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Why had she marked that verse now ? did tongue of the dumb shall sing. she feel as if from her that land was not so Grace, can you wonder why it was I was so very far off ? And the next day, as I bade my anxious that our little daughter there should mother good-bye, I whispered in her ear, “Will be called Miriam, -can you wonder, Grace ? Cousin Miriam die, mother ; is she going to leave us soon ?” and my mother answered, “I FROM CANADA TO LIVERPOOL, hope not, Willie-- I trust not. Not yet," she WITH “ SKEDADDLERS" FROM THE NORTHERN added (as if speaking to herself), “ O God !

ARMY. not yet ;” and all my heart echoed, “not yet.” The Grand Trunk Railway of Canada—one

And then I went away with a hope and a of the most shaky and rickety in the world—is fear growing side by side in my heart; but not, at the outset, the most pleasing of routes even as I watched them growing I saw that whereby to commence a journey homewards ; the hope had taken the deepest root. It is a train, or at least a “bullgine (engine), ever so with us; thank God, it is ever so. running off the track being an event of quite Wild and bitter must be the storm, sharp and ordinary occurrence. We arrived at Montreal sudden the uprooting, that can deprive us of on the morning of the 26th of March, well that priceless tree of life which God's hand dusted, and jostled almost to death, but with : has planted in the midst of our human garden. appetites sharpened by the involuntary exerIs it not an emblein of that other tree, growing cise which we had been taking day and night; by the river-side, in the midst of His Paradise, so, in company with a " skedaddler" from a whose leaves are for the healing of the nations ? | Michigan cavalry regiment, I adjourned to the and are not nations made up of human hearts ? Miranda “Hotel,” so called. The small bar

Only eight weeks, Miriam and I had said to room was crowded by a host of Lower Canaeach other, on that last evening, only eight dian habitants, with a sprinkling of some half

1 weeks ; yet how slowly they seemed to pass ; dozen chattering Frenchwomen. Hungry and slowly to me, counting week by week, day by tired, I entered the dining-room, a dirty little day. At last they were ended, and I left off apartmeut about ten feet square, in which my counting ; and once more the glad Christmas- head, albeit that of a short man, nearly touched time came, and once more I was at home again. the ceiling, while my olfactory nerves were How well I remember that home-coming, so dif- sorely discomposed. Huge chumps of bread ferent from all the others that had gone before were distributed round the table, at one end it. My father meeting me at the door alone ; of which was a tureen of black beau-soup, and the empty drawing-room, silent, deserted, and at the other a large dish of fish, which might

, dreary, though the warm winter fire have been fresh a week before ; so, hungry as shedding around and on everything the same

I hastily quitted the company.

A few bright living light it had shed there many, doors from the Miranda, I discovered a phlegmany Christmases ; and things were in their matic German, stout and greasy withal, busily old places, and nothing was changed ; every- employed in the concoction of saveloys, Bologna thing was just where it had always been, except sausages, &c., from whom I made a few rapid Miriam. She never left her room now (my purchases, with which, and a pocket-pistol in father said), and my mother watched beside the shape of a brandy-bottle, I hurried to her night and day.

catch the train, then almost on the point of Could we live without her now? It was starting from Montreal for Island Pond. years since we had ceased to ask each other On the way we formed some new acquaintthat question, now we must ask it once more, ances bound for home by the same steamer yet not to each other, but to God; we must with ourselves. Among them were an old ask Him for strength to enable us to answer it farmer and his son, on their road from the far according to His will, not ours.

backwoods to Dublin, to inherit an income of And so through all that Christmas week we 7001. a year ; and a veteran Irishman “skowatched the quiet waning of her life, like the daddling” from the New York cavalry. From waning of a summer moon. Calmly, hopefully, Montreal to Portland (Maine) the railroad is without the shadow of one passing cloud to worse than that portion of it which cro-s its brightness, we watched it fade away traverses Canada West; and on our arrival, at before the golden sunrise of that other life midnight, at that miserable locality called which is for ever.

And when our watch was Island Pond, I was black and blue. We were ended we could but sit and weep for our loss ; escorted to a dilapidated building—a perfect but soon there came to stay our tears the dog-hole, yclept an hotel ; it was worse than thought of how she was among the angels, any backwoods shanty, Irish shebeen, or underjoining all their praise, in the land where the ground habitation into which I have crept in ears of the deaf shall be unstopped, and the I the course of my wandering life. The Yaukces,




as is well known, pride themselves most espe- agent in the Emerald Isle. He had paid their cially on their being a go-ahead people ; but passage out, having lured them with the prothe want of accommodation and the incon- spect of a golden harvest in the shape of the veniences to which the traveller is constantly grand wages they would earn while employed exposed in this part of their dominions, are on a railway, the construction of which would disgraceful to civilisation and humanity. And

occupy some ye They landed in the New in this very state of Maine—where they boast World of so many fabulous promises only to of having set such an example to the rest of find that they had been hoaxed, and that the the world in the encouragement of teni perance, line was all a myth. In vain they stormed by instituting the Maine law, prohibiting the and raged. Bouuties-greenbacks, probably sale of spirituous liquors—more abominable —were thrust into their hands and whisky into poisons are sold, and more drunkenness is their mouths, and they were marched away visible, than I remember to have witnessed southwards, to end their lives in the dismal elsewhere. Of course all this sort of indulgence swamps, or to fall by the Confederate bullets. has to be carried on sub rosâ; but the in- The Irish are enticed with soft sawder and spectors are quite open to a gratuity, which their national liquor ; the Germans with lager closes their mouths from making any inquiry beer. On every arrival of immigrants of the as to whether or no spirits are drunk on the latter nation at the Castle Gardens * in New premises. It is the habit of the landlord to York, government agents and private specucarry in his pockets small bottles of different lators are keenly on the look-out. The Gersorts of liquor, so that he is able immediately mans are huddled together, with barrels of the to oblige his customer with a glass of brandy, seductive drink placed before them ; and when rum, or whisky, as the case may be, the stock they have reached the suitable stage of inbeing stowed away out of sight in the back toxication, they, too, are hurried off in skypremises.

blue uniforms to the army of the Potomac, We left Island Pond early in the day; and destined, in all human probability, to share on reaching Portland the same afternoon we the fate of the poor Irishmen. found the place in a state of excitement, owing The


of the North is well fed and well to the embarkation of a regiment of Maine clothed compared with that of the South. А cavalry for New Orleans. The appearance of gentleman, who had escaped from the Libby these men presented a curious medley,-hats, gaol at Richmond, informed me that a few caps, garments, and boots, of all conceivable days before his departure there had arrived sizes, shapes, and colours ; and whether they three Confederate regiments, whose uniforms wore one spur or two, or none at all, seemed were made of the calico, striped with green and to pass quite unnoticed. Some fifty sentinels, white, which is sold as an imitation of Venetian with drawn swords, were guarding the wharf, blinds, shoes and stockings being altogether to render it impossible for any to “jump the wanting. Just previous to this, a whole bounty,” i.e., run away, or “skedaddle.” The brigade had entered Richmond in a pelting reader may easily picture to himself the trouble rain, and had been obliged to pass the night that the Northerners have to secure soldiers to without shelter. The courage and fortitude

Almost every man after receiving the with which the Southerpers face every privabounty, of from 400 to 800 dollars, will desert tion, the skill and daring of their generals, the if possible, and, making off to another State, willing renunciation of everything they possess, will procure another bounty. I know of some forbid us to believe that they can ever be who have been paid it six times over ; and as vanquished. All the church bells have been the money given amounts, in some instances, melted down and re-cast into guns, all the

a thousand dollars (2001. sterling), it is no cushions and hassocks converted into beds for inconsiderable sum for one rogue to amass in the wounded, all the women's jewels and or

It is computed that in Upper naments, sacrificed to the exigencies of the Canada alone there are at present upwards of struggle. 40,000 “skedaddlers” from the Federal army ;

We sailed in the Jura, with every prospect and most of the steerage passengers in every

of fair weather and a rapid voyage, bidding steamer for England are nominal soldiers, who adieu to Portland, which the Northerners have have borne off some of Uncle Sam's greenbacks. fortified strongly since the affair of the Trent,

The method adopted for entrapping the un- having erected large forts on either side of the fortunate immigrants is very barbarous, yet at narrow entrance to the harbour. About five times it borders on the ludicrous. The week miles from its mouth the wreck of the steamer before we quitted Portland it had witnessed the arrival of about 400 luckless Hibernians, * The Castle Gardens, at New York, are under governwho had been bamboozled by an American


this manner.

ment control, and all immigrants have to stop there on their


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Bohemian was visible. She had run ashore in ain't a boy in Derry can say what myself can, trying to make the fort, with the loss of forty-jest three months away from ould Ireland, of her steerage passengers. She had belonged six weeks at sea, six weeks a-doing nothing at to the same company as our own vessel ; and all, and now near Derry again, and all these as they had lost eight fine steamers in the beautiful goolden drops about me ;” and, course of seven years, it was not very en- thrusting his dirty blackened paw into his still couraging when a terrific gale came on, dead dirtier pocket, he pulled out thirty sovereigns. ahead, The heavy seas made clean breaches “Now,” he continued, “I'll be seeing Judy, over us, washing away our bulkheads, and for and never a word will I spake about the goold ; some time it was doubtful whether or no the and if she turns up her nose perpendicular, good ship would weather the storm. Every sure I'll be off for another run. timber trembled and creaked. Down she Besides this worthy, we had four more dipped deep into the ocean's trough, seemingly “skedaddlers” from the different armies of the lost for awhile, but rising gallantly again; and the North, whose accounts all tallied as to the each time she recovered herself another tre- barbarous mode in which the war is carried on mendous sea would strike her, deluging her by them ; and to the cavalry, it seems, must with tons of water fore and aft, At the end be adjudged the ignoble palm for precedence in of five days the weather moderated, and joyful this disgraceful rivalry.

" Whenever we came faces were then to be seen amongst the steerage in sight of a Southern town,” said my “skepassengers. A slight sketch of some of these daddler” from the Michigan horse, " and may perhaps be not altogether devoid of in- knew that the Southern troops were away, we terest or amusement to the reader, and may went in at a rip of a gallop, and made for convey to his mind some idea of the actual the goldsmiths' shops ; as soon as they were state of the American army.

plundered, the other shops and the stores were To begin with an eccentric little Hibernian, next gutted ; and if there happened to be any working his passage home. While the gale was large houses, we ransacked them and set fire to at its height I saw a creature, measuring about the town in several places ; we very seldom four feet, and with a face not unlike that of a left anything standing behind us. But in some Gibraltar baboon, emerge, covered with coal of the Southern planters' houses we did best ; dust, from the opposite cabin, on his way to two of our boys hooked four thousand gold the scene of his labours in the stoke-hole. pieces from one, and another bagged five thouOn his return I entered into conversation with sand from another : we generally broke open him, and found him a regular Irishman, full all the boxes we could find ; the silk dresses of fun and humour and cunning shrewdness. we used to send to our wives, and I have often Short as he was (and ugly withal), he had heard the ladies imploring our men to leave received the bounty and enlisted in the them some few clothes. In one wealthy planter's Federal army, and was then marched off ouse that we went to oot there were two some 800 miles southwards. During the uncommon pretty girls ; one of our men got passage of one of the rivers, Paddy took hold of a splendid coverlet, worked all in silk advantage of the confusion and contrived to and satin, while one of the young ladies held creep into the rear, where he doffed his uni- on to it and begged him to leave it, as she form, wherewith he had on enlisting covered valued it so much, but it was soon wrenched his tattered garments ; and when all had passed out of her hand. While the men were plunon he cast it to the winds, and succeeded in dering the room the other young lady was making his way nearly to the Canadian frontier. sitting at the piano, playingThere he had the luck to fall in with an Irish

On Dixie's land I'll take my stand, woman, who had received a pass from the

And live and die in Dixie ; colonial goverument for her husband. This my friend purchased for 15s., eluded the de- and the piano was not spared." tectives, crossed the border in safety, and re- Two of my shipmates, who had been in the sold his pass for the same sum that he had Federal cavalry, told me that these pillaging paid for it. “They thought Paddy was scenes were of daily occurrence. While the fool,” he told me. "A Yankee came to me, 3rd regiment of Michigan horse were rushing and, 'Paddy,' he says, “if you want to buy a through one of the towns, a lady shot the watch, here's one for thirty dollars.' 'Be- major dead as he was passing her window;

the gorra ! and what's the use of that to the like troops returned, but the bird had flown, and o' me,' says I ; sure it isn't one hand I know so fortunately escaped their vengeance ; howfrom another, and as for the numbers, I never ever, they retaliated by burning the house, a could larn 'em.' Faix, they all took me for measure on their part hardly to be wondered a fool, but Paddy sold them all; and there l at on this occasion. “ We generally found



out,” said one of my informants," where the I could fill a volume with the anecdotes my old 'coon stowed his money, for most of the shipmates told me of their experiences during planters have a confidential old negress ; we the war, did space admit of my doing so, but I used to tie her hands behind her, and after a will conclude with one related to me by a prigood deal of pinching she would let the cat out vate of the 13th New York Cavalry. He, too, of the bag, and discover the hiding-place. Most had "jumped the bounty," and was now on of the ladies and gentlemen had made their his homeward voyage to Ireland “to enjoy escape before we arrived."

the blessings of the land and the fruits of his My fellow-passengers assured me that the labour,” in the shape of 300 of Uncle Sam's subaltern officers, and even the captains, were dollars in his pocket. My old warrior had often more ruthless pillagers than the men ; formerly served in Her Majesty's 10th and even where perhaps this was not the case, Hussars, had been in China, India, and other very few of the privates paid the slightest at- distant regions, and was finally returning tention to their commanders' orders. In the from the siege of Charleston. Observing regiments belonging to the State of Kansas the him take a bottle of quinine from a small troops do not allow their officers to inflict any deal box, curiosity impelled me to inquire, punishment. The man above referred to told “ What do you do with that quinine ?” me that while serving in North America he was The veteran was silent for a minute or two, once tied up with his hands behind him to a then, seeing that the coast was clear of listeners, tree, to be left there for two hours, in conse- he answered, “ It's of no use trying to pump quence of some act of disobedience; but he was me, as you have those young soldiers, but I released by his infuriated comrades, who rushed don't mind telling you about it. Well, in one to the rescue with drawn sabres, while the of the small towns down South, I and another captain dared not utter a word. The punish- boy of ours took to a druggist's shop to try our ments are various; that for drunkenness con- luck there, and we found about twenty pounds sists in putting an empty barrel, in which is of quinine, all done up in bottles like this. bored a hole large enough to admit of the head Our plans were soon formed ; he packed it all passing through, over the delinquent, who is up except this one bottle, and we started back tantalised by an unattainable glass of whisky to picket duty. The Southern pickets were being placed on the top of the cask. Others close in front, and I managed to attract the are very cruel, such as suspending the unfor- attention of our commanding officer, while Con tunate man by means of a rope attached to his Brady made a dash into the Confederate lines, hands (which have been previously tied together waving a white pocket handkerchief as a flag behind him) to the branch of a tree, his toes of truce. We fired several shots after him, just touching the ground. When a culprit is

When a culprit is not too well aimed, and he reached the Secesh sent to prison, a chain ten feet in length is safely, sold his horse and accoutrements to the riveted with a shackle to his ankle, and a colonel of the regiment for one thousand dollars, thirty-two-pounder shot is attached to it; when went on to Rich nd, and realised three thouhe is walking he is obliged to carry the chain, sand dollars or more by the quinine.” The but when wheeling earth he can partially relieve narrator concluded, “And this Con had only himself of the weight by depositing it in the one eye, and had jumped the bounty four times barrow. There are other modes of punishment, before, by gob.” some bordering far too closely on torture to be I have given these few episodes of one of admitted into the code of a civilised nation. the most disastrous civil wars, especially when

I was told that the regiments from the State its magnitude is taken into account, that the of Georgia give no quarter to the Secessionists ; | world has ever witnessed. Its horrors and indeed, it would seem as if neither plunder, miseries are certainly no fit theme for jesting, sacrilege, nor any similar crime was too bad but viewed in its aspect of vulgar braggadocio, to find perpetrators in the ranks of the North- the Yankee character, as developed in the ern army; while, to the honour of the South- course of the struggle, would be ludicrous if erners be it said, they have always respected it were not too contemptible. Of course there private property, except in a few instances, are many honourable exceptions, and the land when goaded to retaliation by the excesses of which has brought forth sons distinguished for their enemies. I have never yet encountered talent, for valour, and for virtue must be a Federal soldier who would not acknowledge capable of better things. But the harsh and this to be the case. Not satisfied with destroy- tyrannical spirit in which the Northerners have ing houses and robbing every unlucky being hitherto pursued this unnatural conflict for the who crosses their path, the Northerners are too purpose of subjugating their unwilling brethren often not ashamed to descend to petty larceny reads as a strange satire upon the loud-sounding and) : teal pigs and poultry.

professions of liberty that meet us at every


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turn. Wheu will it be apparent to them, as it for seeing near objects, and the small eyehas long been to us Europeans, that eight ball, with plane cornea, for seeing distant; millions of men, fighting for all they hold most so a cheerful, social disposition must, in the dear on earth, can never be conquered? There course of years, and of life, and of successive is certainly the alternative of extermination; generations, produce large eye-balls ; while an but such a project, if one so horrible were ever anxious, melancholy, and reserved disposition seriously entertained by the Federals, is show- must, in the course of time, produce small ing itself daily more and more impossible of eye-balls." Brilliant eyes, of the kind here realisation. We can only trust that they may described, when accompanied by corresponding acknowledge before it is too late the injustice culture of soul, constitute a valuable inheritand hopelessness of this war--a war in which Whether in man or woman, a natural they have scarcely gained a single decided tendency to look at the bright side of things victory, notwithstanding the great superiority is better than “houses and land,” when the of their numbers and appliances, and which latter are accompanied by that inveterate disthreatens at no distant period to be carried by position to look on the dark side which makes their triumphant foes to the very gates of Bal- the unhappy patient see every thing, sublunary timore, and even of Washington itself.

or celestial, through the gloomy medium of The latter part of our voyage was calm and fear. uneventful, its monotony being only relieved The “extraordinary vivacity," of which by the experiences of my skedaddling Lavater speaks, must proceed either from the quaintances. We reached Liverpool in safety, hereditary qualities of the soul, or from the and dispersed to our several homes.

special culture it has received : first in the HENRY CHESSHYRE. ordinary world of sense and show, and then

in the higher sphere of emotions and ideas. THE WINDOWS OF THE SOUL.

The mother who possesses true nobility of

soul cannot fail to give her children a portion LAVATER, in his work on Physiognomy, which of the rich inheritance she has derived from created so great a sensation throughout Europe her ancestors; and this, n doubt, determines towards the end of last century, makes a that strong individuality of features and exremark regarding the hereditary brilliancy of pression by which certain families are characeyes in certain families, which is partly true terised. As a general rule, however, far more and partly false. When any extraordinary depends upon the culture which the soul revivacity appears in the eyes of the mother,” ceives from parents and teachers than upon says the Swiss mystic, “there is almost a cer- the frame in which it is lodged ; and if this tainty that these eyes will become hereditary ; may be said with regard to those habits of the for the imagination of the mother is delighted soul which stamp an indelible expression upon with nothing so much as the beauty of her the countenance, it applies with peculiar force own eyes.” With the first part of what to the character of the eye, in which the whole Lavater says here I entirely agree ; but the spiritual nature stands embodied so clearly reason he assigns for the beautiful eyes of in some persons as to convey more meaning children will satisfy no one who has paid any by a single glance than any amount of mere attention to the marvellous phenomena con- oratory or eloquence can impart.

“One might nected with the transmission of physical and -one now and then can,” says John Foster mental qualities through countless generations. in his Diary, “throw one's whole soul through The eye is “the window of the soul,” as poets one's eyes in a single glance.” Great men, and philosophers unite in telling us, and the especially great commanders, generally possess window may be made bright or dark by the this remarkable power, which, like every other good or evil temper of the spirit that looks bodily or spiritual faculty, becomes all the through it, as well as by its mere physical stronger from its frequent use. “ In the eyes condition. A modern writer on this interesting of certain persons there is something sublime, topic gives a much more rational explanation which beams and exacts reverence. This of the circumstances which produce and per- sublimity is the concealed power of raising petuate brilliancy of eyes, as well as of those themselves above others, which is not the which diminish that quality, than the one wretched effect of constraint, but primitive furnished by Lavater. “ As anxiety not only

Each one finds himself obliged to bedinis, but also diminishes the eye-ball ; in- submit to this secret power, without knowing deed, bedims by so far diminishing ; and as why, as soon as he perceives that look, imcheerfulness not only brightens, but also fills planted by nature to inspire reverence, shining and enlarges the eye-ball ; as, moreover, the large eye-ball, with convex cornea, is fitted i tific Principles." By John Cross, M.D. "Glasgow. 1817.

*“An Attempt to Establish Physiognomy upon Scien


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