a sense of that duty which de- lution to adhere to them. An adjourned volves

upon us as men and Christians. Let Inecting of rate payers, held at Birmingham, us wipe away that reproach which rests mpon on Tuesday, the 24 of October, has flatly

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refused to pay any rate. Mr Churchwarden favour of church reform exacted from the Salt moved, that a rate of threepence be candidates through the whole of England. granted for the present year. Mr Allan, Equally pregnant is the fact, that all the proseconded by Mr Bourne, moved, as an vincial newspapers, with a very few exceptions, ainendment,-“ That, under all the circum- advocate this cause. Even the cautious Scotsstances of the case, the church wardens having man, and the Times,which was never yet known at present funds in hand, the vestry will not to support any person or principle which it at present grant any rate ; but that, if re- had not previously ascertained to be popular quested, a subscription be entered into, for with an immense majority of the nation, are the purpose of defraying all legal and proper clamorous in the cause of church reform. expenses connected with the church." Mr But more important, as an index of the Joseph Parkes proposed another amendment, strength of popular feeling on this subject,

-“That the rate be postponed ; and that than all besides, is the bustle and stirring the churchwardens of the parish of Birming- among the clergy to spruce up their nests ham be requested to raise a public subscrip- against the day of examination. The call tion, to defray their current expenses; and for church reform has been raised within the in the meantime, the rate payers be recom

walls of the church itself. Sorely to the mended to petition the legislature in the first annoyance of the Bishop of Durham, some of reformed Parliament, for a repeal of the laws his clergy have been addressing him upon which tax Dissenters for the maintenance of this topic. Nor is this determination to the established church.” The rector, who amend clerical abuses confined to England. was in the chair, refused to put this second Even in Scotland, where church oppression is amendment, and any more of the first than much less heavy, the same spirit is beginning Went simply to negative the original motion.

to awake.

For upwards of a year have the The first amendment, thus curtailed, was put inhabitants of Edinburgh been striving to and carried: a rate is, therefore, ultimately reduce the established clergy to the incomes refused. On Saturday, the 6th of October, of their churches. At Mr Cobbett's late the Bow Street magistrates, on the applica- lectures, no passage was more rapturously tion of the officers of St Martins-in-the-Fields, applauded, than his sortie against the church decided - That the 10th of Geo. III. declar- of England. In Glasgow, “ Voluntary ing that all rates must be made by “ the Church Association" has just been formed, churchwardens, overseers, vestrymen, con- including almost all the talent and respectastables, and other ancient inhabitants of the bility of the Dissenting interest in the West. parish,” did not mean that every inhabitant A paper devoted to the church asserts, that of the parish should have a vote ; that the in Scotland there are 350 petitions against power of making rates was confined to those a church establishment prepared, and ready to persons only who were the ancient inhabi- be showered upon the reformed Parliament, iants of the parish ; that the term “ancient,” as soon as it meets. The truth is, that if the meant those persons who had either served Di-senters of Great Britain do not strike in some of the parochial offices named in the at this crisis, they deserve to be trampled statute, or had suffered fine for not having so upon for ever. The nucleus of their body, served. The parishioners have, in consequence the three great classes of Independents, Bapof this decision, declared their resolution not tists, and Congregationalists, have long been to pay the rate. In a manly address, pre- accustemed to act together. Let the Quakers, sented to Earl Grey by the Northern Political the Dissenting Methodists, the various Scottish Union, this striking passage occurs:-" In Secession churches, and all the others, rally this country, (which, availing itself of the around them. Let them demand their rights great privilege of Protestantism, is proud of as men and as Christians, to be put in every the right of private judgment, and regrets the respect on a footing of equality with the dogmas of creeds and churches, and is crowded members of the Churches of England and with Dissenters and Catholies,) the whole Scotland. Let them make a stand for Chrisbody of the people are doomed to the support tian liberty. The spirit of Hampden, Vane, of a church, whose adherents, compared with and Milton, is again abroad in the land. The the whole mass of the population, are but consummation which they yearned after, is few in number, if we count as adherents those now attainable. The CIRCH IS IN DANGER. only who believe in its doctrine, and approve Not that spiritual church," the salt of the of its discipline. No tax can be more mon- earth,” without which it had lost its savour, stroys, more unjust, more impolitic, than that that mystic union of all true believers, which which obliges any portion of the people to

is founded on a rock, “ and the gates of hell support in splendour and luxury the priests shall not prevail against it,” but that flimsy of a religion which they conscientiously reject. structure of man's device, which those who The whole country expects from the wisilom shew their disbelief in the divine origin of of a reformed Parliament the utter abolition Christianity, in their attempts to prop it up of the tithe tax, which is not only a tux upon by human inventions, seek to substitute in agricultural improvement, but an infringe- its place. Up; men, brethren! for our cause ment of liberty of conscience." Turning is holy. Up! follow the banner on which from the advice of the Bucks' Gazette, the is inscribed, -_- The lion of the tribe of example of Northumberland, Birmingham, Judah hath overcome. St Martins-in-the-Fields, and the representa- THE ELECTIONS.-- There is every probation for Newcastle, we find declarations in bility that the elections to the new Parlia

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ment will prove bungled jobs, in not a few politics, have enabled the party to organize instances. People are not accustomed to itself, and to spread its ramítications over the elect a legislative body, for the sole purpose whole country, The Tory party is, if possible, of representing the opinions, wishes, and still better drilled; and had they not sinned intelligence of the nation. They are still themselves out of all respect, might have haunted with the old fully of ranging them- given their old adversaries a shrewd shake. selves into parties, and inquiring, not who is With a few exceptions, the population of the the best man? but, will he strengthen our country are inclined blindly to follow the side? The Tories, of course, are banding leading of those who have fought their themselves, for the purpose of expending their battles. There is a fine spirit among them, last venom. The Whigs have an ugly trick but a sad lack of precise political knowledge. of suspecting, or pretending to suspect, the There seems also to be a sad lack of men fit intentions of every man, who does not to serve in Parliament, if we may judge by believe in the infallibility of their leaders. the characters of most of the popular candiThe Radicals under which convenient and dates. They will be returned partly because comprehensive term, the ministerialists in- of the real and activity of their partisans, clude all who do not belong to one or other partly because there are no better men to be of the old parties, thus classifying together had. Some exceptions there are. Edinburgh men of the most widely diverging principles returns the Lord Advocate, out of gratitude and character-sometimes seem inclined to for past services,-Mr Abercromby, because yield too tamely to dictation, and at others it likes him. In the Linlithgow district of shew a tendency to bristle up into oppo- burghs, Mr Gillon has met with such unsition without good cause. The great object principled and mean opposition, as was to be with all true patriots ought to be, the selec- looked for, by a man of his independent tion of men of sound and thoroughgoing principles, at the hands of an aristocratic principles, business habits, and cool, but family; and in the Wigton district, particudaring character. The times imperatively larly in Stranraer, the efforts of the Galloway demand such men; but we fear, even the family to keep up a close-burgh system, are reformed Parliament will not be over- of the most unblushing complexion. Lord stocked with them. In ENGLAND, the Ormelie, we rejoice to say, will be carried Whigs will, in all probability, carry the in for Perthshire on the shoulders of feuars day. The men most in request, seem mem- and dissenters, in spite of the most oppressive bers of aristocratic families, who profess and dishonest tricks resorted to in the hopes liberal opinions. A frank manner, a' fluent of foiling him. His adversaries' machinations tongue, and fair general promises, seem to go have recoiled upon themselves, serving only far with John Bull. He rarely inquires to irritate the insulted electors. Dumfriesregarding the stock of knowledge, or the shire was threatened with Lord Stormont; fitness for transacting business, possessed by but the younker found a storm was brewing, those who ask his vote. The jobbers are and wisely withdrew. The Dumfries burghs taking advantage of this, and working man. will fall to the most radical bidder. Mr fully, for the purpose of packing a Whig Hannay speaks scholarly and wisely; but Parliament. Wherever a man of indepen- General Sharpe more precisely, and to the dent principles offers himself, he is sure to be point. Poor Sir John Malcolin has invoked assailed by the abuse of these creatures. By the spirits of his ancestors; but they cannot dint of good organization, unscrupulous aid him. Glasgow has no paramount chicane, and reckless concussion, the Tories leaders, and will return the man whom have every prospect of mustering a tolerable the real majority wish. The result of the minority.' Mr Hume and Mr Roebuck are, election is quite uncertain; but if Mr Crawwe trust, secure of Middlesex and Bath, furd be not returned, our good friends notwithstanding the unprincipled opposition of the West will have sadly stultitied themmaking to them. Lancashire will return a selves. In Paisley, the contest lies bestrong body of Radicals—Cobbett among the tween Sir John Maxwell and Mr Mackellar;

Birmingham is the portion of the but both are regarded as a pis-aller. The Union. Leeds and Manchester have thrown eminent editor of the Examiner was sounded themselves into the arms of the liberal portion as to whether he would stand for this burgh; of the ministry. The Whigs are yielding to but declined, on account of his weak state of the universal demand for the ballot, “ with health. The electors of Paisley might do coy, reluctant, amorous delay;" and attach- worse than lie by, till they learn with some inent to the cause of church reform, is pro- certainty what Mr Hume's prospects in fessed by candidates of every colour. The Middlesex are. It would be a feather in Globe, in one of its wheedling articles, their cap to have him for a member. Mr praises the Dissenters for selecting their Oswald is secure of Ayrshire, and deserves to representatives from among the adherents of be so, on account of the manly way in which the established church. If the Dissenters he went to work.

A strange crotchet has deserve this praise, they are greater block- seized some of the Kilmarnock electors. heads than we take them to be. In Scor- Their choice lies between a steady and conLAND, the Whig interest will preponderate sistent Whig and a young Lieutenant in the more decidedly than even in England. The Guards, whose only public appearances, concevtration of all legal business in Edin- previous to the commencement of his canvass, burgh, and the prominent part which the were at the last Ayrshire election, where he lawyers of that city have all along taken in voted for the Tory candidate, and at a meeting

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of the freeholders of Kirkcudbright, where ter, should receive the earliest information he supported a petition, introduced for the possible, as otherwise the intended extension purpose of indirectly defeating the Reform of the elective franchise may in a great meaBill. And yet the Political Union has sure be defeated." This letter was signed thrown itself into the arms of this youngster.

“ Edward Dwyer, Secretary to the Political We really expected more sense froin the Union of Ireland.” Mr Stanley's answer is townsmen of Baird and MʻLaren. Dundee in these words :-“ Sir,-- In answer to a promises to carry the Radical candidate letter which I have received this morning, through with a wét sheet. In the far Caith- signed · Edward Dwyer, Secretary to the ness, a Tory Sheriff, devoting himself, like a Political Union of Ireland,' I must beg to second Curtius, for his party, contests the decline entering into communication with county, in opposition to its present reforming that body, or any of a similar description. I representative, with the prospect of having have,” &c. Mr Dwyer immediately replied : to denude himself of his snug semi-sinecure,

-“ Sir,- I had the honour to receive your in the event of success. He has been letter of reply to mine of yesterday, in which rewarded with the promise of ten votes.

you decline entering into any communication The different ruses employed by the old fac

or correspondence with me, as secretary of tion, in order to bolster up a sinking cause,

the Political Union of Ireland. On this are instructive enough. In one burgh, a

letter I shall not presume to comment; but, neighbouring farmer, whose garden was in my private capacity as a freeholder of the included within the boundary, run up a brick city of Dublin, I again, with all due respect, tenement upon it, a few weeks before the reiterate the query contained in my letter, tiine fixed for the lodging of claims, and what taxes are meant by • municipal taxes,' demanded to be registered. Nay, when the which the Irish Reform Bill states must claim was discussed in court, an equivocating have been paid by each person seeking the witness was produced, in the hopes that his power of voting for a representative in Paroath to there having been an erection on the liament? I entreat the favour of an immelands for upwards of a twelvemonth, might diate answer, and have the honour to be, Sir, be left unsifted, and understood to mean the

your most obedient servant, Edward Dwyer." new house. In one county, an Edinburgh To this letter no answer was returned. Bravo! practitioner of the law claimed to vote upon Mister Secretary. Tu me lo pagherai. a property which he sold nearly twenty years

The clergy of the established church ago, having received part of the price at the are endeavouring to delude ministers into time, and drawn regular interest for what the belief that the payment of tithe may remained owing. In a western burgh, the still be enforced. They write the police agents of the two contending parties agreed bulletins, and uniformly' represent the milito remit the estimation of some houses, the tary as triumphant or the peasantry as value of which was disputed, to the decision submissive. Meanwhile Mr O'Connell has of joint valuators. When these claims came solemnly pronounced his opinion, that the to be disposed of, the agents of the conform- valuation of tithe before the crop is secured, ing candidate gravely stated, that although is illegal, and any intrusion into a field for they were determined to abide by the

decision that purpose is a trespass.. Those who of the valuators, the claimants insisted upon may incline to call in question the law as being heard for themselves. And these very

laid down by the liberator, will do well to agents proceeded to lead proof, in the name

consult the evidence delivered by Gerald of the claimants. We could add many in- Fitzgerald, Esq. resident magistrate of police stances of a similar sort. We could, and for the county of Tipperary, before the 'Tithe without fear would, name place and person

Committee. That gentleman shews that concerned in these we have adduced; but we

this is likewise the opinion of the Crown think a better fate awarded them, when we

Counsel. The work goes on notwithstanding, let them,

and blood is daily shed in consequence, and

the peasantry are driven to desperation. On Not even damn'd to everlasting fame, the 29th of September an unsuccessful Live without sex, and die without a name.

attempt was made to rescue the Walstown Of the fifty-three Scottish members, ten will prisoners. On Wednesday the 3d of October, be Tories. In IRELAND, a veil of mystery a public meeting of the parishes of Connalmay, hangs over the electioneering proceedings, Old Connell

, Great Connell, and the vicinity, which we do not presume to penetrate. Irish was held on the Curragh of Kildare, to tactics are a pitch beyond us.

petition for the abolition of tithes. Strong IRELAND.-Mr Stanley.-Mr O'Con- bodies of military and police were hovering NELL.—The Working OF THE COMMUTA- in the neighbourhood, but did not interfere ; Tion Bill. On the 24th of September, a and the assembly dispersed without any letter was addressed to the Secretary for disturbance. Blood has been shed, in the Ireland, from which what follows is county of Waterford, in an attempt to enforce extract:-" What taxes are meant by the provisions of the new Tithe Bill. An * municipal taxes,' which the Irish Reform attorney in the county of Kildare has been Bill states must have been paid by each per- forced to resign the office of tithe collector son, seeking the power of voting for a repre- by the threatened secession of all his clients, sentative in Parliament? As the period for and is now acting for the parishioners of registering is so near at hand, it is of the Killin opposition to their incumbent. Anoutmost consequence that those persons who ther Dublin editor has been bound over in have given notice of their intention to regis- heavy recognisances to stand his trial for

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CONTINENT OF EUROPE.

alleged offences committed so far back as has attained the age of twenty-one years, and March last. The parties prosecuted for the has occupied a house within the island, either anti-tithe meetings have been allowed to as owner or tenant, for two years preceding traverse until next session. This will never the election, is eligible as a member of do.

assembly. The qualification of an eleetor is Slave Colonies. The slave-holders are exactly the same; but in this latter case, still determined to drive matters to the ut- occupancy for one year is held to be suffi

In the beginning of August, the cient. Baptist preachers resident in Jamaica addressed the Earl of Musgrave. His Lordship observed, in his answer,-“ With regard to In France the Duchess of Berri has been any regulation touching the exercise of your decerned to be tried in absence, par contusacred calling which the constitution may mace, before the Court of Assizes, by the have reserved, I cannot too strongly recom- Chamber of Accusation. The lady is said to mend, on your parts, submissive deference, be in the meantime snug at Frankfort on the in the first place, to the decisions of those Maine. An

army

of 25,000 was some time authorities to whom the administration of ago reported as assembled on the norththe law is intrusted, and who are themselves eastern frontier, for the purpose of interfering responsible for the due exercise of the func- in the affairs of Belgium.. A fleet has been tions committed to their charge."* Á per- fitted out for the purpose of co-operating spicuous commentary on this obscure text with the English in the investment of Antwas published on the 8th of August. Sub- werp. Soult is at last prime minister, and sequent to the cessation of martial law, Mr has issued (an order of the day, we had Kingdon, a Baptist missionary, took up his almost called it) a notification of the event residence at Savannah-la-mar. The North- to all counsellors of state and local magis. side union had previously declared that no trates. He declares, “ the system of policy Baptist preacher should in future be allowed adopted by my illustrious predecessor will be to preach in the island. Representations to mine. It is the true national system — the this effect were made to Mr Kingdon, and two Chambers have declared it to be such.” offers made to pay his passage money. A He afterwards assures his attentive auditors sense of duty forbade him to desert his sable that " anarchy was conquered at Paris on flock. His house was attacked on the even- the 5th and 6th of June by the noble ing of the 8th, firearms were discharged on devotedness of the national guards and the both sides, and finally the missionary was troops of the line." His views regarding forced to abandon his house, which was foreign policy are this oracularly expressed : “ gutted from top to bottom.” The same “A government which makes itself regarded evening the house of the Messrs Deleon, at home may, without danger, employ abroad friends of Mr Kingdon, was pulled down a firm and independent policy. In concert about the owners' ears; and on the following with the powers, our allies, we shall urge evening, two other persons of the Baptist the solution of all the great European quespersuasion were destroyed. On the 9th, Mr tions. Our armies, ardent but docile, lend Kingdon was lodged in the common gaol; to our moderation the support of strength." the Deleons, and some dozen more, were This antithetical document is wound up by likewise committed. These transactions a pretty epigrammatic turn :-—" It is in me admirably illustrate the dark sayings of the an ancient habit to refer every thing to the Earl of Musgrave. While this frolic was honour of France.” This ape of Napoleon acting in the West, the men of the East have will endeavour to keep a tight bridle-hand not been idle. Mr Jeremie, author of a on the French people. They may enjoy very temperate pamphlet on the subject of quiet under him—but liberty ! « Lord love colonial slavery, was some time ago appo nted ye, that is quite a different sort of thing." Advocate-General and Protector of Slaves Miguel's troops have at last nuistered for the Mauritius. The white population courage to attack Oporto. The town was were in arms to oppose his landing. On furiously assaulteil on Michaelmas day, and the 3d of June, he disembarked under the defended with difficulty. Pedro's affairs cover of several barges, cach armed with an seem hopeless. Either the Portuguese eighteen pounder. Sir Charles Colville, the nation is utterly spiritless, or it thinks the governor, lost heart, however, and Mr one brother as good as the other. Jeremie was under the necessity of reimbark- No decided step has yet been taken in ing for England. Surely such open defiance GERMANY. HOLLAND and Belgium were of law and justice must drive ministers to threatening a few weeks ago to go together take some decided step.

by the ears, conclusively, but nothing has NEWFOUNDLAND. The Newfoundland been done on either side. Charles X. has Royal Gazette of the 11th of September con- by this time taken up his abode in his tains a copy of the proclamation for sum- Austrian city of refuge.' Francis of Austria, moning a General Assembly, by which also and Frederic William of Prussia, are to the colony is subdivided into districts, and have an interview at Toplitz. Lord Durham the qualitication both of the electors and the has returned from Russia, via Berlin. Every members is determined. Every man who thing is in uncertainty.

* Is this English?

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