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BY ELIZA COOK.
the French vocabulary of horror, and to the and abhorrence, such as we might fling at his French vocabulary of baseness. It is not brethren, Hébert and Fouquier Tinville, and easy to give a notion of his conduct in the Carrier and Lebon. We have no pleasure Convention, without using those emphatic in seeing human nature thus degraded. We terms, guillotinade, noyade, fusillade, mitrail-turn with disgust from the filthy and spitelade. It is not easy to give a notion of his ful Yahoos of the fiction; and the filthiest conduct under the Consulate and the Em- and most spiteful Yahoo of the fiction was pire, without borrowing such words as mou- a noble creature when compared with the chard and mouton.
Barère of history. But what is no pleasure, We therefore like his invectives against us M. Hippolyte Carnot has made a duty. It is much better than any thing else that he has no light thing that a man in high and honorable written; and dwell on them, not merely with public trust, a man who, from his connections complacency, but with a feeling akin to grat- and position, may not unnaturally be suppositude. It was but little that he could do to ed to speak the sentiments of a large class promote the honor of our country; but that of his countrymen, should come forward to little he did strenuously and constantly. demand approbation for a life, black with Renegade, traitor, slave, coward, liar, slan- every sort of wickedness, and unredeemed derer, murderer, hack writer, police-spy — by a single virtue. This M. Hippolyte Carthe one small service which he could render not has done. By attempting to enshrine to England, was to hate her; and such as he this Jacobin carrion, he has forced us to was may all who hate her be!
gibbet it; and we venture to say that, from
From the New Monthly Magazine.
Love not, love not, ye hapless sons of carth, Mrs. Norrox. ity. One of these is a pious treatise, entitled, Love on, love on, the soul must have a shrine, Of Christianity and of its Influence.'
The rudest breast must find some hallow'd spot; other consists of meditations on the Psalms, The God who form’d us left no spark divine which will doubtless greatly console and In him who dwells on earth, yet loveth not. edify the Church.
Devotion's links compose a sacred chain
Of holy brightness and unmeasured length;
The world with selfish rust and reckless stain, Whatsoever things are false, whatsoever
May mar its beauty, but not touch its strength. things are dishonest, whatsoever things are
love on,-ay, even though the heart unjust, whatsoever things are impure, what
We fondly build on proveth like the sand; soever things are hateful, whatsoever things Though one by one Faith's corner-stones depart, are of evil report, if there be any vice, and And even Hope's last pillar fails to stand ; if there be any infamy, all these things, we | Though we may dread the lips we once believed, knew, were blended in Barère. But one who would not rather trust and be deceived,
And know their falsehood shadows all our days, thing was still wanting, and that M. Hip
Than own the mean, cold spirit that betrays ? polyle Carnot has supplied. When to such
love on, though we may live to see an assemblage of qualities a high profession
The dear face whiter than its circling shroud, of piety is added, the effect becomes over- Though dark and dense the gloom of death may be, powering. We sink under the contemplation Aflection's glory yet shall pierce the cloud. of such exquisite and manifold perfection ; | The truest spell that Heaven can give to lure, and feel, with deep humility, how presump- Is the blest thought that bids the soul be sure
The sweetest prospect Mercy can bestow, tuous it was in us to think of composing the 'Twill meet above the things it loved below. legend of this beatified athlete of the faith, Love on, love on, Creation breathes the words, Saint Bertrand of the Carmagnoles.
Their mystic music ever dwells around;
Is oft put forth for worms to feed upon; on our notice, we should never have vouchsaf- So hearts, though wrung by traitors and the tomb, ed to him more than a passing word of scorn Shall still be precious and shall still love on.
THE MONK CAMPANNELLA AND HIS tivity, deprived of books, cut off from corresponWORKS.
dence, without knowing what was passing in the
world from which he was exiled. This monk preFrom Fraser's Magazine,
dicted exacıly, from 1598, all the calamities reserv
ed by Providence for the great Spanish monarWhatever is superior to common wisdom chy; and his predictions were dated from the very has always been treated as folly; and, notwith-epoch when Europe, the two Americas, and Alstanding that in every age we meet with inno-rica, bowed together before the son of Charles vators who, grieving at human misery, have v. By a most extraordinary power of deduction wished to improve the condition of man, and, in and penetration, the prophei discovers the whole their anxiety to conquer indillerence, have not series of effects that are hidden in the bosom of feared to face persecution and to suffer martyr- their primitive causes, and reads the future medom, history is yet full of their suiterings. Gior- thodically and distinctly as if it were developed dano Bruno and Savonarole are burnt alive by before him in the present. Behold genius of the the Inquisition; Campinella languishes twenty- most powerful kind: yet I do not know that it seven years in a dungeon; Roger Bacon is in- was remarked by any one. Poor pap, he only carcerated on suspicion of witchcraft; Harring- besought one favor, which was, that he might ton dies by poison; Hall is deprived of all his go and preach in Flanders, and teach philosophy property ; Ramus perishes assassinated. Never- to its inhabitants. He had a vague hope that theless, inspiration is so palpable in these free-Philip II. would some day grant him an audithinkers, their mission is so formal, and their ob- ence. “Magna et secreta colloquio tuo reservo, ject so righteous, that they triumph over all im- ubi et quando majestati tuæ placuerit.” He sent pediments, over all tortures, and all perils. What his treatise, or political letter, to the king, through ought to be suid is said; each age gives its pro- the medium of I do not know what Spanish extestation to the world, which continues, and is cellency, who did not possess credit or benevotransmitted fromone generation to another. The lence enough to obtain the audience, far less the great family of Utopistes vary, but never cease. favor solicited by the monk. No notice whatIn the meantime, humanity profits by their inves- ever was taken of his communication. He was tigations. They do not agitate themselves round not surprised at the circumstance; he was aca fatal circle without hope; they continue their quainted with the chances of life, the impotency upward movement slow and majestic on this of truth, and the folly of wishing to convince stubmysterious ladder, the invisible degrees of which bornness or interestedness. " Hahent sua fata unite man to God, earth to heaven. It would be libelli,” says he, in terminating his pamhlet:curious to make an historical and philosophical "I abandon this work to its fate; it is badly examination into those modern social systems written, and a little confused. But I was ill, unwhich are the most remarkable for the daring bold- happy in prison, in tuguriolo angusto, and I ness of their conception, or for the extraordinary could do no better. It is sufficient that Spain singularity of their execution. Thus would al- sees what threatens her, and what may serve ternately pass before our eyes the Chancellor her. Keep, then, well the secrets which I conBacon and his Nora Allantica ; Moore and his fide to you; by and by they will value my pro Utopia ; Daniel De Foe and his Essay of Pro- phecies more than were valued the leaves of the jects ; Hall and his Munilus Alter; Fénélon and sybils." This Salente; the Abbé de St. Pierre and his But posterity was as ungrateful and as tyranDream of Perpetual Peace ; Morelly and his nical towards Campanella as Philip II. had been. Basiliade, for a long time attributed to Diderot; Italy, his country, in its full decline, smothered Retif de la Bretonne and his Découverte Australe; all genius greater than itself. Punished by the the Calabrian monk Campanella and his Civitas age and his fellow-citizens, Campanella's fate Solis,-fanciful creation, full of grandeur. Some- was that of a giant shut up in a box. Chastised times the inspiration is so fortunate, that the phi when living by executioners and gaolers, chaslosopher sets himself free from the ties that bind tised after his death by a celebrity so ill-defined him to his age, and attains, by a sort of fore- that philosophers alone are acquainted with it, knowledge, social forms which have been realiz- he added a great name and an enormous injused in after-generations. We will let others solve tice, to the list of iniquities which we call history. these problems, which the human mind has fol- He came to die in France, where the easy kindlowed from age to age for the general welfare. ness of men's feelings and manners sostened his We will give to our readers come insight into latter years. Courtiers and men of letters, alike the destinies of one of these philosophers, the ca'istic and skeptical, admired the boldness of his circumstances attending which are very remarka-ideas without comprehending their elevation. ble.
He was well received; Pereisc folded him in his In the year 1598, when Philip II. reigned, mas- arms; Gabriel Naudé, the founder of the Mazater of Naples, of America, of Oran, of the Duchy rin library, chose him for a particular friend. of Milan. of Rousillon, of Navarre, of Franche This kindness astonished him, a lacrymis Comté, of the Cape de Verd Islands, a monk, a na- temperuvi. We must render this justice to tive of Calabria, who had a great genius, and, France, that she has always shown sympathy the rarest of all, the gift of prophetic wisdom, for exiles, for mental superiority, and misforwrote him a long letter in Latin, from the prison tunes. In the political counsels given by him to in which he was immured, wherein he enumera- Spain in 1598, we discover a rare union of the ted all the causes of the Spanish decadency. He wisdom of Montesquieu, Machiavel, and Bacon. wrote this letter in the gloomy depthsofa dungeon, Time has fulfilled his prophecies, and we can after having suffered torture, after ten years' cap-l judge of him who made them.
The isolation and pride of the Spanish race, young, flourishing, glowing with health, glory, appeared to Campanella the primitive cause of and happiness, and he sees death written in charits ruin. It is, in reality, to this double princi-acters which he alone can decipher. For he had ple, and to its mutual reaction, that we must at- no fatterers, no party, no disciples; he stood abiribute, even from its very origin, the rapid decline solutely alone. Even Fra Paolo-the Venetian of the power founded by Ferdinand the Catholic so little the friend of Spain-thinks that Philip and raised to such a high pitch by Charles V. II. will transform “ Africa and Europe into slaves,
“Do not allow," says the philosopher, “ the and Paris into a hamlet." race to be impoverished, from want of intermix- This Venetian was a man of talent who pering and foreign alliances; favor all marriages formed his mass without much belief in it, served which will cause the Spanish blood to run in the his master, attacked the pope, and perpetually veins of strangers, and that your nobles and your courting the world, the great, the people, posterity, capitains marry Flemings and Germans. Strive and history, obtained the comforts of life, renown, in every way against the proud custom of the and the pageant of glory. Campanella, poor Spaniards, who, at Naples and elsewhere, only simple man! saw clearer, saw more, saw furseek women of their own nation for wives; en-ther, than all his contemporaries; and this grand courage, protect the sympathetic fusion of Spain vision, this enormous penetration into human with other nations.--Hispani odiosi plerisque things, this intuition of truths, present and to nationibus. The Spaniards are detested, al- come, touching him deeply, he spread them though imitated, and it is this that must be pre- abroad, in spite of himseli, he communicated vented; their dress, their language, their fash- them without knowing why; and the high intelions, are adopted every where, but their stately lectual eminence attained to by Campanellamanners, their pompous titles, their affectation the Bacon of Italy—is no creation of the fancy. in putting themselves forward in all public places It is not that he wanted ambition ; such men wherever they may be, is not to be borne. know full well what they are, and what they are
Fastuosos tibulos, cum ambitione primum lo- worth, and with what sight God has gifted them. eum in conventibus occupandi, et exquisito nimis But ambition such as his needed a state of socieincessy." To compensate, they have courage, ty wherein to exercise itself, altogether different fortitude, and eloquence-great qualities. You from that by which he was surrounded. Italy will never change them, their obstinacy of spirit could boast of conqnerors, poets, abbés, and cancan never bend to foreign customs. In order to tatrices, but not of a liberalized society. What preserve the existence of Spain, you must en would she, then, have done with Campanella ? deavor to induce foreigners to bend to Spanish | What signified to her his systems, his taxes, dicustoms. Cæteri in illorum mores transeant, rect and indirect, his plan of surveys, his practiinstar arborum, quæ aliis inseruntur.'"
cal improvements ? What, also, would Spain Campanella sees at a glance the disasters have done with this man and his theories ? Spain which will spring from this pride of isolation was routing in the track of luxury, of war, of suIt will be of no avail that they are brave, and perstition, and usurpation, that she had traced for make war with the whole world ; they will per- herself. The nation never listens but to the ish in the combat, their losses will never be re- voice that Matters—that is to say, deceives it. paired, their armies will not be renewed, their Happy the men of genius born in their own prodiminished battalions will become at last extinct. per epoch! happy those who come neither too Agriculture and commerce, debased, will no lon- soon nor too late! happy they who to produce ger nourish the state with their abundant pro- some effect on the blind mass, are not obliged to duce. The neighboring nations will inherit the relax their conscience, to annihilate their instinct, monopoly of their riches. “Already," says the and to flatter the whime, or vices of the age. monk, “ the arts of life languish, abandoned by Campanella did not suspect that he was born tivo Spain, and no nation can prosper without manu- | hundred years too soon. factures, husbandry, and commerce.” These “See,” says he to Philip II. “how your barSpaniards, who perform great actions, are ons and lords, in impoverishing your subjects, too proud to write of them. “Commemorata impoverish yourself. They go elsewhere as vicedignissima præstiterint facta, qualia sunt tot roys and capitains, to spend their money in solly, marium circuitiones, tot insularum et continen. to make to themselves creatures of their will, and tium detectiones, et (quod maximum omnium est to ruin themselves in voluptuousness; then, ipsius novi mundi repertio) nemini tamen idoneo when by their luxury and ostentation they are hoc negotii dederunt, ut gesta sua, Græcorum reduced to misery, they return to Spain to mend atque Romanorum gesta multis modis superan- their fortunes, taking at every hand, pillaging tia descripta, et ad posteros transmissa, æter- right and left, enriching themselves afresh, and nitatis memoriæ consecraret." Those who have recommencing the same trade to the end of their discovered a world have never given themselves lives. They seize the slightest pretext, to subthe trouble of writing about it. In 1588, Cam-ject the people to their exactions, they invent new panella foresees that this will alone condemn ones every day, they have a thousand ways of Spain ; 1588 shows him 1840. The glory of extorting from and exhausting the poor. DegluSpain during the sixteenth century does not daz- bendi miseros subditos." zle him. By an astonishing acuteness of judg- By such means you may obtain glory and conment, and a miraculous foresight, he compre quests, the one dazzling, the other fleeting; one hends that, without a complete reform, Spain is may arrive, like Spain, to the summit of power, lost; and, if she will submit to it, he promises but one cannot maintain one's footing; one may her the crown of the world. Campanella, many grasp at the universal monarchy, only to be centuries before the event, examines this body, I crushed. Lasting success is founded on the art of preservation, which is the most difficult of all, I disabled soldiers, a school especially for young because it requires judgment, prudence, and seamen, the foundation of an institution reserved genius. The world admires the violent more for the daughters of soldiers at the publicexpense, than the skilled, the innovators more than the are indicated in his extraordinary book; and his conservatives, the torrents which fall from high violent and ardent imagination has unhappily places more than the streams that flow in wide mixed with this good advice a thousand astrolosheets. But that which is steady, which is dura-gical reveries, as well as a countless number of ble, is more beautiful, more grand, more useful, schemes which are quite startling. For examthan a quantity of tortuitous rain; ' flumina per- ple, he advists the king to lend to the people ennia nobiliora torrentibus ex fortuitis pluriis without usury, dato pignore, which is nothing collectis.” If you wish for durability, abandon | else than the establishment of a great pawninginsolent pride, and alleviate the distr 'ss of the office, and that he would fund the money of bis people. On this last point Campanella precedes subjects, rendering them account of the capital his own age, perhaps ours, and gives excellent and interest (serrata fide), which resembles advice.
greatly the savings-bank system of modern times. He calls the attention of the king to the un- He recommends the keeping up of a fine navy; equal distribution of the taxes, the poor supporting: For,” says he, eloquently, “ the key of the sea the whole weight of them, which is iniquitous; is the key of the world.” In forming his Theory that the nobility free themselves from them at on Colonization, he warns Philip II. against folthe expense of the middle classes, the middle clas- lowing the example of the French, who, by their ses at the expense of the tradesmen and laborers. want of patience, steadiness, and perseverance, In fact, the rich are precisely those who pay no have destroyed the results of their courage. thing. He, therefore, proposes the establishment These words, which we translate literally, deof'a just tax, not heavy, on the lower classes, and serve to be well meditated on at the present properly distributed. What he invents is nothing time :more or less than the system of our direct and “ The French, incapable of moderation abroad, indirect taxes. He puts a tax on oil, wine, and too impatient and indiscreet, arrogating too meat, but only a slight tax, as being articles of much to themselves on the one hand, on the othnecessity; the most considerable is levied on ar- er giving too much liberty to their subjects, ticles of luxury, on cards, on tobacco, on place treating them to-day with easy good-nature, toof public amusement. " Vectigal exigatur pro morrow with harsh rigor, have never been able necessariis rebus parvum, pro superfluis largius." to constitute solidly their colonies. They have He rejects the poll-tax, and establishes the prin- acquired many possessions, and have lost them cipal fund of his contributions on the value of all (cum multa acquisiverint nihil servaverlanded property. “ Non ulla bona quam certa unt')." et stabilia graventur.” He leaves to the con- He quotes on the subject of conquest3,-Nasumption, the luxury, and factitious wants of the ples, Milan, and Genoa. He wishes men's rich, the care of defraying the rest of the contri- minds to be diverted from theological subtilties, butions ; all this is pointed out as a settled max- and that they should be directed towards the im in the art of government a hundred and fifty study of geography, of the actual living world, years before Mirabeau the elder, two hundred and of history. It is curious to trace the resemhefore Napoleon Buonaparte and Adam Smith. blance that occurs between his system of social This is the man whom Philip II. would not lis- organization and that of Napoleon. Both are ten to, who was left to rot twenty-seven years in founded on a legal code, on the abolition of the the dungeons of Naples, who in his time had not rights of birth, and family, and station. Both the least political credit, and who certainly un-threw open the avenues of distinction to merit derstood more of the welfare and prosperity of wherever it may be found, and stimulate, by the kings and nations than all the great politicans of prospect of honor, to exertion in the public serFrance and Spain, the cruel and ariful Cather-vice. He strikes, indeed, at the very roots of ine, the atrocious Duke of Alba, the impudent Spanish society, as in his day it existed. He Leon X., and even the good Sully. No one that recommends the reduction of monks to a certain I know of has paid the least regard to these limited number, a permanent war against the truths, so largely emitted by Thomas Campa- Mahommedans, and the foundation of bazars or nella, and which fall like a free and vast cascade factories, and naval schools on every important from his ingenious mind. This man of such a point of the globe, at the Canary Islands, Sicipractical genius, passed for a sort of vain talker. (ly, St. Domingo, and the Cape of Good Hope; When the honest bookseller of Amsterdam, the encouragement of manufactures, and of Louis Elzevir, embellished the work in question public workshops ; preferable, says he, to mines (1610) with a preface after his own manner, he of gold and silver (metalli folinis potiora). ridiculed in good Latin this monk who would Complete this vast system, which the English judge every thing, reform every thing, arrange aristocracy has partly realized. How dared a every thing his own way, “Reges et subditos prisoner tell these truths to Spain-to his king? suo subjicere nutui," and prescribe laws to man- By the exercise of a rare ingenuity, by promiskind. “Homo ut magni ingenii, ita non nisi ing to his master that of which the latier was magna, et a vocatione suâ aliena, spirantis:' ambitious, a universal monarchy, and connect-Ardent genius, which was only bent on grand ing it with the adoption of plans which aimed designs, and these the most foreign to his voca- at a far nobler object. And this it was which tion.
deceived the literary men of an after age, and Campanella gives many other counsels to his induced them not to notice either Campanella, monarch. The establishment of hospitals for or his treatise on Spain. They could perceive
the immediate end at which he appeared to He turns to liquid fire the stream
And feel I cannot wake.
The features in yon glass you find, “ The future age will renew every thing in Poor sister, are your own. society; there will first be destruction, then reconstruction, a new monarchy, and a complete reformation of the laws. Sæculo venturo
With lyre and with wbite array reformatio legum, artium : prius evelli et
Are you an angel come? extirpari, deinde ædificari :'-Every thing an- Your tears may wash the stains away nounces it to us, especially the wonderful dis- Which hide from me your home. covery of the magnet, of printing, of gunpowder Hark you !-a beauteous flower I grew, (inventionis mirificæ, &c.), telescopes, &c. &c. Budded upon a thorn; We have made more histories and written And summer winds more sweetly blew, more books in a hundred years than our ances- In joy that I was born. tors have written in four or five thousand. But noisome weeds the thorn rose roundNothing is a barrier to the freedom of mankind.” They darkened my parterre; And to prove this indestructible force of hu- The canker-worm my bosom found,
Which then was loveliest there. man liberty, proceeding in great mystery in the
From walks of providence, he adds a sentence relating
my own branch a sweet bud shot,
More beautiful than me; to his own life which appears to us sublime:
Fierce rays and fast rains injured not“How can one stop the free progress of man
I was its canopy. kind, when eight-and-forty hours of torture could A baleful breeze came whispering bynot bring under subjection the will of a poor " Come, place thee on my wing, philosopher, and extort from him the least word I'll bear thee where the worm will die of what he wished to keep secret ?"
Which mars thy blossoming." This philosopher was himself.
I left the bud to sun and storm,
Borne thence, that breeze's prey,
To gnaw my heart away.
SISTER, STRIKES THE HARP.
Your lover false beguiled-
Of your deserted child.
MANIAC. Suggested by a Picture of a Maniac with cards and pebbles Ha! touch those chords—that voice—that name strewed around her, and her Sister at her harp by her side.
I heard them once in mirth,
When both of us a place dared claim
Beside our father's hearth.
See you my injured husband frown,
My bleeding lover fall ?
My child from heaven look smiling down,
Reproaching more than all ?
It clears my brain's dark sleep, Its spectral shapes, its burning pain :
I know my shame and nature now, Am I in heaven at last ?
A woman's—for I weep.
With them life ebbs away;
For, Sister, I can pray.
Whene'er I turn to see,
And wild eyes mocking me:
MOLLE FANNY ELSSLER has addressed a letter to The scattered cards which round me lie
the Débats, declaring that certain articles, pubWere stonework of the hall.
lished periodically at London, under the title of My magic gems which virtue bore,
Funny Elssler at Havannah, were not written by The saddest breast to cheer,
her, and that they ara calculated to seriously injure He changed to pebbles of the shore,
her, from the ridiculous turn of the language, and Each sbining with a tear.
the inexactitude of the facts.--Ath.