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OPENING QUORUM. RULE 1. The president having taken the chair, at the hour fixed for the convening of the Senate, the roll shall be called, to ascertain if a quorum is present. A majority of the senators elected shall constitute a quorum; and, in the absence of a quorum, the senators present may take such measures as they shall deem necessary to secure the presence of a quorum.


RULE 2. After the roll-call, and prayer by the chaplain, the order of business shall be as follows:

1. Presentation of petitions.
2. Introduction of bills.
3. Second reading and reference of bills.
4. Consideration of messages from the governor.
5. Communications from state officers.
6. Consideration of messages from the House of Representatives.
7. Reports of standing committees.
8. Reports of select committees.
9. Third reading of bills.
10. Introduction of original motions and resolutions.
11. Correction and approval of the Journal.
12. Consideration of motions and resolutions.
13. General orders.


RULE 3. Messages from the governor and House of Representatives and reports from the Committee on Engrossed Bills may be received under any order of business. ADDRESS THE PRESIDENT, TO BE RECOGNIZED



RULE 4. Every senator rising to debate or present a petition or other paper, make a motion or report, shall address the president, and shall not proceed further until recognized by the chair. And when two or more senators shall address the president at the same time, he shall name the senator who is to speak first. No senator shall speak more than twice on the same day on the same subject, without leave of the Senate.

QUESTIONS OF ORDER. RULE 5. When a senator shall be called to order, he shall cease speaking until the president shall have determined whether he was in order; and every question of order shall be decided by the president, subject to an appeal to the Senate by any member; and if a senator shall be called to order for words spoken, the words excepted to shall be immediately taken down in writing, that the president or Senate may be better enabled to judge of the matter.


RULE 6. The president may name any senator to perform the duties of the chair, who is thereby vested, during such time, with all the powers of the president; but such substitute shall not lose the right of voting on any subject while so presiding, nor shall his power as such substitute continue beyond an adjournment, without leave of the Senate.


RULE 7. All motions shall be reduced to writing, if desired by the president or any senator, and read by the secretary before the same shall be put.


RULE 8. Any motion may be withdrawn at any time before amendment or decision is made, by consent of the Senate.


RULE 9. The president shall see that all bills shall be acted on by the Senate in the order in which they stand upon the Calendar, unless otherwise ordered by a majority of the senators voting.


RULE 10. Not more than one bill may be named in a motion to change the order of the Calendar, and on such motion no senator except the author of the motion shall speak more than once, nor longer than five minutes.


RULE 11. The yeas and nays shall be taken upon all questions upon the demand of ten senators.

MOTIONS IN ORDER WHEN QUESTION IS UNDER DEBATE. RULE 12. When a question is under debate, no motion shall be in order, except to fix time to which to adjourn, to adjourn, to lay on the table, for the previous question, to postpone to a day certain, to commit to a standing committee, to commit to a select committee, to commit to the committee of the whole, to amend, to postpone indefinitely; which several motions shall have precedence in the order named, and the first four shall be decided without debate.

DIVISION OF QUESTION—TO STRIKE OUT. RULE 13. If the question in debate contains several points, any senator may have the same divided. But a motion to strike out and insert shall be deemed indivisible. The rejection of a motion to strike out and insert one proposition shall not prevent a motion to strike out and insert another proposition, nor prevent a subsequent motion simply to strike out; nor shall the rejection of a motion simply to strike out prevent a subsequent motion to strike out and insert.


RULE 14. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall be in order for any senator who voted with the majority to move for a reconsideration thereof, but no motion for reconsideration of any vote shall be in order after the bill, resolution, message, report, amendment or motion upon which the vote was taken shall have gone out of the possession of the Senate, nor shall any motion for reconsideration be in order unless made on the same day on which the vote was taken or on the next day of the actual session of the Senate thereafter; nor shall any question be reconsidered more than once. The vote on the final passage of any bill appropriating the public moneys or property shall not be reconsidered whenever such bill shall be lost. PREVIOUS QUESTION MAIN QUESTION

VIOUS QUESTION ON AMENDMENT. RULE 15. Any two senators shall have the right to demand the previous question. The previous question shall be as follows: "Shall the main question be now put?” and until it is decided shall preclude all amendments or debate. When, on taking the previous question, the Senate shall decide that the main question shall not now be put, the main · question shall be considered as still remaining under debate. The main question shall be on the passage of the bill, resolution, or other matter



under consideration; but, when amendments are pending, the question shall first be taken upon such amendments in their order; and when amendments have been adopted in committee of the whole and not acted on in the Senate, the question shall be taken upon such amendments in like order, and without further debate or amendment. But the previous question can be moved on a pending amendment, and, if adopted, debate is closed on the amendment only; and after the amendment is voted on, the main question shall again be open to debate and amendments. In this case the question shall be, "Shall the vote now be taken on the pending amendment?"


RULE 16. Whenever any bill or other matter is made the special order for a particular day, and it shall not be reached or completed on that day, it shall be returned to its place in the General Orders, unless it shall be made the special order for another day; and when any special order is under consideration, it shall take precedence of any special order for a subsequent hour of the same day, but such subsequent special order may be taken up immediately after the previous order has been disposed of.

NO SENATOR SHALL BE INTERRUPTED, EXCEPT. RULE 17. No senator when speaking shall be interrupted, except by a call to order by the president, or by a senator through the president, or by a senator to explain; nor shall any senator be referred to by name in debate, unless for a transgression of the rules, and then by the president only.


RULE 18. Senators may explain their votes only upon the call of their names on the passage of any bill or joint resolution, and shall not be allowed more than five minutes for such explanation.



RULE 19. When a bill is unfavorably reported by a committee it shall not be placed upon the Calendar unless so ordered by the Senate. A motion to place an unfavorably reported bill on the Calendar shall be made when resolutions are in order, and the motion shall then lie over until that order is again reached, but if such motion be negatived once it shall not be renewed. If the motion to place the bill on the Calendar shall prevail, the words "Unfavorably Reported” shall be printed in a line underneath the title of the bill.

HOUSE SUBSTITUTE FOR BILLS WHEN IN REGULAR ORDER. RULE 20. When any bill shall be reached in its regular order a bill which has been introduced into and passed by the House of Representatives embracing the same subject-matter and no other may be substituted therefor if the same be in possession of the Senate.

STANDING COMMITTEES. RULE 21. The Committees on Ways and Means and Railroads shall consist of eleven members each. The Committees on Judiciary, Assessment and Taxation, Banks and Banking, Education, Educational Institutions, Congressional and Judicial Apportionment, and Cities of the First Class, Cities of the Second and Third Class and Mines and Mining shall consist of nine members each. The Committees on Corporations, Charitable Institutions, Legislative Apportionment, Agriculture, Live Stock, Penal Institutions and Oil and Gas shall consist of seven members each; and all other committees shall consist of five members each. RULE 22. The following are the standing committees of the Senate:

1. Judiciary.
2. Ways and Means.
3. Elections.
4. Railroads.

5. Federal Relations.
6. Assessment and Taxation,
7. Fees, Salaries, and Mileage.
8. Corporations.
9. Education..
10. Agriculture.
11. Manufactures and Industrial Pursuits.
12. Banks and Banking.
13. Insurance.
14. Charitable Institutions.
15. Penal Institutions.
16. Mines and Mining.
17. State Affairs.
18. Temperance and Hygiene.
19. Roads and Bridges.
20. Military Affairs.
21. Claims and Accounts.
22. Printing.
23. Public Buildings.
24. Cities of the First Class.
25. Cities of the Second and Third Class.
26. Educational Institutions.
27. Congressional and Judicial Apportionment.
28. Legislative Apportionment.
29. Enrolled Bills.
30. Engrossed Bills.
31. Telegraphs and Telephones.
32. Labor.
33. Oil and Gas.

34. Live Stock. RULE 23. It is the duty of the Committee on Engrossed Bills to compare all engrossed bills with the originals, to see that they are correct, deliver original and engrossed copy to the secretary of the Senate, and report to the Senate in writing, which report shall be immediately entered upon the Journal.



RULE 24. All bills or resolutions referred to committees shall be returned to the Senate, together with the report of the committee thereon, written in triplicate, within five legislative days thereafter, unless further time be granted. CARE OF BILLS-NO MUTILATION CHARACTER OF BILL MUST NOT BE

CHANGED BY SUBSTITUTE. RULE 25. No committee shall be allowed to mutilate any bill referred to it for consideration, by making interlineations, erasures, or marginal notes thereon. If the committee desires to recommend amendments to the bill, these shall be so indicated in the report as to be easily identified. But when it becomes necessary to rewrite any bill, the committee may substitute a new bill, designating the bill so rewritten as “Substitute for Senate bill No. and such substitute shall be printed as reported, and take the place of the original bill on the Calendar, and the original bill shall be preserved and filed by the docket clerk; provided, no substitute shall be made for any bill which changes the subject-matter of the bill under consideration.

COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE. RULE 26. On motion, the Senate may go into committee of the whole. In forming a committee of the whole, a chairman to be appointed by the president shall preside. The rules of the Senate shall be observed in the committee of the whole, so far as may be applicable, except limiting the number of times of speaking, and that a motion to lay on the table or a

call for the previous question shall not be in order, and the yeas and nays shall not be taken.


RULE 27. Bills shall be considered in committee of the whole in the following manner, viz.: Unless the committee shall order that the bill be first read through, or shall recommend that the enacting clause be stricken out, it shall be read by sections, leaving the title to be considered last. As each section is read, amendments are then in order to that section; after a section has been once passed, no amendments shall be in order thereto until the whole bill shall have been read through; when the bill has been read through, the chairman shall announce, “Amendments generally are in order," and amendments not before offered may be made to any part of the bill. A motion to amend a bill shall not be in order while the motion to strike out the enacting clause is pending. AMENDMENTS IN THE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE TO BE REPORTED—ENACT


RULE 28. All recommendations and amendments made by committee of the whole shall be noted, and reported to the Senate by the chairman. Bills reported by the committee of the whole shall still be subject to amendment and debate before the question of agreeing to the report of the committee is put; but such amendments only shall be in order as were offered in committee of the whole; and when a bill shall be reported with the recommendation that the enacting clause be stricken out, and the report shall be agreed to by the Senate, it shall be considered rejected.


RULE 29. When the committee of the whole shall favorably report a bill, and the report is agreed to, the bill shall be engrossed without further order.


RULE 30. A motion that the committee shall arise and report progress on any bill shall always be in order, and shall be decided without debate.

NO QUORUM IN COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE. RULE 31. If at any time when in committee of the whole Senate it be ascertained that there is no quorum present, the chairman shall immediately vacate the chair and report the fact to the president.


RULE 32. Every bill shall be introduced by a senator in his place, or. on the report of a committee, or by message from the House of Representatives; and each bill, when introduced, shall be sent to the secretary, who shall read its title. This the president shall announce as “The first reading of the bill."


RULE 33. Upon the next day, the bill shall be read by its title only. This the president shall announce as “The second reading of the bill,” and it shall then be referred to the appropriate standing committee, except bills introduced by committees, which shall be referred to the committee of the whole.

NO BILL READ THIRD TIME SAME DAY ORDERED TO THIRD READING. RULE 34. No bill shall be amended or committed until it shall have been read the second time, and no bill shall be read a third time on the same day on which it is ordered to a third reading.

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RULE 35. On the third reading of any bill or joint resolution, the same shall be read through by the secretary. This the president shall announce as “The third reading of the bill." If the bill be reported for

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