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The Journal .
by an engineer. To hold his position at the head of the Michigan Central machinery department for seven years he must have had some point in his favor.
CLEVELAND, JULY, 1885. He commenced his administration by
A GOOD SETTLEMENT. declaring war on the Brotherhood, and
In obedience to a call from the Grievit reached such a point that men who did not maintain a judicious silence and re
ence Committee on the Atlantic System of
the Southern Pacific Railway, we left main away from the Division
room, either left the road or were discharged
Cleveland for New Orleans on Monday on any trivial excuse. A young en
noon, May 18, arriving there Wednesday,
the 20th, at 10:30 A. M. We met the comgineer joining the Brotherhood was cause for instant dismissal without further ex
mittee, composed of Brothers B. A. PickFor a time there the men did not ren, C. H. Burk, Division 197; W. A. dare enter a Division room, and “old
Gunn, J. F. Hemphill, Division 192; Sam” was like Don Quixote fighting
Robert Jainkes, A. M. Engles and J. J. wind-mills, or men of straw. Never did Martin, of Division 139, at the City Hotel. a body of men show poorer spirit, or al- After securing from them a statement of low principle to go begging in more
what they had endeavored to do, we flimsy rags, at the bidding of a tyrant. sought and obtained an audience with Mr. Still old Sam had his day and was finally A. C. Hutchinson, General Manager, and checked; his reign of terror ceased, and E. G. Thompson, Superintendent, who
received us very cordially. After
a before his successor was appointed the Organization had gained again and
friendly discussion of the claims of the counted in its ranks a majority of the men, the following schedule of rates and engineers.
J. E. PHELAN. rules was agreed upon, which we regard
as a good settlement: LIVINGSTON, Mon, Ter., June 10, 1885. It is agreed and understood between the enMESSRS. EDITORS: There seems to be gineers of the Southern Pacific Company, in
service on the road between Lafayette and El an unusual interest of late and many Paso, and A. C. Hutchinson, General Manager,
the following agreement is to go into effect June plans are advanced to cheapen the cost 1,1885 : of our Insurance without impairing its
ARTICLE I.-The foilowing to be the schedule
of trip rates : usefulness, and as I have an interest in its perpetuity I propose to enter the field
PassE'GER, FREIGHT. and point out what I consider to be the plan of all others to lessen the expense of membership and at the same time render the aid to the families of all members El Paso to Valentine .. 160 $6.75 $6.75 $7.25 $7.25 of the Brotherhood that its originators Valentine to Sanderson 153 6.75
Sanderson to Del Rio.. 143 6.50 6.50 7.25 7.25 designed it to be. The plan is a simple Del Rio to S. Antonio: 170 6.75 one, viz: make all members of the Broth- S.Antonio to Spofl'rd J 133 erhood members of the Insurance Asso- Giidden to Houston.:: ciation. At first thought it would appear S. Antonio to Houston 216 6.50 7.25 that as only one fourth of the present Houston to Orange.... 105 membership is insured it would multiply Orange to Lafayette.: 512 the expense by four, but such is not the Houston to Lafayette: 2111 6.50 case. Suppose there are one hundred All other rates to remain in effect as now and fifty deaths and each is paid $3,000,
ARTICLE II.-The Sabine and East Texas runs it will be found that with 16000 members gineer's pay is to be $90 per month, which is to
we consider as brauch rups, and as such the ento assess the expense will be $25 for each be the pay on all branch runs. member. Is any other argument needed
ARTICLE III.-It is the policy of this managein favor of a general Insurance?
ment that no employe is to be discharged without
just and sufficient cause. It is manifestly prefer. VERITAS. able that all cases of this kind be settled after
Old. New. old. New.
7.25 7.25 5.00 5.50 5.00 5.50 4.00 4.00
4.00 4.00 4.00
4.00 4,50 4.50
careful investigation by division officers; but The foregoing rates to apply to all engineers bewhere such settlement can not be thus amicably tween Lafayette and El Paso. effected, the General Manager is to give such his
A. C. HUTCHINSON, personal attention,
B. A. PICKREN, ARTICLE IV.-We agree to pay thirty-five (35)
C. H. BURK, cents per hour for all delays over three (3) hours,
W. A. GUNN, and when such detention exceeds three hours
J. F. HEMPHILL, Committee. such three hours to be paid for at sanie rate. The
ROBERT JAINKES, average schedule time of trains of the same class,
A, M. ENGLES, on the division where such delay occurs, to be
J.J. MARTIN, the basis üpon which to determine length of delay.
NEW ORLEANS, LA., May 22, 1885. ARTICLE V.-Engineers who live within reason
In all our intercourse with railway able distance of round house shall be called one hour before leaving time of train they are to pull. managers, we have never met a more (This does not apply to leave between 7A.M. and 9:30 P. M.) And delays liberal-minded man than Mr. Hutchinson. of over one hour under this article shall be paid He expressed a willingness to do all in his for at the rate of 35 cents per hour. Should an engineer thus delayed, however, reach the termi- power to promote the welfare and internus of his run on time no delay claim to be recognized.
ests of his employees. We feel assured, ARTICLE VI.-We make it the duty of engineers so long as he is General Manager, the to see that their engines are provided with neces- Brothers will have no occasion to send for sary tools, etc., before starting out on any trip, and hence consider it very requisite that they the Grand Chief to assist them in adtake and deliver their engines on turn-table, or such other track at terminal stations as may be justing any grievances they may have in designated by division oficers; it being made the the future. During our stay in New duty of such division officers to see that 10 URnecessary delays occur in the movements of en Orleans we visited Division 193, and gave gines between their trains and such designated tracks; it being understood that where we have the Brothers all necessary instructions and no switch engine, but have hostlers, that they, advice. They have appointed their Comthe hostlers, shall'do the necessary switching.
mittee on Arrangements, who are planARTICLE VII -We will provide callers at all terminal stations, whose duty it shall be to call ning and arranging for the coming conengineers living within reasonable distance of round-house for all trains due to leave between vention, notice of which will appear in the hours of 9:30 ?: M. ana ? A. M.; such callers the JOURNAL in ample time for the into be provided with books in which engineers shall register their names and the time called. formation of the delegates. The round-house register to be accepted as authority in preference to register in Dispatcher's otice.
On Friday, May 22, we took the train on ARTICLE VIII.—We will not require engineers the Illinois Central road for Springfield, to do any more work on their engines than is required of them on other well regulated roads Ill., to attend the re-union of Division 23. similarly situated. ARTICLE IX –Engineers held off their runs, as
On reaching Centralia we were met by a witnesses and otherwise, shall be paid four col- number of the Brothers of Division 24, lars ($4.00) per day and necessary expenses.
who informed us there was no train over ARTICLE X-Firemen will be provided on switch engines in yards where tracks are, and in the main line from Centralia Saturday cross streets, and where there are many persons evening, but fortunately for us the comand teana crossing; it being considere i by this management where there is but little work, common safety train for Sunday morning, and they very Where there are no streets to cross, and"insstarteds pany bad placed at their disposal a special does not, in our opinion, nor does the service, au- kindly invited us to remain over and acthorize firemen on switch engines.
ARTICLE XI.-In view of a company contract company them, which invitation we gladly powerless to take positive steps, but recomiends accepted, as it gave us an opportunity of acceptance of a uniform tax of fifty cents per spending a very pleasant evening with the capita, which he promises to use his best efforts to secure; with a further promise to give this hos Centralia Brothers. pital service his immediate attention, with a view On to securing to all employes of this company a
Sunday morning, at 6:30 o'clock, fuller satisfaction out of it. This is to be effected the special backed down to the depot with through an investigation into the details of the hospital service and expense by a committee of engine No. 116, tastefully decorated with employes, they to be selected from each depart- evergreens, ribbons and shields, the letter ment of our service by the employes in such department.
“B” having a prominent position on a
shield in front of the engine, while the some of the greatest soldiers and statemen of our
nation; living and dead. The white marble of letters “B. of L. E.”, in bright, silvery the tomb of Lincoln casts its shadow almost looking letters, lay encrusted on a back against the walls of the building in which you are
now gathered; the capitol building of the premier ground of evergreen on each side of the railroad state for Illinois has more miles of rail
road than any other state in the Union the cab which contained engineer Brother wonderful growth of only a little more than a Hugh Bailey and John Coleman fireman, third part of a century,
It is very clear in my early recollection of railwho could in no language express their sat- roads, when cars were drawn by mules from old
Meredosia, on the Illinois river, to this city, over isfaction and pride of the looks of their what is now the great Wabash sytem, engine better than by the expression of But, gentlemen, I will not detain you. In the
name of our people and yoicing their wishes. I happiness their countenances displayed. bid you a cordial welcome to Springfield. We The two coaches were rapidly filled, when | desire your stay among us may be pleasant to you,
, Conductor Holt gave the signal and we and stay longer.
At the conclusion of the welcome address, Mr. were soon speeding at a lively rate to P. M. Arthur, of Cleveland, O., Grand Chiel Enward the capitol. Among the number on gineers of the United States and Canada, was in
ginecr of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Enthe train was Master Mechanic David Ox- Iroduced and made a very entertaining and in
structive address. By way of apology he stated leg and family, our old tutor of thirty that after he had promised to deliver an address years ago. At Clinton another car, con- adjust some differences between the engineers and
to tbis meeting he was called to New Orleans to taining the engineers and their friends of the officers of the Atlantic System of the souththat place, was attached to the train, when ern Pacific Railroad,
and that he had not time to Brother Oddy took charge of the throttle, liver. He proceeded briefly
to give a history of
the organization of the Association, and the oband in a short time landed us safely in jects and purposes of the Brotherhood. He said: Springfield, where we were met by a large gineers employed cythe Michigan Central Rail
Twenty-two years ago last month a few endelegation of the Brothers and driven to road conceived the idea of forming an associa
tion for the purpose of promoting the welfare the Leland Hotel. A full account of and interests of locomotive engineers, and to what occurred afterward appeared in the elevate their standing and character in society as daily Illinois State Journal, which we re- gineers. They were not appreciated in their
position as they ought to be, and many of them print for the benefit of our readers: were responsible for that condition of things. But
we find that on the 5th day of April, 1863, five THE AFTERNOON MEETING.
engineers met at the house of one of their number in the city of Marshall, and the result of their
deliberations was the issuing of an invitation to The assemblage was called to order by Mr. the engineers employed on the adjoining roads to Stephen A. Randall, Past Chief Engineer of the send a delegate to the city of Detroit for the purSpringfield Division, who briefly stated that the ob pose of forming the first Division of the Brotherject of the meeting was for the purpose of harmon-hood, izing the Brotherhood to a greater extent, and to On the 5th day of the next month twelve enafford the members of it an opportunity of meet- gineers assembled in Detroit, and there and then ing together with their wives and children, and to joined bands and hearts, pledging themselves to hear addresses from the highest officials of their maintain the right and resist the wrong. Thus order.
we find Detroit Division No. 1, standing forth He explained that the reason that the meeting as the pioneer in the great work-elevation was held on Sunday was that their vocation of the locomotive engineers on this continent. would not admit of their leaving their posts of Something more than a mere promise was found duty on any other day; bence in order to have a to be necessary, and an obligation as a bond of good attendance, which was desirable, they selected union was introduced and adopted; a constituSunday; and in consideration of the day it was tion and by-laws were prepared, submitted, and thought proper to open the exercises with prayer. finally adopted-a copy of which I hold in my He concluded by introducing Rev. D. S. Johnson, hand-embodyiag the principles of our present pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church, of this Brotherhood In a short time sub-divisions were city, who delivered a short prayer appropriate to formed, some twelve in number. Pursuant to the occasion.
previous arrangements these twelve Divisions The Mayor was introduced and welcomed the were invited to send delegates to the city of DeBrotherhood to the city in the following brief ad-troit for the purpose of forming what we called the dress, which was received with applause :
Grand National Division. So that on the 17th GENTLEMEN OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF LOCO- day of August the Grand National Division of MOTIVE ENGINEERS: We meet bere on this the Brotherhood was formed, taking for its motto quiet afternoon, and it is my pleasant privilege, “Sobri ty, truth, justice and morality," and the as the chief executive officer of this city, to bid rule to do upto others as you would they should you welcome to our homes, our hearts, and to our do unto you. hospitalities,
Our first conveniion was held in the city of InWe have here a beautiful city-surrounded dianapolis on the 17th day of August, 1864. At with many hallowed memories as the home of that time the name and title of our Organization
was changed to its present form, which is known waited upon him he would not receive them. His as the Grand International Brotherhood of Loco- reply to the chairman of our committee was: motive Engineers. That was done for the pur- "Gentlemen, I will neither receive the committee pose of making it international in character, so nor recognize the Brotherhood." There were just that engineers employed
in the British Dominion two things left for those engineers to do-one was night become members of it. We find in that to go quietly back to work and submit, or enconvention some forty-four Sub-Divisions repre- deavor by concerted action to compel the comsented. We call them divisions because that term pany to submit to them. We chose the latter, is better known to railroad men than lodges, and called upon him and told him unless be acbranches or unions. At the end of the first year ceeded to our propositions we would stop work, we had forty-four Sub-Division, and we have His reply was, gradually gone on increasing in numbers and im- He found that they did not consent to his third portance until to-day we bave 281 Sub-Divisions, drop, and they stopped. The President of the stretching from ocean to ocean, representing a road, as soon as he learned this state of affairs, membership of 17,000 locomotive engineers. ] censured the Superintendent, gave us all we [Applause.] Now the question may be asked, asked, and we resumed work inside of twelve What have we been doing all these years? What hours. have we been doing for the benefit of humanity, Mr. Arthur then proceeded to give a brief and to claim the sympathy and respect and sup- history of the strikes, and referring to the disport of every honest man? Like all other organ-astrous strikes of 1877, he said : izations in their incipiency, many mistakes were We, as a Brotherhood, had nothing to do with made. Some men joined the Brotherhood, think-them. We have never done anything dishonoring it was for no other purpose than to keep up able. When we find that a company is going to wages and to dictate to the railroad companies. employ men outside of the Brotherhood we en. I am sorry to say that at first there were many of ploy them and pay them their wages. We say to the railway managers who thought so also; but I them, Come to us and we will pay you. Since think I shall be able to convince you that it was 1877 everything that has come between the ena vrong impression. In 1866, at a convention gineers and the companies has been amicably held in Boston, a resolution was adopted authoriz- adjusted. I have just returned from New Oring the publication of a magazine-quite an un- leans where I adjusted a difference satisfaciory to dertaking you may suppose for locomotive en- | both parties,
both parties. I don't think that you can find gineers; and the first number was issued on the one instance where this Brotherhood as an organ1st of January, 1867. To-day its circulation is ization has ever exacted anytbing that was unjust 16,000. In the columns of this journal are the or unfair to a railroad company; but we have the names and numbers of each Sub-Division, and right to stand up and demand the same respect also the names of men whom we find unworthy from railroad officials that they claim of us. My to remain in our organization--the names of ex advice to the menubers of the Brotherhood is to pelled members and suspended members--so that be faithful and just in your dealings with your the railway managers, if they feel so disposed, employer; be true to your Order; be true to can easily ascertain the character of the men those who employ you; and when you have rendemploy
ered your duty feel that you are his peer. In 1867 an insurance association which pays the Speaking again of the workings of the Order, be widows of deceased members $3000 was established, said that when a man was expelled there was still and if a member should lose an arm, hand, limb a chance for him to reform. If he, after a certain or eyesight he gets his $3000.
time, gave evidence of a desire to return and obey We now have an order of conductors, locomo, the rules of the Order, he was allowed to return; tive firemen, brakemen and yard masters, all and he closed his remarks by calling on the banded together for the purpose of elerating their Brethren to remeinber that "united we stand, dimembers and making better men of thom I do vided me fall;" and "by industry we thrive.' not think that we can be called egotistical when [Applause long continued.) we say we are the first. We are accused of tak
Gov. Ozlesby vas next introduced and spoke ing part in strikes. We have had strikes and we happily as tollows: are not ashamed of thew, and under the same MR. CHAIRMAX AND GENTLEMEN OF circumstances we would repeat them. [Ap- BROTHERHOOD LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS : plause.) I believe in putting the responsibility Even poorly qualified as I may be for running where it properly belongs. In relation to our the ordinary machinery of a state, no man ever strikes I will give you the facts and leave it for an arose to address an audience less qualified than unbiased mind to say where lies the responsibility. myself to discourse upon the qualities necessary In the first place let me explain the policy of the to manage, to conduct, and to run a locomotire Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers touching engine. "I don't know when I bare been more these matters. When a question comes up between highly entertained than by the proceedings here the engineers and the company which they cannot to day; nor do I know when I have received more settle satisfactorily, they send for the Grand Chief practical and beneficial instruction than I have Engineer. After they have exhausted their own from the address to which you have just listened, efforis, the Giand Chief Engineer proceeds to the Your Grand Chief Engineer-now I am complace where the trouble exists, and it is his duty ) mander-in-chief myself, but this is a grander man to use all honorable means to effect a peaceable still [laughter ard applause)-in delivering his settlement of the differences between the engin. address to you, in a very careful and guarded
I speak from my own ex-manner, or, I think, he seemed to bare some perience. I was elevated to this office in the dread lest perhaps the Brethren might bare anmonth of February, 1874. I was called upon in nouuced or might here give occasion for feelings my official capacity the first year to help adjust of hostility to it. Now, either the Grand Chief fifteen different cases, and in every cas: there was has misled me by the very lucid statements be an amicable adjustment, because the officers of has made, and this entire audience, or no living the roads received us, listened to our statements, persou can bare any objection to the Brotherand made concessions to us. We got along all hood. [Applause.] It is pleasant to be brought right until we came to a Superintendent, who face to face with a body of men like these, even was disposed to have his
way. The on the Lord's day. It is very instructive to look men had submitted to three reductions. They into the faces of the men whose faces we rarely had ordered another, and when the committee I see. They are locked away from our sight. They
THE HALL ITSELF,
are at the head of the train. They are never ad- tive Graham, of Macon, after whieh the audience dressed by the passengers. They scarcely ever was dismissed by prayer offered by Mr. Arthur. talk or speak to anybody who comes near to the locomotive. We know the conductor, He intro
THE HOME OF THE BROTHERHOOD, duces himself to us at least fifty times on every The large number of vistitors to the local lodge train. [Laughter.] He interferes very largely of the Brotherhood, on Fifth Street, were greatly with a great many people who are short of change, surprised at the extent and importance of the [Langhter.] The brakömen we occasionally meet, outfit shown there. There has been a sort of as they pass in and out of the car; but we never general knowledge in possessiou of the public see the engineer, the man who has in his hands that the Order had a home and headquarters in the life of every man, woman and child on a pass the city, but the character and appearance of it enger train; and of all the valuable merchandise few understand. and live stock on the freight train. They appear The Order was organized here, as far back as to be a seclusive class. The moment the train 1863, as Division 23 of the Brotherhood of the stops the locomotive engineer disappears like a Footboard, and existed as such for about five spirit, like a waif. No body ever sees where he years. Then, August 17, 1864, the whole Organgoes or whither he comes (laughter), and I have ization was rebabilitated, at a meeting at Indianoften wondered who it was ruuning the machine.apolis, under the present name of the Brother[Laughter.] It is very pleasant, I say, to meet hood of Locomotive Engineers, and the Lodge such men. Of late years 1 scarcely ever ride on here was chartered under that name December a train without thinking of the engineer, I wonder 12, 1863. Formerly it had headquarters at Ninth who the man is. Sometimes I do as all other and Monroe streets, over what is now MeSherry's travelers do, cast my eye toward the locomotive grocery. Afterward the Lodge was removed to to see the man who is always on the lookout. I The City Engineer's room in Masonic Block, consider it a very responsible position. The word which it occupied for three years. From there it responsible scarcely covers it. I do not know came to its present hall in the third story of the what it is that makes them so careful. I cannot building lately occupied by C. F. Hawke's crocktell what it is that makes them so careful of hu.ery store, on Fifth Street, man life. I understand they get no extraordinary Lodge was presided orer by George R, Huff, now wages compared with the risk and skilled labor.
retired from the profession, and then for about President Clark said to me, "they are the most vine years by Mr. S. A. Randall. The present interesting and useful body of men on the earth” presiding officer (known officially as Chief EnLapplause), and he said that none of them were gineer) is Mr. Frank P. Clark. The membership overpaid. I expect that there is a spirit of pride of the Lodge is about 106. in the engineer's lile. Of course his own life is somewhat in peril; but he is skilled in runding his locomotive, He could get off when no other The main hall, or lodge-room proper, is 62x25 person on the train, excepting the brakeman or feet, with raised platforms on e.ch side, baving conductor, could; when the ordinary passenger officers' stations and a general outfit of arrangeon the train could not escape
ments for lodge work. There is a large and comimportant relation to this public, carrying hun-modious ante-room and a reception-room, each, dreds and thousands every day, and how few rail
as well as the hall, carpeted with elegant Brussels road accidents are there; but out of the few how
carpets. The ante-room and reception-room are many times do you hear that only the locomotive provided with center-tables supplied with books engineer lost his life, and the passengers were saved. [Applause.] They are a heroic body of business of the members.
and papers chiefly bearing in some way upon the men. They are a courageous body of men, and
The walls of the lodge-room are hung with they stand at the helm until the last second of tastefully framed pictures, between thirty and danger before they give up their locomotive. forty in all, of different styles of locomotives, and How many people in the ordinary wars of life groups of engineers and people prominent in the conduct themselves so unselfishls? How de Order. A bracket shelf" extends around three lightful to know that thera is an order of this sides of the hall, and is covered with all manner kind; not only that the qualifications are honesty of devices in use on the locomotives of the presand integrity, but that the first motto is sobriety.
ent day, and all of which are of Americin make. What would be the condition of a tr id of women and children with a drunken engineer at the different styles, some of which are valued in the
For example, there are of oil-cups alone thirty helm? Whose life would be safe for a moment? market as high as $150. There is a beautiful How worthy it is of you in this meeting to-day; pour ad pertise to the traveling public that this model of a steam brake manufactured by the St. Brotherhood have among its leading mottoes different patterns of steam gauges, one of which **perfect sobriety in the discharge of their duties."
is a patent article invented by Mr. Theodore The public should be interested in paying en-Bergold, of the Springfield shops. An illumingineers more, rather than to have their wages reduced a dollar. I am not in favor of low wages,
ated gauge is shown upon whose face the figures although they charge upon me that since I bave There are samples of packing, of lubricators, of
are perfectly distinguishable the darkest night, been governor I have been instrumental, to some signal lanterns, of conductor's caps, and a mass extent, in a conflict where wages was in the quest of things whose purpose and manner of use are tion. The truth about the conflict was that I was
alike unimaginable to the unipitiated. . upon the side of the men; but I was not upon the side of the men to the extent they went
A large case, with glass doors and velvet hack, The Governor closed his remarks by speaking occupies one corner of the room, and in it are
ably of the policy of the Order as outlined displayed a lot of highly finished implements by Mr. Arthur, and expressed strongly his disap- such as calipers, dividers, punches, reamers, comproval of the policy adopted by most strikers of passes, and, in fact, samples of all the appliances attempting to prevent others by force and threats The value of the samples in this case alone is not
necessary for the construction of a locomotive, from taking the places they have vacated. At less than $500. When all the models and tools the conclusion of his remarks there was loud and continued applause.
are brought in and displayed it is said they will Representative Linegan, of Alexander, made a
make a showing worth actually $30,000.
The hall is capable of seating about 325 persons, lengthy address, and was followed by Representa