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PROVISION FOR NATIONAL-PARK APPROACHES
[46 Stat. 1053] An Act To amend the act of April 9, 1924, so as to provide for national-park approaches
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act entitled "An act authorizing the construction, reconstruction, and improvement of roads and trails, inclusive of necessary bridges, in the national parks and monuments under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior" (43 Stat. 90; U. S. C., title 16, p. 390, sec. 8), approved April 9, 1924, is hereby amended by adding the following:
“SEC. 4. Whenever the Secretary of the Interior shall determine it to be in the public interest he may designate as national-park approach roads and as supplementary parts of the highway systems of any of the national-parks roads whose primary value is to carry national-park travel and which lead across lands wholly or to the extent of 90 per centum owned by the Government of the United States and which will connect the highways within a national park with a convenient point on or leading to the Federal 7 per centum highway system : Provided, That such approach roads so designated shall be limited to not to exceed sixty miles in length between a park gateway and such point on or leading to the nearest convenient 7 per centum system road; or, if such approach road is on the 7 per centum system, it shall be limited to not to exceed thirty miles: Provided further, That not to exceed forty miies of any one approach road shall be designated in any one county.
"Sec. 5. The Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized during the fiscal years 1932 and 1933 to construct, reconstruct, and improve such national-park approach roads so designated, inclusive of necessary bridges, and to enter into agreements for the maintenance thereof by State or county authorities, or to maintain them when otherwise necessary, as well as hereafter to construct, reconstruct, and improve roads and trails within the national parks and national monuments; and for all such purposes there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the following sums : $7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1932; the sum of $7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1933: Provided, That under agreement with the Secretary of the Interior the Secretary of Agriculture may carry out any or all of the provisions of this section : Provided further, That not to exceed $1,500,000 shall be allocated annually for the construction, reconstruction, and improvement of such national-park approach roads: And provided further, That nothing in this act shall be construed to limit the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to hereafter construct, reconstruct, improve, and maintain roads and trails within the national parks and national monuments.
"SEO. 6. Whenever any such approach road is proposed under the terms of this act across or within any national forest the Secretary of the Interior shall secure the approval of the Secretary of Agriculture before construction shall begin."
Approved, January 31, 1931.
PURCHASE OF ARTICLES, MATERIALS, AND SUPPLIES MINED OR
PRODUCED IN THE UNITED STATES
[47 STAT. 1520]
An Act Making appropriations for the Treasury and Post Office Departments for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1934, and for other purposes
SECTION 1. That when used in this title
(a) The term “United States", when used in a geographical sense, includes the United States and any place subject to the jurisdiction thereof;
(6) The terms “public use”, “public building”, and “public work” shall mean use by, public building of, and public work of, the United States, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico, the Philippine Islands, American Samoa, the Canal Zone, and the Virgin Islands.
SEC 2. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and unless the head of the department or independent establishment concerned shall determine it to be inconsistent with the public interest, or the cost to be unreasonable, only such unmanufactured articles, materials, and supplies as have been mined or produced in the United States, and only such manufactured articles, materials, and supplies, as have been manufactured in the United States substantially all from articles, materials, or supplies mined, produced, or manu ac ured, as the case may be, in the United States, shall be acquired for public use. This section shall not apply with respect to articles, materials, or supplies for use outside the United States, or if articles, materials, or supplies of the class or kind to be used or the articles, materials, or supplies from which they are manufa tured are not mined, produced, or manufactured, as the case may be, in the United States in sufficient and reasonably available commercial quantities and of a satisfactory quality.
SEO. 3. (a) Every contract for the construction, alteration, or repair of any public building or public work in the United States growing out of an appropriation heretofore made or hereafter to be made shall contain a provision that in the performance of the work the contractor, subcontractors, material men, or suppliers, shall use only such unmanufactured articles, materials, and supplies as have been mined or produced in the United States, and only such manufactured articles, materials, and supplies as have been manufactured in the United States substantially all from articles, materials, or supplies mined, produced, or manufactured, as the case may be, in the United States except as provided in section 2: Provided, however, That if the head of the department or independent establishment making the contract shall find that in respect to some particular articles, materials, or supplies it is impracticable to make such requirement or that it would unreasonably increase the cost, an exception shall be noted in the specifications as to that particular article, material, or supply, and a public record made of the findings which justified the exception.
(6) If the head of a department, bureau, agency, or independent establishment which has made any contract containing the provision required by subsection (a) finds that in the performance of such contract there has been a failure to comply with such provisions, he shall make public his findings, including therein the name of the contractor obligated under such contract, and no other contract for the construction, alteration, or repair of any public building or public work in the United States or elsewhere shall be awarded to such contractor, subcontractors, material men, or suppliers with which such contractor is associated or affiliated, within a period of three years after such finding is made public.
SEC. 4. This title shall take effect on the date of its enactment, but shall not apply to any contract entered into prior to such effective date.
SEC. 5. If any provision of this act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of the act, and the application thereof to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.
Approved March 3, 1933.
APPROPRIATION FOR SURVEY FOR NATCHEZ TRACE PARKWAY
[48 STAT. 791]
To provide for an appropriation of $50,000 with which to make a survey of the old Indian Trail known as the "Natchez Trace”, with a view of constructing a national road on this route to be known as the "Natchez Trace Parkway”
Whereas the Natchez Trace was one of the most ancient and important Indian roads leading from the territory in the section of Tennessee about Nashville in a southwest course, crossing the Tennessee River at Colbert Shoals a few miles below Muscle Shoals, thence passing in a southwest course through the Chickasaw and Choctaw Indian lands in what is now Mississippi, in an almost direct course by Jackson, Mississippi, to Natchez; and
Whereas the Natchez Trace is located throughout almost its entire length on highlands between watersheds on the most suitable route over which to establish the national parkway through a section of the country greatly in need of such road facilities from a national standpoint to connect the North and East directly with the Natchez, New Orleans, and southwest section of tủe country; and
Whereas the Natchez Trace was made famous for the service it rendered in affording General Jackson a route over which much of his forces moved to take part in Jackson's famous victory over the British at New Orleans, and also by reason of the fact that General Jackson returned with his army over this Trace to Nashville after the Battle of New Orleans; and
Whereas the Natchez Trace is known as one of the Nation's most famous old roads, and has been marked by handsome boulders with suitable inscriptions by the Daughters of the American Revolution at great expense, these boulders being placed every few miles from one end of the Trace to the other; and
Whereas unusual interest is being manifested in the building of a national parkway by the Government, Natchez Trace organizations having been perfected in almost every county through which the Trace passes; and
Whereas the Government has recently adopted a policy and set up a division in the Department of the Interior, known as the “National Park Service” to engage in a national way in laying out parks, reservations, and building parkways: Therefore
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there is hereby authorized to be appropriated out of the Treasury of the United States, a sum not exceeding $50,000 to be used by the Department of the Interior through the National Park Service with which to make a survey of the Old Natchez Trace throughout its entire length leading from the section of Tennessee about Nashville to Natchez, Mississippi, the same to be known as the "Natchez Trace Parkway." The said survey shall locate the Natchez Trace as
as practicable in its original route. An estimate of cost of construction of an appropriate national parkway over this route, and such other data as will be valuable shall be obtained by said survey with the objective of determining matters concerning the construction of the Natchez Trace Parkway.
Approved May 21, 1934.
COMPENSATION OF LABOR
[48 STAT. 948]
To effectuate the purpose of certain statutes concerning rates of pay for labor, by making
it unlawful to prevent anyone from receiving the compensation contracted for thereunder, and for other purposes
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That whoever shall induce any person employed in the construction, prosecution, or completion of any public building, public work, or building or work financed in whole or in part by loans or grants from the United States, or in the repair thereof to give up any part of the compensation to which he is entitled under his contract of employment, by force, intimidation, threat of procuring dismissal from such employment, or by any other manner whatsoever, shall be fined not more than $5,000, or iraprisoned not more than five years, or both.
SEC. 2. To aid in the enforcement of the above section, the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of the Interior jointly shall make reasonable regulations for contractors or subcontractors on any such building or work, including a provision that each contractor and subcontractor shall furnish weekly a sworn affidavit with respect to the wages paid each employee during the preceding week.
Approved, June 13, 1934.
RELIEF TO CONTRACTORS WHOSE COSTS WERE INCREASED BY
COMPLIANCE WITH NATIONAL RECOVERY ACT
[48 STAT. 974]
To provide relief to Government contractors whose costs of performance were increased
as a result of compliance with the Act approved June 16, 1933, and for other purposes
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that the Comptroller General of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to adjust and settle on a fair and equitable basis claims of persons who entered into a contract or contracts with the United States prior to August 10, 1933, including subcontractors and materialmen performing work or furnishing material or necessary fuel direct to the contractor under such contracts, for additional costs incurred by reason of compliance on and after August 10, 1933, with a code or codes of fair competition approved by the President under section 3 of the Act approved June 16, 1933, known as the “National Industrial Recovery Act”, or by reason of compliance with an agreement with the President executed under section 4 (a) of said Act in the performance after August 10, 1933, of the contract or any part thereof. In the event that such contract was performed wholly or in part by a surety on the bond of the contractor, the claim may be presented by and settlement made with such surety, but such surety shall have no greater rights than would have accrued to the contractor had such contractor completed the contract. Any contractor, subcontrator, or completing surety desiring an adjustment and settlement with respect to any such contracturder this Act for increased costs incurred after August 10, 1933, by reason of compliance with the codes or reemployment agreements shall file with the department or administrative establishment concerned a verified claim itemizing such additional costs, and any subcontractor on any such contract may file his claim directly with the head of the department or independent establishment concerned or through the contractor. After the claim has been examined by the head of the department or independent establishment concerned, or such person or persons as he shall designate, the claim shall be transmitted to the Comptroller General of the United States, accompanied with an administrative finding of fact and recommendation with respect to the claim.
SEC. 2. In no event shall any allowance exceed the amount by which the cost of performance of such part of the contract as was performed subsequently to August 10, 1933, was directly increased by reason of compliance with a code or codes of fair competition, or with an agreement with the President, as aforesaid.
SEC. 3. In no event shall any allowance be made which would result in a profit to the claimant exceeding 7 per centum on the cost of performance of the contract in respect of which the claim is made. The head of the department or establishment concerned, subject to the approval of the Comptroller General, shall have the authority, from time to time, to determine the actual cost and profit thereon.
SEC. 4. No claim hereunder shall be considered or allowed unless presented within six months from the date of approval of this Act or, at the option of the claimant, within six months after the completion of the contract, except in the discretion of the Comptroller General for good cause shown by the claimant.
SEC. 5. Appropriations for the purpose of paying claims allowed hereunder and the expenses of determining the claims are hereby authorized.
Sec. 6. In all proceedings under this Act witnesses may be compelled to attend, appear, and testify and produce books, papers, and letters, or other documents; and the claim that any such testimony or evidence may tend to incriminate the person giving the same shall not excuse such witness from testifying, but such evidence or testimony shall not be used against such person in the trial of any criminal proceeding. Nothing in this Act shall in any way relieve or excuse any officer of the United States or any claimant from prosecution under any statute of the United States for any fraud or criminal conduct.
Approved, June 16, 1934.
AMENDMENT OF CRIMINAL CODE WITH REGARD TO FRAUDULENT
[48 STAT. 996]
To amend section 35 of the Criminal Code of the United States
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 35 of the Criminal Code of the United States, as aniended (U. S. C., title 18, secs. 80, 82, 83, 84, 85, and 86), be, and the same is hereby, amended to read as follows:
"SEC. 35. Whoever shall make or cause to be made or present or cause to be presented, for payment or approval, to or by any person or officer in the civil, military, or naval service of the United States, or any department thereof, or any corporation in which the United States of America is a stockholder, any claim upon or against the Government of the United States, or any department or officer thereof, or any corporation in which the United States of America is a stockholder, knowing such claim to be false, fictitious, or fraudulent; or whoever shall knowingly and willfully falsify or conceal or cover up by any trick, scheme, or device a material fact, or make or cause to be made any false or fraudulent statements or representations, or make or use or cause to be made or used any false bill, receipt, voucher, roll, account, claim, certificate, affidavit, or deposition, knowing the same to contain any fraudulent or fictitious statement or entry, in any matter within the jurisdiction of any department or agency of the United States or of any corporation in which the United States of America is a stockholder; or whoever shall take and carry away or take for his own use, or for the use of another, with intent to steal or purloin, or shall willfully injure or commit any depredation against, any property of the United States, or any branch or department thereof, or any corporation in which the United States of America is a stockholder, or any property which has been or is being made, manufactured, or constructed under contract for the War or Navy Departments of the United States; or whoever shall enter into any agreement, combination, or conspiracy to defraud the Government of the United States, or any department or officer thereof, or any corporation in which the United States of America is a stockholder, by obtaining or aiding to obtain the payment or allowance of any false or fraudulent claim; and whoever, having charge, possession, custody, or control of any money or other public property used or to be used in the military or naval service, with intent to defraud the United States, or any department thereof, or any corporation in which the United States of America is a stockholder, or willfully to conceal such money or other property, shall deliver or cause to be delivered to any person having authority to receive the same any amount of such money or other property less than that for which he received a certificate or took a receipt; or whoever, being authorized to make or deliver any certificate, voucher, receipt, or other paper certifying the receipt of arms, ammunition, provisions, clothing, or other property so used or to be used, shall make or deliver the same to any other person without a full knowledge of the truth of the facts stated therein and with intent to defraud the United States, or any department thereof, or any corporation in which the United States of America is a stockholder, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both. And whoever shall purchase, or receive in pledge, from any person any arms, equipment, ammunition, clothing, military stores, or other property furnished by the United States, under a clothing allowance or otherwise, to any soldier, sailor, officer, cadet, or midshipman in the military or naval service of the United States or of the National Guard or Naval Militia, or to any person accompanying, serving, or retained with the land or naval forces and subject to military or naval law, having knowledge or reason to believe that the property has been taken from the possession of the United States or furnished by the United States under such allowance, shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.”
Approved June 18, 1934.