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issuance of said proclamations, failed or .neglected to take the benefits offered thereby ; and whereas many persons who have been justl deprived of all claim to amnesty and pardon t ere~ under by reason of their (participation, directly or by implication, in sai rebellion, and continued hostility to the Government of the United States since the date of said proclamations, now desire to apply for and obtain amnesty and pardon:
To the end, therefore, that the authority of the Government of the United States may be restored, and that eace, order, and freedom may be established, I, ndrew Johnson, President of the United States, do proclaim and declare that I hereby grant to all persons who have, directl or indirectly, participated in the existing rebe lion, except as hereinafter excepted, amnesty and pardon, with restoration of all rights of property, except as to slaves, and except in cases where legal proceedings, under the laws of the United States providing for the confiscation of property of persons engaged in rebellion, have been institnted; but u on the condition, nevertheless, that every suc 1 person shall take and subscribe the following oath (or affirmation), and thenceforward keep and maintain said oath inviolate; and which oath shall be registered for permanent
reservation, and shall be of the tenor and effect ollowing, to wit:
civil or diplomatic officers or otherwise domestic.
or foreign agents of the pretended government.
2d. All who left judicial stations under the United States to aid the rebellion.
3d. All who shall have been military or naval officers of said pretendedconfederate government above the rank of colonel in the army, or lieutenant in the navy.
4th. All who left seats in the Congress of the United States to aid the rebellion.
5th. All who resigned or tendered resignations of their commissions in the army or navy of the United States, to evade duty in resisting the rebellion.
6th. All who have engaged in any way in treating otherwise than lawfully as prisoners of war, ersons found in the United States service as 0 core, soldiers, seamen, or in other capacities.
7th. All ersons who have been or are absentees from t- e United States for the purpose of aiding the rebellion.
8th. All military and naval ofiicers, in the rebel service, who were educated by the Government in the Military Academ at West Point or the United States Naval ca emy.
9th. All persons who he d the pretended offices
of governors of States in insurrection against the United States.
10th. All persons who left their homes within the jurisdiction and protection of the United States, and passed beyond the Federal military lines into the pretended confederate States for the purpose of aiding the rebellion.
11th. All persons who have been engaged in the destruction of the commerce of the United States upon the high seas, and all persons who have made raids into the United States from Canada, or been engaged in destroying the commerce of the United States upon the lakes and rivers that separate the British Provinces from the United States.
12th. All persons who, at the time when they seek to obtain the benefits hereof by taking the oath herein prescribed, are in military, naval, or civil confinement, or custody, or under bonds of the civil, military,or naval authorities, or agents of the United States, as prisoners of war, or persons detained for offences . any kind, either before or after conviction.
13th. All persons who have voluntarily participated in said rebellion, and the estimated value of whose taxable property is over twenty thousand dollars. .
14th. All persons who have taken the oath of amnesty as rescribed in the President's pro-. clamation of ecember 8, A. D. 1863, or an oath of allegiance to the Government of the United States since the date of said proclamation, and who thenceforward kept and maintained the same inviolate.
Provided, That special application may be made to the President for pardon by any erson belonging to the exce ted classes; an such clemency will be libera ly extended as mav be consistent with the facts of the case an the peace and dignity of the United States.
The Secretary of State will establish rules and regulations for administering and recording said amnesty- oath, so as to insure its benefit to the
cople, and guard the Government against raud.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington, the twenty~ ninth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eieht hundred and
[SEAL] sixty-five, andof the ndependence of the United States the eight -ninth. ANDREW onuson.
By the President:
DEPARTMENT or STATE, Wasnrscrox, May 29, 1865. Sm: A copy of the President‘s amnesty proclamation of this date is herewith appended. By a clause in the instrume t, the Secretary of State is directed to establi’shi rules and regulations for administering and recording the amnesty oath, so as to insure its benefit to the peo.le and guard the Government against fraud. ursuant to this injunction, you are informed that the oath prescribed in the proclamation may be taken and subscribed before any com
missioned oflicer, civil, military, or naval, in the service of the United States, or any civil or military ofiicer of a loyal State or Territory, who, by the laws thereof, ma be qualified for administering oaths. All 0 cers who receive such oaths are hereby authorized to give certified copies thereof to the persons respectively by whom they were made. And one officers are hereby required to transmit the originals of such oaths, at as early a day as may be convenient, to this Department, where they will be deposited, and remain in the archives of the Government. A register thereof will be kept in the Department, and on application, in proper cases, certificates will be issued of such records in the customary form of official certificates. 1 am, sir, your obedient servant, WILLIAM H. SEWARD. Appointing William W. Holden Provisional Governor of North Carolina. May 29, 1865.
Whereas the fourth section of thefourth article of the Constitution of the United States declares that the United States shall guarantee to every State in the Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion and domestic violence; and whereas the President of the United States is, by the Constitution, made commander-in-chief of the army and nav , as well as chief civil executive officer of tne UZIltéd States, and is bound b solemn oath faithfully to execute the office of ¥resident of the United States, and to take care that the laws be faithfully executed; and whereas the rebellion, which has been waved by a portion of the people of the United States against the properly constituted authorities, of the Government thereof, in the most violent and revolting form, but whose organized and armed forces have now been almost entirely overcome, has, in its revolutionary progress, deprived the people of the State of North Carolina of all civrl government; and whereas it becomes necessary and proper to carry out and enforce the obligations of the United States to the people of North Carolina, in securing them in the enjoyment of a republican form 0 government: '
Now, therefore, in obedience to the high and,
solemn duties imposed upon me b the Constitution of the United States, and fort e purpose of enabling the loyal people of said State to organize a State government, whereby justice may be established, domestic tran uillity insured, and loyal citizens protected in a ltheir rights of life, libert , and pro erty, I, Andrew Johnson, Presi ent of the nited States, and Commanderin-Chief of the army and nav of the United States, do hereby appoint Wil iarn W. Holden Provisional Governor of the State of North Carolina, whose duty it shall be, at the, earliest practicable period, to prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary and re or for convening a convention, composed of)de egates to be chosen by that portion of the peo is of said State who are loyal to the United tates, and no others, for the purpose of altering or amending the constitution thereof; and with authority to exercise, within the limits of said State, all the powers necessary and roper to enable such loyal people of the State of orth Carolina to
restore said State to its constitutional relations to the Federal Government, and to present such a republican form of State government as will entitle the State to the guarantee of the United States therefor, and its people to protection by the United States against invasion, insurrection, and domestic violence; Provided, that in any election that may be hereafter held for choosin
delegates to an State convention, as aforesai , no erson sha l be qualified as an elector, 0r shal be eligible as a member of such convention, unless he s iall have previously taken the oath of amnesty, as set forth in the President‘s proclamation of May 29, A. D. 1865, and is a voter qualified as prescribed by the Constitution and laws of the State of North Carolina, in force immediately before the 20th day of May, 1861, the date of the so-called ordinance of secession; and the said convention when convened, or the Le islature that may be thereafter assembled, wil rescribe the qualification of electors, and the e igibility of persons to hold office under the Constitution and laws of the State, a power the people of the several States composing the Federal Union have rightfully exercised from the origin of the Government to the present time.
find I do hereby direct:
First. That the military commander of the De artmcnt, and all officers and persons in the mi itary and naval service aid and assist the said Provisional Governor in carrying into effect this proclamation, and they are enjorned to ahstain from, in any way, hindering, impeding, or discouraging the loyal people from the organization of a State Government, as herein authorized.
Second. That the Secretary of State proceed to putin force all laws of the United States, the administration whereof belongs to the State Department, applicable to the geographical limits aforesaid.
Third. That the Secretary of the Treasury preceed to nominate for appointment assessors of taxes and collectors of customs and internal revenue, and such other officers of the Treasury Department as are authorized by law, and put in execution the revenue laws of the United States within the geographical limits aforesaid. In making a pointments, the preference shall be given to qua ified loyal persons residing within the districts where t eir respective duties are to be performed. But, if suitable residents of the districts shall not be found, then persons residing in other States or districts shall be appointed.
Fourth. That the Postmaster General proceed to establish post offices and ost routes, and put into execution the ostal aws of the United States within the said) State, giving to loyal residents the reference of appointment; but if suitable resi cuts are not found, then to appoint agents, &c., from other States.
Fifth. That the district judge for the judicial district in which North Carolina is included proceed to hold courts within said State, in accordance with the rovisions of the act of Congress. The Attorney eneral will instruct the proper officers to libel, and bring to judgment, confiscation and sale, property subject to confiscation, and enforce the administration of justice within said State in all matters within the cognizance and jurisdiction of the Federal courts.
Sixth. That the Secretary of the Navy take possession of all public property belonging to the Navy Department, within said geographical limits, and put in operation all acts of Congress in relation to naval affairs having application to the said State. ,
Seventh. That the Secretary of the Interior
ut in force the laws relatihg to the Interior apartment, applicableto the geographical limits aforesaid.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the great seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city Of Washington, this twenty
ninth day of May, in the year of our
[L S] Lord one thousand eight hundred and
' ' sixty-five, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-ninth.
ANDREW JOHNsoN. By the President: WILLIAM H. SEWABD, Secretary of State.
Orders Respecting Freedman.
Whereas, By an act of Congress, approved March 3, 1865, there was established in the~War De artment a Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, an Abandoned Lands, and to which, in accordance with the said act of Congress, is committed the supervision and mana ement of all abandoned lands, and the contro of all subjects relating to refugees and freedrnen from rebel States, or from any district of country within the territor embraced in the operations of the army, un er such rules and re ulations as may be prescribed by the head Of tie bureau, and approved by the President; and whereas, it appears that the management of abandoned lands, and subjects relating to refu ees and freedmen, as aforesaid, have been, an still are, by orders based on military exigencies, or legislation based on previous statutes, partly in the hands of military ofiicers disconnected with said bureau, and partly in charge of officers of the Treasur Department; it is therefore Ordered, That al officers of the Treasury Department, all military oflicers and others in the service of the United States, turn over to the authorized officers of said bureau all abandoned lands and property contemplated in said act of Congress, approved March third, eighteen hundred and sixt ~five, establishin the Bureau of Refugees, reedmen, and Abandoned Lands, that may now be under or within their control. They will also turn over to such officers all funds collected by tax or
otherwise for the benefit of refugees or freedmen, or accruing from abandoned lands or property set apart for their use, and will transfer to them all official records connected with the administration of affairs which pertain to said Bureau. ANDREW JOHNsON. By order of the Secretary of War: E. D. TOWNsEND, Ass't Adj’t General.
CIRCULAR NO. 15.
1. Circular No. 13, of Jul 28, 1865, from this bureau, and all portions 0 circulars from this bureau conflicting with the provisions of this circular, are hereby rescinded.
II. This bureau has charge of such “tracts of land within the insurrectionary States as shall have been abandoned, or to which the United States shall have acquired title by confiscation or sale, or otherwise," and no such lands now in its possession shall be surrendered to any claimant except as hereinafter provided.
III. Abandoned lands are defined in section 2 of the act of Congress approved July 2, 1864, as lands, “the lawful owner whereof shall be voluntarily absent therefrom, and engaged either in arms or otherwise in aiding or encouraging the rebellion."
IV. Land will not be re arded as confiscated until it has been condemne and sold by decree Of the United States court for the district in which the property ma be found, and the title thereto thus vested in t e United States.
V. Upon its appearing satisfactorily to any assistant commissioner that any property under his control is not abandoned as above defined, and that the United States has acquired no title to it by confiscation, sale or otherwise, he will formally surrender it to the authorized claimant or claimants, promptly reporting his action to the Commissioner.
VI. Assistantcommissioners willpre areaccurate descriptions of all confiscated anda andoned lands under their control, keeping a record thereof themselves, and forwardin monthly to the Commissioner copies of these escriptions in the manner prescribed in circular No. 10, of July 11, 1865, from this bureau. .
They will set apart so much of said lands as is necessar for the immediate use ,of loyal refugees an freedmen, bein careful to select for this purpose those lands w Iich most clearly fall under the control of this bureau, which selection must be submitted to the Commissioner for his approval. ‘
The s ecific division of lands so set apart into lots, an the rental or sale thereof, according to section 4 of the law establishing the bureau, will be completed as soon as practicable, and reported to the Commissioner.
VII. Abandoned lands held by this bureau may be restored to owners pardoned by the President, by the assistant commissioners, to whom. applications for such restoration should be for, warded, so far as practicable, through the superintendents of the districts in which the lands ard situated.
Each ap lication must be accom anied by—
1st. Evidence of special pardon y the President, or a copy of the oath of amnesty prescribed in the President‘s proclamation of May 29, 1865, when the applicant is not included in any of the classes therein excepted from the benefits of said oath.
2d. Proof of title.
Officers of the bureau through whom the application passes will indorse tiereon such facts as may assist the assistant commissioner in his decision, stating especially the use made by the bureau of the land.
VIII. No land under cultivation by loyal refugees or freedmen will be restored under this circular, until the crops now growing shall be secured for the benefit of the cultivators, unless full and just com ensation be made for their labor and its pro nets, and for their expendi
nres. O. O. Howann, Major-General, Commissioner. Approved: ANDREW Jonnson,
President of the United States. For the Return to Persons Pardoned, of their roperty. EXECUTIVE OFFICE, August 16, 1865. Respectfully returned to the Commissioner of Bureau Refugees, Freedmen,&c. The records of this office show that B. B. Leake was specially pardoned by the President on the 27th ultimo, and was thereby restored to all his rights of property, except as to slaves. Notwithstanding this, it is understood that the possession of his property is withheld from him. I have, therefore, to direct that General Fisk, assistant commissioner at Nashville, 'Tennessee, be instructed by the Chief Commissioner of Bureau of Freedmen, &c_., to relinquish possession of the property of Mr. Leake, held by him as assistant commissioner, &c., and that the same be immediately restored to the said Leake. The same action will be had in all similar cases.* ANDREW Jonnsox, President United States. To 0. O. Howxnn, _ Maj. General, Com‘r Freed-men’s Afiairs.
*Extract from letter of General Howard, April 23, 1866, in reply to resolution of the House of Representatives of March 5, 1866:
“ In complying with these definite instructions, the bureau has been compelled to part with the greater portion of the property ones under its control. Except in the very few cases where property has been actually sold under the act of July 17, 1862, and in that portion of South Carolina and Georgia embraced in the provisions of General Sherman’s Field Order No. 15, its tenure of property has been too uncertain to justify allotments to freedmen.
Acres. Property seized under act of July, 1862, and restored by this bureau .................................. .. 15,452 Abandoned property allotted to freedmcn and restored by this bureau ...... ... ......................... .. 14,652 Abandoned property not allotted to frccdmen restored by this bureau ........................ ... ....... .. 400,000 Tflbfl 430,104”
domestic, and commercial intercourse, with certain exceptions therein specified and set forth, were removed “ in such parts of the States of Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississip i, and so much of Louisiana as lies east of tie Mississippi river, as shall be embraced within the lines of national military occupation; * *”
And whereas by my proclamation of the twenty-second of May, one thousand eight hundred and sixt -five, for reasons therein gir- en, it was declared t at certain ports of the United States which had been reviously closed against foreign commerce, shou d, with certain specified exceptions be reopened to such commerce, on and after the first da of July next, subject to the laws of the Unite States, and in pursuance of such regulations as might be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury;
And whereas I am satisfactorily informed, that dangerous combinations against the laws of the United States no longer exist within the State of Tennessee; that the insurrection heretofore existing within said State has been suppressed; that withiu the boundaries thereof the authorit of the United States is undisputed; and the. such officers of the United States as have been duly commissioned are in the undisturbed exercise of their official functions:
Now, therefore, be it known that 1, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereb declare that all restrictions upon interna , domestic, and coastwise intercourse and trade, and upon the removal of products of States heretofore declared in insurrection, reservin and excepting only those relating to contra and of war, as hereinafter recited, and i also those which relate to the reservation of the rights of the United States to property purchased in the territory of an enemy, heretofore imposed in the territory of the United States east of the Mississippi river, are annulled, and I do hereb direct that the be forthwith removed; and t at on and after t s first day of July next all restriction upon foreign commerce with said ports, with the exception and reservation aforesaid, be likewise removed; and that the commerce of such States shall be conducted under the supervision of the regularly appointed officers of the customs prowded by law; and such officers of the customs shall receive any captured and abandoned roperty that may be turned over to them, un er the_law, by the military or naval forces of the United States, and dis ose of such property as shall be directed by the Secretary of the Treasur .
The following articles contra and of war are excepted from the effect of this proclamation: arms, ammunition, all articles from which ammunition is made, and gray uniforms and cloth. _
And I hereby also proclaim and declare that the insurrection, so far as it relates to, and within the State of Tennessee, and the inhabitants of the said State of Tennessee as re-organized and constituted under their recently adopted constitution and reorganization, and accepted by them, is suppressed, and therefore, also, that all the disabilities and disqualifications attaching to said State and the inhabitants thereof
consequent upon any proclamations, issued by virtue of the fifth section of the act entitled “ An act further to provide for the collection of duties on imports and for other purposes," approved the thirteenth day of July, one thousan eight hundred and sixty-one, are removed. 1 '
But nothing herein contained shall be considered or construed as in an wise changing‘ or impairing any of the penafties and forfeitures for treason heretofore incurred under the laws of the United States, or any of the provisions, restrictions, or disabilities set forth in my proc~ lamation, hearing date the twenty-ninth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and sixty— five, or as impairing existing regulations for the suspension of the habeas corpus, and the exercise of military law in cases where it shall be necessary for the general public safety and welfare during the existing insurrection; nor shall this
reclamation affect, or in any way impair, any aws heretofore passed by Congress, and duly approved by the President, or any proclamations or orders, issued by him, during the aforesaid insurrection, abolishing slavery, or in any way affecting the relations of slavery, whether of persons or of propert ; but on the contrary, all such laws and proc amations heretofore made or issued are ex ressly saved, anddeclared to be in full force an virtue.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto setm hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washin ton, this thir
teenth day of June, in tie year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and [SEAL] sixty-five, and of the independence of the United States of America the eight“;ninth. ANDREW Jonnson. By the President: , WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
Blockade Rescinded, June 23, 1865.
Whereas by the proclamation of the President of the fifteenth and twenty-seventh of A ril, eighteen hundred and sixt ~0ne, a block~ a e of certain ‘ orts of the Unit States was set on foot; but W ereas the reasons for that measure have ceased to exist:
Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew .T ohnson, President-of the United States, do hereby declare and proclaim the blockade aforesaid to be rescinded as to all the orts aforesaid, including that of Galveston an other ports west of the Mississippi river, which ports will be open to foreign commerce 6n the first of July next, on the terms and conditions set forth in my proclamation of the twenty-second of Ma last.
It is to be'understood, however, that the locka-de thus rescinded was an international measure
Whereas by my proclamations of the thirteenth and twenty-fourth of June, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, removing restrictions, in part, upon internal, domestic, and coastwise intercourse and trade with those States recently declared in insurrection, certain articles were excepted from the effect of said proclamations as contraband of war; and whereas the necessity for restricting trade in said articles has now, in a great measure, ceased: It is hereby ordered, that on and after the 1st day of September, 1865, all restrictions aforesaid be removed, so that the articles declared by the said proclamations to be contraband of war may be imported into and sold in said States, subject only to such regulations as the Secretary of the
y Treasury may prescribe.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this twenty
ninth day of August,'in the year of our [L 8] Lord one thousand ei ht hundred and
' ' sixty-five, and of the In ependence of the
United States of America the ninetieth.
By the President:
Passports for Paroled Prisoners. Dnrnnrnnsr or STATE, Wesnmorou, August 25, 1865. Paroled prisoners asking passports as citizens of the United States, and against whom no special charges may be pending, will be furnished with passports upon application therefor to the Department of State in the usual form. Such gassports will, however, be issued upon the conition that the applicants do not return tothe United States Without leave of the President. Other persons implicated in the rebellion, who may wish to go'abroad, will apply to the Department of State for passports, and the applications will be dis osed of according to the merits of the severa cases. ' By the President of the United States. WILLIAM H. Sewann. Paroling certain State Prisoners. Exnourrvn OFFICE, Wssrnreron, October 11, 1865. Whereas the following named persons, to wit : John A. Campbell, of Alabama; John H. Reagan, of Texas; Alexander H. Stephens, of Georgia; George A. Trenholm, of South Carolina; and Charles Clark, of Mississippi, lately