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early English horses. Speaking of a trial be- and forty-six seconds the mile ; about the rate tween the foreign blood and our own in his of running of a first-class racer of the present day, he says—"Now for their inward good day, and much higher than the performances ness ; first, for their valure and endurance in of the Arab racers to be found in the modern the wars, I have seene them suffer and exe- stud-book. It is equally questionable whether cute as much and more than ever I noted they have fallen off in powers of endurance. in any other forraine creation. For swiftness, | This is not the first time the same complaint what nation hath brought foorth that horse has been made with respect to our horseflesh. which hath the English ? for proofe whereof In every age we look back to impossible horses we have this example : when the best Bar- in the past, just as we look back to impossible baries that ever were in my remembrance, If it had not been for the Eglintoun were in their prime, I saw them overrunne by tournament, the old story of the degeneration a black hobbie (Irish horse) at Salisburie, of of the Englishman would have been still Maister Carlton's, and yet the hobbie was fully believed ; but when it was proved, on more overrunne by a horse of Maister Black- that occasion, that we could not get into the stone's, called Valentine,' which Valentine, iron clothes of other days, nothing more was neither in hunting nor running, was to be said. equalled, yet was a plaine-bred English horse It may be a question whether we are not both by syre and dam."

wearing out our blood by sacrificing everything That the Arabian did not bring us swiftness to speed at a very early age, and whether as its main gift, has been proved over and the old style of races, for long distances and over again, when the best horses of that coun- with heavy weights, may not be resorted to try have been matched against even second- with advantage in some of the matches for the class English horses, and have been beaten Queen's plates ; but that is a matter which our always over a short course. That the Arabians racing-men must decide. and Barbs, however, brought us other great If we turn from the ride to the drive, we qualities of endurance and courage—in other shall certainly do so with unmixed pleasure ; words, breed—there can be no doubt; for our when we look


the splendid carriagegreat racers have been the produce of Arabian horses which pass us in such endless procession, sires.

can do so without the slightest chance The admixture of this blood during the of hearing that their race has degenerated, early part of the last century was very or that our equipages are worse horsed than great. The sires of this country have indeed, were our ancestors.

We have not the poniu a large measure, influenced the whole of derous Flemish mares that once dragged the our racing animals up to the present time. gilded coaches round the ring ; but we have Darley's Arabian, the first of this blood of something that is infinitely better. For great note, made the earliest impression upon Majesty” alone, on state occasions, is the our English stock. Flying Childers, foaled solemn, pompous, slow animal of old mainin 1715, was his son ; and this horse is tained ; aud on grand occasions, when the said to have been the fastest that ever ran. eight cream-coloured long-tailed horses make Dodsworth was another Barb of pure quality ; their appearance, we may realise to ourselves and then came Godolphin, an Arabian, whose a very improved style of animal to that which descendant, Eclipse, has long been a name in paced Hyde Park in the days of Queen Anne the Racing Calendar familiar to every English- and the early Georges. Within the present century, pure Arab

The tine horses of sixteen hands to be seen in sires are rarely employed ; yet the influence of the carriages of our nobility, are of pure Yorkthe old stock is most certainly not worn out. shire breed ; but are procurable only through the Whatever effect the practice of racing under London dealers. They are purchased by them present conditions in this country may have at Howden and Horncastle fairs, and by them upon our horses' powers of endurance, one thing only, as the traders will not sell to strangers is quite certain—it has had no ill effect upon unless they will take them in lots of all sizes their speed. Flying Childers—reputed the and colours. This the London dealer can fastest horse that has ever appeared in England afford to do, sorting them afterwards accord-although said to have run a mile within a ing to the requirements of his customers. An minute, never did anything of the kind. In | individual wishing to pick a pair for his own the record of his performance over the Broad use, would find himself shut out of the Course at Newmarket, the length of which market by this practice. was three miles, six furlongs, and ninety-three A perfect match of these Yorkshire carriageyards, he is said to have done it in six minutes horses, of a bright bay colour mottled with and forty seconds, or at the rate of one minute i black, is looked upon by the London dealer


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just as a fine diamond or a pure pearl would Majesty are the dappled grey ponies used for be by the precious-stone dealer. They know the Highland excursions of herself and family; their value, and that ultimately they will be and apparently the Prince of Wales has taken purchased ; hence the perfect indifference they up the taste, as we find him driving the same evince towards the general purchaser who may class of grey cobs—models of their kind. happen to see them in his stable.

Such men There are certain horses in the royal stud, look upon a pair of such horses, if they are however, which are unique ; for instance, lucky enough to obtain them, as the great the cream-coloured horses which are employed advertisement of their lives. We question if on state occasions by the sovereign. These they would sell them at any price to a mere animals, first introduced by the Hanoverian millionaire without position in society. He kings, are a special product of Hanover and must have money, it is true ; but he also the adjacent countries. The breed is kept wants position for his horses. His ambition up most religiously in this country at the is, that they shall form part of the establish- Hampton Court establishment. These horses ment of a leader of ton, because he knows that look small in contrast with the great gilt coach their beauty will then be seen by the best they draw, but in reality they are tall, scarcely class of people, and that his reputation will one of them being less than sixteen and athereby be established. Such horses-and we half hands, and they are proportionately see many such in the drive-are often sold as strong, as the state harness for each horse, high as a thousand guineas the pair. Of old, with all its furniture, does not weigh less as we have said, the run was all upon Flemish than two hundredweight. These Hanoverians horses—it is now wholly upon English animals ; are, in fact, the last representatives of the old and in this the public taste of Europe has Flemish horses, once so fashionable. They are decidedly shown a vast improvement. In slow and pompous in their action, as befits Paris and Vienna we often see equipages that horses destined to serve royalty on state are second to none, even in England ; but, occasions. Some of them, still in use, are upon inquiry, we invariably find that they are upwards of twenty years old; but they take imported from this country. As fortunes, how life easily, airing themselves in the riding-school ever, are not so great in France as in Eng- in the mornings, and once a-year or so doing land, it often happens that these equipages the heavy work of taking the old gilded coach flourish only for a brief season, when the with its august burden from Buckingham horses fall again into the hands of the English Palace to the House of Parliament and back, dealer, who is invariably looking out for first and then relapsing for a twelvemonth into class animals : but not to sell again to other laziness and oats. The preparation of the Parisians, as horses once well known do not royal equipage for a grand state occasion is a change hands in Paris—the leaders of the real sight. The tails of all the royal steeds being fashion there considering it not the thing to properly adjusted (why should not horses of purchase of each other.

fashion, like their nuistresses, wear false hair ?), It will be thought very naturally that the they are with some little trouble harnessed, finest stud of all classes of horses is to be for many of them are entire animals, and their found in the Queen's stables. And probably mode of life inclines them to wax fat, and in the days of George IV. this was the case, kick against the pricks. And now comes the but at present the sovereign's tastes do not important operation of mounting the state include horseflesh. Probably the influence coachman on his box : this is by no means of Prince Albert bad a great deal to do with done by a spring and a jump; on the contrary, the neglect into which the royal stables have it is a very solemn and laborious affair. There fallen. His Royal Highness neither knew nor must be no haste, no jerking, otherwise the cared anything about horseflesh, and the con- magnificent posy in his button-hole will be sequence is, that at the present moment there displaced, and all the powder shaken out of is scarcely a horse in the Buckingham Palace the prim curls in his periwig. A ladder is stables that can be considered first-rate, and procured, and he mounts to his seat at the many of them are shocking jades. The public top of the large vehicle, and there he sits, a had an opportunity of witnessing the second- perfect “bright poker” of a coachman, the rate character of the animals sent to convey postillions being really in command of the the Princess Alexandra into London--animals animals, in conjunction with the state grooms that our leading nobility would not have in who walk beside them. It would certainly their stables. The riding-horses are of an be a curious thing to estimate the cost of these inferior nature still ; with one exception, annual promenades as far as horseflesh is those used by the Prince of Wales. Perhaps concerned ; what their keep and stabling and the best horses in the possession of Her exercising comes to,-the whole stud we mean,

same cause.

out of which the eight are selected for the two fault, the reason of his keeping back his motive hours' annual work. Certainly that short for doing so arises in many cases from the jaunt must cost something like 10001. an

“ He bolted with me, it is true, hour. At the Hampton Court establishment but I was always a careless rider,” or “he all the Arab and other horses presented by reared and nearly did for me, but the bit was Eastern princes to Her Majesty are kept. It too sharp.” We make allowances for the really is almost as expensive as presenting horse as we do for the man, and believe that elephants to the sovereign to send her these in new hands he will do well enough. This noble breeds : it is not etiquette even to give is a different thing from committing a delibethem away, and they are never put to any use, rate fraud which must inevitably entail loss or killed when getting old. Theirs is a true upon the next possessor—from passing bad life of ease, they are served by the most money, for instance, or from issuing a forged experienced grooms, have every want attended cheque, or even from passing off wooden nutto, and live on in the full enjoyment of life megs or wooden hams for real and genuine until they are called away to the bourne from articles. which no quadruped returns.

In these latter cases there can be no doubt What a contrast these noble brutes present of fraud ; but when we consider how largely in their lives to the meaner animals which are the equine race shares with us our good and constantly passing through the hands of many bad qualities—how very similar, in fact, they masters ! a horse, for example, that has some are sometimes in their whims and caprices— slight blemish, or fault of temper, or per- there may be permitted a very wide margin for haps some disease which is ignorantly put dispute as to who shall be debited with the down to the score of vice. These are the real fault, the horse or his master; and as in animals that suffer a martyrdom through life, this case the master has some interest in doing and are yet worked as remorselessly as though so, he liberally debits himself with the fault, they were all the time shamming. In nine and very often rightly. We say so much in cases out of ten, when any one has the mis- explanation of what is termed the ordinary fortune to possess an animal so afflicted with loose morality which exists between even the temper or disease, he immediately gets rid of best friends in horse-dealing, because it is him, and leaves the purchaser to find out what made an excuse for the dishonest practices of is the matter, It has always been a mystery what are termed horse-copers, a set of clever how it happens that the most honourable men, vagabonds who live by swindling. The prowhose integrity in other matters is beyond fession of horse-coping requires so much ability, reproach, cannot resist taking in even their and such a profound knowledge of human dearest friend in the matter of horseflesh. nature on the part of the adepts in the art, that It cannot be that they feel it less culpable to it really is a pity that its professors don't find deal fraudulently in this article than they a higher field for their exertions. would in the matter of a house, or an estate, In a former paper* we have given the reader or a piece of merchandise ; there must be, some insight into the professional London therefore, some difference in kind between the horse-coper, who works his trade by means of different articles under negotiation, which goes advertisements in the Times, drawing attention in the former case to their conscience, and we to some astounding prodigy of horseflesh to be think that difference lies in the fact of a horse's sold, for next to nothing. There is another similarity to man in his humour, tricks, and branch of the fraternity who attend fairs, and vices. The nearest approach to the laxity of manage to gull the Queen's lieges in quite as morals with respect to giving a character to a clever, though not perhaps in so refined a horse, is that which obtains in giving a cha

Their business is to buy good-looking racter to a servant. If a man parts with his screws and old horses, and so to do them up groom because he has been saucy, or idle, or as to take in that class of person who is a ill-tempered, or obstinate, he by no means, as thorough believer in his own superior knowa matter of course, says as much when asked ledge of horseflesh. to give his candid opinion respecting him by The ability with which these rogues will his new master; on the contrary, he charitably operate on old animals, and turn them into takes a part of the blame upon himself. He showy-looking steeds fit for any gentleman to will say, “Well, perhaps I was a litle hasty ride, is really very great, and it would make myself,” or “ I spoke too sharp to him, knowing their fortunes if they would only turn their his hot temper ; possibly his next master will attention to the getting up of the rich old be more considerate, and they will work well dandies of the bygone era of George IV. together.” We are convinced that when a The class of horse they are in the habit of man gets rid of his horse for some supposed

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operating upon is known by the slang term of horses are afflicted with a disease of the ver“the Adam,” an aged individual of some tebral column, which is not apparent as long blood, but sadly showing the marks of age. as they are run up and down the yard by the Thus, for instance, his teeth will slant out- groom, but which immediately exhibits itself ward at a most acute angle—a well-known upon the animal's being mounted. This horse sign of equine senility. He will have deep is termed the “Bobby," and more perhaps is depressions over the eyes, which also give a done by the copers with this animal than with very ancient appearance ; and finally, he will any other. He generally has splendid action show white hairs all over his coat. To get when being trotted up and down the yard, and rid of these signs of going down the hill the he is generally gingered beforehand to give coper has his respective dodges. By means him fire and spirit; in fact, no animal is more of a file he speedily reduces the teeth to the likely to take in a purchaser who goes upon length of those of a five-year-old, and by mere appearances. The knowing ones would a clever process called “Bishopping” he pinch him up and down the spine until the manages to imitate the dark marks or cavities sore place was discovered ; but the copers which are to be found on the biting edges of know very well that the knowing ones are not all young horses' teeth. This is done by likely to buy of them, and if they discover the means of a hot iron, which burns out a cavity unsoundness by chance, a “tip” easily buys in the tooth, which, to the uninitiated or their silence respecting it. the casual observer, looks very like the real There is still another class of animal with thing. The white hairs are reduced to the which the horse-coper tempts flats, and this is prevailing colour of the coat by using a hair- what is termed the “knock," or lame horse, an dye. Do not old bachelors attempt to hide animal afflicted with shoulder lameness. The their hoary locks in a similar manner, and coper” is no believer in the saying that sometimes with the same design of taking in “two wrongs do not make a right,” in appearsome eligible fair one? The third process of ances at least, for he proceeds to cure the “gypping,” or “puffing the glims," as it is lameness of one leg by producing a corretermed, is done in this manner :- – The loose sponding lameness in the sound one. This he skin which falls in over the aged horse's eye, does by taking off the shoe, and inserting a is punctured ; the coper then applies his lips bean between it and the foot, and nailing it to the place, and blows into the cavity ; the on again. The horse now appears to go all punctures close, and the depression is obli- right, in consequence of the lameness being terated, and in its place a smooth brow is equal in each leg. This trick, however, is

The effect in restoring the youthful good for only a very short time, but generally looks of an aged horse is very remarkable—as long enough to suit the coper's purpose, who, striking, in fact, as the filling up of a nut- immediately on selling the doctored animal, cracker jaw by the introduction of a set of decamps with all speed from the neighbourfalse teeth.

hood, and when wanting, is not, of course, to All these attempts to renew the old Adam, be found. however, are of a very transitory nature. There is one left, however, to The purchaser, proud of his animal, which pick up the discarded animal, which is sure he flatters himself he has bought at a very to be sold by the gull for an old song,

and reasonable rate, puts him into his stable over then the confederate, with his “property," as night, and by the time he has been well actors would say, is off to join the coper in groomed in the morning, a dozen winters some distant scene of operation. Thus the appear to have passed over his head. The game is carried on from year to year, and we truth is out, and the mortified dupe is only question whether the coper with a string of too glad to get rid of his bargain at any sacri- screws doesn't make a better bag than the fice. The dealer has decamped, of course,

honest dealer. and his warranty as to age, &c., is worth the The moral to be drawn, after all, from paper it is written upon, and no more ; but our little story is, never to delude yourself he has left a confederate, who manages to buy with the idea that you can buy an Arab off a back again the “ Adam,” which is led forth cab-stand ; in other words, that you can, to some distant horse-fair to undergo a similar without any knowledge, pick up a great barprocess of being restored to youth, and of gain either at a fair or at a London horsebeing palmed off as a horse in the very prime repository. If you attempt it, the chances of life.

are that you are only taking a bait most cunThere is another class of unsound horse ningly placed in your way by a horse-coper, which copers are much in the habit of “work- who laughs at you as a greenhorn whilst he is ing with,” as it is termed. Many fine-looking fleecing you of your cash.

A, W.





I said no word to him about it, I knew better ;

but I saw with what dreadful doubts he was I AM old now. My life has been as placid perplexed. Excitement might shorten Marion's and uneventful as I could have wished ; but life - such an excitement as a declaration of there is one memory I possess, known to but love from him might be of material injury ; few, which my family wish me to put before and even if it did not prove so, how could he the world. In my old age I learn to submit condemn himself to the prolonged torture of to younger judgments, even as in my youth I seeing the life of a beloved wife ebb away day submitted to my elders. In some cases ex- by day? Besides, he did not think she cared tremes meet. I ask attention to my story only for him. I, who had watched her ceaselessly, because it is true. Whether it is strange or

knew that she loved him with her whole not, I hardly know: it is strange enough to heart. He struggled with himself fiercely ; but

he won the fight. He left home for some weeks More than fifty years ago my brother Stephen and returned, looking older and paler ; but he and I lived together in a village about ten miles had learned to mention her name without his south of London, where he was in practice as a voice quivering, and to touch her hand withsurgeon. Stephen was thirty-two, I eighteen. out holding his breath hard. She was pining We had no relations, but a sister, five or six away under the influence of his changed manyears older than myself, and well married in ner, and I dared not help my two darlings to London. Stephen was a solitary and studious be happy. An unexpected aid soon came. Mr. man, living somewhat apart from his neigh- Cameron, who was in bad health when we first bours, and standing almost in a fatherly posi- saw him, died suddenly. Poor Mariou's grief tion towards me. Through the years we had was terrible to see. Her father was dead, lived together no one had thought of his mar- Stephen, as she thought, estranged ; and there rying. Thus it was when the events I have to was no one else in the world who cared whether tell began. The house next to ours was taken she lived or died, except myself. I brought by a Mr. Cameron, a feeble-looking man, rather her home with me, and was with her hourly past middle age, with one daughter, Marion by till Mr. Cameron's funeral. How we got name. How shall I describe her, the most through that time I hardly know.

Then came beautiful creature I ever saw ? She was per- the necessary inquiry into his affairs. He had haps twenty years old ; I never knew pre- died, not altogether poor, but in reduced circisely. A tall, slight form, fair complexion, cumstances, leaving Marion an annuity that dark chestnut eyes and hair, and an expression would scarcely give her the luxuries her state more like that of an angel than a human being of health required. And where was she to Though I was much struck with her appear- live, and what to do? Stephen was the sole ance, Stephen did not seem to notice it ; and executor, the one adviser to whom she could we might have remained unacquainted with look. He took two days and nights to conthem for ever, but that he was required to help sider, and then offered her his hand and home. Mr. Cameron over an awkward stile opposite At first she could not believe that his offer our house. Acquaintance once made, they arose from anything but pity and compassion ; soon grew familiar ; for they had two feelings but when he had told her the story of the last in common, a love of tobacco and Sweden- few months, and called me to bear witness to it, borgianism. Many a summer evening did they a great light seemed to come into her eyes, and pass, smoking the one and talking the other, a wonderful glow of love, such as I had never Marion sometimes joining in, for she generally seen, over her face. I left them to themselves walked with them, while my chest, which was that evening, till Stephen tapped at the door of weak at that time, kept me at home. One my room and told me all-nothing, in fact, but day they quitted Stephen at the gate, and as what I knew long before. In their case there he entered the door I said to him,

was little cause for delay. Trousseaux were “How lovely Marion is ! I am never tired not the important matters in my day that they of looking at her."

are in my grandchildren's ; and Marion was “Look at her while you may," said he ; married to Stephen, in her black gown, within “she has not three years to live.”

a month of her father's funeral. It was only too true. She had some dread- The next few months were a happy time for ful complaint-aneurism, I think it was,

all of us. Marion's health improved greatly. which must carry her off in the flower of her The worried, frightened look she used to wear days. Stephen told me that he had consulted left her face as she recovered from the depresthe most eminent doctors without getting any sion caused by her constant anxiety about her hope ; and the emotion, rare enough in him, father, and the loss of rest she suffered in atthat he displayed, told me he loved Marion. | tending upon him at night. It seemed as if


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