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State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.

SEO. 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress into thi‘s Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all neediul Rules and Regu ations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United 'States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

SEO. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Le~ islature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence. '

AsrrcLE V.

The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary; shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Le islatures of two thirds of the several States, sha 1 call a Convention for pro

osin Amendments, which, in either Case, s .all Be va id to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legisla— tures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made rior to the Year one thousand ei ht hundre and eight shall in any Manner a cot the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.


All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constituti'on, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation. *

This Constitution, and the Laws of the Unite States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Olfie cers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification go any Office or public Trust under the United




The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.


A3121. Con ress shall make no law respecting m establis ment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of s eech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

ART. 2. A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

ART. 3. No Soldier shall, in time of peace be

uartered in any house, without the consent of t e Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

ART. 4. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, ' against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, an ported by Oath or affirmation, and articular y describing the place to be searche , and the persons or things to be seized.

ART. 5. No erson shall be held to answer for a capital, or ot erwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or ublic danger; nor shall any person. be subject or the same offence to be twice put in 'eopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any Criminal Case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property/without due process of law; not sha 1 private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

A1116. In all criminal prosecutions, the ac— cused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have Compulsory process 'for obtaining Witnesses in his favour, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

ART. 7. In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a. jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

ART. 8. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines be imposed, nor 0N.“ and unusual punishments infiicted.

ART. 9. The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the poo 1e.

Aer. 10. The powers not delegate to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.

ART. 11, The Judicial power of the United

States‘shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or rosecuted against one of the United States by itizens of another State, or by Citizens or Sn jects of any Foreign State.

ART. 12. The ’Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves ;‘they shall name in their ballots the erson voted for as President, and in distinct be. lots the person voted for as Vice— President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as VicePresident, and of the number of votes for each, which lists the shall si n and certify, and transmit sealed to t e seat 0 the overnment of the United States, directed to the resident of the Senate ;—The President of the Senate shall, in presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted ;— ' _The erson havin the greatest number of votes

for resident, shal be the President, if such number he a majority of the whole number of Electors a ointed; and if no person have such majority, t en from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this urpose shall consist of a member or members fliom two thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall deyolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. The erson having the greatest number of votes as VPice-President, , shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors apointed, and if no person have a majority, then fi'om the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a qno< rum for the purpose shall consist of two thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to .a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the ofiice of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.

Mr. Seward’s Certificate of the Anti-Slavery Amendment, known as the 13th Amendment.

WILLIAM H. snwann, SECRETARY or STATE OF . THE UNITED STATES, To all to whom these resents may come, greeting: Know ye, that w ereas the Congress of the United States on the 1st of February last passed a resolution which is in the words following, namely:

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“SEC. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

“ SEO. 2. Congress shallhave power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

And whereas it appears from official documents on file in this Department that the amendment to the Constitution of the United States, proposed as aforesaid, has been ratified by the Legislatures of the States of Illinois, Rhode Island, Michigan, Maryland, New York, West Virginia, Maine, Kansas, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Missouri, Nevada, Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Vermont, Tennessee, Arkansas, Connecticut, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georgia—in all, twenty-seven States;

And whereas the whole number of States in the United States is thirty—six, and whereas the before specially-named States, whose Legislatures have ratified the said proposed amendment, con~ stitnte three-fourths of the whole number of States in the United States:

Now, therefore, be it known that I, William H. Seward, Secretar of State of the United States, by virtue and in ursnance of the second section of the act of Congress approved the twentieth of April, eighteen hundred and eighteen, entitled “An act to provide for the

ublication of the laws of the United States and or other purposes,” do hereby certify that the amendment aforesaid has become valid, to all intents and purposes, as a part of the Constitution of the United States.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the Department of State to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington this eighteenth

day of December, in the year of our Lord [SEAL] one thousand eight hundred and sixt five, and of the Independence of the United States of America the ninetieth. WILLIAM H. stssn, Secretary of State.

[New Jersey, Oregon, California and Iowa

ratified subsequently to the date of this certifi

cate, as did Florida in the same form as South


Carolina and Alabama]



Respecting Commercial Intercourse with Insurrectionary States, April 29, 1865.

EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, Wssmncron, April 29, 1865.

Being desirous to relieve all loyal citizens and well~disposed persons, residiugin insurrectionary States, from unnecessary commercial restrictions, and to encouraue them to return to peaceful pursuits, It is hereby ordered :

I. That all restrictions upon internal, domestic, and coastwise commercial intercourse be discontinued in such parts of the States of Teunesi see, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and so much of Louisiana as lies east of the Mississippi river, as shall be embraced within the lines of national military occupation, excepting only such restrictions as are imposed by acts of Congress and regulations in ursuance thereof, prescribed by the Secretary 0tP the Treasury, and approved by the President; and excepting also from the effect of this order the following articles contraband of war, to wit: arms, ammunition, all articles from which ammunition is manufactured, gray uniforms and cloth, locomotives, cars, railroad iron, and machinery for operating railroads, telegraph wires, insulators, and instruments for operating telegraphic lines.

11. All existing military and naval orders in any manner restricting internal, domestic, and coastwise commercial intercourse and trade with or in the localities above named be, and the same are hereby revoked; and that no military or naval officer, in any manner, interrupt or interfere with the same, or with any boats or other vessels engaged therein, under proper authority, pursuant to the regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury.

ANDREW JOHNSON. Executive Order for the Trial of the Alleged Assassins of President Lincoln, May 1, 1865.

EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, \Vssnmo'ron CITY, May 1, 1865. Whereas, the Attorney General of the United States hath given his opinion : > That the perso‘ns implicated in the murder of the late President, Abraham Lincoln, and the attem ited assassination of the Honorable William Seward, Secretary of State, and in an alleged consp'racy to assassinate other officers of the Federal (government at Washington city, \and their aiders and abettors, are subject to the jurisdiction of, and lawfully triable before, a military commission : it is Ordered: 1st, That the Assistant Adjutant General detail nine competent military ol‘fi' cers to serve as a commission for the trial of said parties, and that the Judge Advocate General'


proceed to prefer charges against said parties for their alleged offences, and bring them to trial before said military commission ; vvthat said trial or trials be conducted by the said Judge Advocate General, and as recorder thereof, in person, aided by such assistant and special judge advocates as he may designate ; and that said trials be conducted with all diligence consistent with the ends of justice: the said commission to sit without regard to hours.

2d. That Brevet Major General Hartranft be assigned to duty as special provost marshal general, for the purpose of said trial, and attendance upon said commission, and the execution of its mandates.

3d. That the said commission establish such order or rules of proceedings as may avoid unnecessary delay, and conduce to the ends of public justice.


EXECUTIVE Mmsroir, July 5, 1865.

The foregoing sentences in the cases of David E. Herold, G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, Michael O'Laughlin, Edward Spangler, Samuel Arnold, Mary E. Surratt and Samuel A. Mudd, are hereby a roved, and it is ordered that the sentences of sai David E. Herold, G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, Mary E. Surratt and Samuel A. Mudd, be carried into execution by the proper military authority, under the direction of the Secretary of War, on the 7th day of July, 1865, between the hours of 10 o'clock, a. m., and 2 o'clock, . m., of that day. It is further ordered, that t e prisoners, Samuel Arnold, Samuel A. Mudd, Edward Span ler, and Michael O'Laughlin be confined at hard labor in the Penitentiary at Albany, New York, during the period designated in their res— pective sentences.

ANDREW .Tormsou, President,

[By an order dated July 15, the place of confinement, as to the four last mentioned, was changed to the “military prison at Dry Tortugas, Florida."] For the Arrest of Jefferson Davis, Clement 0.

Clay, and others, May 2, 1865.

Whereas it appears from evidence in the Bureau of Military Justice that the atrocious murder of the late President, Abraham Lincoln, and the attem ted assassination of the Honorable William Seward, Secretary of State, were incited, concerted, and rooured b and between Jefferson Davis, late oiJRichmon , Virginia, and Jacob Thompson, Clement 0. Clay, Beverly Tucker, George N. Saunders, William C. Cleary, and other rebels and traitors against the Government of the United States, harbored in Canada:

Now, therefore, to the end that justice may be done, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do offer and promise for the arrest of said persons, or either of them, within the limits of the United States, so that they can be brought to trial, the followin rewards:

One hundred thousand do lars for the arrest of Jefferson Davis.

Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Clement 0. Clay.*

Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Jacob Thompson, late of Mississi pi.

Twenty-five thousand dollars or the arrest of George N. Sanders.

Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Beverly Tucker.

Ten thousand dollars for the arrest of William C. Cleary, late clerk of Clement C. Cla .

The Provost Marshal General of t e United States is directed to cause a description of said persons, with notice of the above rewards, to be published. _

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington this second

day of May, in the year of our Lord one [ 1 thousand ei ht hundred and sixty-five, and of the ndependence of the United States of America the eighty-ninth. ANDREW Jonnson.

By the President:

W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State. Executive Order to lie-establish the Authority of the United States, and Execute thé Laws within the Geographical Limits known as the

State of Virginia.


ORDERED—First. That all acts an proceedings of the political, military, and civil organizations which have been in a state of insurrection and rebellion, within the State of Viiginia, against the authority and laws of the nited States, and of which Jefferson Davis, John Letcher, and William Smith werelate the respective chiefs, are declared null and void. All persons who shall exercise, claim, pretend, or attempt to exercise any political, military, or civil power, authority, jurisdiction, or right, by, through, or under Jederson Davis, late of the


* Mr. CLAY was released under this ordor:

Wan Dsrsumnnr, AnJurANr German’s Orrrcs, Wnsurso'rox, April 17, 1866. Maj. Gen. N. A. MILES, Commanding, in, Fortress Monroe, Virginia:

Ordered, That Clement 0. Clay, Jr., is hereby released from confinement, and permitted to return to and remnin in the State of Alabama, and to visit such other places in the United States as his personal business may render absolutely necessary, upon the following conditions, viz: that he takes the oath of allegiance to the United States, and gives his parole of honor to conduct himself as a loyal citizen of the same,and to report himselfin person at any time and place to answer any charges that may hereafter be prepared against him by the United States.

Please report receipt and eXecntion of this order.

By order of the President of the United States:

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant General.


cit of Richmond, and his confederates, or under Jo 1n Letcher or William Smith and their confederates, or under any pretended political, military, or civil commission or authority issued by them, or either of them, since the 17th day of April, 1861, shall be deemed and taken as in re ellion against the United States, and shall be dealt with accordingly.

Second. That the Secretary of State proceed to putin force all laws of the United States, the administration whereof belongs to the De artment of State, applicable to the geograp ioal limits aforesaid.

Third. That the Secretary of the Treasury proceed, without delay, to nominate for appointment, assessors of taxes and collectors of customs and internal revenue, andsuch other officers ofthe Treasur Department as are authorized by law, and sha l utinto execution the revenue laws of the United) States within the geographical limits aforesaid. In making appointments, the preference shall be given to qualified 10 a1 persons residing Within the districts where t ieir respective duties are to be erformed. But if suitable persons shall not be ound residents of the districts, then ersons residing in other States or districts sha l be a pointed. ,

Fourth. That 1. e Postmaster General shall proceed to establish post offices and ost routes, and put into execution the ostal Ilaws of the United States within the sai States, giving to loyal residents the preference of appointment; but ifsuitable ersons are not found, then to appoint agents, c., from other States.

Fifth. That the district judge of said district proceed to hold courts within said State, in accordance with the provisions of the acts of Congress. The Attorney General will instruct the preper ofiicers to libel and brin to judgment, confiscation, and sale, property sugject to confiscation, and enforce the administration of justice within said State, in all matters civil and criminal within the cognizance and jurisdiction of the Federal courts.

Sixth. That the Secretary of War assign such assistant provost marshal general, and such provost marshals in each district of said State as he may deem necessary.

Seventh. The Secretary of the Navy will take possession of all public property belonging to the Navy Department within said geographical limits, and put in operation all acts of Congress in relation to naval aflairs havingapplication to the said State.

Eighth. The Secretary of the Interior will also put in force the laws relating to the Department of the Interior.

Ninth. That to carry into effect the guarantee of the Federal Constitution of a re ublican form of State government, and afl'ord t e advantage and securlty of domestic laws, as well as to complete the re-establishment of the authority of the laws of the United States, and the full and complete restoration of peace within the limits aforesaid, Francis H. Pierpoint, Governor of the State of Virginia, will be aided by the Federal Government, so far as may be necessary, in the lawful measures which he may take for the extension and administration of the State Government throughout the geographical limits of said Shaw. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United {SEALJ States to be affixed. ANDREW JOHNSON. By the President: W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State.

Equality of Rights with all Maritime Nations, May 10, 1865.

Whereas the President of the United States, by his proclamation of the nineteenth day of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixtyone, did declare certain States therein mentioned in insurrection against the Government of the United States;

And whereas armed resistance to the authority of this Government in the said insurrectionar States may be regarded as virtually at an en , and the persons by whom that resistance, as well as the operations of insurgent cruisers, were di— rected, are fugitiv or ca )tives;

And whereas iis nn erstood that some of those cruisers are still infesting the high seas, and others are pre aring to capture, burn, and destroy vessels of t e United States-:

Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, hereby enjoin all naval, military, and civil officers of

.the United States, diligently to endeavor, by all lawful means, to arrest the said cruisers, and to bring them into a port of the United States, in order that they may be prevented from committin further depredations on commerce, and that tie persons on board of them maymo

'longer enjoy impunity for their crimes.

And I further proclaim and declare, that if, after a reasonable time shall have ela sed for this proclamation to become known in t e ports of nations claiming to have been neutrals, the said insur ent cruisers and the persons on board of them sfiall continue to receive'hos itality in the said ports, this Government will eem itself justified in refusing hospitality to the ublic vessels of such nations in ports of the nited States, and in ado ting such other measures as may be deemed advisable towards vindicating the national sovereignty.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington, this tenth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixt -five, and of the independence of the nited States of America the eighty-ninth.


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events and circumstances have since occurred which, in my judgment, render it expedient to remove that restriction, except as to the ports of Galveston, La Salle, Brazos de Santiago (Point Isabel,) and Brownsville, in the State of Texas:

Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby declare 'nat the ports aforesaid, not excepted as above, shall be open to foreign commerce from and after the first day of July, next; that commercial intercourse with the said ports may, from that time, be carried on, subject to the laws of ,the United States, and in ursuance of such regulations as may be prescrn ed by the Secretary of the Treasury. If, however, any Vessel from a foreign ort shall enter any of the beforenamed excepted> ports in the State of Texas, she will continue to be held liable to the penalties prescribed by the act of Congress approved on the thirteenth do. of July, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, an the persons on board of her to such penalties as may be incurred, pursuant to the laws of war, for trading, or attempting to trade, with an enemy.

And 1, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby declare and make known that the United States of America do, henceforth, disallow to all persons trading, or attempting to trade, in any orts of the United States in violation of the aws thereof, all pretence of belligerent rights and privileges, and I give notice that, from the date of this proclamation, all such offenders will be held and dealt with as pirates.

It is also ordered that all restrictions upon trade heretofore imposed in the territory of the United States east of the Mississi pi river, save those relating to contraband 0 war, to the reservation of the rights of the United States to pro erty purchased in the territory of an enemy, an to the twenty-fivedper cent. upon purchases of cotton, are remove . All provisions of the internal revenue law will be carried into eHect under the proper ofiicers.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington, this twenty

second day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and [SEAL] sixty-five, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eightyninth. ANDREW J onNsoN. By the President: W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State.

Of Amnesty, May 29, 1865.

Wrmnnns the President of the United States, on the 8th day of December, A. D. ei hteen hundred and sixty-three, and on the 26t day of March, A, D. eighteen hundred and sixty— four, did, with the object to suppress the existing rebellion, to induce all persons to return to their loyalty, and to restore the.authority of the United States, issue proclamations offering amnesty and pardon to certain persons who had directl ,or by im lication, participated in the said re ellion; and whereas many persons who had so engaged in said rebellion, have, since the

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