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As our time was limited we were driv- to five hundred dollars apiece. en rapidly to Even Dale, and it is well turned from this road and soon found named. It is a splendid property; every- ourselves at Grand View. To say it is thing about it denotes the same spirit of grand, does not begin to express it. Sitindustry and enterprise that we have uated on an eminence, almost in the mentioned about the former places. Mr. midst of Mr. Young's vast domains, is a Young has been very successful on this scene that a more fertile brain and an place in reclaiming some portions of the abler pen than mine will have to be emland that were very swampy by having ployed to definitely describe. On the top it drained, at great expense, and to-day of the dwelling house is an observatory, it is covered with wheat and corn as the from which you look north, south, east result of an experiment, which some peo- and west. Southward flows the Susqueple said he was a fool to undertake. Mr. hanna, which seems lost in the distance Young is a little like General Grant; he as it quietly flows towards Chesapeake fights it out on that line if it takes all Bay; north, you see Hammelstown summer, and he has won every time. through a gap in the hills, six miles away Mr. Young, Jr., now turned our horse's in Dauphin county; eastward rises to head in the direction of Grand View, your view the celebrated Round Top which is one of Colonel Young's most farm of 473 acres, lately purchased by famous possessions. Away we flew past Mr. Young for grazing purposes, and Youngsport, where are tobacco ware- three miles away, in the same direction, houses, hay house and large blacksmith you see the observatory on Sun Set shop, where all the shoeing of the horses peeping out from among the trees that and mules is done, and repairing to agri- surround it; and in front of you is cultural instruments. Then past White Young's Extension, also recently purHall farm to Eagle farm, where we chased by the Colonel. From here you turned in on our way to Grand View. see the Eagle and Roland farms, and We soon found ourselves on a beautiful fields of one hundred acres in wheat, and straight line of road, adorned on each others of eighty in oats, and the same side by a handsome row of trees. This number in corn, all surrounded by eleroad is about a mile long, and is used for gant whitewashed fences. From here speeding horses. Here we found laying Mr. Young has detected hands in distant along the roadside a beautiful herd of fields lounging and shirking their duty, young Jersey calves enjoying a nap. On and when brought to account they were our approach some of them seemed to amazed and bewildered to find out how wake up, and came up to the side of he knew it. our carriage, with their beautiful fawnMr. Young's possessions in land faces, just as if they would like to be amount to very near two thousand acres, petted. Every one has a ring through to say nothing of the various other its ear, with its number and the herd it places he owns. At his private residence belongs to on one side, and Mr. Young's in the borough of Middletown he keeps name on the other. A register is kept of a register of all the people that visit his every animal on all the different farms, farms. In looking over it we find such showing when they were born, whether names as the Duke of Sutherland, who sold or killed, and what breed, and also | said these farms were the grandest sight, what herd they belong to. Every thing he saw in America; then Mr. Frank is conducted on a systematic plan. Mr. Thomson, Second Vice President P. R. Young told me their value was from two R.; also Charles E. Pugh, General Man

ager, and the various Judges of our Su-tained. Should those be successful, Mr. preme Court; also Tabor Ashton, who Taylor will have rendered a great public is treasurer of eighteen different rail-service, and would be deserving of much roads; the late Secretary Chase, and Jo- commendation. I take it that he attaches seph Taylor, father of the celebrated primary importance to the fireman, and is writer and traveler, Bayard Taylor; and of opinion that those possessed of some Eugene De Zelenkoff, St. Petersburg, technical training in the science of chemRussia. istry would largely enable them to secure some standard of excellence to equal men following similar calling in the old world. The engine Gladstone, constructed by Mr. Stroudly, is given as having attained results in the evaporation of large quantities of water in proportion to the coal consumed, and it is thought that a better knowledge of the theory of combustion should enable the firemen in America to equal the performance of this engine.

It will be conceded that the information given of the trial is very vague, the simple statemant appearing that for each one pound of coal it evaporated 12.95 pounds of water. As this is fully double the amount of water evaporated by one pound of coal in America, it must be of great public interest to know definitely what Mr. Stroudly is chiefly indebted to in securing for his engine such favorable results. It can scarcely be reasonably affirmed that the whole of this can rest with the fireman, however much their knowledge in England in such matters may be beyond their brethren in America, but it is more reasonable to think that some other disturbing factors are aiding Mr. HAMILTON, ONT., July, 1885. Stroudly than the superior intelligence of MESSRS. EDITORS: A letter appeared his fireman. There may be something in your issues of June and July, signed found in the construction of the details of by Mr. J. T. Taylor, relating to matters of this engine Gladstone that may partly acgreat concern to railway companies, and count for its economy, and some share of of general public utility, in abating what the credit may be found in the coal used is considered as a great nuisance-the un- in the trial, so that this desirable informaconsumed smoke from the stack of the tion should be present when instituting ordinary constructed locomotive. The intelligent inquiry in attempting to acobject of the communication would ap-count for such discrepancy as would appear to be to instruct the locomotive fire- pear to exist in the performance of Enman in methods by which, if carefully glish and American locomotives. An orobserved, those desirable ends can be at- dinary American passenger engine with

On our way back to Middletown to take the train for home, we passed a quaint old Lutheran Church, erected in 1767, and Mr. Young's great-grandfather was one of the applicants to the King of England for permission to build it.

Mr. Young began life as most men do that attain to prominence-a poor boy, saving enough to buy a canal boat, which was his first venture in business. Afterward he started in the lumber business on a small scale; then he added the coal business; then he began to buy land, and his first purchase was considered by his friends as very unwise; but the prophecy of the croakers was not fulfilled, and to-day Colonel Young has the undisputed title of having the finest farms in America. He is about sixty-five years old, and his farms are the pride of his life. It is an honor well deserved that he is called "The Model Farmer of America." And his Keystone farm is another splendid property, which we forgot to mention. Yours truly,


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brains and the mental ability of the Brotherhood of this country.

A few words now to the two hundred and eighty-four Divisions throughout this land: In selecting a Brother to represent

a 16-inch cylinder, 24-inch stroke, % of an inch outside lap on each end, 5 feet 8inch wheel, and a blast orifice of 2% inches, with boiler pressure of 130 pounds per square inch, would be considered, in reasonable good weather, to pull a pas-you, choose one who has the courage of senger train weighing 100 tons, exclusive his convictions, and who is not afraid to of the engine and tender, at a speed of 29 get up and give his views and ideas, be miles per hour and stopping on an aver- he either in the majority or minority; age of each 91⁄2 miles of its journey, give them to understand that you will deducting the actual time when train was hold them to a strict account of their not moving in averaging the speed, with stewardship and administration of the about 197 pounds of water per mile, re- great power you have placed in their quiring 341⁄2 pounds of coal to evaporate hands; tell them this is no summer exit. With the English engine, Gladstone, cursion or international picnic they are the potential force would be secured to going to, but a convention called for the propel such a train with a fraction over 15 purpose of lightening the load and easing pounds of coal per mile instead of 34 the burden of the men who are sending pounds. From this, it can be readily un- them there. Keep your fire-eaters at derstood, the vast importance to railway home, and send along your thinking, companies involved in the correct under- sensible and intelligent men-men who standing of this matter, when, if we are abreast with the times, and who know say a trunk line, now consuming 500,000 and realize the wants of the Brotherhood tons of coal annually, could save more of Engineers of this country. than one-half of this amount, or the enormous sum of $750,000 per annum. Mr. Taylor's expressed desire to have this subject properly ventilated will be reechoed by every friend of railway efficiency and economy in America. Yours truly,

The union meetings lately held here have been productive of much good, and are bearing their legitimate fruit. The membership has shown a gratifying increase, and I confidently expect to see

Old 25" call the roll for seventy-five true, solid Knights before the snow flies.


We have lately lost one of our most able and energetic Brothers, Mr. Robert Ebbage having resigned his position as locomotive engineer on the Vandalia Line to engage in farming in Monroe county, Ind. There is not a man, woman or child in the city of Terre Haute who know "Honest Bob," but what venerate and re

TERRE HAUTE., IND., July 8, 1885. MESSRS. EDITORS: The time is rapidly approaching when we will again meet in annual convention to devise rules and laws for the guidance and support of this great and growing organization for another year. There will, no doubt, arise questions in that convention of moment-spect him, both for the bright qualities of ous importance and far-reaching conse- his heart and mind, and for all those esquences; questions, I might say, that our sential elements that go to make him what very life and our future success and pros- he is, namely: "an honest man and a true perity depend upon; therefore it must be friend." May God's best blessings be patent to everyone that we should and showered upon him wherever he may go must have careful, intelligent men to rep- or undertake to do, and in paying this resent us in that convention. In short, tribute to him I but voice the sentiments let it be a convention representing the of Division 25. RICHMOND.


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He was singing a hymn called "The Sweet Bye and Bye,"


There were numerous crowds of both sexes To a band of she-angels, all ready to fly
Far away from his saintly embrace.

"Who's that chap over there with a tear on his

And a clerical cut to his well fitting clothes?"
"Tis your friend, Deloss Everett," said Mick; I

Occupied in regrets for past actions, no doubt, Or, perhaps, they were watching a chance to get out

O'er the well guarded walls of the place. As they sauntered along there were many I knew:


'Mongst the females I saw I remembered a few, And they all seemed to stare in surprise at me,


From my seat in the greatest surprise.

What's the matter ș** he said. "Sure I thought," I replied.

'From the manner he preached, that the moment he died

Can you tell me," I said, speaking gently to Heaven's portals would swing to admit him in



To eternal reward in the skies," "Behold Dutcher and Donaldson fronting us

With a look of delight on each face.

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Who kept weeping away at the dastardly trick Which his widow played on him impatiently quick,

"Who is that fellow there on the right?" "He's a playboy," he said, "and Belisle is his


Not a moment of peace have we had since he

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He's a noted disturber, and fills us with shame
At the way he can pick up a fight."

"Who are these fellows here just appearing to view?",

"They are Barry and Garland of One Fifty-two, And a pair of sly codgers, between me and you,"

Said my ghastly old friend with a grin. "Who is this fellow standing abreast of us now, With a smile on his broad, intellectual brow?” Mickey said: “He's the chap kicked up such a


In behalf of our widows, named Lynn."

As I judged from the look of his face.
Peter Gibson marched next in the scope of my

By the side of a sweet little dear.

Who's the lady," I said, who is walking with

"She's a skating-rink belle, and as spry as a cat,
But old Death came along and he down on her

And soon Sawyer caught on to her here.” George Van Tassel strolled listlessly by with an

air Of the deepest abstraction, akin to despair, And the “Lives of the Saints" he perused with

great care,

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In a moment or two M. J. Lynn moved along,
Soon I heard a few words of a comical song,
And I noticed Nat Sawyer, who moved with the Billy Thompson to go for the skating rink


Oh, I trembled in dread, as the Grand Chief drew near,

With a ponderous gavel of oak.

"By the Lord, Mick, I'm off! Let me bid you

For I'd rather be down with the kid gloves


And in anguish of heart I awoke.

MESSRS. EDITORS: As the date of our next annual convention approaches, I, in common with others, desire to offer a quota of suggestions for the consideration of our Solons when in session at New Orleans, upon a matter that will perhaps be brought up at the forthcoming session, viz: the cost of our annual conventions. Owing to the large number of

delegates and great time spent in such if adopted, would largely remove the conventions they are of necessity very only objection friendly railroad officials expensive. could have to granting free transportation to our representatives, by reducing them to about one-sixth of the present number. Such system of legislation would also shorten the time of conventions; also lessen cost of representatives to not more than one-sixth of present cost, without impairing the efficiency of the legislation. Twenty-five or fifty representatives can do more and better work in less time, than can be done by three hundred under our present system!


"Veritas" submits what to him appears the alpha and omega of ell plans lessening the cost of insurance, viz: Com pulsion. Is not the fact that less than one-fourth of all the members are insured, evidenee that three-fourths do not want it? Would it be justice to a majority of all members for a majority of a minority of the Order, (and which would not express the will of the majority) to force upon the majority what they did not want. I think it would not. The thin end of this compulsion wedge was entered a few years ago. After a few short months trial it was found expedient to withdraw it, to save, as it avers, a split in our ranks.

Were such action taken, it would rob our conventions of their itinerant feature, which feature has been of great value to our Order in the past, is now, and may For a more full elucidation of the subbe again. But such plan offers no solu-jects referred to in this communication tion of the impending difficulty, as it see September and October JOURNALS, does not propose to remove the cause for 1884. (i. e.) reduce the number of delegates.

Yours fraternally,

A number of the brothers are awakening to the fact also that our conventions are growing too large, and are expressing their fears that the railway companies may, in the near future demur, with our present large and increasing number of delegates, to continue the practice of furnishing free transportation for all delegates.

Reform in this direction should emanate from within, and not from without, (when forced to do so,) and thereby maintain the friendly relations that at present exist between the Brotherhood, and nearly all railroad companies on the continent.

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Bro. Harry Hayes, in July JoURNAL, page 402, expresses his fears of such coming to pass, and offers a remedy by permanently locating our conventions in -some central railroad city, believing that much time, trouble, and wealth may be saved, and the same amount of good be derived for the Brotherhood were such an action taken.

Such plan, then, would only transfer the burden, so to speak, from the many friendly roads all over the country to the few leading to the city where conventions may be permanently held. The time and wealth saved by permanently locating our conventions, would be more than offset by the loss to our Order of the good effects that follow in the wake of our itinerant conventions.

In October JOURNAL, 1884, page 539, I outline a system of representation that,

JUNIUS, Div. 132.

Danville, ILL., July 8, 1885. MESSRS. EDITORS: It has certainly been some time since you have received a communication from this locality. It may be the Brothers have been careless of the means extended through the columns of your very valuable JOURNAL, or perhaps prefer to read the imagined ideas that some more enlightened ones would write, and reserve all their ambitious efforts to dignify the home Division, re

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