Imágenes de páginas

Bidwell, Bingham, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Brandegęe, Brom- greaves, Sloan, Smith, Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Strouse, Taber,
well, Broumall, Buckland, Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Taylor, Thayer, Francis Thomas, John L. Thomas, jr., Thorn-
Clarke, Coblo, Conkling, Cook, Cullom, Darling, Davis, Dawes, ton, Trimble, Upson, Van Aernam, Voorhees, Ward, Ellihu
Deïrces, Delano, Deming, Dixon, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, B. Washburne, Welker, Wentworth, Williams, James F.
Eggleston, Eliot, Farnsworth, Farquhar, Ferry, Garfield, Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Winfield--117.
Grionell, Griswold, Hale, Abner C. Harding, Hart, Hayes, The bill was then passed-yeas 116, nays 54,
Henderson, Higby, Hill, Holmes, Hooper, Asahel W. Hub-
bard, Demas Hubbard, jr., John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, James as follow:
Ilunphrey, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Kelso, YEAS—Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, James M. Ashley,
Ketcham, Laflin, George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Barker, Baxter, Beaman, Bidwell,
Loan, Longyear, Lynch, Marston, Marvin, McClurg, McKee, Bingham, Blaine, Blow, Bout well, Brandegee, Bromwell,
Mereur, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Morris, Moulton, Myers, Broomall, Buckland, Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney
O'Neill, Orth, Paine, Patterson, Perhan, Pike, Plants, Pome- Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, Cook, Cullom, Darling, Davis, Dawes,
roy, Price, Raymond, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Defrees, Delano, Deming, Dixon, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley,
Rollins, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Shellabarger, Sloan, Eggleston, Eliot, Farnswortn, Ferry, Garfield, Grinnell,
Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Stillwell, Thayer, Francis Thomas, Griswold, Hale, Abner C. Harding, Hart, Hayes, Higby,
Trowbridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Robert Holmes, Hooper, Asahel W. Hubbard, Demas Hubbard, jr.,
T. Van Horn, Ward, Warner, Ellihu B. Washburne, William John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, James Humphrey, Ingersoll,
B. Washburn, Welker, Wentworth, Williams, James F. Wil Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Kelso, Ketcham, Laflin,
son, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge-123.

George V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Loan, Longyear, Mr. Darling modified his motion so as to post,- Lynch, Marston, Marvin, McClurg, Mercur, Miller, Moor? pone until the first Tuesday in March, which Patterson, Perham. Pike, Plants, Pomeroy, Price, Raymond, was disagreed to-yeas 34, nays 138, as follow : Alexander H. Rice, Jolin H. Rice, Rollins, Sawyer, Schenck,

Scofield, Shellabarger, Sloan, Spalding, Starr, Stevens, YEAS--Messrs. Anderson, Banks, Conkling, Darling, Davis, Thayer, Francis Thomas, Trowbridge, Upson, Van Aernam, Defrees, Eggleston, Farquhar, Ferry, Griswold, Hale, Hart, Burt Van Horo, Ward, Warner, Ellihu B. Washburne, Henderson, Hill, Hogan, Jas. Humphrey, Kasson, Ketcham, William B. Washburn, Welker, Wentworth,

Williams, James Kuykendal', Laflin, Latham, George V. Lawrence, Marvin, F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Woodbridgo-116. Mercur, Miller, Orih, Phelps, William H. Randall, Raymond,

Nays-Messrs, Ancona, Anderson, Delos R. Ashley, BenSmith, Stillwell, John L. Thomas, jr., Trimble, Robert T. jamin, Bergen, Boyer, Brooks, Chanler, Dawson, Denison, Van Horn--34.

E dridge, Farquhar, Finck, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, Grider, NAYS—Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Ancona, Delos R. Harding, ilendarson, Hill, Hogan, Chester D. Hubbard, EdAshley, James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Barker, Baxter, win N. Hubbell, James M. Humphrey, Johnson, Jones, Kerr, Beaman, Benjamin, Bergen, Bidwell, Bingham, Blaine, Blow, Kuykendall, L:ltham, Le Blond, Murshall, McCullough, McBoutwell, Boyer, Brandegee, Bromwell, Brooks, Broomall, Kee, Niblack, Nicholson, Noell, Phelps, Radford, Samuel J. Bundy, Chanler, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney Clarke, Cobb, Ranılall, William H. Randall, Ritter, Rogers, Ross, SharkCook, Cullom, Dawes, Dawson, Deming, Denison, Dixon, lin, Sitgreaves, Smith, Stillwell, Strouse, Taber, Taylor, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, Eldridge, Eliot, Farnsworth, Finck, Thornton, Trimble, Robert T. Van Horn, Voorhees, 'Winfield Garfield, Glossbrenner, Goodyear, Grider, Grinneli, Aaron –54. Harding, Abner C. Harding, Hayes, Iligby, IIolmes, Hooper,

IN SENATE. A. W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, Demas Ilubbard, jr., John H. Hubbard, Edwin N. Hubbell, Tulburd, James M. June 27, 1866—The bill, as reported to the Humphrey. Ingersoll, Jenckes, Johnson, Jones, Julian, Kel Senate from its committee ame

mended, was conyear, Lynch, Marshall, Marston, McClurg, McCullough, Mc- sidered, the pending question being Mr. MorKee, Moorhead, Morrill, Morris, Moulton, Myers, Niblack, rill's motion to insert in the first section the Nicholson, Noell, O'Neill, Paine, Patterson, Perbam, Pike; words in brackets, below : Plants, Pomeroy, Price, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Ritter, Rogers, Rollins, Ross,

That from and after the passage of this act, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, 'Shanklin, Shellabarger, Sit- each and every male person, excepting paupers greaves, Sloan, spalding, Starr, Stevens, Strouse, Taber, Tay and persons under guardianship, of the age of Van Aernam, Burt Van Horn, Voorhees, Ward, Warner, twenty-one years and upwards, who has not Ellihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Welker, Went- been convicted of any infamous crime, or offence, worth, Williams, James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Win and who is a citizen of the United States, and dom, Winfield, Woodbridge-135.

who shall have resided in the sail district for The question recurring on Mr. Wilson's motion the period of six months previous to any electo commit with instructions, Mr. Schenck moved tion therein, (and excepting persons who may to strike from the proposed instructions these have voluntarily left the District of Columbia words: “Those who are assessed for and pay to give aid and comfort to the rebels in the late taxes on real or personal property within the rebellion,] shall be entitled to the elective frandistrict;" which was agreed to. The motion to recommit as amended, was then chise, and shall be deemed an elector and enti

tled to vote at any election in said District, disagreed to-yeas 53, nays, 117, as follow:

without any distinction on account of color or YEAS—Mossrs. Anderson, Banks, Blow, Brandegee, Brom. well, Buckland, Reader W. Clarke, Conkling, Darling, Davis, Dawes, Defrees, Delano, Deming, Dixon, Driggs, Eckley,

Mr. Morrill moved further to anend by in-
Eggleston, Ferry, Griswold, Hale, Hart, Hayes, Henderson, serting, also, after “therein,” the words " and
Ho per, Hulburd, James Humphrey, Jenckes, Kasson, who can read the Constitution of the United
Ketcham, Kuykendall, Laflin, Latham, George V. Lawrence,
Wiliam Lawrence, Longyear, Marvin, Miller, Moorhead, States in the English language, and write his
Morris, Myers, O'Neill, Plants, Raymond, Alexander II. Rice, name;" which was disagreed to-yeas 15, nays
Van Horn, Warner. William B. Washburn, Woodbridge—53. 19, as follow:

NAYS--Messrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Ancona, Delos R.
Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Barker, Baxter, ter, lIarris, Kirkwood, Morrill, Poland, Pomeroy, Sherman,

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Cragin, Edmunds, Fessonden, FogBeaman, Benjamin, Bergen, Bidwell, Bingham, Blaine, Bout- Trumbull, Wade, Willey, Williams-16. well. Boyer, Brooks, Broomall, Bundy, Chanler, Clarke, Cobb,

NAYS— Messrs. Brown, Buckalew, Conness, Davis, Grimes, Cook, Cullom, Dawson, Denison, Donnelly, Eldridge, Eliot,

Guthrie, Hendricks, Howard, Howe, Morgan, Norton, Nye, Farusworth, Farquhar, Finck, Garfield, Glossbrenner, Good- Ramsey, Sprague, Stewart, Sumner, Van Winkle, Wilson, year, Grider, Grinnell, Aaron Harding, Abner C. Harding, Yates--19. Higby, Hill, Hogan, Holmes, Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. Hubbard, Demas Huh' ard, jr., John H. Hubbard, Edwin Mr. Willey offered this substitute for the bill : N. Hubbell, James M. Humphrey, Ingersoll, Johnson, Jones,

In all elections to be held hereafter in the Julian, Kelley, Kelso, Kerr, Le Blond, Loan, Lynch, Mar. shall, Marston, McClurg, McCullough, McKee, Mercur, Mor- District of Colurūbia, the following described rill , Moulton, Niblacke

, Nicholson, Noell, Orth, Paine, Patter. persons and those only, shall have the right to Randall, William H. Randall, John H. Rice, Ritter, Rogers; vote, namely: first, all those persons who were Rollins, Ross, Savyer, Scofield, Shanklin, Shellabarger, Sit-I actually residents of said District and qualified


to vote therein at the elections held therein in James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, Windom, Woodthe year 1865, under the statutes then in force ;

bridge-104. second, all persons residents of said District who February 8—The bill passed-yeas 112, nays have been duly mustered into the military or 29; the latter all Democrats, except Messrs. naval service of the United States during the Driggs and Latham. late rebellion, and have been or shall hereafter The bill as finally passed provided that until be honorably discharged therefrom; third, male January 1, 1867, any person applying for the citizens of the United States who shall have at benefit of the act shall swear that he has not tained the age of twenty-one years, (excepting borne arms against the United States, or given paupers, persons non compotes mentis, or con- aid and comfort to its enemies victed of an infamous offence,) and who, being residents of the ward or district in which they

Habeas Corpus. shall offer to vote, shall have resided an said

IN HOUSE. District for the period of one year nest preced

March 20—The bill to amend an act entitled ing any election, and who shall have paid the taxes assessed against them, and who can read, ing judicial proceedings in certain cases," ap

“An act relating to habeas corpus, and regulatand who can write their names.

proved March 3, 1863, was passed-yeas 113, No further vote has been taken up to date of | nays 31, as follow : putting this page to press.

YEASMessrs. Alley, Allison, Ames, Anderson, Delos R.

Ashley, James M. Ashley, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Barker, West Virginia Bill.

Baxter, Beaman, Bidwell, Bingham, Blaine, Blow, Bontwell,

Bromwell, Broomall, Buckland, Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, February 6, 1866--The House passed a joint Conklins, Cook, Cullom, Delano, Deming, Dixon, Driggs, resolution giving the consent of Congress to the Garfield Grinnell, Abner C. Harding, Hart, Hayes, Ilendertransfer of Berkeley and Jefferson counties to son, Hill, Holmes, Looper, Asahel W. Hubbard, Chester D. West Virginia-yeas 112, nays 24; (the latter Hubbard, Demas Hubbard, jr., John II. hlubbard, James R. all Democrats except Mr. Baker.) The SENATE kubbeli, Hulburd, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Kasson, Kelley, Kelso, passed it, Marc 6-yeas 32, nays 5.--Mr. John William Lawrence, Loan, Lynch, Marston, Marvin, McClurg son, of Maryland, voted aye; the other Demo. McKee, McRuer, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Morris, Moul

ton, Myers, Newell, Noell, O'Neill, Orth, Paine, Perham, crats, voting, voted nay.

Phelps, Pike, Plants, Price, William II. Randall, Raymond,
John H. Rice, Rollins, Rousseau, Sawyer, Scofield, Shella-

barger, Sloan, Sinith, Stevens, Stillwell, Thayer, Trowbridgo, Extending the Homestead Act.

Upson, Van Aernam, Burt Van IIorn, Robert T. Van llorn, IN HOUSE

Ward, Warner, Ellihu B. Washburna, William B. Wash

burn, Welker, Wentworth, Whaley, Williams, James F. February 7, 1866-A bill providing that all Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge--113. the public lands in Alabama, Mississippi, Louis, cofroth, Dawson, Eldridge, Glosslirenner, Grider, Tale, Aaiana, Arkansas, and Florida, shall be disposed ron Harding, Hogan, Edwin N. Hubbell, James M. Humof according to the stipulations of the home- phrey, Jmes, Kerr, Le Blond, Marshall, McCullough, Nichstead law of 1862, no entry to be made for more

Olson, Samuel J. Randall, Ritter, Rogers, Ross, Sitgreaves,

Strouse, Taber, Thornton, Trimble, Winfield_31. than eighty acres, and no discrimination to be made on account of race or color, and the min

IN SENATE. eral lands to be reserved, was considered. April 20—The bill passed-yeas 30, nays 4,

Mr. Taber moved to add this proviso: as follow:

And provided, also, That nothing in this act YEAS_Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Clark, Conness, Crashall be so construed as to preclude such persons giu, Doolittle, Elmunds, Foster, Henderson, ilow..rd, Howe, as have been or shall be pardoned by the Presi- Polinson, Birk wood, Lane of Indiana, Morgen, Norton, Nye, dent of the United States for their participation bull, Van Winkle, Wade, Willey, Williams, Wilson, Yatesin the recent rebellion from the benefit of his 30.

Nays-Messrs Buckalew, Guthrie, Hendricks, Saulsbury act.

Which was disagreed to— 37, says 104, as follow :

No Denial of the Elective Franchise on Account YEAS—Messrs. Delos R. Ashley, Bergen, Boyer, Brooks,

of Color. Buckland, Chanler, Eldridge, Finck, Glossbrenner, Grider, Aaron Haruing, Hoyan, Chester D. Iubbard, Edwin N.

IN HOUSE. Hubbell, James M. Humphrey, Korr, Lathani, Le Blond, Marshall, McCullough, McRuer, Niblack, Nicholson, Noell, 1866, May 15–Pending the bill to amend the Phelps, Ritter, Rogers, Ross, Shanklin, Sürgreaves, Strouse, organic acts of the territories of Nebraska, Col

NaYsessis. Alley, Allison, Ames, James M. Ashley, orado, Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Barker, Baxter, Beaman, Benjamin, Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico, of which this Bidwell, Bingham, Blaine, Blow, Butwell, Brantlegee, is the ninth section: Bromwell, Broomall, Bundy, Reader W. Clarke, Sidney

“ That within the territories aforesaid there Clarke, Cobb, Conkling, Cook, Cullom, Darling, Davis, Dawes, Defrees, Deming, Donnelly, Driggs, Eckley, Eggles- shall be no denial of the elective franchiss to ton, Eliot, Farnsworth, Farquhar, Werry, Garfield, Ilale, citizens of the United States because of raco or Abuer C. Harding, Hart, liayes, Higby Hill, Hooper color, and all persons shall be equal beforo the Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Kelso, Kuykendali, Laflin, law. And all acts or parts of acts, either of Marston, Marvin, McCiurg, McIndue, Vercur, Miller, Moor-ritories aforesaid, inconsistent with the proGeorge V. Lawrence, William Lawrence, Longyear, Lynch, Congress or the legislative assemblies of the terhead, Morris, Moulton, Myers, Newell, O'Neill, Orth, Paine, Patterson, Perham, Price, William II. Randall, Alex- visions of this act, are hereby declared null and ander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Rillins, Sawyer, Schenck, void.” Sloan, Smith, Spilding, Starr, Stevens, Trowbridge, Ups in, Mr. Le Blond moved to strike it out, which was Van Aernam, Burt Van IIorn, Ward, Warner, Ellihu B Washburne, William B. Washburn, Welker, Wentworth, disagreed to-yeas 36, nays 76, as follow:

Yeas-Messrs. Ancona, Delos R. Ashley, Bergen, Boyer, , Jenckes, Julian, Kelley, Kelso, William Lawrence, Loan, Chanler, Dawson, Denison, Eldridge, Finck, Glossbrenner, Longyear Lynch, Marston, McClurg, McRuer, Mercur, Goodyear, Grider, Aaron Harding, Chester D. Hubbard, Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Orth, Paine, Patterson, Perham, Edwin N. Hubbell, Kerr, Kuykendall, Latham, Le Blond, Pike, Plants, Price, Rollins, Sawyer, Spalding, Thayer, Marshall, Niblack, Nicholson, Phelps, William H. Randall, Francis Thomas, Van Aernam, Burt van Horn, Ward, warRitter, Rogers, Ross, Rousseau, Shanklin, Sitgreaves, Strouse, ner, Ellihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Welker, Taber, Taylor, Trimble, Whaley, Wright--36.

Williams, James F. Wilson, Stephen F. Wilson, WinNAYS--Messrs. Allison, Ames, Anderson, James M. Ash-dom-76. ley, Baker, Baldwin, Banks, Baxter, Blaine, Blow, Boutwell, Brandegee, Broomall, Sidney Clarke, Cook, Cullom,

The bill then passed-yeas 79, nays 43. Darling, Davis, Dawes, Dening, Donnelly, Dumont, Eggles

In SENATE. ton, Farnsworth, Ferry, Garfield, Griswold, Hart, Hayes,

June 29- The bill was considered but not Higby, Holmes, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, Demas Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, Ingersoll, voted on.



Union National Platform, June, 1864. defence of their country and in vindication of Resolved, That it'is the highest duty of every the honor of its flag; that the nation owes to American citizen to maintain against all their them some permanent recognition of their patrienemies the integrity of the Union and the par- otism and their valor, and ample and permanent amount authority of the Constitution and laws provision for those of their survivors who have of the United States ; and that, laying aside all received disabling and honorable wounds in the differences of political opinions, we pledge our- service of the country; and that the memories selves, as Union men, animated by a common of those who have fallen in its defence shall be sentiment and aiming at a common object, to do held in grateful and everlasting remembrance. everything in our power to aid the Government Resolved, That we approve and applaud the in quelling by force of arms the Rebellion now practical wisdom, the unselfish patriotism, and raging against its authority, and in bringing to the unswerving fidelity to the Constitution and the punishment due to their crimes the Rebels the principles of American Liberty, with which and traitors arrayed against it.

Abraham Lincoln has discharged, under circumResolved, That we approve the determination stances of unparalleled difficulty, the great duties of the Government of the United States not to and responsibilities of the Presidential office; compromise with Rebels, or to offer them any that we approve and endorse, as demanded by terms of peace, except such as may be based upon the emergency and essential to the preservation an unconditional surrender of their hostility and of the nation and as within the provisions of a return to their just allegiance to the Constitu- the Constitution, the measures and acts which tion and laws of the United States, and that we he has adopted to defend the nation against its call upon the Government to maintain this posi- open and secret foes ; that we approve, especialtion, and to prosecute the war with the utmost lý, the Proclamation of Emancipation, and the possible vigor to the complete suppression of the employment as Union soldiers of men heretofore Rebellion, in full reliance upon the self-sacrifi- held in slavery; and that we have full configing patriotism, the heroic valor, and the undying dence in his determination to carry these and devotion of the American people to the country all other Constitutional measures essential to the and its free institutions.

salvation of the country into full and complete Resolved, That as Slavery was the cause, and effect. now constitutes the strength of this Rebellion, Resolved, That we deem it essential to the and as it must be, always and everywhere, hos- general welfare that harmony should prerail in tile to the principles of Republican Government, the National Councils, and we regard as worthy justice, and the National safety demand its utter of public confidence and official trust those only and complete extirpation from the soil of the Re- who cordially endorse the principles proclaimed public; and that, while we uphold and maintain in these resolutions, and which shoul I characthe acts and proclamations by which the Govern- terize the administration of the Government. ment, in its own defence, has aimed a death-blow Resolved, that the Government owes to all at this gigantic evil, we are in favor, further- men employed in its armies, without regard to more, of such an amendment to the Constitution, distinction of color, the full protection of the to be made by the people in conformity with its laws of war; and that any violation of these provisions, as shall terminate and forever pro- laws, or of the usages of civili:ed nations in ħibit the existence of Slavery within the limits time of war, by the Rebels now in arms, should or the jurisdiction of the United States.

be made the subject of prompt and full redress. Resolved, That the thanks of the American Resolved, That foreign immigration, which in people are due to the soldiers and sailors of the the past has added so much to the wealth, develArmy and Navy, who have periled their lives in lopment of resources, and increase of power to

this nation--the asylum of the oppressed of all American citizens in States where civil law ex. nations--should be fostered and encouraged by a ists in full force; the suppression of freedom of liberal and just policy.

speech and of the press; the denial of the right Resolved, "That we are iņ favor of the speedy of asylum; the open and avowed disregard of construction of the Railroad to the Pacific coast. State rights ; the employment of unusual test

Resolved, That the National faith, pledged for oaths, and the interference with and denial of the redemptiou of the public debt, must be kept the right of the people to bear arras in their deinviolate, and that for this purpose we recom- fence, is calculated to prevent a restoration of mend economy and rigid responsibility in the the Union and the perpetuation of a government public expenditures, and a vigorous and just deriving its just powers from the consent of the system of taxation; and that it is the duty of governed. every loyal State to sustain the credit and pro Resolved, That the shameful disregard of the inote the use of the National currency.

Administration to its duty in respect to our felResolved, That we approve the position taken low-citizens who now are, and long have been, by the Government that the people of the United prisoners of war in a suffering condition, deStates can never regard with indifference the serves the severest reprobation, on the score attempt of any European Power to overthrow alike of public policy and common humanity. by force or to supplant by fraud the institutions Resolved, That the sympathy of the Demoof any Republican Government on the Western cratic party is heartily and earnestly extended Continent; and that they will view with ex- to the soldiery of our army and sailors of our treme jealousy, as menacing to the peace and navy, who are, and have been in the field and independence of their own country, the efforts on the sea, under the flag of their country; and, of any such power to obtain new footholds for in the event of its attaining power, they will Monarchical Governments, sustained by foreign receive all the care, protection, and regard that military force, in near proximity to the United the brave soldiers and sailors of the Republic States.

have so nobly earned. Democratic National Platform, August, 1864. Call for a National Union Convention, 1866.

Resolved, That in the future, as in the past, A National Union Convention, of at least two we will adhere with unswerving fidelity to the delegates from each congressional district of all Union under the Constitution as the only solid the States, two from each Territory, two from the foundation of our strength, security and happi. District of Columbia, and four delegates at large ness as a people, and as a framework of govern- from each State, will be beld at the city of Philament equally conducive to the welfare and pros- delphia, on the second Tuesday (14th) of August perity of all the States, both northern and next. southern.

Such delegates will be chosen by the electors of Resolved, That this convention does explicitly the several States who sustain the Administration declare, as the sense of the American people, in maintaining unbroken the Union of the States that after four years of failure to restore the under the Constitution which our fathers estabUnion by the experiment of war, during which, lished, and who agree in the following proposiunder the pretence of a military necessity, or tions, viz; war power higher than the Contitution, the The Union of the States is, in every case, inConstitution itself has been disregarded in every dissoluble, and is perpetual; and the Constitupart, and public liberty and private right alike tion of the United States, and the laws passed by trodden down and the material prosperity of Congress in pursuance thereof, supreme, and conthe country essentially impaired-justice, hu- stant, and universal in their obligation; manity, liberty and the public welfare demand The rights, the dignity, and the equality of the that immediate efforts be made for a cessation of States in the Union, including the right of rep; hostilities, with a view to an ultimate conven- resentation in Congress

, are solemnly guaranteed tion of the States, or other peaceable means, to by that Constitution, to save which from overthe end that at the earliest practicable moment throw so much blood and treasure were expended peace may be restored on the basis of the Fed in the late civil war; eral Union of the States.

There is no right anywhere to dissolve the R-solved, That the direct interference of the Union or to separate States from the Union, either military authorities of the United States in the by voluntary withdrawal, by force of arms, or recent elections held in Kentucky, Maryland, by Congressional action; neither by the secession Missouri, and Delaware, was a shameful viola- of the States, nor by the exclusion of their loyal tion of the Constitution; and a repetition of and qualified representatives, nor by the National such acts in the approaching, election will be Government in any other form; held as revolutionary, and resisted with all the Slavery is abolished, and neither can, nor ought means and power under our control.

to be, re-established in any State or Territory Resolved, that the aim and object of the Dem- within our jurisdiction; ocratic party is to preserve the Federal Union Each State has the undoubted right to pre. and the rights of the States unimpaired; and scribe the qualifications of its own electors, and they hereby declare that they consider that the no external power rightfully can, or ought to, administrative usurpation of extraordinary and dictate, control, or influence the free and volundangerous powers not granted by the constitu- tary action of the States in the exercise of that tion; the subversion of the civil by military law right; in States not in insurrection; the arbitrary mili The maintenence inviolate of the rights of the tary arrest, imprisonment, trial and sentence of States, and especially of the right of each State


to order and control its own domestic concerns, Address of Democratic Congressmen, 1866. according to its own judgment exclusively, sub- To the People of the United States : ject only to the Constitution of the United States, is essential to that balance of power on which citadel of our liberties—is directly assailed. The

Dangers threaten. The Constitution—the the perfection and endurance of our political fabric depend, and the overthrow of that system future is dark, unless the people will come to the by the usurpation and centralization of power in Congress would be a revolution, dangerous to re- be the watchword of every true man.

In this hour of peril National Union should publican government and destructive of liberty ;

As essential to National Union we must mainEach House of Congress is made by the Con- tain unimpaired the rights, the dignity, and the stitution the sole judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its members; but the exclu: equality of the States, including the right of sion of loyal Senators and Representatives, prop right of each State to control its own domestic

representation in Congress, and the exclusive erly chosen and qualified under the Constitution concerns, subject only to the Constitution of the and laws, is unjust and revolutionary;

United States. Every patriot should frown upon all those

After a uniform construction of the Constituacts and proceedings everywhere, which can serve no other purpose than to rekindle the animosities tion for more than half a century, the assumpof war, and the effect of which upon our moral, Government is subversive of our system and de

tion of new and arbitrary powers in the Federal social, and material interests at home, and upon structive of liberty. our standing abroad, differing only in degree, is injurious like war itself;

A free interchange of opinion and kind feeling

between the citizens of all the States is necessary The purpose of the war having been to pre- to the perpetuity of the Union. At present serve the Union and the Constitution by putting eleven States are excluded from the national down the rebellion, and the rebellion having council. For seven long months the present been suppressed, all resistance to the authority of the General Government being at an end, Congress has persistently denied any right of and the war having ceased, war measures should representation to the people of these States. also cease, and should be followed by measures ests, have been passed without their consent,

Laws, affecting their highest and dearest interof peaceful administration, so that union, har- and in disregard of the fundamental principle of

free dustry, commerce, and the arts of peace revived has been made to all the members from a State,

government. This denial of representation and promoted; and the early restoration of all although the State, in the language of the Presipowers in the national Government is indis- Ident, presents itself

, not only in an attitude of pensably necessary to the strength and the de- loyalty and harmony, but in the persons of repfence of the Republic, and to the maintenance resentatives whose loyalty cannot be questioned

under of the public credit;

any existing constitutional or legal test." All such electors in the thirty-six States and

The representatives of nearly one-third of the nine Territories of thể United States, and in the States have not been consulted with reference to District of Columbia, who, in a spirit of patriot

the great questions of the day. There has been ism and love for the Union, can rise above per- There has been no intercourse between the repre

no nationality surrounding the present Congress. sonal and sectional considerations, and who desire to see a truly National Union Convention, confidence and respect. In the language of the

sentatives of the two sections, producing mutual which shall represent all the States and Territories of the Union, assemble, as friends and

distinguished lieutenant general, brothers, under the national flag, to hold coun

"It is to be regretted that, at this time, there sel together upon the state of the Union, and to cannot be a greater commingling between the take measures to avert possible danger from the of those intrusted with the law-making power.

citizens of the two sections, and particularly, same, are specially requested to take part in the choice of such delegates.

This state of things should be removed at

once and forever. But no delegate will take a seat in such convention who does not loyally accept the national vindicate the sufficiency of our admirable Con

Therefore, to preserve the National Union, to situation and cordially endorse the principles stitution, to guard the States from covert atabove set forth, and who is not attached, in true tempts to deprive them of their true position in allegiance, to the Constitution, the Union, and the Union, and to bring together those who are the Government of the United States. WASHINGTON, June 25, 1866.

unnaturally severed, and for these great national A. W. RANDALL,

purposes only, we cordially approve the call for

à National Union Convention, to be held at the President. J. R. DOOLITTLE,

city of Philadelphia, on the second Tuesday 0. H. BROWNING,

(14th) of August next, and endorse the princi. EDGAR Cowan,

ples therein set forth. CHARLES KNAP,

We, therefore, respectfully, but earnestly, SAMUEL FOWLER,

urge upon our fellow-citizens in each State and Executive Committee National Union Club. ted States, in the interest of Union and in a

Territory and congressional district in the UniWe recommend the holding of the above con- spirit of harmony, and with direct reference to vention, and endorse the call therefor.

the principles contained in said call, to act DANIEL S. NORTON,

JAMES Dixon,

promptly in the selection of wise, moderate, and T. A. HENDRICKS,

conservative men to represent thens in said Con

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