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glorious uncertainty of "cricket,” or the law, of the passage, I should not have mentioned the uncertainty of getting back from Sark is this, but as it is known to be a fact, and one far greater.

which can be quoted with good authority, Approaching Sark for the first time by I thought it would add interest; besides, every steamer, it seems hopeless to try to land. The place of this sort has some tradition or tale, or sea is deep, clear, and green, close up to the foot legend attached to it. The Rocher Bayard on of rocks, which, like the fiords of Norway, of the Meuse, for instance, affords a good instance. precipitous granite, rise before us; their height Whilst gazing at the Coupée, one cannot but is grand to a degree ; their form grander still. wonder that the sea has not undermined this A heavy sea dashing against them, as it wrings thin-waisted natural wall.way, producing a and twists the seaweed clinging to their bases huge freshwater-gate as a bridge between the

-the water itself effervescent, foaming, and two parts of Sark. Down on the left hand of boiling—seems to defy us ; at length, on the the Coupée is an ocean cauldron, generally south-west side of the island, we found the known as the “Pot,” which Neptune seems to boats were being lowered from the out-turned keep boiling; to judge fron the spoon-drift and davits, and a certain bustle on deck suggested spray which come up when the sea rushes landing,—but where ? At last a small heap madly into concave rocks, and swells round of stones was pointed out at the foot of some and round, lashing itself into foam and froth of the rocks, called the harbour. And how till it makes itself heard as one of the roaring puny man's handywork seemed in the midst of lions of the place. Great and majestic as such natural grandeur ! What a contrast to the this scene was, the subtlety of its beauty and majesty of the unhewn rock! But getting into grandeur was unfortunately far beyond the the boats and landing, we find ourselves on a reach of art : although it fills the specvery small piece of shingle; and then, how to tator with admiration, delight, and a certain get out or up? Through a small natural arch, awe, yet it convinces him of the very finite called the Creux, is the way up to the Heights. power he bas of representing to others phases The tail-piece to this article is a sketch taken of nature which he perhaps most deeply feels from inside, looking towards the shingle landing himself. Working round the island to the place. This is the only entrance to the island. Guernsey side we come to more fantastic forms Happily for human nature, no human voice, of rocks-some, like the Needles at the Isle recommending tea-gardens, shrimps, or hot of Wight, but larger, are very striking ; and water at twopence per head, "salutes the ear:" then passing on still more to the eastward we not even the simple luxury of a sanded floor at arrive at Les Boutiques. What a horrible Dame a little road-side public-house is there to wel- for caverns. Surely they must have been come the stranger. This is indeed a treat, a christened by some ironical Frenchman, who place to be taken note of. One thing in going thought it the best name for a series of caverns you must do, take your own lunch. Having which belong to a nation of shopkeepers. obtained some information previously about the The rock scenery, or rockscapes, as our Transplace, we immediately started for that part of atlantic friends would call it, is certainly most the island called the “Coupée." A ground plan varied and grand, but the great difficulty is in of Sark would be somewhat like an hour- getting down to the shore, and if once there to glass in shape, with the western lobe smaller get back again. than the eastern. The road in the narrow The island of Sark lies about midway neck connecting the peninsulas is about 434 between Guernsey, Jersey, and Cape Rose on feet high, width at base 300 feet, top 20 the Coast of Normandy, but rather nearer feet or 30 feet; and certainly when it blows to the islands than to the mainland ; and fresh-really fresh—it takes one's best sea-legs, though small in size, it is far from being inconwith cricket spikes or Tyrolese “ crampons,” to siderable. In its shape it is nearly oval, and keep up against it. And it then takes, I should it has another and smaller island attached to say, the nerves of a member of the Alpine it by a narrow isthmus ; but the two together Club to walk across it. It was once crossed are not above three miles in breadth. Sark under the most remarkable circumstances. A rises high above the sea, and may be said to be young lady stopping in the island, was out for regularly fortified by a rampart of steep ima ride, when something frightened the horse, penetrable cliffs, so that it has but one access, which, starting off, ran away with her, and which, though in itself easy and commodious, made for the Coupée. The marvel was that might be rendered impervious to invasion, let they were not both dashed to pieces ; but the the enemy's force be what it will. horse kept his feet, the girl her seat, and the In point of climate this island is equal to moment they arrived on the opposite side, she any of the group, and the soil is so fertile that swooned and fell off. Knowing the difficulty | it produces more corn than sufficient for its


consumption, as also grass enough for the sup- convent here, yet it was afterwards deserted, port of the black cattle, sheep, and horses, and in that state was seized by the French in with which it is extremely well stocked. the reign of Edward the Sixth, and recovered

Though this island was peopled so early as by surprise (for by force it could not have been the sixth century, when St. Magloire, or, as taken) in that of Queen Mary. The surprise was he is commonly called, St. Manlier, built a effected in this manner:-Leave being obtained


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to bury a person, a coffin full of arms was sent | In the succeeding reign, to prevent any future on shore, which served to arm the attendants, accident of this kind, it was granted to Hellier who had been carefully searched on their land- de Carteret, seigneur de St. Ouen, in the island ing. Part of the small garrison was allured of Jersey, by whom it was settled, but has on ship-board, and detained there under pre- passed since into other hands, and is now in a tence of sending some provisions on shore, till state of gradual improvement. those who ad landed recovered the island.

P. T. R.




1. KING KARL sat feasting with his lords,

Then out spake Karl, the King, -“I ween His busy varlets crowning

This splendour naugbt avails us ;
With fowl and fish the bending boards,

The brightest gem the world has seen -
And thirst in red wine drowning ;

Shame on you !.-ever fails us :
And golden goblets' ruddy blaze

The gem that, gleaming like the sun,
Glowed bright around the rainbow-rays

The giant wears his shield upon,
Of precicus jewels shiping.

In Ardennes' leafy fastness."

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x. As Roland to the steep draws near,

The giant, laughing loudly, Asks, "Wherefore comes yon youngster here,

On charger monnted proudly? His spear will pull him

om his seat, His shield will crush him at my feet,

He's half his sword's length only !”

With haste the two their steeds bestrode,

With thoughts of deeds of daring : Behind his sire young Roland rode,

The spear and buckler bearing. And soon they reach'd the battle-ground Whereon the giant death had found,

And where his corse was lying.

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The bishop soon was seen to bear

The giant's glove steel-woven ;
The stiff and stark band still was there

That Roland's sword had cloven. A relic of great price !” he cried ; “I found it in the woodland wide,

Cut from the arm that own'd it !"

Next came the bold Bavarian dake,

The giant's spear-shaft dragging. “I found it in the forest, look !

No wonder I come lagging ; With sweat and toil I've brought the spear; A cup of my Bavarian beer

Right gladly I'd be drinking !"

XXV. Count Richard next approach'd his lord,

Beside his charger striding, Upon the steed the giant's sword

And heavy harness riding. “Who will," he said, “among the trees, May find more arms as big as these,

Far more than I could carry."

EVERY now and then some question comes on for public discussion in the most mysterious manner ; it rises by imperceptible gradations, and gradually involves the newspaper and literary press in its discussion.

Of late the question of the day has been that of horses. Have horses deteriorated ? Is our system of haudi. capping leading to the production of worthless weedy animals? Is Ireland losing all her best blood ? The vehemence with which these questions have been discussed shows the interest the national mind takes in them, and the wonderful diversity of opinion that is entertained upon them.

Whilst, therefore, the public attention is thus directed to the noble animal, we may perhaps be permitted to say a few words respecting them without touching the more prominent points in dispute. The Londouer, whether his avocation lies among horseflesh or not, believes he knows something about the matter, and perhaps with some reason,—for is there not a permanent horse-show in Hyde Park every season, where he sees finer specimens of the animal, and in greater numbers, than the world can show besides ? Yet if you test the Londoners' knowledge of horses,

Then Count Garin the king espies,

The giant's buckler swingiug. “ He bas the shield-his is the prize,

He comes the jewel bringing." " The sbield I have; the gem is gone ; Another band has won the stone,

And wrenched it from its setting.”



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you soon discover that it is entirely super- with the military air close to him, and ficial. Where they come from, how they are

with reason.

These high-bred horses, whose trained, what are their really valuable points action attracts the merest novice, are not Eng. or otherwise, are questions respecting which lish horses at all : they are born and bred in they are in entire ignorance. England has so Prussia, but are of English blood. These long maintained a superiority in the matter of horses are trained by the cavalry officers of horse-flesh, that the public are apt to smile that country, with a delicacy and an intelliwith derision when the efforts of other nations gence our rough-riders know nothing about ; in the same direction are mentioned ; and the and this education of our own stock we know shock, therefore, is proportionately great when how to appreciate and to pay for. Cavalry we find that success is not always denied to officers in Prussia are particularly fond of the them. During the last racing season, to wit, ménage. They are allowed by their Governour best horses have been beaten by French- ment to keep three horses, and they employ men—our Derby winners have come in second their idle time in breaking and elevating the to comparatively unknown animals

colts of English blood ; and our dealers, ever French race-course—we have had one or two on the look-out for such animals, are always falls in contests with our American cousins, ready to purchase. What more significant and some of us are beginning to rub our eyes, comment could we possibly make upon the and ask how all this comes about. It is at superiority of foreign to home horse.breaking least consolatory to know that in every case and training? it is English blood that has beaten us. We It is at least consolatory to our national sell our best stock openly to all nations, and pride to find that it is only the park-horse we must not be surprised, therefore, at finding that receives any value from the management that stock has not deteriorated by change of the foreigner. Our racing stud is entirely of air, and by the superior training they get our own, if we make the admission that it abroad. The extent to which foreigners are has been elevated to its present proud posidraining us of our best equine blood is little tion by the infusion of Arab blood it received known; neither do we imagine the British at a coinparatively early date ; but this infusion public is prepared to find that we import so would have been of little value if grafted on many horses as we do at present from the a less promising stock. It must be conceded Continent.

that the indigenous British horse was admirable In the year 1853, we sold abroad 1902 from the earliest times. Cæsar says as much horses, of the declared value of 85,9671. This in his Commentaries, for he admits that the was just before the Crimean war. In the Ancient Britons in their chariots were more than year 1863, the number had increased to a match for him at times. We are apt to think 4348, of the declared value of 270,6111. that the aboriginal British horse was a mere The greater portion of these horses were to pony- represented by the animals that ran mount foreign cavalry ; and a speculative mind wild on Exmoor some half a century ago ; but may perhaps be tempted to imagine that this it is quite clear that such animals would not demand on the part of continental govern- have been capable of working the scythe ments was not made without a due regard to chariots used in war by the Britons, as these the mettle of our cavalry, as exhibited in the must have been heavy, besides having to famous ride of the “Five Hundred.” Our carry the charioteer and the fighting-man. imports have fallen off, as we find that in No under-sized animals would have been up to 1853 they were 1978, against 1819 in 1862 ; this work, and no other than high-couraged but they were of a very different kind from horses could have charged as they did, right those that left our shores. We sent away into the midst of the enemy. Blood and suba class of animal such as we use in omnibuses, stance must, therefore, be conceded to our many of which are employed to mount officers ; original stock. When this stock was crossed whilst we received in return a coarse agri- with the pure Arabian blood, the produce at cultural animal from North Germany, and our once took the first place among the horseflesh own best blood, educated by the Prussians. of Europe. We are apt to contemplate with great pride It must not be supposed, however, that the noble animals we see curvetting and pran- even in the element of swiftness, the English cing upon the soft tan in Rotten Row, and to blood derived much advantage from the Arabian imagine that the world cannot, in this article or Barb blood. As long back as the latter end at least, compete with us. If the park of the sixteenth century we have the unobjeclounger were to express such sentiments aloud, tionable testimony to this fact, of Gervase ha would probably excite a curl of contempt Markham, that complete sportsman, who has on the moustache of the foreign gentleman left us the best account of the character of

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