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and wilfully obstruct, hinder or prevent any speedy arrest and trial of persons charged with officer, or other person charged with the execu a violation of this act; and it shall be the duty tion of any warrant or process issued under the of every judge or other officer, when any such provisions of this act, or any person or persons requisition shall be received by him, to attend lawfully assisting him or them, from arresting at the place and for the time therein designated. any person for whose apprehension such warrant SEC. 9. That it shall be lawful for the Presior process may have been issued, or shall rescue dent of the United States, or such person as he or attempt to rescue such person from the custody may empower for that purpose, to employ such of the officer, other person or persons, or those part of the land or naval forces of the United lawfully assisting as aforesaid, when so arrested States, or of the militia, as shall be necessary to pursuant to the authority herein given and de- prevent the violation and enforce the due execlared, or shall aid, abet, or assist any person so cution of this act. arrested as aforesaid, directly or indirectly, to Sec. 10. That upon all questions of law arising escape from the custody of the officer or other in any cause under the provisions of this act, a person legally authorized as aforesaid, or shall final appeal may be taken to the Supreme Court harbor or conceal any person for whose arrest a of the United States. warrant or process shall have been issued as The votes on this bill were: aforesaid, so as to prevent his discovery and 1866, February 2-The SENATE passed the bill arrest after notice or knowledge of the fact that -yeas 33, nays “12, as follow: a warrant has been issued for the apprehension Yeas-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, Conness, of such person, shall, for either of said offences, Cragin, Dixon, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Harris, Hen:lerson, be subject to a fine not exceeding one thousand Howard, Howe, Kirkwood, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, dollars, and imprisonment not exceeding six Sprague, Stewart, Sumner, Trumbull, Wade, Willey, Wilmonths, by indictment and conviction before liams, Wilson, Yates-33. the district court of the United States for the rickis. McDougali, Nesmith, Norton, Řiddle, Saulsbury, Stock

NAYS—Messrs. Buckalew, Cowan, Davis, Guthrie, Henddistrict in which said offence may have been committed, or before the proper court of criminal jurisdiction, if committed within any one of the

March 9—The bill being before the HOUSE,

Mr. ELDRIDGE moved that it lie on the table; organized Territories of the United States. SEC. 7. That the district attorneys, the mar

which was disagreed to-yeas 32, nays 118, as

follow : shals, their deputies, and the clerks of the said district and territorial courts shall be paid for Dawson, Denison, Eldridge, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, Grider,

YEAs-Messrs. Ancona, Boyer, Brooks, Chanler, Coffroth, their services the like fees as may be allowed to Aaron Harding, Harris, Hogan, Edwin N. Hubbell, Kerr, them for similar services in other cases; and in Le Blond, Marshall, Niblack, Nicholson, Radford, Ritter, all cases where the proceedings are before a Rogers, Ross, Rousseau, Shanklin, Sitgreaves, Paber, Taylor,

Thornton, Trimble, Winfield.-32. commissioner, he shall be entitled to a fee of ten

NAYS_Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, D. R. Ashdollars in full for his services in each case, inclu- ley, James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Baxter, Beasive of all services incident to such arrest and man, Bidwell, Bingham, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Bromwell,

Broomall, Buckland, Bundy, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, Examination. The person or persons authorized Cook, Cullom, Darling, Davis, Defrees, Delano, Deming, Dixon, to execute the process to be issued by such com- Donnelly, Drigas, Dumont, Eliot, Farnsworth, Farquhar, Fer missioners for the arrest of offenders against the 19; Grinnell, Abner 0. Harding, Hart, Hayes, tienderson, provisions of this act shall be entitled to a fee Ilubbarg, Demas Ilubbard, jr., John 11. Hubbard, Hulburd, of five dollars for each person he or they may James Kumphrey, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, Kelso, arrest and take before any such commissioner as Ketcham; Kuykendalī, Latham, George V. Lawrence, William aforesaid, with such other fees as may be deemed Mckice, McRuer, Mercur, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Morris, reasonable by such commissioner for such other Moulton, Myers, O'Neill, Ortb, Paine, Perham, Phelps, Pike, additional services as may be necessarily per- Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Shellabarger, Sloan. Spalding, formed by him or them, such as attending at the Starr, Stevens, Thayer, Francis Thomas, John L. Thomas, j., examination, keeping the prisoner in custody, Trowbridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Buri Van Ilorn, Robert T. and providing him with food and lodging during Washburn, William B. Washburn, Welker, Wentworth, his detention, and until the final determination Whaley, Williams, James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Winof such commissioner, and in general for per- dom, Woodbridge.—118. forming such other duties as may be required March 13—The bill passed-yeas 111, nays 38, in the premises; such fees to be made

up

as follow: formity with the fees usually charged by the

YEAS—Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, James M. officers of the céuris of justice within the proper Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Baxter, Beaman, Bidwell, district or county, as near as may be practicable, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Bromwell, Broomall, Buckland, and paid out of the treasury of the United Bundy, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, Cook, Cullom, Dar

ling. Davis, Dawes, Delano, Deming, Dixon, Donnelly, Driggs, States on the certificate of the judge of the dis- Dumont, Eliot, Farnsworth, Farquhar, Ferry, Garfield, Grintrict within which the arrest is made, and to be nell, Abner C. Harding, Hart, Hayes, Iligby, Hill, Holmes, recoverable from the defondant as part of the Hooper, Asahel W. LIubbard, 'Chester D. Hubbard, Demas

llubbard, John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, James Humphrey, judgment in case of conviction.

Ingersoll, Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, Kelso, Ketcham, KuySEC. 8. That whenover the President of the kendall, Laflin, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, United States shall have reason to believe that Loan, Longyear, Lynch, Marston, Marvin, McClurg, Mc

Ruer, Mercur, Miller, Moorheaul, Morrill, Morris, Moulton, offences have been, or are likely to be committed Myers, Newell, O'Neill, Orth, Paine, Perham, Pike, Plants against the provisions of this act within any Price, Alexander II. Rice, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Sheljudicial district, it shall be lawful for him, in his labarger, Sloan, Spalding. Starr, Stevens, Thayer, Francis discretion, to direct the judge, inarshal, and dis- Buit Van Horn, Ward, Warner, Ellihu B. Washburne, Wil. trict attorney of such district to attend at such liam B. Washburn, Welker, Wentworth, Whaley, Williams, place within the district, and for such time as James F: Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Wood

bridge-111. he may designate, for the purpose of the mole NAYS-Messrs. Ancona, Bergen, Bingham, Boyer, Brooks,

in con

Coffroth, Dawson, Denison, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, Grider, the number at from thirty-five thousand to Aäron Harding, Harris, Hogan, Edwin Hubbell James, forty thousand souls. The people are princi. Phelps, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, William 'ui. Randali

, pally recent settlers, many of whom are underRitter, Rogers, Ross, Rousseau, Shonlilin, Sitgreaves, Smith, stood to be ready for removal to other mining ,

districts beyond the limits of the Territory, il March 15—The Senate concurred in the House circumstances shall render them more inviting. amendments.

Such a population cannot but find relief from March 27- The bill was vetoed.

excessive taxation if the territorial system, April 6–The SENATE passed the bill

, notwith which devolves the expenses of the executive, standing the objections of the President, by a legislative, and judicial departments upon the vote of 33 yeas to 15 nays, as follow:

United States, is for the present continued. YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, Con. They cannot but find the security of person and ness, Cragin, Creswell, Edmunds, Fessenden, Foster, Grimes, Harris

, Henderson, Howard, Howe, Kirkwood, Lane of In: property increased by their reliance upon the diana, Morgan, Morrill, Nye, Poland, Pomeroy, Ramsey, national executive power for the maintenance Sherman, Sprague, Stewart, Sumner, Trumbull, Wade, of law and order against the disturbances neces

NAYS–Messrs. Buckalew, Cowan, Davis, Doolittle, Guth- sarily incident to all newly organized commurie, Hendricks, Johnson, Lane of Kansas, McDougail, Nes- nities. mith, Norton, Riddle, Saulsbury, Van Winkle, Wright-15. Second. It is not satisfactorily established

April 9–The HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES that a majority of the citizens of Colorado deagain passed it--yeas 122, nays 41, as follow: sire, or are prepared for an exchange of a terri

YEAS–Messrs. Alley, Allison, Delos R. Ashley, James M. torial for a State government. In September, Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Barker, Baxter, Beaman, 1864, under the authority of Congress, an election all, Buckland, Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, was lawfully appointed and held, for the purpose Cobb, Colfax, Conkling, Cook, Cullom, Darling, Davis, Dawes, of ascertaining the views of the people upon Defrees, Delano, Deming, Dixon, Dodge, Donnelly, Eckley, this particular question. 6,192 votes were cast, Eggleston, Eliot, Farnsworth, Farquhar; Ferry, Garfield and of this number a majority of 3,152 was Henderson, Higby, Hill, Ilolmes, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahe given against the proposed change. In SepW. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, John 11. Hubbard, James tember, 1865, without any legal authority, the Kasson, Kelley, Kelso, Ketcham, Latiin, George v. Law- question was again presented to the people of rence, William Lawrence, Loan, Longyear, Lynch, Marston, the Territory, with a view of obtaining a reconMarvin, McClurg, McIndoe, McKee, McRuer, Mercur, Mil- sideration of the result of the election held in O'Neill, Orth, Paine, Patterson, Perham, bike, Plants, Pom-compliance with the act of Congress approved eroy, Price, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Rollins, March 21, 1864. At this second election 5,905 Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Shellabarger, Spalding, Starr, votes were polled, and a majority of 155 was bridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Robert T. given in favor of a State organization. It does Van Horn, Ward, Ellihu B. Washburne, Henry D. Wash not seem to me entirely safe to receive this, the burn, William B. Washburn, Welker, Wentworth, James last mentioned result, so irregularly, obtained,

Nays-Messrs, Ancona, Bergen, Boyer, Coffroth, Dawson, as sufficient to outweigh the one which had been Denison, Eldridge, Finck, Glossbrenner, Aaron Harding, legally obtained in the first election. RegularHarris, Hogan, Edwin N, Hubbell, James M. Humphrey, ity and conformity to law are essential to the son, Noell, Phelps, Radford. Samuel L. Randall, William preservation of order and stable government, H. Randall,

Raymond, Ritter, Rogers, Ross, Rousseau, and should, as far as practicable, always be Shanklin, Sitgreaves, Smith, Strouse, Taber, Taylor, Thorn- observed in the formation of new States. ton, Trimble, Whaley, Winfield, Wright.-41.

Third. The admission of Colorado, at this Whereupon the Speaker of the House declared time, as a State into the federal Union, appears the bill a law.

to me to be incompatible with the public interVeto of the Colorado Bill, May 15, 1866.

ests of the country. While it is desirable that

territories, when sufficiently matured, should be To the Senate of the United States :

organized as States, yet the spirit of the ConstiI return to the Senate, in which house it tution seems to require that there should be an originated, the bill which has passed both Houses approximation towards equality among the sevof Congress, entitled "An act for the admission eral States comprising the Union. No State can of the State of Colorado into the Union," with have less or more than two Senators in Congress. my objections to its becoming a law at this time. The largest State has a population of four mil

First. From the best information which I lions; several of the States have a population have been able to obtain, I do not consider the exceeding two millions; and many others have establishment of a State government at present a population exceeding one million. A populanecessary for the welfare of the people of Colo- tion of 127,000 is the ratio of apportionment rado. Under the existing Territorial govern- of representatives among the several States. ment all the rights, privileges, and interests of If this bill should become a law, the people the citizens are protected and secured. The of Colorado, thirty thousand in number, would qualified voters choose their own legislators and have in the House of Representatives one memtheir own local officers, and are represented in ber, while New York, with a population of four Congress by a delegate of their own selection, millions, has but thirty-one; Colorado would They make and execute their own municipal have in the electoral college three votes, while laws, subject only to revision by Congress-an New York has only thirty-three; Colorado would authority not likely to be exercised, unless in have in the Senate two votes, while New York extreme or extraordinary cases. The population has no more. is small, some estimating it so low as twenty Inequalities of this character have already fiye thousand, while advocates of the bill reckon occurred, but it is believed that none have hap

..

pened where the inequality was so great. When as completely as possible, so that all those who such inequality has been allowed, Congress is are expected to bear the burdens of the Federal supposed to have permitted it on the ground of Government shall be consulted concerning the some high public necessity, and under circum- admission of new States; and that in the mean stances which promised that it would rapidly time no new State shall be prematurely and undisappear through the growth and development necessarily admitted to a participation in the of the newly admitted State. Thus, in regard political power which the Federal Government to the several States in what was formerly called wields, not for the benefit of any individual the "northwest territory," lying east of the Mis- State or section, but for the common safety, sissippi, their rapid advancement in popula- welfare, and happiness of the whole country. tion rendered it certain that States admitted with

ANDREW JOHNSON. only one or two representatives in Congress, WASHINGTON, D. C., May 15, 1866. would, in a very short period, be entitled to a great increase of representation. So, when Cali

Copy of the Bill. fornia was admitted on the grourd of commer- An Act for the admission of the State of Colocial and political exigencies, it was well foreseen

· rado into the Union. that that State was destinad rapidly to become Whereas, on the twenty-first day of March, a great, prosperous, and important mining and anno Domini eighteen hundred and sixty-four, commercial community. In the case of Colo-Congress passed an act to enable the people of rado, I am not aware that any national exigency, Colorado to form a constitution and State goveither of a political or commercial nature, re- ernment, and offered to admit said State, when quires a departure from the law of equality, so formed, into the Union upon compliance with which has been so generally adhered to in our certain conditions therein specified; and whereas history.

it appears by a message of the President of the If information submitted in connection with United States, dated January twelve, eighteen this bill is reliable, Colorado, instead of increas-hundred and sixty-six, that the said people have ing, has declined in population. At an election adopted a constitution, which upon due examifor members of a territorial legislature held in nation is found to conform to the provisions and 1861, 10,580 votes were cast. At the election comply with the conditions of said act, and to before mentioned, in 1864, the number of votes be republican in its form of government, and cast was 6,192; while at the irregular election that they now ask for admission into the Union: held in 1865, which is assumed as a basis for Be it enacted, &c., That the constitution and legislative action at this time, the aggregate State government which the people of Colorado of votes was 5,905. Sincerely, anxious for the have formed for themselves bē, and the same is welfare and prosperity of every Territory and hereby, ratified, accepted, and confirmed, and that State, as well as for the prosperity and welfare the said State of Colorado shall be, and is hereby, of the whole Union, I regret this apparent de declared to be one of the United States of Amercline of population in Colorado; but it is mani-ica, and is hereby admitted into the Union upon fest that it is due to emigration which is going an equal footing with the original States, in all on from that Territory into other regions within respects whatsoever. the United States, which either are in fact, or SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the are believed by the inhabitants of Colorado to said State of Colorado shall be, and is hereby, be, richer in mineral wealth and agricultural re- declared to be entitled to all the rights, privi

If, however, Colorado has not really leges, grants, and immunities, and to be subject declined in population, another census, or to all the conditions and restrictions, of an act another election under the authority of Con- entitled "An act to enable the people of Cologress, would place the question beyond doubt, rado to form a constitution and a State governand cause but little delay in the ultimate ad- ment, and for the admission of such State into mission of the Territory as a State, if desired by the Union on an equal footing with the original the people.

States," approved March twenty-first, eighteen The tenor of these objections furnishes the hundred and sixty-four. ceply which may be expected to an argument The votes on this bill were: in favor of the measure derived from the ena

IN SENATE. bling act which was passed by Congress on the March 13—The bill was rejected-yeas 14, 21st day oi March, 1864. Although Congress nays 21, as follow : then supposed that the condition of the Terri

YEAS-Messrs. Chandler, Cragin, Kirkwood, Lane of Intory was such as to warrant its admission as a diana, Lane of Kansas, McDougall, Nesmith, Norton, PomState, the result of two years' experience shows eroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Stewart, Trumbull, Williams-14. that every reason which existed for the institu- little, Fessenden, Foster, Grimes, Guthrie, Harris, Hendricks, tion of a territorial instead of a State gov- Morgan, Morrill

, Poland, Riddle, Sprague, Stocktm, Sum

Van Winkle, Wade, Wilson-21. ernment in Colorado, at its first organization, still continues in force.

Mr. Wilson entered a motion to reconsider the The condition of the Union at the present mo

vote. ment is calculated to inspire caution in regard to

April 25—The Senate voted to reconsider; the admission of new States. Eleven of the old yeas 19, nays 13. (Same as below.) States have been for some time, and still remain,

The bill was then passed-yeas 19, nays 13, unrepresented in Congress. It is a common in as follow: terest of all the States , as well those repre- well, Howard, Howe, Kirkwood," Lane of Indiana, Nye;

Yeas-Messrs. Chandler, Clark, Conness, Cragin, Cres sented as those unrepresented, that the integrity Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Stewart, Trumbull, and harmony of the Union should be restored | Van Winkle, Willey, Wilson—19.

sources.

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Nays-Messrs. Buclcaler, Davis, Doolittle, Edmunds, Nor have the sovereign people of the nation Foster, Grimes, Guthrie, Hendricks, McDougall, Morgan, been afforded an opportunity of expressing their Poland, Riddle, Sumner-13.

views upon the important questions which the IN HOUSE.

amendment involves. Grave doubts therefore May 3—The bill was passed-yeas 81, nays may naturally and justly, arise as to whether 57, as follow:

the action of Congress is in harmony with the YEAS--Messrs. Ames, Anderson, Delos R. Ashley, James sentiments of the people, and whether State M. Ashley, Baker, Banks, Barker, Beaman, Benjamin: Bid: legislatures, elected without reference to such well, Bingham, Blow, Brandegee, Bromwell, Buckland, Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Conkling an issue, should be called upon by Congress to Cullom, Defrees, Deming, Dixon, Dodge, Donnelly, Driggs, decide respecting the ratification of the proposed Dumont, Eckley, Farquhar, Ferry, Garfield, Grinnell, Abner amendment.. C. Harding, Hart, Henderson, Holmes, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, James R. Hubbell, In

Waiving the question as to the constitutional gersoll, Jenckes, Kasson, Kelso, Ketcham, Laflin, Latham, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Loan, Longyear, validity of the proceedings of Congress upon Marston, McClurg, McKee, Mercur, Miller, Moorhead, the joint resolution proposing the amendment, Spalding, Francis Thomas, Trowbridge, Upson, Van Aernam, mits through the executive department to the L. Rice, Rollins, Sawyer, Schenck, Shellabarger, Smith, or as to the merits of the article which it subBurt van Horn, Robert T. Van Horn, Warner, Welker, legislatures of the States, I deem it proper to Whaley, Williams-81.

observe that the steps taken by the Secretary of Nays-Messrs. Allison, Alley, Ancona, Baxter, Bergen, Blaine, Boutwell, Boyer, Broomall, Ghanler, Coffroth, Dar- State, as detailed in the accompanying report, ling, Dawson, Denison, Eldridge, Eliot, Finck, Glossbrenner, are to be considered as purely ministerial, and Grider, Griswold, Aaron Harding, Harris, Jigby, James in no sense whatever committing the Executive Marshall, McCullough, McRuer, Morrill, Morris, Newell to an approval or a recommendation of the Niblack, 'Paine, Perham, Pike, Raymond, John H. Rice, amendment to the State legislatures or to the Taylor, Thornton, Elihu B. Washburne, Henry'D.

Wash? people

. On the contrary, a proper appreciation burn, James F. Wilson, Windom, Winfield, Woodbridge, of the letter and spirit of the Constitution, as well Wright57.

as of the interests of national order, harmony, Up to the time this page is put to press, no and union, and a due deference for an enlightvote has been taken on the re-passage of the ened public judgment, may at this time well sugvetoed bill. When taken, it will be inserted in gest a doubt whether any amendment to the a subsequent page.

Constitution ought to be proposed by Congress

and pressed upon the legislatures of the several Message Respecting the Proposed Constitutional States for final decision until after the admis

Amendment on Representation, &c., Juno 22, sion of such loyal Senators and Representatives 1866.

of the now unrepresented States as have been, To the Senate and House of Representatives : or may hereafter be, chosen in conformity

I submit to Congress a report of the Secretary with the Constitution and laws of the United of State, to whom was referred the concurrent States. resolution of the 18th instant,* respecting a

ANDREW JOHNSON. submission to the legislatures of the States of an additional article to the Constitution of the WASHINGTON, D. C., June 22, 1866. United States.

It will be seen from this report that the Secretary of State had, on the 16th instant, trans- To the President : mitted to the Governors of the several States certified copies of the joint resolution passed on

The Secretary of State, to whom was referred the 13th instant, proposing an amendment to the concurrent resolution of the two Houses of the Constitution.

Congress of the 18th instant, in the following Even in ordinary times any question of words : "That the President of the United States amending the Constitution must be justly re- be requested to transmit forthwith to the execugarded as of paramount importance. This im- tives of the several States of the United States portance is at the present time enhanced by the copies of the article of amendment proposed by fact that the joint resolution was not submitted Congress to the State legislatures to amend the by the two Houses for the approval of the Presi- Constitution of the United States, passed June dent, and that of the thirty-six States which 13, 1866, respecting citizenship, the basis of rerconstitute the Union eleven are excluded from resentation, disqualification for office, and validrepresentation in either House of Congress, ity of the public debt of the United States, &c., although, with the single exception of Texas, to the end that the said States may proceed to they have been entirely restored to all their act upon the said article of amendment, and that functions as States, in conformity with the or- he request the executive of each State that may ganic law of the land, and have appeared at the ratify said amendment to transmit to the Secrenational capital by Senators and Representa- tary of State a certified copy of such ratification," tives, who have applied for and have been re- has the honor to submit the following report, fused admission to the vacant seats.

namely: That on the 16th instant the Hon.

Amasa Cobb, of the Committee of the House of * This resolution passed the House under a suspension of Representatives on Enrolled Bills, brought to all Democrats,) by a vote of yeas 87, nayo 20, on a count by rolled resolution of the two Houses of Congress, the rules, which was agreed to, yeas 92, nays 25, (the latter this Department and deposited therein an enand is a copy of a concurrent resolution passed in 1864, which was thereupon received by the Secretary requesting President Lincoln to submit the anti-slavery of State and deposited among the rolls of the amendment, changed only as to the phraseology descrip-| Department, a copy of which is bereunto ao tive of the amendment.

nexed. There ipon the Secretary of State, upon

[Circular.] the 16th instant, in conformity with the pro

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, June 16, 1866. ceeding which was adopted by him in 1865, in To his Excellency regard to the then proposed and afterwards Governor of the state of adopted congressional amendment of the Consti SIR: I have the honor to transmit an attested tution of the United States concerning the pro- copy of a resolution of Congress, proposing to hibition of slavery, transmitted certified copies the legislatures of the several States a fourteenth of the annexed resolution to the Governors of article to the Constitution of the United States. the several States, together with a certificate and The decisions of the several legislatures upon the circular letter. A copy of both of these com- subject are required by law to be communicated munications are hereunto annexed.

to this Department. An acknowledgment of the Respectfully submitted,

receipt of this communication is requested by WILLIAM H. SEWARD. Your excellency's most obedient servant, DEPARTMENT OF STATE, June 20, 1866.

WILLIAM H. SEWARD.

VII.

MAJORITY AND MINORITY

AND MINORITY REPORTS

OF THE

JOINT COMMITTEE ON RECONSTRUCTION.

REPORT:

The Majority Report.

States were left at the close of the war; the June 18, 1866–Mr. FESSENDEN in the Senate,

measures which have been taken towards the and Mr. STEVENS in the House, submitted this

reorganization of civil government, and the disposition of the people towards the United States ;

in a word, their fitness to take an active part in The Joint Committee of the two Houses of Con- the administration of national affairs.

As to their condition at the close of the rebelgress, appointed under the concurrent resolution of December 13, 1865, with direction to " in- | lion, the evidence is open to all, and admits of quire into the condition of the States which

no dispute. They were in a state of utter ex

haustion. formed the so-called Confederate States of

Having protracted their struggle America, and report whether they or any of against federal authority until all hope of sucthem are entitled to be represented in either cessful resistance had ceased, and laid down their House of Congress, with leave to report by bill arms only because there was no longer any or otherwise," ask leave to report:

power to use them, the people of those States

were left bankrupt in their public finances, and That they have attended to the duty assigned shorn of the private wealth which had before them as assiduously as other duties would per- given them power and influence. They were mit, and now submit to Congress, as the result also necessarily in a state of complete anarchy, of their deliberations, a resolution proposing without governments and without the power to amendments to the Constitution, and two bills, frame governments except by the permission of of which they recommend the adoption. those who had been successful in the war. The

Before proceeding to set forth in detail their President of the United States, in the proclamareasons for the conclusion to which, after great tions under which he appointed provisional govdeliberation, your committee have arrived, they ernors, and in his various communications to beg leave to advert, briefly, to the ccurse of them, has, in exact terms, recognized the fact proceedings they found it necessary to adopt, that the people of those States were, when the and to explain the reasons therefor.

rebellion was crushed, "deprived of all civil The resolution under which your committee government,” and must proceed to organize was appointed directed them to inquire into the anew. In his conversation with Mr. Stearns, of condition of the Confederate States, and report Massachusetts, certified by himself, President whether they were entitled to representation in Johnson said “the State institutions are prosCongress. It is obvious that such an investiga- trated, laid out on the ground, and they must be tion, covering so large an extent of territory and taken up and adapted to the progress of events." involving so many important considerations, Finding the Southern States in this condition, must necessarily require no trifling labor, and and Congress having failed to provide for the consume a very considerable amount of time. contingency, his duty was obvious. As PresiIt must embrace the condition in which those dent of the United States he had no power, ex

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