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states, or any of them. Before he enters on the execution of his office he shall take -the following oath or afrmation: "I do solemnly swaar (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the orice of President ol the United States, and will, to the beat of my ability, preserve, protect and dcend the Constitution of the United States."

Sec. 2 The President shall be Commander-in-Chief of tho Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several States, when called into

the actual service of the United States, he may require the Military, divil and opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the Treaty-making executive departments, upon any subject relating to the Powers

duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to

grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the United States, except in cases of impeachment. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Snate, to make trcaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur, and he shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public min consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers or the United States whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but the Congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior offices as they think proper, in the President alone in the courts of law or in the heads of departments. The President shall have power to fill all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session.

Sec. 3. He shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the Union, and recominend to their consideration such measures as he

shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordiMessages and Extra nary occasions convene both houses, or either of them, and Sessions. in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the

time of adjournment he may ardjourn there to such time ag ha shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and the public ininisters; he ghalt take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all of the officers of the United States. Sec. 4. The President. Vice-President and all civil officers of the United

States shall be removed froin office on impeachment for and Removal by Im- conviction of treason, bribery

other high Orlies and peachment. misdemeanors.


Supreme Courts and Judicial Powers. Section 1. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in 010 Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress nay from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the Supreme and inferior courts, sliall hold their offces during good behavior, and shall at stated times receive for their services a compensation which shall not tre diminished during their continuance in office.

Sec. 2. The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the lays of the United States, and treaties made or which

shall be made, under their authority; to all cases affecting Limits of Judicial ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, to all cases Power,

of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to

which the United States shall be a party; to controversies between two or

States: hetween a State and citizens of another State; between citizens of different States; between citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States, and between a State, or the citizens thereof, and foreign Slates, citizens or subjects. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall have origiral jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under such regulations as the Congress shall make. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the State wlore the said crime shall have been committed, but when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress nay by law hard directed.

Sec. 3. Treason against the Tinited States shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. NO

person shall be convicted of treasoit unless on the testimony Treason and Its of two witnesses to the sanie overt act, or on confession in open Punishment. court. The. Congra89 shall have power to declare the punish

ment of treason. but no attainder of reason shall work corruption of biood or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainter


Rights of States and Citizons. i Section 1. Full faith and credit shall be given in cach Stati to the public acts, recorris and judicial procedings of every oiler Staic. nad tie Congress may by general luwe preseribs the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, and illt (oftrct thereof.

Sec. 2. The citizens of caoli Stale shall be notiiled to all privileges and immiinities of citizens in the several Setcs, A pei'son charged in any Stalo. with

treason, felony, ur other crime, who sh3.11 fice from justice, and Equal Rights of be fuund in anoth/ State, shall, on demand of the executive Citizens, authority on the State from wirich he fled, be delivered up to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime.

No person held to service or labor in Olim Stati, under the laws thereof, escaping into

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