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Thrice blest who at an inn unbends
ture of infidelity,' Taylor says, 'it strengthWith half a dozen of his friends,
ens the vigor and enlarges the dominon of And while the curling smoke ascends In volumes sable,
intellect, bestows frankness and moral courMirth and good-humor round him sees,
age;' and, as if to exemplify in his own perChats, lolling backward at his ease,
son the justice of this praise, he does not Or cocks his cross'd legs, if he please, blush to add, it unlocks the chambers of Upon the table.
pleasure, and banishes the fear of death.' While the family were hunting about for a This passage produced a controversy; and rural retirement, a third blow reached them in the course thereof Taylor says, with the
- the bankruptcy of a London stockbroker same lofty complacency- The literature of
• Whence you infer my esoteric atheism, I and his free thinking had ended in a settled
opinion. Probably you had read in Herbert blindness of dreamy indifference. His bio- Marsh that pantheism is but another name for grapher speaks of him as having always 'ad- atheism ; but Herbert Marsh blundered. There hered' to the Unitarian system : but he can are three forms of pantheism :-(1.) The panmean no more than that he never formally theism of Spinoza, who maintains that the renounced his hereditary connection with the whole is God, that the whole is matter, that the Octagon.' His filial piety kept him to that whole is not collectively intelligent. This is a -his dear old blind mother had no arm but ley, who maintains that the whole is God, that
form of atheism. (2.) The pantheism of Berkehis to lead and support her to her accustom- the whole is spirit, that the whole is collectively ed meeting-house, and a more affectionately intelligent. This is not a form of atheism. (3.) dutiful son than hers, notwithstanding a mo- The pantheism of Philo, who maintains that the mentary madness of aberration, there never whole is God, that the whole consists of matter was upon this earth: but unless Norwich and spirit, that the whole is collectively intelliUnitarianism be even a much more miserable gent. This is not a form of atheism. Now it is thing than we have supposed it, he had long ing myself therein to coincide exactly with Jesus
This Philonic pantheism that I embrace, believbeen separated from its creed by a wider Christ in metaphysicalopinion concerning Deity.' gulf than divides it from modern Mahometan--vol
. ii. pp. 373, 374. ism, or from the philosophical deism of ancient Greece and Rome.
* The Monthly Review,' for which Taylor In one of his 'Enquirers, in the 'Month-labored, most assiduously, was then, and during ly Magazine' for 1811 (p. 106), Taylor has about fifty years, conducted by R. Griffiths, on
whom some American university conferred the dethese placid sentences :
gree of Doctor of Laws. He was first a watch'As Socinianism is peculiarly the reverse of a maker, then a bookseller, published Cleland's inmystical sect, it must be favorable to the evolu- famous novel, and dictated of course that laudatory Lion of the rational faculty, and is therefore per: ranked among the curiosities of literature. Though
article thereupon, in his Review, which is justly haps suicidal. In Holland and elsewhere it died out less from refutation or persecution than from he was a steady attendant at the Presbyterian
meeting-house,' and often remonstrated with Tayinternal causes.?
lor for over-frankness of anti-supernaturalism," he In one of the most remarkable of his tracts could have had no great objection to unlocking
the chambers of pleasure.'
But the Doctor had an -the Life of 'John Fransham, the Norwich
eye to the till. He kept two carriages, and lived Polytheist,' (Monthly Mag., 1811, vol. i. p. in style.' (Taylor, in Monthly Mag., 1811, vol. ii. 343)—among other eulogies of the litera- p. 566.)
aligned of a Norwich unitarian pse mban the deliberate arowi.
55t2n wäich, discardini ai, i prace external to man and
**eals all belief in mora:
priazal obligation, re-posta ansition! Whether Taylor stes was a believer in the wartups which he arowed,
Bent question; but if turn tiva ily without God in the
Tusen ta bis creed, whatever bonne itain and comprehen
And again, in the last page of his 'Survey gave him neither comfort nor support in the of German Poetry,' the very last page, we hour of trial; but even the pantheist of mobelieve, that he ever prepared for the press, dern days may derive from sources which he Mr. Taylor takes leave of the favorite studies disparages thoughts, feelings, sentiments from of his youth, his manhood, and his age, in the which Christians cannot withhold sympathy following words :
and respect. Friends of various classes and " The general tendency of the German school persuasions rallied round William Taylor as is to teach French opinions in English forms. soon as his situation was made known. The They have indeed religious poets, such as Klop- Southeys were ready with most generous stock, Stolberg, and Körner: but, with the single offers; a wealthy kinsman, Mr. Dyson, of exception of Klopstock, the religious writers owe Diss, placed a good country-house at his diswhat they retain of popularity to their love of lib-posal, and urged him to accept as a donaerty, noi to their love of Christ. Voss, Schiller, tion a sum of money which had already been Kotzebue, are deists; Lessing, Wieland, Goethe, set apart for him as a legacy. A comparapantheisis ; but these shades of dissimilarity tive stranger, a young gentleman of whose have not prevented their becoming the national favorites. Through their instrumentality, a very name we never heard before, addressed to liberal and tolerant philosophy has deeply pene
him this letter :trated into the German mind; so that their
London, May 22, 1811. poetry is in unison with the learned literature which surrounds it. Gradually it is overflowing day, for
the first time, that you were about to re
My dear and honored Sir,--I heard last Suninto the Slavonian nations, and will found in new languages and climates those latest infer- ed expense of living there was the cause as
move your family from Norwich. The increasences of a corrupt but instructed refinement, signed. I will make no apology for what I am ancients on the ruins of Christian puritanism. going to propose. Your discernment and my German poetry is written for men, not, like of my feelings unnecessary. You will guess
own habitual openness render nice development English poetry, for women, and their repre- them. I contemplate the value of an accussentatives the priests. The effeminacy of the tomed home to your blind mother. I consider English school of taste may favor domestic pro- her sweet and venerable character i and that priety; but it does not tend to form a nation of she is the nearest, I believe the dearest, relation heroes. The Germans have indeed uttered no works so obscene as Voltaire's Pucelle, or so annual income exceeds my expenditure by at
you have. Notwithstanding the bad times, my profane as Parney's Guerre des Dieur; but least a hundred pounds. I do not choose to and Goethe cannot be Englished without Mr. acquire habits of greater expense, and I have Sotheby's castrating the Oberon, without Lord every reason to expect a gradual increase of re
Will this sum enable you to remain F. Gower's castrating the Faustus. Be this comfortably at Norwich ? If it will, pray take an evil or a good, it is still a characteristic it annually during your mother's life-at least fact. ... . Born in Valhalla, refined and christianized while I am single (1 am not even in love yet)
and while my means remain as good as they in the age of chivalry, the German Muse has are. Every year's delay I should think is worth finally thrown herself into the arms of philosophy, in this , obeying the spirit of the times, and the gaining on your mother's account. The evil
can but come at last, and will be no greater, tide of event. In like manner many
cathedrals of the country, which were built for the worship well see how in justice to your mother you can
perhaps even less, hereafter than now. I do not of Woden, Thor, and Frey, then consecrated refuse this offer, which, after abundant deliberaunder catholic conquerors to the Christian Triniiy, have been suffered at last to give shelter tion, I make in the most hearty manner. In the
common course of things nobody shall know any to a calm and comprehensive anti-supernatural thing about it, except my gentle sister Harriet, ism.'-Surrey, vol. iii. pp. 453, 454.
the confidante of all my projects, and who en
tirely approves of this. I shall be very sorry if Is this the creed of a Norwich unitarian ? any obstacle arises from the want of that cirIs it any thing else than the deliberate avowal cuity with which these matters are commonly of that fearful system which, discarding an proposed, and if I am wrong in deeming the omnipotent intelligence external to man and direct way most honorable to both of us. the world, discards equally all belief in moral
* Respectfully and affectionately yours, sanction, 'in individual obligation, responsi- vol. ii. pp. 357–359.
"Elton HAMOND.' bility, and retribution ? Whether Taylor really and sincerely was a believer in the But Taylor could not submit to incur monstrous absurdities which he avowed, is obligations so serious; nor indeed, when his indeed a very different question ; but if he affairs were accurately examined, did it turn was that, he was truly without God in the out that he required assistance of that naworld.'
ture. It proved sufficient that the family We have seen that his creed, whatever it should part with their large house and handwas, however calm and comprehensive,'l some establishment, removing into a humbler
tenement in their native town, and thence- “During the latter years of William Taylor's forth abstaining from that hospitality of life, Robert Southey was one day dining at his habits which at any rate could have no
table; it was the last time they ever met; after
dinner the host made many attempts to engage longer been suitable for Taylor's infirm pa- his guest in some theological argument, which rents. He himself gradually recovered his the latter parried for some time very goodspirits, and resumed very much of his old humoredly, and at last put an end to them by modes of life. In the mornings he read, exclaiming, “ Taylor, come and see me at Kesscribbled, and, like Voss's pastor of Grünau, wick. We will ascend Skiddaw, where I shall 6
whiffd ånd ågain whiff'd;' and in the even have you nearer heaven, and we will then disings he had admirers about him, who seem
cuss such questions as these.” '- vol. i. p. 317.
• When Mr. Dyson communicated to Mr. to have divided among them the care of keep- Southey the intelligence of William Taylor's ing his cellar well stocked—the heretic pre- death, he received an answer, in which the folferred burgundy to claret.
lowing passage speaks forcibly:-“I was not He collected latterly, besides his papers on aware of my old friend's illness, or I should cerGerman poetry, a series of brief essays on tainly have written to him, to express that unEnglish synonyms, which had in their
abated regard which I felt for him eight-andgress excited very general attention, and thirty years, and that hope which I shall ever which in their ultimate shape raised his re- state of existence. I have known very few who
feel, that we may meet in a higher and happier putation far higher than it had ever before equalled him in talents--none who had a kinder stood. The obvious faults of the work are heart; and there never lived a more dutiful son the fancifulness of much in it, and its utter or a sincerer friend." '—vol. i. p. 4. incompleteness ; but it has many minor blots, which were unintelligible till we had read these Memoirs. We now understand his derivation of enough, from nog, or noggin, a drinking vessel, the primary notion being an after-dinner feeling.' (Why did he not deduce Heaven from Havannah?) We now wonder less, as knowing how ignorant dis- OH! HOW SHALL WE OUR JOY EXPRESS? senters are of things the most familiar to all others, when we see Taylor gravely writing that 'the Archbishop of Canterbury is the
From the Metropolitan. Primate, but the Bishop of London is the Metropolitan of England. But we have not Ou! how shall we our joy express room for dwelling on these trifles. The little Rejoining those on earth once dear, volume was reviewed in this Journal thir- In yon bright land of happiness
Where Bliss doth never shed a tear? teen years ago; and we are glad to learn
'Tis so like Heav'n to weep with thee, that a new edition, now in the press, is to Now thou art once again with me. exhibit many corrections and additions from Mr. Taylor's MSS. It is to be hoped he
I weep that Love doth thee restore
I that thou each joy wilt share had done enough to make it supplant in the
I weep, lest Absence yet once more market the audacious compilation of Mr.
Should wring my bosom with despair; George Crabb.* If ever we have such a dic- But, oh! in Heav'n tears would be vain, tionary as the English language deserves, its As we could never part again. author will be found to have owed much to
How sweet the thought to be for ever the fragments of William Taylor.
With thee! Oh! ecstacy supreme ! Mr. Robberds hurries over the closing No pride of birth-no friends to severyears of his friend: but intimates that by No hope to mock with idle dream : September, 1833, he was fully sensible of the There ! THERE divine reality
Chases the tear from Doubt's sad eye! decay of his own mental powers—and seems to rejoice in adding that he lingered on till Tears are for earth --they tell our lovehis death, in March, 1836, Anno Ætat. 71, They tell our hopes--they tell our fears undarkened by regrets for the past, or ap
Each feeling that the beart doch move prehensions for the future.' He was buried
Is shown by tears-by only tears :
These very ones thou mourn'st to see,
These tears of joy? No! let them flow,
Changing their source to bitter woe; * See Quart. Rev., vol. xxxv. p. 403.- Article on The tumult of my soul they calm, English Synonyms by Taylor and Crabb.'
At meeting thee, like heav'nly balm.
BY MRS. EDWARD THOMAS.
From the Colonial Gazette.
JOURNEY INTO THE INTERIOR OF AFRICA.
Valley, near Mosiga. Here there is abundance
of large timber trees. Wild fruit grows also in GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERY.
great quantity, and the stunted wild olive here grows to a large tree. Water is likewise plentiful. Game is plentiful, and a different description of birds to any previously noticed to the southward, was observed. There are copper
and iron mines in this valley. The natives, who We have been much interested in hearing are the smiths of that part of Africa, contrive to from Mr. A. H. Bain, some account of a journey smelt the iron ore, and to manufacture assagais, undertaken by him into the interior of our con- hoes, &c., and natives from a considerable distinent, from which he has just returned. The tance come as customers. Some specimens of exploring party, consisting of Mr. Steel of the these ores have been procured by Mr. Bain. Coldstream Guards, Mr. Pringle of the Com- The natives erect a small conical furnace with pany's service, and Mr. Bain, left Graham's clay, into which the ore is cast and a rude belTown about six months ago, and proceeded lows is applied to the fuel. By these means the about as far as the 24th degree of south latitude ore is melted and the metal reduced. A singular -receiving every possible kindness from the custom prevails amongst these people in refervarious missionaries whose stations they visited,
ence to this branch of manufacture. "A married and attention and hospitality from the native man is not allowed to enter the enclosure where tribes through whose territories they passed. the people are smelting the ore, because it is They reached a spot about 15 days' journey supposed he would bewitch the iron: and before from the reported great lake; and, from the in- a native is allowed to perform this work he must formation received from the natives in that neigh- not have lived with his wife for six weeks, nor borhood, Mr. Bain is inclined to believe that the must he live with her during the period in which reputed lake is nothing more than a part of the he is employed in the operations. river Zimbisi or Quillimaine, near its source. This river is said to have a north-easterly, cur
The party visited a bushman cave between rent
, which would corroborate this supposition, Kuruman and Cramer's Fontein. Here they as the Zimbisi runs into the Mozambique Chan- saw the figures of elephants and other animals pel. This lake or river is said to overflow its rudely painted upon the walls in red and white
chalk. banks annually, in which case, as the country around is marshy and covered with reeds, the We might mention that the Wanketze chief water would assume the appearance of a lake. was anxious that some of his subjects should ac
Two tribes are said to reside here. One of company our travellers to the colony to see the them, known by the name of Makuba, consists wonders they described, more particularly the entirely of boatmen. The name of the other warriors of the white men, their arms, &c. "Two tribe is Matlumna. They are reported to have of them did accompany the party a considerable firearms in their possession, and are also said to distance towards the colony, and would willingkill great numbers of sea-cows, with which the !y have remained with them, but they were sent neighborhood of the water abounds. Mr. Bain back to their chief. has brought with him a piece of Portuguese These enterprising travellers have brought cloth, which was obtained from the natives, who with them a large quantity or native curiosities. reside within 14 days of the lake, and who said They have also brought with them the spoils of they had obtained it from the people who dwelt a number of wild animals which they have shot. there, thus showing that a traffic between them They have succeeded also in killing the gemsand the Portuguese settlement at Delagoa Bay bock, the roan antelope, and many other variexists. An assagai, evidently manufactured in eties of the antelope tribe. All these species Europe, was also procured. The natives who are rare, and altogether unknown in this colony. dwelt between the spot reached by Mr. Bain and A cameleopard was also shot, which measured the lake, were stated to be in the habit of barter- 19 feet 6 inches in height. In a former trip, ing ivory and other articles with the inhabitants however, Mr. Bain shot one of these animals, of the lake or river.
which measured 21 feet 6 inches. An eland Our travellers visited Sobiqua, chief of the was shot, which measured 17} hands. It is Bawanketze, who resides near the Kurrichean computed that Mr. Bain and his companions Hills, who is described as an intelligent man, travelled 1,500 miles beyond Graham's Town, and was a great warrior in his time. Shortly making no less a distance in all than 3,000 miles before the arrival of Mr. Bain and his com- with five spans of oxen. panions, he had been attacked by Mahouri, the We are sorry that neither time nor recollecBechuana chief, who by his superiority, in tion will allow us to furnish the reader with having muskets and ammunition, worsted him in more copious particulars of the journey of these the conflict and took from him a number of intelligent and enterprising travellers. We are cattle.
pot, however, without a hope that they will The chief Massalikatse was ascertained to be themselves favor the public with some account residing at a spot situated about the 25th de- of what they saw, heard. thought, and felt whilst gree of east longitude, and 22 south latitude. wending their way amid the solitude of the deThis chief had also recently made an attack sert, or holding communion with some of the upon the Bawanketze, in which he had been scaitered fragments of the human family, whose successful.
origin, character, or perhaps even existence, was A glowing description is given of the Bakhatla before unknown.- Frontier T'imes.
BY ONE WHO HAS A GOOD MEMORY.
THE PRINCE DE METTERNICH.
De carag the time of Hron'
of the Sara emperos wad the couetry from thor pock: and L thar, one o!
1, was, from 1300 t 12: Excus of Treves Prince de Metternica is the said zaplaiemen, the first practice Hithy was born in Computz á De Cect of these teinsel 19.2 sane city, and stuc... yalatory ratin, at '!..
Sergh. He was prent, 122?. 1: the curreat of the Ei mm 1900, at Fraraf 11-9-10,Sa panay tears were sed
isternational law, and 26 of government. The PEC acted at the universi!! of E le the rear 1792, he way, the
pa corogatia of the lir fra II: and be then axife Yuna ad astrata, and eureen seitral European Cs-unts, tepoloe in Eand. The diete I De Roscountries boypre
129Septeved his family. It
From Fraser's Magazine.
now the Prussian monarch, the splendor of REMINISCENCES OF MEN AND THINGS. the scene. Baron Humboldt was contempla
ting the countenance of his king and mas-
with astonishment at the marvels which sur-
rounded him; and Counts Hardenberg and When first I saw the Prince de Metternich Nesselrode were enjoying the dainties which he was in his forty-second year. For he was were set before them. born on the 15th of May, 1773; and when When the health of the Emperor of Ausfirst I beheld this remarkably handsome and tria was proposed, Prince Metternich rose healthy-looking statesman, it was in the and bowed. There was but little cheering. month of June, 1814. The Emperor of Rus- It was evident that his character was pot unsia and the King of Prussia had come over derstood by many of the assembled citizens. to England, to pay their respectful and fra- They connected with his name certain noternal homage to the Prince Regent; but, tions of absolutism, without the philosophy for family and state reasons, it had been and truth which formed part of his real chardeemed expedient for the Emperor of Aus- acter. They very likely remembered the tria to return from Paris to Vienna, instead outline of the congress of Rastadt, but the of visiting the British metropolis. The minutia had escaped them, as well as the Prince de Metternich had been selected by principle for which he had contended, and the his august sovereign as his special represent- memory of his talent was all that remained. ative at the court of St. James's on this mem- That banquet was worthy of the occasion orable occasion, and this mark of favor and which led to its celebration, and worthy of preference was highly appreciated by this that city of London, whose loyalty, during distinguished statesman. “Is that the Prince the most trying times of financial difficulty de Metternich ?" inquired a member of the and commercial depression, had justly won House of Commons of the old Whig Rump, for it the respect and gratitude of all Europe. as the Prince entered the Guildhall of the The disinterestedness of Great Britain, not City of London, on the 18th of June, 1814, to only during the long conflict of the Revolube present at the civic banquet,- “Can that tionary war, but also after that war had been be the Prince de Metternich ?" Yes, that terminated, when the spoils were to be dividis the Prince de Metternich,” was the reply ; ed, and countries or districts to be appropri“ but why do you express such astonish- ated by the great powers, was the subject of ment ?" “ Because I expected to see so constant reference on the part of the Empedifferent a man to that now before me. I ror of Russia. His magnanimous and dishad conceived of the prince as a sort of Jes- interested ally, the Prince Regent of Great uit-looking monk, with head bending over his Britain,” were words which were continually chest, with sallow complexion, with the air on the lips of the Emperor Alexander; and of a true disciple of Machiaviel : and now, the Prince de Metternich, on all occasions, instead of all this, there is a handsome both private and public, expressed similar and healthy-looking man, who stands and opinions in strong terms, and accompanied walks erect, with an open, intellectual, and by glowing eulogies. Not, indeed, that this agreeable countenance, and apparently with was the first time that the prince had become out formality or stiffness.” The conversa- acquainted with the English character, or tion then turned on the true and trite senti- had studied on the spot the English nation, ment of “how wrong it was to judge by ap- since, when a young man, he visited the pearances;" but the old Whig M. P. returned, shores of Great Britain, and investigated our ever and anon, during the dinner and the national habits, partialities, prejudices, and evening, to the very mistaken notions he had institutions. formed of the Austrian minister.
Clemens Wenzeslaus Nessomuk Lothario, The Prince de Metternich, on the occasion Earl and Prince Metternich, Winneburg, in question, was conversing with great ani- Duke Portella, Earl of Königswart, knight mation with Count Mierveldi, the then Aus- of the Golden Fleece, and grandee of Spain, trian ambassador at the court of London, and first class,-possessor of all the highest and they were evidently admiring the most mag- most elevated European orders,—his imnificent pageant before thein. The Prince perial royal majesty's privy councillor, court Regent was explaining to the Emperor Alex- chamberlain, court chancellor, and cabinet ander the meaning of the various trophies minister,-also, minister of foreign affairs, and ornaments which were collected on that and prime minister of the empire, taking prevery interesting solemnity, and the King of cedence of all others in dignity and office, Prussia was enjoying with the Prince Royal, is descended from an ancient family, which
** vorbed for him a p si at m*: and in the win: it
Mary Etuita, diz: image of Kaan:12-Ribera, anu: Peter of the imperial chance!!! *3! cute commenced in 1997
se emylor as plenipf:: Tax Ruokádt. His talents apot! 27 shall berer.fier T. Tres catent myself for top te Baracud and general sketch
as ife to the rear 1-14, e este commenced these Remi
en Austria and Francs
enosequence of Aus De coalition between Eisliez Ciaat Mitternich left Bere Symadera.ition of Prussia with been set, bed. In 1-16, aftos peace of Preabart, which
the Tiro Napoleon.
, caderibe title of Earl of Traved as ambassad it to Paris, penge of the most difficult parts aprty and vietorius ustp
por Lal and impenetrable
e Prince de Tallerand na Westernich could not, onla 19, besten Austria and *, the one hand, and
*Astia in Germany
Wwta, the great obiects