« AnteriorContinuar »
I. Constitution of the United States-Mr.
Proclamations of Provisional Gover-
legislature of Virginia.
Remarks to citizens of Indiana-
VII. Majority and Minority Reports of the
Joint Comınittee on Reconstruction...... 84-101
VIII. Votes on Proposed Constitutional
On Constitutional Amendment as
finally adopted-The Accompanying
zens-On Tennessee-On Rebel Debt.
IX. Members of the Cabinet of President
Johnson, and of the 39th Congress, and of
Claimants of Seats therein ...... 107-109
X. Votes in the House of Representatives on
On Public Debt-Punishment of
Treason-Representation oflately In-
surrectionary States--Elective Fran-
chise in the States—Test Oath-Test
Oath for Lawyers-- Endorsement of
the President's Policy-Withdrawal
of Military Forces--Legal Effect of
Suffrage in District of Columbia-
Extending the Homestead Act-Ha-
beas Corpus--West Virginia Bill-
Elective Franchise in the Territories.
XII. Political and Military Miscella-
Union National Platform of 1864-
Democratic National Platform of
1864-Call for National Union Con-
XIII. Tabular Statements on Representa-
tion, Tariff, and the Public Debt........... 125-126
Census Tables showing Population,
Voting Population, Present Appor-
tionment, and effect of proposed
changes-- Table of Votes, by States
and Sections, on the Tariffs of 1816,
1824, 1828, 1832, 1812, 1846, 1857, 1861,
1864, and the Bill of 1866–The Public
ebt, June 1, 1866.
POLITICAL MANUAL FOR 1866.
CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.
We the People of the United States, in order to of shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vam
form a more perfect Un establish Ju cancies. insure domestic Tranquillity, provide for the The House of Representatives shall chuse their common defence, promote the general Welfare, Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the and secure the Blessings of Liberty to our- sole Power of Impeachment. selves and our Posterity, do ordain and estab- SEC. 3. The Senate of the United States shall lish this CONSTITUTION for the United States be composed of two Senators from each State, of America.
chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years;
and each Senator shall have one Vote. ARTICLE I.
Immediately after they shall be assembled in SECTION 1. All legislative Powers herein Consequence of the first Election, they shall be granted shall be vested in a Congress of the divided as equally as may be into three Classes, United States, which shall consist of a Senate The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall and House of Representatives.
be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, SEC. 2. The House of Representatives shall be of the second Class at Expiration of the composed of Members chosen every second Year fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiby the People of the several States, and the
Elec- ration of the sixth Year, so that one-third may tors in each State shall have the Qualifications be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies requisite for Electors of the most numerous happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Branch of the State Legislature.
Recess of the Legislature of any State, the ExNo Person shall be a Representative who ecutive thereof may make temporary Appointshall not have attained to the Age of twenty- ments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of which shall then fill such Vacancies. the United States, and who shall not, when No Person shall be a Senator who shall not elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and he shall be chosen.
been nine Years à Citizen of the United States, Representatives and direct Taxes shall be ap- and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabportioned among the several States which may itant of that State for which he shall be chosen. be included within this Union, according to The Vice President of the United States shall their respective Numbers, which shall be deter- be President of the Senate, but shall have no mined by adding to the whole Number of free Vote, unless they be equally divided. Persons, including those bound to Service for a The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence three fifths of all other Persons. The actual of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise Enumeration shall be made within three Years the Office of President of the United States. after the first Meeting of the Congress of the The Senate shall have the sole Power to try United States, and within every subsequent all Impeachments. When sitting for that PurTerm of ten Years, in such Manner as they pose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. shall by Law direct. The Number of Repre- When the President of the United States is tried, sentatives shall not exceed one for every thirty the Chief Justice shall preside : And no Person Thousand, but each State shall have at Least shall be convicted without the Concurrence of one Representative; and until such enumera- two thirds of the Members present. tion shall be made, the State of New Hampshire Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts extend further than to removal from Office, and eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jer-honour, Trust or Profit under tħe United States : sey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, JudgSouth Carolina five, and Georgia three. ment and Punishment, according to Law.
When vacancies happen in the Representation SEC. 4. The Times, Places and Manner of holdfrom any State, the Executive Authority there- ling Elections for Senators and Representatives, States;
shall be prescribed in each State by the Legisla- | mined by yeas and Nays, and the Names of the ture thereof; but the Congress may at any time Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be by Law make or alter such Regulations, except entered on the Journal of each House respecas to the place of chusing Senators.
If any Bill shall not be returned by The Congress shall assemble at least once in the President within ten Days (Sundays exevery Year, and such Meeting shall be on the cepted) after it shall have been presented to him, first Monday in December, unless they shall by the same shall be a law, in like Manner as if he Law appoint a different Day:
had signed it, unless the Congress by their AdSEC. 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the journment prevent its return, in which Case it Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own shall not be a Law. Members, and a Majority of each shall consti- Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which tute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Number may adjourn from day to day, and may Representatives may be necessary (except on a be authorized to compel the Attendance of ab- question of Adjournment) shall be presented to sent Members, in such Manner, and under such the President of the United States; and before Penalties as each House may provide.
the Same shall take Etfect, shall be approved by Each House may determine the Rules of its him, or being disapproved by him, shall be reProceedings, punish its Members for disorderly passed by two-thirds of the Senate and House Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two of Representatives, according to the Rules and thirds, expel a Member.
Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill. Each House shall keep a Journal of its Pro- Sec. 8. The Congress shall have Power ceedings, and from time to time publish the To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Iinposts and same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judg. Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the ment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of common Defence and general Welfare of the the Members of either House on any question United States ; but all Duties, Imposts and Exshall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, cises shall be uniform throughout the United be entered on the Journal.
Neither House, during the Session of Congress, To borrow Money on the credit of the United shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn States ; for more than three days, nor to any other Place To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, than thatin which the two Houses shall be sitting and among the several States, and with the In
SEC. 6. The Senators and Representatives shall dian Tribes; receive a Compensaon for their Services, to be To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalizaascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treas- tion, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankury of the United States.
They shall in all ruptcies throughout the United States ; Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Attendance at the Session of their respective Weights and Measures ; Houses, and in going to and returning from the To provide for the Punishment of countersame; and for any Speech or Debate in either feiting the Securities and current Coin of the House, they shall not be questioned in any other United States ; Place.
To establish Post Offices and post Roads ; No Senator or Representative shall, during To promote the progress of Science and usethe Time for which he was elected, be appointed ful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Auto any civil Office under the Authority of the thors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their United States, which shall have been created, respective Writings and Discoveries ; or the Emoluments whereof shall have been en- To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme creased during such time; and no Person hold- Court; ing any Office under the United States, shall be To define and punish Piracies and Felonies a Member of either House during his Continu- committed on the high Seas, and Offences against ance in Office.
the Law of Nations ; SEC. 7. All Bills for raising Revenue shall To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and originate in the House of Representatives; but Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures the Senate may propose or concur with Amend- on Land and Water; ments as on other Bills.
To raise and support Armies, but no ApproEvery Bill which shall have passed the House priation of Money to that Use shall be for a of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before longer Term than two years ; it becomes a Law, be presented to the President To provide and maintain a Navy; of the United States; If he approve he shall sign To make Rules for the Government and Reguit, but if not he shall return it, with his Objec- lation of the land and naval Forces ; tions to that House in which it shall have origi- To provide for calling forth the Militia to nated, who shall enter the Objections at large on execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurtheir Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If rections and repel Invasions ; after such Reconsideration two thirds of that To provide for organizing, arming, and disHouse shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be ciplining, the Militia, and for governing such sent, together with the Objections, to the other part of them as may be employed in the Service House, by which it shall likewise be reconsid- of the United States, reserving to the States ered, and if approved by two thirds of that respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and House, it shall become a Law. But in all such the Authority of training the Militia according Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be deter- to the Discipline prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases | Agreement or Compact with another State, or whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger States, and the Acceptance of Congress; become as will not admit of Delay. the Seat of the Government of the United States,
ARTICLE II. and to exercise like Authority over all Places
Sec. 1. The executive Power shall be vested purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of in a President of the United States of America. the State in which the Same shall be, for the He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, Dock
Years, and, together with the Vice President, Yards, and other needful Buildings ;-And To make all Laws which shall be necessary
chosen for the same term, be elected as follows and proper for carrying into Execution the fore- the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as going Powers, and all other Powers vested by Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators this Constitution in the Government of the United and Representatives to which the State may be States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. entitled in the Congress : but no Senator or
Sec. 9. The Migration or Importation of such Representative, or person holding an Office of Persons as any of the States now existing shall Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by hundred and eight, but a Tax or Duty may be States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight appointed an Elector.
(The Electors shall meet in their respective imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant dollars for each Person. The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall make a list of all the Persons voted for,
of the same State with themselves. And they shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of and of the Number of Votes for each ; which Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may re- List they shall sign and certify, and transmit quire it.
sealed to the Seat of the Governinent of the No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall United States, directed to the President of the be passed.
No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enu- the Presence of the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives, open all the Certificates, and the meration herein before directed to be taken.
Votes shall then be counted. The Person havNo Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles ex
ing the greatest Number of Votes shall be the ported from any State. No Preference shall be given by any Regula- whole Number of Electors appointed; and if
President, if such Number be a Majority of the tion of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one there be more than one who have such Majority, State over those of another ; nor shall Vessels and have an equal Number of Votes, then the bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, House of Representatives shall immediately clear, or pay Duties in another. No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, if no Person have a Majority, then from the
chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and but in Consequence of Appropriations made by five highest on the List the said House shall in Law; and a regular_Statement and Account of like Manner chuse the President. But in chusthe Receipts and Expenditures of all public ing the President, the Votes shall be taken by No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the States, the Representation from each State hav
torum for this Purpose shall United States: and no Person holding any
office ing one Vote; A of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without of the States, and a Majority of all the States
consist of a Member or Members from two-thirds the Consent of the Congress, accept of any pres; shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, ent, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind after the Choice of the President, the Person whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign having the greatest Number of Votes of the State. SEC. 10. No State shall enter into any Treaty, there should remain two or more who have equal
Electors shall be the Vice President. But if Alliance, or Confederation ; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills Potes
, the Senate shall chuse from them by
Ballot the Vice President.*] of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any
The Congress may determine the Time of Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law chusing the Electors, and the Day on which impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be any Title of Nobility,
the same throughout the United States. No State shall, without the consent of the citizen of the United States, at the time of the
No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws and to the Office of President; neither shall any the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid Person be eligible to that Office who shall, not by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be have attained to the Age of thirty-five
Years, for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and been fourteen Years a Resident within the
United States. and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revis
In Case of the Removal of the President from jon and Controul of the Congress.
*No State shall, without the Consent of Con- Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability gress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any twelfth article of the Amendments.
* This clause of the Constitution has been annulled. See
to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said
ARTICLE III. Office, the same shall devolve on the Vice Presi
SEC. 1. The judicial Power of the United dent, and the Congress may by Law provide for States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation, or In- in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from ability, both of the President and Vice President, time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, declaring what Officer shall then act as Presi- both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall dent, and such Officer shall act accordingly, hold their Offices during good Behavior, and until the Disability be removed, or a President shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, shall be elected.
a Compensation, which shall not be diminished The President shall, at stated Timės, receive during their continuance in Office. for his Services, a Compensation, which shall SEC. 2. The judicial Power shall extend to all neither be encreased nor diminished during the cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this ConPeriod for which he shall have been elected, stitution, the Laws of the United States, and and he shall not receive within that Period any Treaties made, or which shall be made, under other Emolument from the United States, or any their Authority ;-to all Cases affecting Ambasof them.
sadors, other public Ministers, and Consuls ;-to Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdicheshall take the following Oath or Affirmation :- tion ;-to Controversies to which the United
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will States shall be a Party ;-to Controversies befaithfully execute the Off of President of the tween two or more States ;-between a State and United States, and will to the best of my Ability, Citizens of another State ;-between Citizens of preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of different States,-between Citizens of the same the United States."
State claiming Lands under Grants of different SEC. 2. The President shall be Commander in States, and between a State or the Citizens Chief of the Army and Navy of the United thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects. States, and of the Militia of the several States, In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other pubwhen called into the actual Service of the United lic Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall of the principal Officer in each of the executive have original Jurisdiction. *In all the other Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Offences against the United States, except in Regulations as the Congress shall make. Cases of Impeachment.
The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of He shall have Power, by and with the Advice Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, shall be held in the State where the said Crimes provided two thirds of the Senators present shall have been committed ; but when not comconcur; and he shall nominate, and by and mitted within any State, the Trial shall be at with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall such Place or Places as the Congress may by appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers Law have directed. and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and SEC. 3. Treason against the United States, shall all other Officers of the United States, whose consist only in levying. War against them, or in Appointments are not herein otherwise provided adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and for, and which shall be established by Law: but Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treathe Congress may by Law vest the Appointment son unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in Court. the Heads of Departments.
The Congress shall have power to declare the The President shall have power to fill up all Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Vacancies that may happen during the Recess Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forof the Senate, by granting Commissions which feiture except during the Life of the Person atshall expire at the End of their next Session. tainted. Sec. 3. He shall from time to time give to the
ARTICLE IV. Congress Information of the State of the Union, Sec. 1. Full Faith and Credit shall by given and recommend to their consideration such in each State to the public Acts, Records, and Measures as he shall judge necessary and expe- judicial Proceedings of every other State. And dient; he may, or extraordinary Occasions, con. the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the vene both Houses, or either of them, and in Manner in which such Acts, Records and proCase of Disagreement between them, with Re- ceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof. spect to the Time of Adjournment, he may SEC. 2. The Citizens of each State shall be enadjourn them to such Time as he shall think titled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens proper ; he shall receive Ambassadors and other in the several States. public Ministers; and he shall take Care that A Person charged in any State with Treason, the Laws be faithfully executed, and he shall Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from JusCommission all the officers of the United States. tice, and be found in another State, shall on
SEC. 4. The President, Vice President and all Demand of the executive Authority of the State civil Officers of the United States, shall be re. from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and moved to the State having Jurisdiction of the Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crime. Crimes and Misdemeanors.
No Person held to Service or Labour in one