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grating of a well-secured window that struck women of Stamboul—the language of flowers them both as being lovely as that of the young -he was an adept in. And soon single sprigs Häidee; the loveliest, in fact, that they had and deftly arranged bouquets were laid cou

Both men—they were English- stantly in that revolving drawer, and the girl men—thought that face beautiful as that of came oftener to the grating withcut her Venus herself can be, but the younger and yashmak on. warmer-natured man loved it on the instant. “ It was a brother and two sisters who dwelt

It will give a greater air of reality to my in that house ; the brother had been impostory, and save a confusion of ideas respecting verished by the revolution, and the sisters' fate, which of the men I mean, if I give names both despite the beauty of the elder one, was not to them and to the place ; you agree with ordained to be bright. She was to go to the me ?” he continued, throwing a questioning seraglio of a small pacha, an old man against glance around. “Any names will do ; help me whom she revolted; the younger girl's fate to some, Mrs. Galton, for I am in the novelist's was to be harder and more horrible still,-she usual difficulty ; any names will do, my own was to be immured for life amongst other for one (just to avoid confusion) and yours for women whom no man would buy. the other."

“Forbes was as handsome a fellow as the “ Thank you ”-Harold Ffrench had been sun ever shone upon ; a well-born, well-bred the one addressed, and Harold Ffrench was Englishman; and the Moslem girl with the now the speaker-“but I had rather that you glorious face soon owned him, not lord of her kept my name out of the story.”

soul, for Moslem girls are not supposed to “ As you will,” Mr. Linley replied care- possess any, and Leila didn't presume to set lessly, “it was only to avoid confusion. Well, herself up above her sisters—but of her heart. I will call them Stinton and Forbes then. And then the solitary sprigs and well-arranged The elder of the two," he went on rapidly, bouquets went on thicker than before.

And! dashing into his story again with velocity, finally Forbes told Stinton one day that he “ the elder of the two men thought that face must assist in carrying Leila off. beautiful as that of Venus herself—the younger, “ In the dead hour of the night Leila placed warmer-natured man, loved it on the instant. herself in the revolving drawer, which was then

“I will say that the city was Constanti- slowly turned round by the sister who was nople ; can you help me to a description of left, and whose' sobs sounded mournfully in Constantinople—a photographic description, the ears of the two men who were rescuing a description such as will bring the city itself the beauty. The drawer moved heavily and before these ladies ?” he asked, pulling him- uneasily ; in fact, the eastern houri was

? self up abruptly in his narrative, and address- rather substantial proportions, and though she ing Harold Ffrench.

shrank into a marvellously small space under “I regret that I cannot assist you, for I the influence of foar, she was pulled through never saw Constantinople,” Harold replied, with difficulty, and not without slight detriand Theo fancied that he looked annoyed at ment to her back, which got grazed in the the attempt to draw him into this “ Irawing- passage even through the folds of muslin. room entertainment."

“ He was a chivalrous young Englishman ; You can't assist me ?-good,” the man of the act was foolishly romantic, but foolish letters went on glibly. “Briefly, then, the tale romance was the worst of his offences. The of the mosques and minarets has been better girl he had abduced he resolved to make his told before, so I will spare you the recital ; wife according to the laws of the church but the window of the house at which this and land to which he belonged. So, with his ! face appeared must be described.

friend Stinton—the lady still being closely • It a broad, high, thickly-grated veiled—Forbes took his Leila away without window, and from immediately beneath it delay, and put her on board an English man-ofprojected a huge drawer. This drawer re- war, the chaplain of which married the Ottoman volved, the two men discovered on a nearer lady to the hope of an English house. inspection, and was used as a sort of bazaar, “ The romance is generally over when the That is to say, the females of the house placed ring is on and the service read.

In this case, therein articles of their own handiwork ; then though, the romance began at this juncture. spun the drawer round, and passers-by took I have said that Leila, now Mrs. Forbes, haud these articles away, leaving money in exchange. remained closely veiled all the while, but now Forbes, the younger man, had learnt the that she was his wife, and under the protection Turkish language ; he could speak it well, and of the English flag, the ardent husband tore write it indifferently. But the other language down the yashmak and saw-not Leila, but that is familiar as their mother-tongue to the her younger sister.

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“She fell upon her knees, and he did not to have ever seen an official notice, not even kill or curse her, as I think I should have done among those issued by the East India Company in the like case. He took her away to Europe, in times gone by, which in its attractiveness and did not hear what his friend Stinton, who equalled the following invitation to good-lookremained in the city, learnt the following day ; | ing young men to enter the regiment of La namely, that Leila, who had sacrificed her Fere of the French Royal Artillery : lover and herself to her selfish little sister command of the King. —Those who desire to who, in addition to her other sins, was as ugly enter the Royal Corps of Artillery, the regiment as the devil—that Leila expiated her offence of La Fere, Richoufftz's company, are informed against the heaven-born passion, love, in the it is that of the Picards. In it they dance dark blue waters of the Bosphorus."

three days in the week, and play at rackets (To be continued.)

twice ; the rest of the time is spent at skittles and other games, and in the exercise of arms.

Amusements abound, every soldier has high ANA.

pay. Applications to be made to M. de RichIn the “Siege of Rome,” a piece brought oufftz., at his château of Vauchelles, near Noyon, out at Paris, the French soldiers are made to

in Picardy. He will reward those who bring cry, Vive l'Empereur !” as they rushed to the

him well-grown recruits." It was this regiassault, though France had certainly no empe; junior lieutenant in 1785, shortly after leaving

ment which Napoleon Bonaparte entered as a ror at that time. Also in the play of “Marengo (the battle was fought under the Consulate), the

the military school. troops cry lustily “Vive l'Empereur” as they tion of the Chamberlain's office, bearing date

Court ETIQUETTE. -A very curious regulamarch off the stage to the scene of combat. In Dumas's play of “Richard Darlington ” 1624, touching the conduct to be observed by

cauets who were invited to dine with an Austhere is a scene in which figures a vehicle drawn by a horse. In the discussion between

trian archduke runs as follows :-“His Impethe and the proprietor of these articles

rial and Royal Highness having deigned to inmanager as to the price to be paid at each represen. having had frequent opportunities of observing

vite several officers to dine at his table, and tation, the latter held out for higher pay. “Surely," said the manager, “what I offer you

that the greater part of these officers behave is enough; the horse will have very little to do:

with the strictest courtesy and good-breeding it merely walks on the stage, and in two mi

towards each other, and generally conduct nutes walks off again.” “Oh,” replied the

themselves like true and worthy cavaliers,

nevertheless deems it advisable that the less owner, “it is not what he would have to do, but the disgrace !

experienced cadets should have their attention

directed to the following code of regulations :The Mastai FAMILY.-The present Pope is

1. To present their respects to His Imperial the youngest of three living brothers. His eldest

and Royal Highness on their arrival, to come brother, Count Gabriel, is eighty-four years of neatly dressed, coat and boots, and not to enter age, and the next, Count Gaetan, is eighty ; the room in a half-drunken condition. 2. At he has one sister, the Countess Benigni, a

table they are not to tilt up their chairs or rock vigorous old lady, seventy-seven years of age.

themselves therein, nor stretch their legs at full Count Jerome, his father, died at fourscore-and- length. 3. Nor drink after each mouthful, four years ; and the Countess Catherine, his

for if they do they will get tipsy too soon; nor mother, at fourscore-and-two. Finally, Count empty the goblet to the extent of more than Hercules, his grandfather, lived to the patriar

one half after each dish, and, before drinking chal age of fourscore-and-sixteen. Altogether, therefrom, they should wipe the mouth and the family of the Mastai is a numerous one. moustaches in a cleanly manner. 4. Neither Count Gabriel has two sons, the eldest, Count

are they to thrust their hands into the dishes, Louis, married to the Princess del Drago; and

nor to throw the bones under the table. 5. Count Hercules, who married the niece of Nor to lick their fingers, nor to expectorate in Cardinal Cadolini. Count Gaetan is a widower their plates, nor to wipe their noses on the and has no children, nor did Count Joseph,

tablecloth. 6. Nor drink so bestially as to fall another brother, who died a few years ago,

from their chair, and make themselves incapable leave any ; but his sisters have made amends

of walking straight.” We may well wonder in this respect, and the Pope has no lack of

what kind of manners prevailed at that period nephews and grand-nephews.

among the lower grades of society when we RECRUITING HE OLDEN TIME. -Our reg find a code like the above considered necessary cruiting serjeants used to tell a pretty good to regulate the behaviour of young officers who tale to entice recruits, but we do not remember must have belonged to the noblest families.

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moon

PART I.

long mysterious problem, the determination As a sequel to a recent paper, * “The of the longitude at sea, the key to a successful Greater Light,” in which we endeavoured to means of traversing the ocean, was only fully familiarise the reader with the principal matters solved when the result of astronomical observaof interest connected with the sun, we propose tion and analysis led to the perfection of that now to offer a few remarks upon the world's transcendent achievement of human genius, secondary luminary-the Moon. We cannot the Lunar Theory, or the applications of mechapreface our subject with an encomium or pane- nical laws and mathematical reasoning to an gyric upon the moon's splendour and beauty, attainment of a knowledge of the intricate for fear of laying ourselves open to a charge motions of onr satellite, and the subsequent : of plagiarism ; for poets and poetasters in all formation of tables by which the exact position ages, from Homer down to the last scribbler of the moon in the heavens could be predicted, who poured out his little soul in “Lines on a as is now done, for any moment of time for Moonbeam,” seem to have laid claim to the many years in advance. More than this, the

as an object created for their especial moon, through the agency of the tides of use and benefit, and they have

which she is the immediate cause, assists in Bayed and bruited the silver moon,

the transport of the world's merchandise from Till they made her as dull as a leaden spoon.

shore to shore and from sea to cities far inland,

bearing away with the ebbing waters of our But while singing the praises of her beauty tidal rivers the cities' pestilential refuse, and they have entirely ignored her utility, and dissipating it in the harmless sea. The moon overlooked the important part she plays in

also assists the historian or chronologer by ministering to the wants of the inhabitants affording him at times the means of defining of this earth. They have loudly glorified the a distant date, or establishing the disputed little “Star in the north that can guide the locality or period of a historical event. For wand'rer where'er he may roam,

and that instance, Herodotus relates that during a “In the waste of the desert or tide still points battle between the Medes and Lydians a total out the path to his home;" but they have eclipse of the sun occurred that struck the rival omitted to render Cynthia her due measure of armies with terror, and brought about a pacific praise for her aid in piloting the mariner arrangement between the two nations. Various across the ocean, for she is his true guiding chronologers, unable to agree upon the date ! star, and it is to her that we owe the present of this event, have assigned various tiines for advanced state of the art of navigation.

The it between B.C. 630 and B.C. 585 ; but the

astronomer, armed with his “ Lunar Tables," * See Vol. X., p. 565,

enters the field of dispute, and boldly declares

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that the only eclipse that could have been seen description of a simple experiment that will ir that part of Asia Minor where the armies make the matter more understandable than encountered, took place on the 28th of May, pages of written explanation could do. Take B.C. 584. Other instances of this kind might in your hand a white or lightly-coloured ball, be cited, but we cannot afford our limited say a lightly-painted croquet ball, and place space for the multiplication of examples any yourself at some distance from a lamp or the further.

window of a room lighted by one window The moon is the earth's only satellite. A only. Hold the ball at arm's length between satellite in astronomical parlance is a small your eye and the light, and then your face, or secondary planet revolving round a larger the ball, and the light will respectively repreor its primary, and forming thus a subordinate sent the earth, moon, and sun.

Now turn system in which the great solar system is, as gently upon your heel, keeping your eye on it were, reproduced on a smaller scale ; just the ball ; when you have moved a few degrees

; as we see in organic life types of larger crea- round you will see a narrow line of light tions repeated in miniature reproductions. appear on the side of the ball nearest the lamp We apply the term only to our satellite or window ; this represents the crescent moon. because the earth is perhaps the only planet Go on turning till you get just a quarter round, in the system that is graced with but a single and the ball will appear as the moon at “ first satellite. The two planets nearest the sun, quarter ;” still turn on, and it will present a Mercury and Venus, have, however, none; “ gibbous" appearance, which will enlarge to and Mars, our nearest neighbour in the oppo- “full moon ” just when your back is turned site direction, has none; but Jupiter has four, to the light. By continuing your revolution and Saturn eight. Of the remote members the ball will re-pass through the gibbous of our system, Uranus is supposed to have phase to the last quarter, and so on till it six, and Neptune probably two or more, comes just between you and the light, when, though only one is established ; but it seems as it no longer will present any illuminated highly probable, considering the increase of edge, it will represent "new moon.” If you satellites corresponding with increased distance perform the experiment at night, with a lamp, of the primary from the sun that we observe and the ball, when between your eye and the in the nearer planets, that Uranus and lamp, hides the latter, you will have the best Neptune have many more ; but the most possible example of an eclipse of the sun, and powerful telescopes in existence are required if, when at “full moon,” the shadow of your to see those we have referred to, and if any head falls upon the ball, you will reproduce smaller exist we can scarcely hope to detect an eclipse of the moon. them, for the planets themselves are smaller Every one is familiar with the singular pheand fainter when viewed with the telescope nomenon known as the 66 new moon carrying than some of the satellites of Jupiter and the old moon in her arms,” when, in addition Saturn. But what the earth lacks in number the slender crescent, the whole disc is more as regards satellitic accompaniment is made or less distinctly visible, a few days after new up by the magnitude of the one it does possess, moon; the same appearance, or “the old for the moon is the largest satellite, compared moon nursing the new,” presents itself in like to its primary, in the system, its diameter manner in the waning moon, when she rises being one-fourth that of the earth, while Jupi- a few hours before the sun, but we fear there ter's moons range from a thirtieth to a fortieth are few who shake off dull sleep in time to see of bis diameter, and Saturn's are comparatively it. This is what is called the lumière cendrée, much less than these. The absolute diameter or ash-light of the moon. Its appearance used of the moon is about 2150 miles ; its weight to be taken as an indication that the moon is sixty-nine trillions of tons, aud its average was phosphorescent, or possessed some light distance from the earth 237,000 miles, so of her own independent of that she receives that the sixty-mile-an-hour train we made from the sun. Now, however, it is satisfacuse of to express the sun's distance would run torily proved to arise from the sunlight to the moon in about six months, and round reflected from the earth upon the dark room, it in a little over four days and a half. It for it must be remembered that the earth is to revolves round the earth in 27 days, 7 hours, the moon what the moon is to the earth, a and 43 minutes, and in the course of this reflector of the sun's light, and that when it is revolution presents us with the familiar aspects new moon to the earth is full earth to the known as the phases. The cause of these moon, and vice versa, and thus the opaque phases is remarkably simple, yet the common moon becomes illuminated by earthlight-to explanations given of them are so complicated use a term analogous to moonlight-but on that we venture to devote a few lines to the account of the great size of the earth com

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pared to the moon, this light is fourteen times instead of half, four-sevenths of the moon's as bright as our moonlight, and thus the occa- surface is rendered visible to us. Of the remainsional brilliancy of this “reflection of a re- ing three-sevenths we inhabitants of this earth flection” is accounted for.

must remain ignorant to all eternity. The moon, as we have said, revolves round The proximity of our satellite, and the plethe earth in about 27 days. The direction nitude of objects it presents for observation, of this motion is contrary to that of the earth conspire to render it one of the most favourite upon its axis, or the apparent motion of the and most striking telescopic objects in the and hence the moon appears to be always whole universe, and even before the invention lagging behind the sun, rising, as it does, i of the telescope intelligent views and suppoabout 50 minutes later every day. In just sitions were formed respecting the inequalities the same time that the moon occupies invisible to the naked eye upon its surface. revolving round the earth, she also rotates Plutarch, in a treatise “ On the Face of the upon her own axis, and this is why we always ! Moon," expresses an opinion that from the behold the same face turned towards us. This spots seen upon it might be surmised the existseems like a paradox, but it is a demonstra- ence of deep clefts, and valleys, and mountain ble fact.

summits “ which cast long shadows like Mount Some six or eight years ago, considerable Athos, whose shadow reaches to Lemnos.” A discussion took place upon this subject in more fanciful theorist of ancient times conthe columns of our public journals, and a ceived the moon to be a mirror reflecting back number of “half-fledged savans,” better able an image of the forms and outlines of the conto comprehend theories of their own creation tinents and seas of the earth, and even in than those established by fact and demon- these days some such opinion seems to hold strated by experiment, endeavoured, in various ground among some nations, for Humboldt ways, to prove that the moon does not rotate tells us that, while showing the moon through upon her axis, and even at the present time a telescope to an accomplished Persian, he was the argument is fiercely raging among a certain astonished to hear him propound the same grade of philosophers. If any one has a lin- hypothesis as one generally accepted in his gering notion in favour of this non-rotatory country. " It is ourselves that we see in the theory we would suggest the performance of moon,” said the Persian, “ that is the map of one of a vast number of simple experiments the earth.” that completely disprove it, and at the same Telescopic scrutiny reveals to us surface time explain the apparent paradox. Let the peculiarities wonderfully diversified in their conreader place himself before a round table with figuration, for, besides the level plains that a ball or basin or any other object in its form the dusky spots visible without a telecentre ; let him suppose this central object scope, we perceive extensive mountain ranges represents the earth and himself the moon ; with their attendant valleys, huge isolated hills let him tie one end of a long string to his and masses of rock flanked by projecting crags button-hole and fasten the other end to a and strewed round their bases with detached chair, or any other object in the room, leaving and unconnected fragments apparently broken plenty of space ; then let him glide round the from the parent mass, rents and ravines and table, keeping his face towards the central yawning chasms, and, above all, the striking object (as the moon keeps her face towards circular craters and volcanic formations that the earth), and by the time he has completed form the chief and most extraordinary element one revolution round the table he will find the of the lunar scenery. Reviewing these in the string twisted round his body; here is proof order in which we have mentioned them, we positive that he rotated on his axis, or how have first to notice the extensive dusky spots. else came the string around him ? As a con- These, in consequence of their smooth appear. verse to this experiment let him repeat it, but ance, were for a long time supposed to consist this time keeping his face towards an opposite of water, and the ancient selenographers (this wall, or appearing to rotate to the object on is the analogous term to geographer) gave the table : the string in this case will not be them the appellations of seas and lakes, and wound round him, because he has not rotated distinguished them by designations derived on his axis.

from influences supposed to be exercised by But while the moon's motion on her axis is the moon over meteorological and other natuuniform, her motion round the earth is not so; ral phenomena : for instance, there is the and this gives rise to an apparent wobbling Oceanus Procellarium, or ocean of storms, the motion which enables us to see sometimes a largest of the so-called seas, covering a surface little more of one side of her face and some- of 90,000 square miles ; the Mare Tranquillitimes a little more of the other ; in this way, tatis, or sea of tranquillity ; the Sinus Iridum,

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