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I felt I was in such highly respectable hands, sold, over and over again, at Aldridge's,” he that I thought it would look like an insult to rejoined. ask for a trial before paying, especially as I * Why, he was late the property of Squire was to have a written warrauty.
of Hall," I said, in amazement. Just by way of airing him, he was trotted “Very good,” replied the “vet. ”; up and down the yard ; and he certainly went if you will be kind enough to inspect his near superbly, with fine high action, and with eyes forefoot, you will find a sand-crack—a split full of courage.
hoof, -very cleverly disguised with coloured The money was paid, and the stamped wax.” warranty was given, and I directed the I did look at his foot, as desired ; and there groom to send him to my own stable in was the crack, so artfully filled up that I never town, and returned by the evening-train to should have discovered it myself. the rectory.
“Why, I know the horse to be dead-lame," “Well, papa, what about the horse ?” were said the “vet.”, “and there is the first words with which I was greeted by for it.” Miss Beaty.
Dear me, how my old friend, the groom, “ Well, my darling, it really is a superb crea- must have been deceived ; but, at least, I had tare, and will become you mightily.”
a written warranty, and I determined to see “ Didn't I tell you, papa," said she, kissing him again. me, “that it would turn out well ? You know The old groom was busy as before, “wis'ss, I have a kind of presentiment about these wis'ss, wis'ss.” I told him what I had disthings. You know I always get just what I covered, but he was as calm and stolid as want, just in the nick of time.”
“Well, well, my dear, we shall see," I re- “Well, you know, gemman, what Squire plied, pleased with myself and her also.
said. If you don't like 'un, return ’un, The next morning, on returning to town, I and there's your money for you.” thought that, just for form's sake, I would have I almost felt indignant with the “ vet." for his paces tried by a good rider, before ordering creating any suspicion on my mind as to the him to be sent home. Accordingly, I got a transaction ; and I mildly communicated to groom from a neighbouring mews. After him, when I next saw him, my belief that the giving my new purchase a good feed of corn, very respectable vendor was perfectly innocent the groom mounted him. He certainly did in the matter, and that my money was quite not start very well ; he swerved right round safe. to begin with.
you send back the horse," he replied, “He was only having a bit of play,” the “ you will never see either it or your money groom said, " after his corn."
again. Take my advice, and send him to the He was trotted up and down, and the groom next sale at Aldridge's, and put up with the thought that, with regular work, he would go first loss." very well. At the same time, he gave the Against my will, I was at length convinced, office," as it is termed, to a fellow-groom that and the “horse of great beauty was knocked was standing by. Presently he said the horse down for seven pounds. I am ashamed to say bad suddenly hurt his foot on a stone ; and how much I gave for him ; but let that pass.
; he certainly flinched with one foot whenever I have every reason to believe that he fell into it was brought down on the hard road. It the old hands, to whom, in fact, he was a was very provoking ; besides, why should the regular annuity. I see the same advertisegroom have winked in the way he did ? It ment appearing at regular intervals in the was all right, of course ; but, perhaps, it would Times, and I have no manner of doubt that be but fair to have the opinion of a
“ vet.” at
the old groom, the old physician, and the once, instead of waiting for the three weeks' “ horse of great beauty," with the wax-dressed stipulated trial.
hoof, go through their parts, during the season, Accordingly, the “vet.” was sent for, and with as much success and aplomb as on the came.
occasion when I was the audience and the The moment he entered the stable, he gave victim. the same comical sort of grin the groom had What Beaty said to me when I got home, done.
and how I twitted her about her presentiment, "Ah ! an old acquaintance,” he exclaimed. it is not necessary to repeat. But this I know,
"Impossible,” I said, somewhat hurt at his the very respectable horse-coper must bait his familiarity;
“he has just come out of North hook with something different from a “horse amptonshire."
of great beauty" before he gets another bite “At all events, I have seen him bought and from the
able that unless he has some suggestion to do
so be will pass by the most interesting district, It has been said that the Russian War and come away with an indifferent opinion of revealed to the majority of Englishmen the the duchy. I know Sundewitt, which he is existence of the Crimea. The Slesvig-Holstein sure to visit, would please him well enough if question has been too loug before the world, it were in its natural condition, but it has been and has been used too much by the lightest of the great theatre of war, the camping-ground littérateurs as a synonym for something utterly of sixty or seventy thousand soldiers, and when incomprehensible, to allow me to say that the the armies withdraw it must change from a Dano-German war will be for my countrymen scene of animation to one of desolation.
The the epoch of the discovery of Slesvig. But its rest of the duchy that he is likely to see, if he exploration will certainly date from the Austro- follows the track of the war or of the railway, Prussian invasion. Thousands of tourists will is one long unbroken stretch of heath and trace this autumn the path of the German marsh, very good to fatten cattle for the London hosts, wander over the ground where the market, but very cheerless to look upon. Dannevirke stood for well nigh a thousand The interesting portion of Slesvig lies aside years, maim their feet upon the execrable from the railway and from the war. The turnpavement of the long dull street of Slesvig pike road from Slesvig to Flensburg, of which town, look through the fine (as far as the I have spoken, may be said to form its interior is concei
cerned) Dom Kirche, drive along boundary. The traveller who, instead of making the road to Flensburg, on which the out- his way from Slesvig to Flensburg by the rail, numbered Danes made their retreat, stop at chooses, perhaps from a desire to follow in the Oversee to note the spot where they made such steps of the armies, the road, will find himself a gallant stand, and dealt such slaughter after he gets a mile or two out of Slesvig on a amongst the impetuous Styrians, lounge along heath, broken only two or three times on the the quays of Flensburg, or sail upon its beauti- whole of the rest of the distance—some twenty ful inlet, and, as the term of their journey, miles— by villages, cultivated land, and bits of revisit, as it were, Sundewitt and Alsen, with wood. On his left hand the moor will stretch which the vivid descriptions of special corre- as far as his eye can reach, and if his vision spondents have already made them well ac- were powerful enough, he would follow it to quainted.
the North Sea. On his right hand, however, I cannot tell how Slesvig may look this it is stopped in less than a mile by hillocks autumn, after the tornado of war has swept covered with wood. Sheltered by those hilacross it, but if the recuperative power of locks, and stretching from them to the sea, nature is strong enough to give it anything like forming a semicircle of which this road may be the same smiling aspect it presented last year, called the line, and the sea, the inlet of Flensthe tourists cannot fail to find much to delight burg, and the Slei the outside, lies Angeln, a them. Very easy of access, Slesvig, which no country which possesses even a greater interest one formerly visited, because it led nowhere to Euglishmen than the quiet beauty which it and had no special attractions, could boast no shows to all comers, inasmuch as it is the remountains or waterfalls, no world-compelling puted home of the race which gave their land ruins or galleries, will now draw the curious its back-bone and its name. who delight to gaze upon the theatre of impor- I am no ethnologist ; I do not pretend to tant events, and charm while it fills with offer an opinion upon the merits of the arguwonder all those Englishmen who love the rural ments which have been brought forward in the beauty of their native land. For, but that the controversy whether the Angles did come from people speak platt deutsch and dialects in which Angeln, but I have acquired a conviction that it is difficult to say, so philologists tell us, they did, which no force of argument, I will whether German or Danish more predominates, even say no proof, however strong, can shake. but that they dress a little differently, an I was at home there. As I wandered through Englishmen fancies himself at home in Slesvig. the narrow roads, with their thick, luxurious As long as he keeps out of doors it is hard for fences, in which the blackberries invited me to him—in the summer time—to believe that he feast, as I was wont to do when a schoolboy ; is not in England. In winter the bitterness of as I turned aside to ramble without purpose or the cold would remind him that he was in goal up the green lanes, with their even taller another clime, and the blank, dreary appearance and more unkempt hedges ; as I strolled in of the snow.covered land would strike him pleasant footpaths across fields of about five or with no similitude to the English landscape.
six acres, in which the oats stood in shocks I am presuming that the tourist visits the waiting to be carted, or the ploughman whistled right part of Slesvig; but it is extremely prob- 1 after his horses ; as I caught every now and
then a glimpse of a lowly church peeping out in about equal proportions Danish or Low. of the trees, and close by it the substantial German. house of the gutsbesitzer, or squire; as I walked I have no intention of describing Angeln in through the villages by the well-built cottages any detail, I desire only to state the impres. -the walls and porches covered with trailing sion it made upon me, for the benefit of flowers, the gardens neat and well kept up-I those of my countrymen who, passing by could hardly believe that I was not after all Hamburg next autumn, may diverge from their in East Anglia, somewhere on the coast of route for a few days to visit the scene of Norfolk. Almost everything I saw assisted to what I hope may then be called the late war. heighten the illusion. There was the black- But there is one spot of which I must make smith's forge by the road side, with the gossips brief mention—Glucksburg, or Lyksborg, the standing about it; there was the beer-house in favourite residence of the late King of Denthe middle of the village, and the little general mark ; and I do so the more especially that
( shop, where everything was to be bought; there it is within an easy walk from Flensburg. were the guide-posts at every crossway, with A very pleasant walk I found it ; the road, unmistakeable English names upon them--at well kept, as becomes a road to a royal resileast half the villages in Angeln seemed to me dence, runs through a country which presents to end in “hy”—there were the boundary- the usual features of an Angeln landscape, the stones marking the limits of the parishes, and distance being about six or seven miles. The chubby, flaxen-headed children,-non Angli palace is built in a small lake of a circular sed. Angeli—who bowed and curtseyed to the shape, and rises out of the waters at a short stranger just as if they had been trained by distance from the shore. It is entirely surthe parish schoolmistress. The only things rounded by water; there is no embankmentthat struck me at all strangely were the stone not even a gallery ; steps lead down to a landing causeways, which commence at the first and place on the main front towards the park, and finish at the last house of each village, the a bridge connects it on one side with the land, numbers on the houses- police regulation- on which are the stables and other outbuildings. and the remarkable civility of the people. A The house is a very large one, with no prestranger who strolls through an Euglish village tension to architectural beauty, but evidently has to run the gauntlet of something more than
very solidly built.
Round the lake, except for curiosity ; it is quite possible that he will be the small distance along which the road runs, greeted with a stone or two, and if half-a-dozen stretches a beautiful park, open to all, through fellows are lounging together in front of the which the visitor must perforce ramble. A beer-house or on the church-yard wall, a few beautiful bright afternoon had succeeded a wet coarse jeers are certain to be bestowed upon morning, and a more delightful spot than him. I met with nothing of the kind in An- Glucksburg I have seldom seen. All was so geln, and choose to account for the difference quiet and yet so bright. Here fine masses of by the mixture of races in England. The only trees came down into the lake, and there the impertinence I did experience was familiar waters forced their way into the forest, and enough. From almost every farmyard a couple formed little bays shut in by dense foliage ; and
; of dogs rushed out and barked me beyond the the old house which looked into them all, with bounds. The people looked strong and healthy, its three-gable roofs, held together as it were the young women were comely and ruddy as by the round towers which kept guard each English peasant girls. The servant girls of at a corner, for all its ugliness had a charming Flensburg, drawn, I suppose, from Angeln, were look. It seemed just the place to live a lazy, among the prettiest I have seen out of or even lounging life, free from all care or trouble, in England. The country is pleasantly undu- one's hardest work to float in a canoe across lating and fairly wooded, and the larger part the lake, and there, under the shelter of some belongs to noble proprietors, as is also the case giant trees, and lulled by the rippling of the in Holstein, with the exception of the rich water, sleeping or waking, dream away. Bemarsh district, Dithmarschen. In the rest of hind the park and on towards the sea were Slesvig the land belongs to peasant proprietors, woods in which a sportsman would find, no but these peasant proprietors are really large doubt, plenty of amusement. The village is a Feomen, and own farms of three or four hundred long one, and as a royal residence should be acres. The language spoken by the inhabitants clean and well-to-do-looking, with some good of Angeln was one of the most vexed disputes houses of much higher pretensions than peasants’ between the Germans and the Danish Govern- cottages. On the other side of the road is ment.
As far as I could form a judgment, another and smaller lake, connected with the whilst the land-owners are Germans, and speak larger one by a stream which turns a mill, and High-German, the population generally speak upon this lake stands another large house.
The castle was formerly the seat of the Glucks- above them. They are thick and fleshy because burg dukes, and King Christian, who belongs they contain a store of starch, provisions elaboto that house, resumes, therefore, an old family rated by the parent plant which produced the possession. Let us hope that he will soon be seed, and whose last vital movements were able to enjoy it. At present the Prussians are expended in making this food for its offspring! masters at Glucksburg, and they are
On this store of starch, the infant plant, with possession" of whom it is very difficult to get its little root, and its stem bearing towards its rid. BURTON S. BLYTH. summit the first true aerial leaves, is at first
wholly parasitic, until it is sufficiently grown THE BIOGRAPHY OF A PLANT.
to attract from the earth and atmosphere a
sufficiency of food for its support, and can do WHEN we compare human life with plant without the nursing leaves. It is quite life it is astonishing to what an extent their obvious, therefore, that our plant must pass vital phenomena resemble each other. All the gradually from the stage of parasitism to that stages of human life, of infancy, youth, man- of independency. hood, and old age, are well-defined in plant life. During the first stages of its life, our little About this there can be no mistake. The life annual attracts oxygen from the air ; this of man compared with that of a plant! Are enters the nursing leaves, and through its influthen the ties which unite us to plants so inti- ence, the starch which they contain is conmate? Yes! far more intimate than is commonly verted into a soluble sugary gum called dextrino, believed ! To convince my readers of this, to which the water absorbed during germination strengthen their love of nature, and to make conveys to the rootlets in the soil, and to the to them the plant-world more interesting, is young leaves forming in the atmosphere. Thus my object in thus comparing our own life- nourished, both grow, and the young leaves changes with those of plants.
speedily expand and take the form peculiar to From the abundance which nature furnishes, we shall select—not a tree, for that sometimes With the progress of growth, the nursing outlives successive generations of men ; besides, leaves also undergo a great change in their there is something strong, as well as enduring appearance. Lifted above the ground and about a tree ;- no! we must give the life-his- exposed to the light of the sun, they speedily tory of something in the vegetable kingdom expand and take a green leaf-like colour, becomfar more frail and perishable ; the biography, ing so much enlarged that they present quite for example, of an annual plant, one of those a different appearance to that which they had flowers which adorn the garden or the land- when folded together and enveloped by the scape for a few months or weeks, and then seed-skin. There can be no doubt that this pass away for ever, to be replaced by other change of colour enables them to discharge their floral forms as the seasons change, equally grace- nutritive duties more effectively. Now as the ful, beautiful, and perishable.
first rootlets and aerial leaves are formed prinTHE STAGE OF INFANCY.—This commences cipally out of the nutritive matter with which with the first movement of re-awakening life the cotyledons are furnished, they become in the seed, and closes with the fall of the gradually atrophied, or waste away and shrivel cotyledons or nursing leaves. If we plant the up, as the nutritious store in them disappears, seed of such an annual in a suitable soil when and finally fall from off the stem. With the Spring and warm weather come it will begin to full development of the aerial leaves and the germinate, or its life-movements will re-com- fall of the nursing leaves, the first stage of
It first attracts the moisture from the vegetable life, THE STAGE OF INFANCY, is closed. soil to itself. This produces the softening and It is thus that Nature, like an affectionate swelling of its outer covering, which is finally mother, cares for the life of all her plant-chilruptured by the growth of the embryo in its dren, and gently weans them, first gradually interior, which sends downwards through the altering their organism so as to adapt it to a torn seed-cover a little rootlet, and upwards change of diet, and then by degrees witha young stem, to which are attached the first drawing the sustenance afforded by the nursing pair of leaves. These leaves, which are thick leaves. Surely, nothing can be more perfect and fleshy, form the great bulk of the seed, or natural than this analogy between these and are called by botanists cotyledons: they early stages of plant life and those of human are, in reality, the nursing leaves of the young life ! embryo. We call them nursing leaves because THE STAGE OF YOUTH. —This is the proper they perform a duty quite peculiar to them- vegetable stage, throughout which the plant selves, and therefore different to the work done is wholly independent of the nursing leaves, by the other leaves which subsequently appear and draws its nutritious material entirely from
the earth and atmosphere, those two grand and glass, with a drop of water between them, so inexhaustible store-houses of vegetable food. as to give it the necessary degree of transThe commencement of this epoch is therefore parency. Water ought, for this reason, always marked by the atrophy and fall of the nursing to be used, whenever objects selected from the leaves. See, how admirably the two extremi- tissues of vegetables are examined microscopitics of our plant are organically adapted to the cally. The epidermis thus prepared will exearth and atmosphere ! A rootlet and a leaf, hibit the pores, and the nature and beauty of how different in form and colour! yet both are their mechanism will be better understood and absorbents beautifully adapted to the two appreciated. media into which they develope themselves. Hence, when fully formed, these aerial Their functions are the same. We cannot, in leaves aerate and elaborate the sap or nutriå paper like the present, undertake to enter tive fluid, in a much more perfect manner minutely into the anatomy and physiology of than the nursing leaves ; and the growth of
Let it be remembered that this the plant is consequently more rapid after is only a brief outline of plant-life, sufficient their evolution. to awaken, we hope, a pleasing train of thought The leaves now contribute individually to each in the mind of the reader. It is enough then other's support, the lower leaves aiding in the if we simply state the facts. The little root growth of those that are above them, and conlets descend into the soil
, and put forth from tributing also to the development of that portion their surface innumerable fine white, hair-like of the stem which is below them, and to the fibres, which are the instruments by means of increase of the number of rootlets in the soil, which the plant takes up its food ; its young and thus vegetative power gradually increases. stem ascends into the air, and its bark and fibre, We have a manifest proof of this in the inarranged cylindrically in separate beds or layers crease in size of the leaves from below upwards, in the stem, are spread out horizontally at and also in the increase in the length of the definite points along its stem, in the form of internodes, or naked intervals of stem which numerous flat, horizontal, green plates, or ab- separate them. For the size of the leaves sorbent surfaces, called leaves. The bark or and the length of their internodes depend cellular tissue of these leaves is penetrated by wholly on the vegetative activity of the leaves the fibres of the wood in the shape of veins, themselves ; and as those leaves situated toveinlets and capillaries, which communicate wards the middle of the stem are not only directly with the fibres of the stem and roots, larger, but more wide apart, than the leaves and thus act as conduits of the sap from one ex- above and below them, it is evident that the tremity of the plant to the other. In this man- growth of the plant is first accelerated and ner the sap brought from all the other parts of then retarded, and that the vegetative force is the plant is conducted to all parts of the leaf greatest about the middle of the stem. It is by these veins, veinlets and capillaries, to be here, therefore, that the wave of growth culthoroughly spread out and aerated in the minates. From this point upwards the vegeleaves.
tative force diminishes, the leaves decrease in The processes of evaporation and absorption size, their internodes shorten, until finally the are greatly facilitated by the organisation of vegetative force is reduced to zero, and the the skin, or epidermal covering of the leaves. leaves are crowded into those beautiful metaThis skin, with its porous openings, is adapted morphosed clusters, or rosettes, popularly to the aerial medium by which the leaves are called flowers. In the flower the wave of surrounded. The porous openings are called growth is depressed to a minimum, for when stomata. They are, in fact, self-acting valves, the flower appears, growth invariably ceases in and consist of two cells together, usually of an that direction. oval figure, with a slit in the middle. They Our plant has nowentered upon that interesting are so situated as to open directly into the period which has been emphatically called “the hollow chambers, or air cavities, in the interior change of life.” We notice a peculiar alteraof the leaf. It is through these pores that tion in its habits and structure. Another the superfluous water of the sap is evaporated, force has come into play—that of reproduction and such gases absorbed from the atmosphere —which gradually gains the ascendency, checks as are nutritious to the plant.
the growth of the plant, brings the leaves toThe structure of the stomata, or pores, may gether, and finally culminates in the producbe readily perceived on the epidermis of the tion of flower-buds. These differ only from lily, where they are unusually large. The leaf-buds in having no power of extension, epidermis must be carefully removed, and for as in the flower the vegetative powers of having been freed from its chlorophyl or leaf- the leaves are reduced to zero, the axis of the green, it must be placed between two strips of floral leaves necessarily retains its rudimentary