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.. Lloyd and Burnett, his own position in the collection edited by Southey at Bristol, which
1.455 IT! MED D world was quite uncertain-his means were contained, besides his own • Abel Shuffle
teror :: very narrow, and his health feeble and vacil-bottom,' &c., some remarkable verses by a
BET 200 mete l 6... lating In March, 1799, Taylor writes miraculous young man, by name Davy.' Mr.
Oi al RI 12... thus : Taylor says
*k329 D.at 'My dear Friend, -Is'all that Burnett writes me
“ Norwich, 18th Oct., 1799. true ?—that your health declines alarmingly- "Dear Friend, --The “ Annual Anthology"
W 2.4 Ul. that you are apprehensive of an ossification of was duly received. There is barely cork enough
ere rudere la the heart? no, no, I will neither believe nor con- to float the lead, or barely lead enough to make template such possibility. You have a mimosa- the scum and scoria saleable. I have been less
sad bre tu N:d is fin sensibility, which agonizes in so slight a blast; pleased than you with the verses signed D. an imagination excessively accustomed to sum- Except the " Song of Pleasure," which is bril
rua mei de 33 to keep it sig mon trains of melancholy ideas, and marshal liant, and a passage here and there, I have not
12 2d pruerad 111.0. .. funeral processions; a mind too fond by half, for enjoyed them. I discover not those powers of
Inche ...s be can 21 its own comfort, of sighs and sadness, of pathet-fancy, those inventive capacities, those creative ic emotions and heart-rending woe.
You mis- energies, those almightinesses of plastic genius, 3 Tes in su bas. Tas see the dangers in expectation through the lens which because you know the man, and because of a tear. It cannot be that the laws of nature every body knows him for a first-rate philosointerrupt with equal indifference the career of pher, you are unavoidably led to associate even
11. Rrra the valuable and of the useless part of her off- with his poetical exertions. I did not recognize
233e on We H::.. spring,--that no preserving spirit watches you in " Abel Shutllebottom.” Many of the
comic pieces are comical. I rejoice, however, 'If health, like the good works of the monks, that you adopt the method of publishing anonywere a transferable commodity, I would give you mously your smaller etfusions, as it is certainly some of mine, and incur for your sake many most for your reputation to associate your name weeks of confinement. As things are, I can only only with the selecter compositions, and to let wish you well, and add that I have no confidence those of uncertain value be afterwards concenin your system of extreme temperance, which trated, rendered stimulant by withdrawing the produces a valetudinarian, disagreeable health, water of deliquescence, be alcoholized, and have and hy never calling into full action the vessels their aroma distilled into a quintessential drop which secrete sensorial power, occasions their of otr. If there be a poetical sin in which you shrivelling into impotence before the natural are apt to indulge, it is expatiation, an Odyssey period.
garrulity, as if you were ambitious of exhausting
a topic, instead of selecting its more impressive The poet answers thus—he had, we find, outlines only. In a metrical romance this is been thinking seriously of the bar, and meant probably no evil-some feeble intervals increase to practice at Calcutta :
the effect of the interstitial splendor; but in the Friday, March 12, 1799. poemets of an Anthology there is no space for 'My dear Friend, --Burnett has mistaken my oscillation, no leisure to flag.' complaint, and you have mistaken my disposi
Southey answers thus gently :tion: at one time I was apprehensive of some local complaint of the heart: but there is no danger 'In Davy's verses I see aspirations after of its growing too hard, and the affection is merely genius and powers of language, all that can be nervous. The only consequence which there is expected in so young a writer. Did I promise any reason to dread is, thatit may totally unfit me more? But it is my common fault usually to for the confinement of London and a lawyer's of overrate whatever I am newly acquainted with. fice. I shall make the attempt somewhat heart- Towards the close of the “Sons of Genius” my medical advisers: if my health suffers, I tedious and feeble-but it was the production of te betad
Den up a!! lessly, and discouraged by the prognostics of there are some fine stanzas, but as a whole it is will abandon it at once. At the age of twenty, eighteen. Davy is a surprising young man, five there is little leisure for writing. The world and one who, by his unassumingness, bis open
etaIn teatr Tura will be again before me, and the prospect suffi- warmth of character, and his all-promising talciently comfortable. I have no wants, and few ents, soon conciliates our affections. He writes
He legins, cas', tist wishes. Literary exertion is almost as neces- me that two paralytic patients have been cured sary to me as meat and drink, and with an un- by the gaseous oxyd of azote—the beatific gas, divided attention I could do much.. Once, in- for discovering which, if he had lived in the deed, I had a mimosa-sensibility, but it has long time of the old Persian kings, he would have been rooted out: five years ago I counteracted received the reward proposed for the inventing Rousseau by dieting uponGodwin and Epictetus: a new pleasure. they did me some good, but time has done more. Perhaps it is the consciousness of a garrulous I have a dislike to all strong emotion, and tendency in writing that impels me with such avoid whatever could excite it; a book like decided and almost exclusive choice to narra“ Werter” gives me now unmingled pain. In tive poetry. The books of the Italia Liberata, my own writings you may observe that I rather which I read at Norwich, did me more service dwell upon what affects than what agitates.' towards correcting this fault than any other les
son could have done. In Madoc I think I have Shortly afterwards Taylor receives the avoided it. Sometimes, too, it is serviceable, first volume of the Annual Anthology,'—a wherever there are passages of prominent merit.
Po pre tiaras ir visit to Paris, atau fund te leras of life
a scheme or a new wiras za recomended Soutbey frie
ad areed him to accept it
, find bis heart on train
be at opfy
There should be a plain around the pyramids. I but whenever we meet accost him as usual, and As a poet, I consider myself as out of my ap- think that the fit is past.' prenticeship, and having learnt the command of my tools. If I live, I may, and believe I shall, Both as to the Welsh cottage and the make a good workman; but at present I am insanity of poor Burnett, Taylor's reply is only a promising one. It is an unfavorable cir- most Taylorean-in cleverness, in perversity cumstance that my writings are only subjected of thought, and in pedantry of diction the to the criticisms of those persons whose tastes former part—in manly and gentlemanly feelare in a great measure formed upon mine, and.
ing the latter :who are prepared to admire whatever I may urite.'
How can you delight in mountain scenery? We hear by and bye that Madoc is fin- The eye walks on broken flints; not a hill toleished, but that the poet designs to keep it by rant of the plough, not a stream that will float a him for a. time, and proceed instantly with Sisyphus, every descent the punishment of
canoe; in the roads every ascent is the toil of his Kehama, which he thinks he can have Vulcan: barrenness with her lichens cowers on ready for the press in six months. Taylor the mountain-top, yawning among mists that on this says :
irrigate in vain; the cottage of a man, like the 'I think you would do well to give your sisting by rapacity in stink and intemperance:
eyrie of an eagle, is the home of a savage subMadoc now to Longman and Rees, and to build the village is but á coalition of pig-sties; where your edifice of immortal name on the Hindoo there might be pasture, glares a lake; the very ground.
cataract falls in vain,—there are not customers Tasso will lose a little, Milton more, and enough for a water-mill. Give me the spot Klopstock most, of his celebrity, if Christianity where victories have been won over the inutilishould sink from an European religion to an ties of nature by the efforts of human art, – European sect; but those actions which are not where mind has moved the massy, everlasting stimulated by opinions, such as Homer's, &c., rock, and arrayed it into convenient dwellings retain an inierest coeval with the human phe- and stately palaces, into theatres and cathedrals, nomena they describe, commensurate with the and quays and docks and warehouses, wherein fidelity and importance of the delineation, co, the primæval troglodyte has learned to convoke extensive with the memory of the event, and the productions of the antipodes. conspicuous with the fashion of the language.
Whether Burnett envies you or not, I envy Ready for the press in six months, is not the condition for everlasting productions. I admit wealth, and beneficence enough to deserve all
you: with philosophy enough to despise all that the outline, the sketch, cannot be too soon wealth.-with talent that can, and application made ; but the finishing, the pruning, the bring- that will, get fame, -with a wife,—with a child, ing out of the better figures, --the condensation - how should Burnett not think you an object of of prate into oratory, the concatenation of incident into event, the obumbration of description withdraw the smallest atom of a happiness
envy? I hope neither he nor I should wish to into appendage, is not the work of half a year. / which we haye not the spirit to emulate; and I My ideas of perfection desperate attempt, but
cannot believe that either he or I could view it your ardor of execution endangers completeness.' without
complacence, or without the entire wish, In 1802 Taylor paid a short visit to Paris, were it in our power, to increase it.' and on his return found the liberals of Norwich busy with a scheme of a new weekly
Taylor himself undertook the care of the paper. Taylor recommended Southey for Norwich Iris;' and Southey says (January, the editorship, and urged him to accept it. 1803 ):The poet declined; he had now given up all • Your prospectus has the mark of the beast. thoughts of the law, fixed his heart on resid- I should have known it to be yours had it been ing in the country, and was in treaty for a for a York or an Exeter paper; and excellently house in Wales. He mentions, casually, that good it is. Success to you! 'I wish I had adBarnett had lately passed through Bristol vertisements to send you, or any thing else. I
am reviewing for Longman,-reviewing for without calling on him : that a common Hamilton,-translating; perhaps about again to iriend asked Burnett why, and that he made versily for the Morning Post*--drudge, drudge, an impertinent answer. Southey adds :
drudge. Do you know Quarle's emblem of the
soul that tries to fly, but is chained by the leg Poor fellow! he is too vain to know that the to earth? For myself I could do easily, but not feeling which has been rankling in him is envy, easily for others; and there are more claims and it is now ripening into hatred. He is now than one upon me. But in spite of your prosin London, waiting for a situation. A tutorship pectus, and all the possible advantages of a here, and that a very desirable one, was offered party newspaper in a county where parties are him, but he refused it as beneath him. I am
nearly equal, I cannot be satisfied that William vexed and provoked whenever I think of his unhappy folly : that a man should be at once so
* Both Coleridge and Southey had labored for very proud and so utterly helpless, --so proud of this paper at the time when Canning sung :what he will be, and so ignorant of what he is. · Couriers and Stars, Sedition's Evening host! As to his quarrel with me, I shall not notice it: Thou Morning Chronicle and Morning Post!' &c.
# ೪ & T ೬.೨೪ ", " # Taylor should be a newspaper editor. Few for a like remedy. You taught me to write
SISI Ys 24 V men have his talents, fewer still his learning, English by what you said of Bürger's language
- Une and perhaps no other his leisure joined to these and by what I felt from your translations,-one
with your se advantages. From him an opus magnum might of the eras in my intellectual history; would
9.! --ought to be expected. Coleridge and I must that I could now in my turn impress you with
3:1 RX": drudge for newpapers from necessity, but it the same conviction! Crowd your ideas as you should not be your choice.'-vol. i. p. 445. will, your images can never be too many; give
them the stamp and autograph of William Taylor replies :
Taylor, but let us have them in English-plain, "I am reviewing for Longman as well as
mere English perspicuous English-euch as
you; but I find myself tempted to steal from my arti- readers can understand. Ours is a noble lan
1: : * fra cles for Longman for the "Iris.” What is my Germanism for family's sake; but he who uses guage, a beautiful language. I can tolerate a
Edit literary conscience to do, -to use the same periods in both capacities ? that at least will be a Latin or a French phrase where a pure old the determination of my indolence. I hate to English word does as well
, ought to be hung, re-compose, although I cannot transcribe withdrawn and quartered for high-treason against
..1 out insertion. I never seem to myself to have his mother-tongue. 'I am grieved that you never met Coleridge ;
***** said enough about any thing, and could always
of 2 prate, prate, prate at twice the length upon a all other men whom I have ever known are topic. And yet my theory of good writing is, to mere children to him, and yet all is palsied by a condense every thing into a nut-shell: I grow total want of moral strength. He will leave and clip with rival rage, and produce a sort of nothing behind him to justify the opinion of his yew-hedge, tangled with luxuriance and sheared friends to the world; yet many of his scattered into spruceness. The desire of being neat pre- poenis are such, that a man of feeling will see cludes ease, of being strong precludes grace, of that the author was capable of executing the being armed at all points the being impervious greatest works. at any. If it be more satisfactory to compress à
'I begin to hunger and thirst after Borrodale la Bacon, it is more taking to expand à la Burke; and Derwentwater. You undervalue lakes and and I manage to combine the harshness of the mountains; they make me happier and wiser and one with the profusion of the other, omitting of better, and enable me to think and feel with a quickcourse of both the far-darting sagacity and om
er and healthier intellect. Cities are as poisonous nipresent research.'
to genius and virtue in their best sense, as to
the flower of the valley or the oak of the forest. Southey received the foregoing while for Men of talent may and will be gregarious, men the first time visiting Coleridge at Keswick. of genius will not; handicraft-men work toThe sight of the lake country, and the en- Individuals. Neither are men to be studied in
gether, but discoveries must be the work of joyment of Coleridge's talk, made him give cities, except indeed, as students walk the hosup the Welsh scheme, and he settled, as all spitals
, you go to see all the modifications of dismen know, for life on the shores of Derwent- ease.' water. On coming back to Bristol he writes thus to Taylor :
Taylor replies :
Norwich, June 21st, 1803.
your abuse, “My dear Friend, -I was thinking over the
-the more of it the better; were it more spe« Iris," and whether or no I was not bound in cific it would be still more instructive; for do conscience to the effort of a letter upon the sub
you know, I am so accustomed to myself, as ject, when yours arrived and turned the scale,
often to think that easy and natural in style the matter so pleased me, and the manner so which appears to another macaronic, affected, offended me. There,—the murder is out, and
harsh, and unclear ? now I will say what for a long while I have
I am busied now in theology, and have actuthought,--that you have ruined your style by ally drawn up for the Monthly Magazine a Germanisms, Latinisms and Greekisms, that
“Who wrote the Wisdom of Solomon ?": are sick of a surseit of knowledge, that your which has for its object to prove that Jesus learning breaks out like scabs and blotches upon Christ wrote it; partly from the internal evia beautiful face. I am led by indolence and by dence of passages descriptive of him, partly
*** our ant-barnb.luche good-nature always rather to feel dislike than to from the external evidence of the extreme veneexpress it; and if another finds the same faults ration in which the book was held by all the that have displeased me in your writings, I have apostolic characters. I have endeavored always defended them more zealously than it keep aloof from the question of miracles.' they had been my own: but faults they are,faults any where, and tenfold aggravated in a
In Southey's next letter we see that by newspaper. How are plain Norfolk farmers
June, 1803, the poet was fast throwing off all and such will read the Iris-to understand words which they never heard before, and sympathy with the Norwich heresies :
in as to the question of which are so foreign as not to be even in John
Bristol, 23rd June, 1803. son's farrago of a dictionary? I have read Dear William Taylor,— Your theology does Cowper's Odyssey and Trissino, to cure my nothing but mischiet; it serves only to thin the poetry of its wheyishness; let me prescribe the miserable ranks of Unitarianism. The regular
TIL STEEM of insrit and Vulgar Errors of Sir Thomas Browne to you troops of infidelity do little harm; and their
e been in rullo
trumpeters, such as Voltaire and Paine, not success,--that Malta was a bad ground for much more. But it is such pioneers as Middle- quarrel, the worst that could have been selected, ton, and you, and your German friends, that because of least general or national concern, but work underground and sap the very citadel. that there was cause enough for war. My beThat “ Monthly Magazine" is read by all the lief is that invasion will be attempted, but that Dissenters, -I call it the Dissenters' Obituary, - " the Christ of the Lord” (oh, curse his blaspheand here are you eternally mining, mining, mous soul!) will not adventure himself: my under the shallow faith of their half-learned, hope is that he may. The landing is a chance, half-witted, half-paid, half-starved pastors. We and the chances are against it: if they land must not give strong meats to weak stomachs. they will perhaps reach London, but not a man I have qualms of conscience about it myself. of them will return to France, and we shall have There is poor Burnett gone stark foolish, be- such a monument the Swiss reared to cause he has been made the friend of the wise, Charles of Burgundy. One victory by land or -diseased at once with a plethora of vanity and sea turns the scale, and the northern powers, an inanition of knowledge; with all the dispo- who have more reason to hate France than sition to destroy himself, only that he cannot England, will then join us: then Holland will be muster up courage, and that I suppose he will free, and Switzerland and Italy made indedo at last, in the hope of being talked of as an pendent of France, and the peace of Europe instance of neglected genius. Oh, that proverb established for a century to come. But first about the pearls and the swine has a great deal Buonaparte must go to the devil, and perhaps more in it than I once imagined ! I, who am a our national debt too; but I have not a fear for believer, were I now at three-and-twenty, with England,—the country was never so united, the opinions that I hold at nine-and-twenty, and therefore never so strong.' would choose the church for my profession; but then I have a deep and silent and poet-feeling Perhaps our readers may thank us for connected with these things, which has grown some specimen of Taylor's leaders' in the with me and will grow.
Iris' of 1803:Among the odd revolutions of the world you may reckon this, that my politics come nearer
: 'Twas well in the Attorney-General to banMr. Windham’s than they do William Taylor's
. ter the Grenville party for talking with so much God bless you!
emphasis of the critical posture and unexam"R. S.
pled danger of our situation. Mr. Fox's stately
calm is alone at par the mediocrity of the Mr. Taylor thus responds :
difficulty. This hysterical apprehensiveness of My dear Friend,-I am very glad you are a
the anti-jacobins is mere affectation; in office believer. I think you will desert your low Arian they would leave it off, and then boast they had for pure Socinian ground. When you have cured the disease they had invented. Their read my paper about the “Wisdom," you will England, as their church, is always in danger. asimit I must be right about the author.
Mesmers in oratory, they convulse us with imYou make me curious about your politics. aginary etiluvia in order to make us call in their In what points do you agree with Mr. Wind- medicinal help; but it is surely the very quackham? In any thing beside his nationality, his ery of alarmism thus to give drams against pop
ular ennui and administer cantharides to the love spirit, his desire of seeing a courageous example of one's country. Like their models, the exorof self-denying patriotism set by the higher cists, they infuse the only blue-devil they can classes of the people? The time is not come banish. Were all these men put at nurse to to be patriotic. The best thing ministers can do is to patch up a peace through the mediation Mrs. Radeliffe? Their tongues falter with the of Russia ; and to this
, torpor, slugglishness, very drunkenness of intimidation; their every indifference, apathy in the people tend to pre
phrase blanches the cheek and demands an dispose them. When it is once clear that the aghast attitude. They hear a voice in every third Punic war is come, energy must be put
wind, — they are electrified with incessant terinto power; whether that can be done without the walls of the House of Commons that they
Let us humanely hope it is only within some popularization of the representation, may be questioned. I believe that we must take up " See appall’d the unreal scene,” all the jacobin opinions, keep our anti-jacobins, like Bajazets, in cages to show them about, and and discover a shadowy hand mapping the parpointatas samples of the continental monsters we of a commercial metropolis
. Or are they doom
tition of the empire and announcing the plunder have to combat; and that we should so reverse the destiny of Carthage, and triumph with the ed every where to snatch a fearful joy, to eat their usual fortune of liberty
very dinners with a hair-suspended sword above
the table, and start at empty elbow-chairs, in In reply thus Southey avows in detail his which their fancy places the blood-boltered form great change of opinion as to the question of of Jacobinism studying her English grammar?
They merit crowns of mimosa; they claim conwar with France :
fidence for professing cowardice, and like the My politics are, that France calculated upon mariner's needle would tremble into place." the weakness of our most miserable ministers, and was carrying on a system of insult and
These excellent epigrams were penned in injury to which it would have been utter ruin to February; yet by November how had Tayhave submitted, -that Buonaparte is drunk with lor changed his views as to the reality of the
MEMOIRS OF WILLIAM TAYLOR OF NORWICH,
[May, national danger! That he expressed his preceded and prepared the way for the grand altered sentiments so openly is greatly to experiment of Pennsylvania. The losses his honor. But we again quote, chiefly for thus occasioned rendered a stricter economy the curious crabbed artificiality of the Tay- necessary in the household of the Taylors; lorese preachment to the Norwich weavers and William was determined that henceforth and the farmers of Partridgeshire :'- his pen should be wielded pro virili, to sus
“The hostile government of France, to which tain the tottering fortunes of his family. we vow coeval aversion, ought to learn that the
As yet, however, no external appearances plunder it has exhausted on its accoutred slaves indicated to kindly or to envious neighbors is no earnest of future pillage. We will keep that those fortunes were at all embarrassed ; our harvest, starvelings, from your hunger; our and we shall give place to the picture which households, robbers, from your rapacity; our our biographer affords of his friend's usual women, ravishers, from your lust. * The invaders must be attacked in every direction by day course of life from this time forth, during and by night; we must avail ourselves of the several years—in fact, throughout the fifth natural advantages of a country known well to decade, which a high authority, rejoicing in us and little to them; where we cannot oppose his own vigor and prosperity, has lately prothem in full force we must constantly harass their nounced to be the best :'rear and their flanks, remove the means of their subsistence, cut off their provisions and maga
“He rose early, and his 'studies usually enzines, and prevent them, as much as possible, gaged his undivided attention till noon, when it
was his almost daily practice at all seasons to from uniting and concentering their forces. “War must now be our business-war our constructed on the bank of the stream near its
bathe in the river, at a subscription bath-house amusement: it must occupy, early and late, entrance into the city. Aster this he invariably every hand and every mind. The gun-lock must exercised himself by walking, for which purpose twinkle at every wrist, the bayonet bristle from he always selected a road on the western side of every shoulder; the goad must be shapen into a Norwich, leading to the bridge over the Wenpike, and we must have shafts for shuttles, dipt
sum at Hellesdon. . .. On this road he was in gore. The rural grove, the well-built street, must learn to echo with the din of war; every the hours of one and three. Professing to be no
seen almost every day for many years, between parish will seem a camp, every town a garrison. admirer of natural scenery, and to take his chief Let the moments spared from toil be passed in delight in “ towered cities and the busy hum of learning to fight for the country ; let the moments spent in toil be passed in preparing for men," he was once asked why he always made its defence. The forge should hammer only quaint reason which he assigned for his prefer
choice of so secluded and solitary a walk. The weapons, the temple become an arsenal of ar
ence was, that on this road nofit of indolence could mor; Religion must lend her precincts to Pat
time shorten his allotted term of exercise, riotism, and we must firmly trample on the grave as there were no means of crossing the river at and the fear of it. To arms! the priest--to arms! the mother must summon. No, let her any nearer point, and he was therefore compelled sit still; her tears shall be secure: the foe shall miles distant from his residence in Surrey Street.
to go round by the bridge, which was about three never cross her threshold.
Indeed it must be owned that he never seemed
to regard the objects around him, but pursued It is pleasant to know that Taylor once his course in deep mental abstraction, conversing again took a patriotic instead of a liberal part the while most animatedly with himself
. There in the politics of his time. He was from first was something singular too in his appearance: to last as strenuous in the cause of Spain and his dress was a complete suit of brown, with silk
In this QuakerWellington as Southey himself—but he had stockings of the same color. at that period no newspaper at his command. his waistcoat, and armed with a most capacious
like attire, with afull cambric frill protruding from He continued the “Iris' for two years.umbrella in defiance of the storm,“ muttering When the original subscriptions expired, it his wayward fancies he would rové," and fixed died a natural death. He then once more the astonished gaze and curious attention of the devoted himself entirely to his reviews, and few passengers whom he met. labored for these with an industry which 'From these rambles he always returned was no longer so purely voluntary as in former punctually at three o'clock, and devoted the redays. His father's fortune depended, to a con- He rarely dined alone, either entertaining a
mainder of the day to the pleasures of society, siderable extent, on the good faith of Ameri- small company at his own table, or“sharing the can merchants, with whom he had had large feast” at that of one of his friends. His convertransactions in the more active period of his sational powers were now in their fullest vigor; life. They had put off from year to year the the diffidence of youth was past, and the prolixday of reckoning. The old man at last ity of age was not come on; no pedantic atcrossed the seas to bring the matter to a ed their brightness; their course was free and
tempts at studied eloquence dimmed or deflectpoint. The result was that he came home natural, their flow lively and sparkling, and the with nothing in his pocket. It was one of motes of fancy that Auttered in the beam threw the many cases of private repudiation which a prismatic halo round the sober form on which
to be free from this
SI56 of ornament
dhe meaning to My zo. farle is to re
***se. I begin bowever.
as perspicuously, as ? pietry. Lavr.g lain
I could a trio