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ted by the Speaker to the reporters' gallery over the Speaker's chair, under such regulations as he may, from time to time, prescribe; and he may assign seats on the floor to a representative of both the Associated and the United Press associations, and may admit to the privileges of the floor an as. sistant to each of such representatives.

RULE XXXVII.

PAY OF WITNESSES.

Witness foes and mileage.

The rule for paying witnesses subpænaed to pear before the House, or either of its committees, shall be as follows: For each day a witness shall attend, the sum of two dollars; for each mile he shall travel in coming to or going from the place of examination, the sum of five cents each way; but nothing shall be paid for traveling when the witness has been summoned at the place of trial.

RULE XXXVIII.

PAPERS.

mittees must de.

1. The clerks of the several committees of the Clerks of comHouse shall, within three days after the final ad liver papers to journment of a Congress, deliver to the Clerk of House at final

adjournment of the House all bills, joint resolutions, petitions, and Congress. other papers referred to the committee, together with all evidence taken by such committee under the order of the House during the said Congress, and not reported to the House; and in the event of the failure or neglect of any clerk of a commit. tee to comply with this rule, the Clerk of the House shall, within three days thereafter, take into his keeping all such papers and testimony.

RULE XXXIX.

WITHDRAWAL OF PAPERS.

Papers, how No memorial or other paper presented to the withdrawn from the files. House shall be withdrawn from its files without

its leave, and if withdrawn therefrom, certified copies thereof shall be left in the office of the

Clerk; but when an act may pass for the settleWhen Clerk ment of a claim, the Clerk is authorized to transto Department mit to the officer charged with the settlement officers.

thereof the papers on file in his office relating to such claim, or may loan temporarily to any officer or Bureau of the Executive Departments any papers on file in his office relating to any matter pending before such officer or Bureau, taking proper receipt therefor.

RULE XL.

BALLOT.

On ballot, ma

In all other cases of ballot than for committees, jority required to elect.

a majority of the votes given shall be necessary to an election, and where there shall not be such a majority on the first ballot, the ballots shall be repeated until a majority be obtained; and in all balloting blanks shall be rejected and not taken into the count in enumeration of votes or reported by the tellers.

RULE XLI.

MESSAGES.

Passage and ap

Messages received from the Senate and the Pres. proval of bills en tered in Journai ident of the United States, giving notice of bills and in Record.

passed or approved, shall be entered in the Journal and published in the Record of that day's proceedings.

RULE XLII.

EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS.

dressed to the

Estimates of appropriations, and all other com- All Executive

communications munications from the Executive Departments, in- shall be ad. tended for the consideration of any committees of Speaker. the House, shall be addressed to the Speaker, and by him submitted to the House for reference.

RULE XLIII.

QUALIFICATIONS OF OFFICERS AND EMPLOYÉS.

No person shall be an officer of the House, or con- Officers and

employés shall tinue in its employment, who shall be an agent for not be agents in the prosecution of any claim against the Govern- tho Government. ment, or be interested in such claim otherwise than as an original claimant; and it shall be the duty of the Committee on Accounts to inquire into and report to the House any violation of this rule.

RULE XLIV.

JEFFERSON'S MANUAL.

House, when not

The rules of parliamentary practice comprised Jefferson's in Jefferson's Manual shall govern the House in ern procedure of all cases to which they are applicable and in which inconsistent

with standing they are not inconsistent with the standing rules rules. and orders of the House and joint rules of the Senate and House of Representatives.

RULE XLV.

RULES OF THE HOUSE.

These rules shall be the rules of the House of These rules to

prevail in suo. Representatives of the present and succeeding ceeding ConCongresses unless otherwise ordered.

gresses.

RULE XLVI.

AS TO PRINTING BILLS.

uted.

500 co'pies of There shall be printed 500 copies of each bill public bills and 100 of private of a public nature, of which 25 shall be deposited harbor bills to be in the office of the Clerk of the House, 100 copies printed.

shall be delivered to the Senate document room, and the remainder shall be deposited in the document room of the House for the use of members; and there shall be printed 100 copies of each pri

vate bill and bills relating to rivers and harbors, How distrib- of which 25 copies shall be delivered to the Senate

document room, and the remainder shall be deposited in the document room of the House for the use of members. Motions to print additional numbers of any bill, report, resolution, or other public

document shall be referred to the Committee on Estimates of Printing; and the report of the committee thereon cost required before reprinting shall be accompanied by an estimate of the probaordered.

ble cost thereof. Unless ordered by the House no bill, resolution, or other proposition reported by a committee shall be reprinted unless the same be placed upon the Calendar.

RULE XLVII.

PROPOSITIONS INTRODUCED “BY REQUEST."

"By reqnest" When a bill, resolution, or memorial is introto benentered on duced by request” these words shall be extered

upon the Journal.

DIGEST

OF THE

RULES AND PRACTICE OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

OF THE UNITED STATES.

SECOND SESSION, FIFTY-SECOND CONGRESS.

ABSENT MEMBERS.

Every Member shall be present within the Hall of the House during its sittings, unless excused or necessarily prevented.Rule VIII, clause 1.

The House has a right to have every Member present; if but one or two Members are absent it could send for them if it desires.- Journal, 1, 52, p. 160.

A smaller number than a quorum may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent Members, in such manner and under such penalties as the House may provide.-Const., 1, 5, 8.

In the absence of a quorum, fifteen Members, including the Speaker, if there is one, shall be authorized to compel the attendance of absent Members, and in all calls of the House the names of the Members shall be called by the Clerk, and the absentees noted; the doors shall then be closed, and those for whom no sufficient excuse is made may, by order of a majority of those present, be sent for and arrested, wherever they may be found, by officers to be appointed by the Sergeant-at Arms for that purpose, and their attendance secured; and the House shall determine upon what condition they shall be discharged. Members who voluntarily appear shall, unless the House otherwise direct, be immediately admitted to the

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