Imágenes de páginas
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

Yeas—Messrs. Anderson, Banks, Conkllng, Darling, Davis, Defrees, Eggleston, Farqnhar, Ferry, Griswold, Hale, Hart, Henderson, Hill, Hogan, Jas. Humphrey, Kasson, Ketchsni, Kuykendal', Lafiin, Letham, George V. Larvl'ence, Marvin, lIcrcur, Miller, Orth. Phelps, ‘William H. Randall, Raymond, Smith, Stillwell, John L. Thomas, jr., Trimble, Robert ‘1‘. Van Horn—34.

Nan—Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames. Ancona, Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Barker, Baxter, Beaman,Benjamin, Bergen, Bidwell, Bingham, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell. Boyer, Brandegee, Bmmwoll, Brooks, Bi'oomall, Bundy, Chanler, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Cook, Cullom, Dawes, Dawson, Deming, Deni-son. Dixon, Donnell y, Driggs, Eckley, Eldridge, Eliot, Farnsworth, Finch, Garfield, Glossbrenner, GOOdJIHU‘, Griilcr, Grinnell, Aaron Harding, Abner G. Harding, Hayes, Uigby, Holmes, Hooper, A. W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, Demos llubbard,jr.. John H. Hubbard, Edwin N. Huhbell, Hnlburd,Jam¢s .ll. Humphrey. Ingersoll, Jenckes, Johnson, Jones, Julian, Kelley, Kelso, Kerr, William Lawrence, LeBlonnl, Loan, Longyear, Lynch, Marshall, Marston, McClnrg, McCullough, McKee, illoorhezid, Merrill, Morris, Moulton, Myers, Niblaclc, Nicholson, Noell, O'Neill, Paine, Patterson, Perham, Pike, Plants, Pomeroy, Price, Redford, Samuel J. Randall, Alene under H. Rice, John H. Rice, Riller, Rogers, Rollins, Ross, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofleld, Shanklin, Shellabarger, Sil

eaves, Sloan, Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Slrousc, rum, Tayor, Tbayer, Francis Thomas, Thornton, 'l‘rowbridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Vnorhecs, Ward, Warner, Ellihu B. Wushburne, William B. Washburn, Walker, Wentworth, Williams, James F.Wilson, Stephen E. Wilson, Windom, Winfield, Woodbridge—lt’ifi.

The question recurring on Mr. Wilson’s motion to commit With instructions, Mr. Schenck moved to strike from the proposed instructions these words : “ Those who are assessed for and pay taxes on real 0? personal property Within the district ;" which was agreed to.

The motion to recommit as amended, was then disagreed to—yeas 53, nays, 117, as follow:

hiss—Messrs. Anderson, Banks, Blow,Bi-andegee, Bromwell, Biickland, Reader W. Clarke, Conkling, Darling, Davis, Dawes, Defrees, Delano, Deming, Dixon, Drigpzs, Eckley, Eggleston, Ferry, Griswold, Hale, Hart, IIayi-s, Henderson, Ho per, Ilulburd, James Humphrey, Jenckes, Kasson, Ketcham, Kuykendall, Laflin, Latham, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Longyear, Marvin, Miller, Moorhead, Morris, Myers, O’Neill, Plants, Raymond, Alexander H. Rice, Schenck, Stillwell, 'l‘rowbridge, Burt Van Horn, Robert '1‘. Van Horn, Warner. William B. Washburn. Woodbridge—53.

NAYS—MBSSI'S. Alley, Allison, Amos, Amona, Delos R. Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Barker, Baxter, Beaman, Benjamin, Bergen, Bidwell, Bingham, Blaine, Boutwell. Boyer, Brooks, Broomall, Bundy, C'Iianlcr, Clarke, Cobb, Cook, Cullom, Dawson, Denirim, Donnell y, Eldridge, Eliot, Farnsworth, Farquhar, Finch-,Gai'fleld, Glossbrennar, Goodyear, Gridcr, Grinnell, Aaron Harding, Abner G. Harding, Higby, Hill, Hogan, Holmes, Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, Denies Hub‘ \rd,jr., John H. Hubbard, Edwin 4V. Hubbell, James M. Humphrey, Ingersoll, Johnson, Jones, Julian, Kelley, Kelso, Kerr, Le Blond, Loan, Lynch, Marshall, Marston, McClnrg. McCullough, McKee, Mercur, Morrilll Moulton, Niblank, Nicholson, Noell, Orth, Paine, Patterson, Perham, Phelps, Pomeroy, Price, Redford, Samle Randall, William H. Randall, John H. Rice, Killer, Rogers, Rollins, R083,Snwyer, Scoflelm‘Shanklin, Shellabnrger, Sil


grooves, Sloan, Smith , Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Slmusc, Taber,

Taylor, Thayer, Francis Thomas, John L. Thomas,jr., Thornton, Trimble, Upson, Van Aei'nam, Vborhees, Ward, Ellihu B. Washburne, Welker, Wentworth, Williams, James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Winfield—117.

The bill was then passed—year. 116, nays 54, as follow:

Ynas—Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Barker, Baxter, Beaman, Bidwell, Binglinm, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Brande ee, Bromwell, Broomiill, Buckland, Bondy, Reader W. larke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, Coos, Cullom, Darling, Davis, Dawes, Defrees, Delano, Deming, Dixnn, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, Eggleston, Eliot, Farnsworth, Ferry, Garfield, Grinuell, Griswold, Hale, Abner G. Harding, Hart, Hayes, Higby, Holmes, Hooper, Asahel W. Hubbard, Demos Hubbard, jr., John H. Hubbard. Hulbnrd, James Humphrey, Ingersoll, Jenckes. Julian, Kussoii, Kelley, Kelso, Ketcham, Laflin, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Loan, Longyeur, Lynch, Marston, Marvin, McClui'g, Mercur, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Morris, Moulton, Myers, O‘Neill, Orth, Paine, Patterson, Perham. Pike, Plants, Pomeroy, Price, Raymond, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Rollins, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofielil, Shellnbarger, Sloan, Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Thnyer, Francis Thomas, Trowbridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Ward, Warner, Ellihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Walker, Wentworth, WilliamsJames . E. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Woodbridgo—llfi.

NAYs—Messrs. Ancona, Anderson, Delos E. Ashley, Benjamin, Bergen, Boyer, Brooks, Chanler, Dawson, Denison, E dridye, Farquhar, Finch, Glossbrenncr, Goodyear, Grider, Harding, Henderson, Hill, Hogan, Chester D. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, James M. Humphrey, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Knykendall, Latham, Le Blond, Marshall, McCullough, MoKee, Niblack, Nicholson, Noell, Phelps, Rudford, Samuel J. Randall, William H. Randall. Rl'ller. Rogers. Ross, Shanklin, Silgreaves, Smith, Stillwell, Slrouse, Taber, Taylor, Thornton, Trlmble, Robert 1‘. Van Horn, Voorhees, Paniehi


June 27, 1866—The bill, as re orted to the Senate from its committee amen ed, was considered, the pending question being Mr. Morrill’s motion to insert in the first section the words in brackets, below:

That from and after the passage of this act, each and every male person, excepting paupers and persons under guardianship, of the age of twenty-one years and upvvards, who has not been convicted of any infamous crime, or offence, and who is a citizen of the United States, and who shall have resided in the sol district for the period of six months previous to any election therein, [and excepting persons who may have voluntarily left the District of Columbia to give aid and comfort to the rebels in the late rebellion,] shall be entitled to the elective franchise, and shall be deemed an elector and entitled to vote at any election in said District, without any distinction on account of color or race.

Mr Merrill moved further to amend by inserting, also, after “ therein," the words “and who can read the Constitution of the United States in the English language, and write his name ;” which was disagreed to—yeas 15, nays 19, as follow:

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Cragin, Edmunds, Fessonden, Foster, Harris, Kirkwood, Merrill, Poland, Pomeroy, Sherman, Trumbull, Wade, Willey, Williams—15.

Nara—Messrs. Brown, Buckalcw, Conness, Davis, Grimes, Gulhrie, Hendricks, Howard, Howe, Morgan, Norton, Nye, Ramsey, Sprague, Stewart, Sumner, Van Winkle, Wilson, Yates—19.

Mr. Willey offered this substitute for the bill :

In all elections to be held hereafter in the District of Columbia, the following described persons and those only, shall have the right to vote, namely: first, all those persons who were actually residents of said District and qualified

to vote therein at the elections held therein in the year 1865, under the statutes then in force; second, all ersons residents of said District who have been uly mustered into the military or naval service of the United States during the late rebellion, and have been or shall hereafter be honorably discharged therefrom; third, male citizens of the United States who shall have attained the age of twenty-one years, (excepting paupers, persons non compotes mentis, or convicted of an infamous offence) and who, being residents of the ward or district in which they shall ofi'er to vote, shall have resided in said District for the period of one year next preceding any election, and who shall have paid the taxes assessed against them, and who can read, and who can write their names.

No further vote has been taken up to date of putting this page to press. _

[graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

February 7, 1866—A bill providing that all the public lands in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Florida, shall be disposed of according to the stipulations of the homestead law of 1862, no entry to be made for more than eighty acres, and no discrimination to be made on account of race or color, and the mineral lands to be reserved, was considered.

Mr. Taber m ved to add this roviso:

And provid , also, That nothing in this act shall be so construed as to preclude such persons as have been or shall be pardoned by the President of the United States for their participation in the recent rebellion from the benefit of this act.

Which was disagreed to—yeu 37, says 104, as follow:

[ocr errors]
[merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

No Denial of the Elective Franchise on Account of Color.

In Housn.

1866, May 15—Pending the bill to amend the organic acts of .the territories of Nebraska, Col— orado, Dakota, Montana, Washinvtou, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico, 0? which this is the ninth section:

“ That within the territories aforesaid there shall be no denial of the elective franchise to citizens of the United States because of race or color, and all ersons shall be equal before the law. And all) acts or parts of acts, either of Congress or the legislative assemblies of the territories aforesaid, inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby declared null and void."

Mr. Le Blond moved to strike it out, which was

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

Union National Platform, June, 1864.

Resolved, That it‘is the highest duty of every American citizen to maintain against all their enemies the integrit of the Union and the paramount authority 0 the Constitution and laws of the United States; and that, laying aside all difi’erences ofpolitical opinions, we pledge ourselves, as Union men, animated by a. common sentiment and aiming at a. common object, to do everything in our power to aid the Government in quelling by force of arms the Rebellion now raging against its authority, and in bringing to the punishment due to their crimes the Rebels and traitors arrayed against it.

Resolved, That we up rove the determination of the Government of t e United States not to compromise with Rebels, or to offer them any terms of peace, except such as may be based upon an unconditional surrender of their hostility and a, return to their just allegiance to the Constitution and laws of the United States, and that we call upon the Government to maintain this position, and to prosecute the war with the utmost

ossible vigor to the complete sup ression of the Rebellion, in full reliance upon t e self-sacrificing patriotism, the heroic velor, and the undying devotion of the American people to the country and its free institutions.

Resolved, That as Slaver was the cause, and now constitutes the strengt of this Rebellion, and as it must be, alwa s and everywhere, hostile to the rinci les of epublican Government, justice, an the L ational safety demand its utter and complete extirpation from the soil of the Republic; and that, while We uphold and maintain the acts and proclamations by which the Government, in its own defence, has aimed a. death-blow at this gigantic evil, we are in favor, furthermore, of such an amendment to the Constitution, to be made by the people in conformity with its

revisions, as shall terminate and forever proliibit the existence of Slavery within the limits or the jurisdiction of the United States.

Resolved, That the thanks of the American people are due to the soldiers and sailors of the Army and Navy, who have periled their lives in


defence of their country and in vindication of the honor of its flag; that the nation owes to them some ermanent recognition of their patriotism and their valor, and ample and permanent provision for those of their survivors who have received disabling and honorable wounds in the service of the country; and that the memories of those who have fallen in its defence shall be held in grateful and everlasting remembrance.

Resolved, That we approve and applaud the practical wisdom, the unselfish patriotism, and the unswerving fidelity to the Constitution and the princi les of American Liberty, with which Abraham §rincoln has discharged, under circumstances of un aralleled diiiiculty, the great duties and responsi ilities of the Presidential office ; that we approve and endorse, as demanded by the emergency and essential to the preservation of the nation and as within the rovisions of the Constitution, the measures on acts which he has adopted to defend the nation against its open and secret foes; that we approve, especially, the Proclamation of Emanci ation, and the employment as Union soldiers 0 men heretofore held in slave ; and that we have full confidence in his ldieterminaldon to carry these and all other Constitutional measures essential to the salvation of the country into full and complete edect.

Resolved, That we deem it essential to the general welfare tb at harmony should prevail in the National Councils, and we regard as worthy of public confidence and oificial trust those only who cordially endorse the principles proclaimed in these resolutions, and which shonl'l characterize the administration of the Goviirnment.

Resolved, That the Government owes to all men employed in its armies, without regard to distinction of color, the full rotection of the laws of war; and that any Violation of these laws, or of the usages of civilized nations in time of war, by the Rebels now in arms, should be made the subject of prompt and full redress.

Resolved, That foreign immi ration, which in the past has added so much to t e wealth, development of resources, and increase of power to


this nation—the asylum of the oppressed of all nations—should be fostered and encouraged by a liberal and just policy. Resolved, That we are in favor of the speedy construction of the Railroad to the Pacific coast. Resolved, That the National faith, pledged for the redemption of the public debt, must be kept inviolate, and that for this purpose we recommend economy aud rigid responsibility in the public expenditures, and a vigorous and just system of taxation; and that it is the duty of every loyal State to sustain the credit and promote the use of the National currency. Resolved, That we approve the position taken by the Government that the people of the United States can never regard with indifference the attempt of any European Power to overthrow by force or to supplant by fraud the institutions 0 any Republican Government on the Western Continent; and that they will view with extreme jealousy, as menacing to the peace and independence of their own country, the efforts of any such o’wer to obtain new footholds for Monarchical rovernments, sustained by foreign grilit-ary force, in near proximity to the United tates.

Democratic National Platform, August, 1864.

> Resolved, That in the future, as in the past, we will adhere with unswerving fidelity to the Union under the constitution as the onl solid foundation of our strength, security and appiness as a people, and as a framework of government equally conducive to the welfare and prosperity~ of all the States, both northern and southern. , Resolved, That this convention does explicitly declare, as the sense of the American people, that after four years’ of failure to restore the Union by the experiment of war, during which, under the pretence of a military necessity, or war power higher. than the Contitu'tion, the Constitution itself has been disregarded in every part, and public liberty and private right alike trodden down and the material prosperity of the country essentially impaired—justice, humanity, liberty and the public welfare demand that immediate efforts be made for a cessation of hostilities, with a view to an ultimate conven. tion of the States, or other peaceable means, to

the end that at the earliest practicable moment.

peace may be restored on the basis of the Federal Union of the States.

R‘solved, That the direct interference of the military authorities of the United States in the recent elections held in Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, and Delaware, was a shameful violation of the Constitution; and a repetition of such acts in the approaching election will be held as revolutionary, and resisted with all the means and power under our control.

Resolved, That the aim and object of the Democratic party is to preserve the Federal Union and the rights of the States unim aired; and they hereby declare that they consi er that the administrative usurpation of extraordinary and

> dangerous powers not granted b the constitution'; the subversion of the civil y military law in States not in insurrection ; the arbitrary military arrest, imprisonment, trial and sentence of


American citizens in States where civil_law exists in full force; the suppression of freedom of speech and of the press; the denial of the right of asylum; the open and avowed disregard of State rights; the employment of unusual test' oaths, and the interference with and denial of the right of the people to bear arms in their defence, is calculated to prevent a restoration of the Union and the perpetuation of a government deriving its just poWers from the consent of the governed. , - .

Resolved, That the shameful disregard of the Administration to its duty in respect to our fellow-citizens who now are, and long have been, prisoners vof war in a suffering condition, deserves the severest reprobatiou, on the core alike of public policy and common humanity.

Resolved, That the sympathy of the Democratic party is heartily and earnestl extended to the soldiery of our army and sai ors of our navy, who are, and have been in the field and on the sea, under the flag of their country ; and, in the event of its attaining power, the will receive all the care, protection, and regar that the brave soldiers and sailors of the Republic have so nobly earned.

Call for a National Union Convention, 1866.

A National Union Convention, of at least two delegates from each congressional district of all the States, two from each Territory, two from the District of Columbia, and four delegates at large from each State, will be held at the city of Philadelphia, on the second Tuesday (14th) of August next.

Such delegates will be chosen by the' electors of the several States who sustain the Administration in maintaining unbroken the Union‘of the States under the Constitution which our fathers established, and who agree in the following propositions, viz:

The Union of the States is, in every case, in.dissoluble, and is perpetual; and the Constitution of the United States, and the laws passed by Congress in pursuance thereof. supreme, and constant, and universal in their obligation;

The rights, the dignity, and the equality of the States in the Union, includin the right of representation in Congress, are soimnly guaranteed by that Constitution, to save which from overthrow so much blood‘ and treasure were expended in the late civil war;

There is no right anywhere to dissolve the Union or to separate States from the Union, either by voluntar withdrawal, by force of arms, or by Con ressional action; neither by the secession of the tates, nor by the exclusion of their loyal and qualified representatives, norby the National Government in any other form;

Slavery is abolished, and neither can, nor ought to be, re-established in any State or Territory within our jurisdiction;

Each State has the undoubted right to pre~ scribe the ualifications of its own electors, and no externa power ri htfully can, or ought to, dictate, control, or in uence the free and voluntary action of the States in the exercise of that rig t ;

The maintenence inviolate of the rights of the States, and especially of the right of each State

to order and control its own domestic concerns, according to its own judgment exclusively, subject only to the Constitution of the United States, is essential to that balance of power on which the perfection and endurance of our political -fabric depend, and the overthrow of thatsystem by the usurpation and centralization of power in Congress would be a. revolution, dangerous to republicanlgovernment and destructive of liberty;

Each ouse of Congress is made by the Constitution the sole judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its members ; but the exclu; sion of loyal Senators and Re reseutatives, properl chosen and qualified un er the Constitution an laws, is unjust and revolutionary;

Every patriot should frown u on all those acts and proceedinfls everywhere, w ich can serve no other purpose than to rekindle the animosities of war, and the effect of which upon our moralI social, and material interests at home, and upon our standing abroad, differing only in degree, is injurious like war itself;

The urpose of the war having been to preserve t e Union and the Constitution by putting down the rebellion, and the rebellion having been su pressed. all resistance to the authorit of the eneral Government being at an en , and the war having ceased, war measures should also cease, and should be followed by measures of peaceful administration, so that union, harmony, and concord may be encouraged, and industry, commerce, and the arts of peace revived and promoted; and the early restoration of all the States to the exercise of their constitutional powers in the national Government is indis

ensably necessar to the stren th and the deence of the Repu lic, and to t e maintenance of the public credit;

All such electors in the thirty-six States and nine Territories of the United States, and in the District of Columbia, who, in a spirit-of patriotism and love for the Union, can rise above personal and sectional considerations, and who desire to see a truly National Union Convention, which shall represent all the States and Territories of the Union, assemble, as friends and brothers, under the national flag, to hold coun~ sel together upon the state of the Union, and to take measures to avert possible danger from the same, are speciall requested to take part in the choice of such de egates. I

But no delegate will take a seat in such convention who does not loyally accept the national situation and cordially endorse the principles above set forth, and who is not attached, in true allegiance, to the Constitution, the Union, and the Government of the United States

Wasnmoron, June 25, 1866.



O. H. Bnbwmuo,
EDGAR Gowns,

Cnsnnns KNAP,


Executive Committee National Umkm Club.

We recommend the holding of the above con

vention, and endorse the call therefor.
J. W. Nusmrn, T. A. Hnunnroxs,


Address of Democratic Congressmen, 1866. To the People of the United States:

Dangers threaten. The Constitution—the citadel ofour liberties—is directly assailed. The future is dark, unless the people will come to the _ rescue.

In this hour of peril National Union should be the watchword of every true man.

As essential to National Union we mustmaintain unimpaired the rights, the dignity, and the equality of the States, including the right of representation in Congress, and the exclusive right of each State to control its own domestic concerns, subject only to the Constitution of the United States.

After a uniform construction of the Constitution for more than half a century, the assumption of new and arbitrary powers in the Federal Government is subversive of our system and destructive of liberty.

A free interchange of opinion and kind feeling between the citizens of all the States is necessary to the perptfizuity of the Union. At present eleven States are excluded from the national council. For seven long months the resent Congress has persistently denied fillylfi’ht of representation to the people of these States. Laws, afi'ecting their highest and dearest interests, have been passed without their consent, and in disregard of the fundamental principle of free government. This denial of representation has been made to all the members from a State, although the State, in the language of the President, “ presents itself, not only in an attitude of loyalty and harmony, but in the persons of representatives whose loyalty cannot be questioned under any existing constitutional or legal test."

The representatives of nearly one-third of the States have not been consulted with reference to the great uestions of the day. There has been no nationa ity surrounding the present Congress. There has been no intercourse between the representatives of the two sections, producing mutual confidence and respect. In the language of the distinguished lieutenant eneral,

“ It is to be regretted t at, at this time, there cannot be a greater comminglin between the citizens of the two sections, an particularly of those intrusted with the law-making power. '

This state of things should be removed at once and forever.

Therefore, to preserve the National Union, to vindicate the sufficiency of our admirable Con— stitution, to guard the States from covert attem ts to deprive them of their true position in the Union, and to bring together those who are unnaturally severed, and for these great national purposes onl ,We cordially approve the call for a National nion Convention, to be held at the city of, Philadelphia, on the second Tuesday (14th) of August next, and endorse the Pl'lnCP ples therein set forth.

We, therefore, respectfully, but earnestly, urge upon our fellow-citizens in each State and Territory and congressional district in the United States, in the interest of Union and in a spirit of harmony, and with direct reference to t 0 principles contained in said call, to act promptly in the selection of wise, moderate, and conservative men to represent them in said Con

« AnteriorContinuar »