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this sort with what his wife termed vulgar and has therefore been preserved intact. In avidity. “That's right. Lor! you should have 1190, a new and larger fabric was built, conlooked them up before now, Kate.
sisting of a nave of eight bays with lean-to and see them, and ask the young lady over aisles, but retaining the tower; the form of the here."
fabric was rendered cruciform by the addition “ It's a long drive, John.”
of transepts. These aisles were pulled down 'Nothing for your pony: he don't get half about the middle of the 13th century, when exercise enough."
they, were rebuilt, with a width of 40 feet “Very well, dear,” Mrs. Galton said, meekly; each (the nave being only 24 feet), to make she had determined on going as soon as it be- room for numerous mortuary chapels, formed came patent to her that Harold was disinclined by wooden partitions in the great aisles, the to come back to her, but she was also deter- fashion for which then prevailed ; and the mined that her husband should tell her to go.
church re-consecrated in A.D. 1286. It should appear that he was cognisant of every The next step in enlarging the fabric was thing, whatever happened. Accordingly, now the extension of the chancel eastwards ; these that he told her to drive over to Houghton, works were in the Geometrical Decorated style she amiably arrayed herself in a blue bonnet of the early part of the 14th century. The that would have been too decided in colour had vaulted porch to the south aisle was added at all the rest of her dress not been black, and
the same time. The transepts were raised drove over.
in height soon afterwards, thus blocking up (To be continued.)
the lower windows of the tower.
If we were to transport ourselves 500 years THE OLD CHURCH AT GREAT
back, we should see St. Nicholas' Church in all YARMOUTH.
its glory, a complete and stately church, with In a paper on Great Yarmouth
aisles and transepts all sharply defined and ually mentioned its ancient church of St. Nich- equal in height, and adorned with a lofty pinolas as one of the finest parish churches in the nacle at every corner, containing a stone stairkingdom ; and we are rejoiced to hear that, to case leading to the gutters and roof. The a considerable extent, it has risen out of the tower was surmounted by a spire, that rose to ashes of neglect, and by the help of large local 184 feet; and within, the church was rich in and public contributions, the fabric is resum- furniture, A chapel of “our Lady of Arne. ing much of its ancient glory, and that within burg” decked the eastern end of the chancel ; the last few weeks it has been re-opened for pub- the northern aisle of the chancel had a “pair of lic worship, its chancel and its central tower fair organs ;” the chancel itself was crossed by a having both been restored according to the ori- lofty rood loft, and adorned with a reredos, the ginal plan, and that now for the first time work of Roger de Hadiscoe. “In and about it can be seen in its entire length of 230 the church,” says a writer in the Ecclesiologist, feet from east to west, the wretched partition “nineteen separatechapels are enumerated, each of brickwork which divided it having been with its altar, and lights burning before the taken down, and the fair proportions of its statue of its patron saint. Sacred dramas and lofty chancel being again revealed to the eye. miracle-plays were represented in the spacious For this result, the good people of Yarmouth aisles of the chancel, of the stage properties of are mainly indebted to their vicar, the Rev. which some curious records exist; the walls H. R. Nevill, and to Mr. C. J. Palmer, F. S. A., were decorated with rich hangings of arras the honorary secretary of the Restoration Com- and with paintings, of which some fragments mittee.
remain, particularly an interesting portion of St. Nicholas, Yarmouth, may very well take one in the north chancel aisle, from the subject rank among our foremost parish churches, if of the murder of St. Thomas à Becket; the not with the old Abbey of St. Alban’s, at all sedilia were richly carved and painted ; faint events with St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol, St traces of figures of angels of very exquisite Botolph at Boston, and St. Michael's at character are still visible upon those in the Coventry ; and as exhibiting the harmony of south chancel aisle ; from the roof a ship was several styles in combination, perhaps it is suspended as a type of the church. All the superior to any and all of these.
roofs were waggon-shaped, and had panelled Of the original church, built by Bishop Herbert boarded ceilings with moulded ribs and carved de Losinga, in 1101, nothing remains but por- bosses, on which armorial bearings and other tions of the central tower, but this tower has designs were painted ; in fact, the whole of served to rule and modify the entire form of its immense interior was most profusely and the church through all its subsequent changes,
sumptuously enriched.” * See vol. IX., p. 276.
From this period we must date the decline
of this splendid fabric. About the year 1400, After the Reformation the state of the fabric the angles of the roof were lowered, and the became even worse. The Corporation of the interior reduced to what is known as a 'wag
town had imbibed the “new doctrines ” pracgon roof” shape ; being at the same time de- tically as well as theoretically ; and they seem corated with curious bosses and emblazoned to have thought that they could scarcely take coats of arms ; * and the noble decorated win- too active a part in destroying all relics of dows of the transepts and aisles were replaced medieval devotion. The curious images which by others of mengre perpendicular details. decorated the old rood loft were torn down and
carried to the river side, where an open space, making a new one, and also for making a called “ The Laughing Image Corner,” still "thread line,” and a new “ forelock” for the perpetuates the memory of the scene of their “ Paschal.” Miracle-plays were frequently destruction. We should add that in the performed within the walls of the chancel for parish accounts of Yarmouth there are entries the benefit of the unlettered fishermen ; and for adorning the eastern sepulchre, and for the floor was richly inlaid with monumental " leading in ” the miraculous star, and for brasses until 1551, when they were all takon
up and sent to London to be cast into weights See curious paper
on " Roof of Yarmouth Church,” by T. W. King, Esq., York Herald, “Norfolk Archæology,” v. ii.
for the use of the town.
The Puritans of the 17th century accom- dentes fortuna juvat.” An undertaking complished much that had been left undone by menced in this spirit must not and cannot be the Reformers of the 16th. The churchyard suffered to rest until the whole structure has cross was probably destroyed at this date ; been, not merely rendered safe and sound and under Cromwell the chancel and its aisles (which at present it is not), but restored to were bricked up and severed from the rest of the full beauty and integrity of its unique and the edifice, the chancel itself being given up elaborate design.
E. W. for a chapel to the “ Independents," who were with difficulty expelled at the Restoration.
“HE LAMBERT!” In 1633 part of the spire was destroyed by a fire, when it was shortened, and what was
In future years it will, no doubt, be customleft was afterwards rebuilt in equally bad taste.
ary in France to indicate the date when a parIn 1784 the east end of the chancel fell down, ticular event occurred by reference to the Emand the wall was rebuilt, ten feet being cut off peror's Fête when“
“ Lambert was the popular the length of the edifice. Early in the present cry.
Never before was the name of Lambert century, the fine stone carving of the exterior associated with so many and such anxious was hacked away wholesale in order to fit the inquiries. They extended to his wife, his building for a coating of plaster, which is now
family, his hatter, and his tailor, the state of doomed wholly to disappear ; high and un.
his corns and his finances, and every conceivable sightly brickwork buttresses were built up against subject. Quiet men who had come from the the noble western front, and the tower was provinces to see the fêtes suddenly found themencased with bands of cast-iron. So bad, selves assailed by young vagabonds as though indeed, had the fabric become that at one they were the veritable Lambert. • Hé Lamtime it was proposed to abandon the building bert! Bonjour Lambert ! Voilà Lambert !" to its fate, and to build a new church on
Or they were made the objects of disreputable another site.
accusations, as, “ Voilà Lambert ! qui bat sa In 1845 a happier era was inaugurated. femme,” and so forth. The Englishmen there The then incumbent, Mr. Mackenzie, appealed assisted materially in adding to the uproar; it for aid towards restoring the fabric, and the
was so easy for them to show their knowledge interior rapidly assumed a more fitting aspect,
of the French language by shouting in the at a cost of 5,0001. But it was not till last public gardens, the Champs Elysées and elseyear that it was resolved to undertake the where “ Hé Lambert ! Bonjour Lambert !” work of revival on a larger and effective scale, and they did not neglect the opportunity, at a cost of 25,0001. Of this amount a
coming out with especial force at the railway sum of 60001. has been raised, and expended stations. Indeed, a lad who was invited by under the advice of Mr. J. P. Seddon, and
the police to follow them to the police-station it will be necessary to spread the works con- for performing a nigger break-down in front of templated over a period of years. The southern a stout gentleman whom he persisted in assertuisle, with its waggon roof, must be entirely ing to be Lambert, and who declined to accept re-roofed ; and the west front, with its large the invitation, and consequently had to be windows and four lofty pinnacles, will require dragged there, excused himself when before the a very large expenditure. The spire, which magistrate by saying that he did no more than serves as a landmark to the ships outside the the English did. Of course the theatres have Yarmouth Roads, it is to be hoped will be not let the opportunity slip, and before the restored to its original height. In fact, in fêtes were well over, the Palais Royal Theatre order to make their church worthy of its had a placard out announcing the performance former character, the good people of Yar- of a piece with the title, “ Hé Lambert ! ou la mouth will have to collect nearly another femme qui bat son gendre.” The cry was so 20,0001. ; but there is little doubt that the universal that some people, those who can see
will be forthcoming in the long-run. meanings where none exist, like certain critics of Meantime Mr. Charles J. Palmer, F.S.A., poetry, asserted there was a political meaning the Secretary of the Restoration Committee, of hidden under it. It is now known that it was a the interior of whose beautiful mansion on the mere unmeaning cry, like the inquiry which was South Quay we gave an illustration in a former popular in London some time back, “How are number of ONCE A WEEK, * will be happy to your poor feet?” The origin of the cry is receive contributions towards the good work variously accounted for. One version is, that which he and his colleagues have taken in hand, a countrywoman who had missed her husband and in which we wish them all success.
“Au- at the railway station kept firing off cries of
“Lambert, hé Lambert! As-tu vu Lambert ?” • See Vol. IX., page 643.
at short intervals, until the whole of the
crowd who were waiting about the station took up the cry and repeated it. The real origin of the cry, however, was in this wise. There was an evening inspection of troops at Vincennes, and a great number of persons had assembled to witness it. While waiting for the operations to begin, a portion of the crowd, whose minds were as unoccupied as men's minds, usually are when they are waiting in imminent expectation of an event in which they are interested, heard one of the woodkeepers who was employed in keeping the people back, call out to a friend he caught sight of among the spectators “Hé Lambert ! est-ce vous Lambert ?” Directly a fellow repeated the inquiry with affected interest; it was taken up by others, and in less than half an hour had been repeated by thousands of persons, and before midnight every part of Paris had
Such was the origin of the cry of “ Hé Lambert!”
“ Thou bold sea rover, have ruth,” she cried,
“Upon my woful plight,
Thy sword of mickle might,
The bonds that bind me tight.
And my sire to the earth they smote, (For they were many and he was old)
Wbile me in this little boat They bound, and left me all alone
On the wide, wide sea afloat.”
rung with it.
Earl Eirek the Rover drew his sword,
His sword of mickle might,
With its edge so keen and bright,
That lady lithe and light.
Right welcoine art thou to me,”
Pure white as the froth of the sea,
That maid and the rover bold,
On English down and wold;
Was the ship with Saxon gold.
I wot 'twas just a year
On the sinking sun appear,
To the self-same spot draw near.
EARL EIREK'S VOYAGE.
(A NORSE BALLAD.) LISTEN to this antique story, Listen to this legend boary : 'Tis a rude and uncouth lay, Which the Scalds of Norroway To their kings at banquet sang Till the smoky rafters rang: 'Tis like an ancient runic rhyme, Whose verses graved in stone bath time With mosses till'd, and so effaced That scarce the letters can be traced.
"Tis like a blazon'd book of old, Whose pages once right glorious shone
With burning tints and lustrous gold, Though now the gleam of the gold hath gone, And the brightest tints have faded grown.
Earl Eirek was a rover
Who scour'd the northern sea,
A solemn oath sware he,
His own should surely be.
Again the day was closing
As he strode the vessel's deck,
A something dark did feck;
She watch'd the distaut speck.
As the light began to fade, And on it swept
:-a stately shipEarl Eirek grew afraid, And he pray'd to Thor to succour him
As he ne'er before had pray'd. Scornfully curl'd his wife's red lip,
When she saw the rover's fright,
Thy sword of mickle might,
As thou art wont to tight."
Earl Eirek journey'd southward,
Before a steady gale,
Of spoil began to fail,
He spied a single sail.
Black on the sun he saw its hull,
And thus to his men he cried, "If a woman there be in yon distant bark
That toward us now doth ride, Whetber she will or no, the same
Shall be Earl Eirek's bride."
But ob ! it was no treasure-ship
Earl Eirek gazed on then,
More like to fiends than men ;
Like the eyes of a wolf in its den.
At length that bark to his own drew near,
A wondrous sight was there !
A maiden passing fair ;
Like the sheen of the sun ber hair.
On, on it came, that elfin bark,
And the Northman's vessel near'd, And the Northman's bride did leave his side,
And sprang with laughter weird Upon the gbastly ship, which then
Like a sea-fog disappear'd.