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ing wig, worn without powder, and called after judicious inventor of long wigs.” And in a him a Brown George. Dr. Johnson, in the poetical effusion describing a beau's costume in early portraits, appears in a wig with five the year 1755, may be found the linesrows of curls, commonly called a story wig.
Cock his beaver neat and well, But in general his wigs were very shabby,
Beaver size of cockle-shell ; being much singed in front, from his habit of
Let his wig be thin of hairs, reading with the candle hold close to him to
Wig that covers half his ears, &c. assist his very defective sight. At one time, The temporary abandonment of perukes on however, as Boswell tells us, “he was fur- the accession of George the Third, produced nished with a Paris-made wig of handsome quite a panic among the wig-makers. They construction.” This was probably the wig 'hastened to present a petition setting forth kept at Mr. Thrale's house at Streatham, and their grievances; they professed to feel the with which Johnson was met at the dining- utmost reluctance to prefer complaints, but
door by the butler, who solemnly were compelled so to do by the distresses they assisted him in the removal of his old, and the laboured under, and the certainty of these putting on of his dress wig. How indispen- increasing in severity ; they alleged that thousable he considered a wig may be gathered sands of work people and manufacturers, such from his remark, “ In England any man who as ribbon-weavers, caul-makers, hair manufacwears a sword and a powdered wig is ashamed turers, &c., depended entirely upon the peruto be illiterate.”
quiers, and ran the risk of perishing miserably Goldsmith was noted for his small and “unless some means could be speedily found to slovenly wig. A peculiar wig, low on the support their falling trade, fatally wounded by forehead, with five crisp curls on each side, the present mode of fashion, which so generally was brought into fashion by David Garrick, and prevails, of men in almost all stations wearing was generally described as the “Garrick cut.” their own hair.” This “mode,” they go on to But the great actor occasionally varied the say, ' pernicious enough in itself to their mode of his peruke. The portraits by Wood, trade, is rendereil excessively more so by Sherwin, and Dance exhibit him in three dif- swarms of Freuch hairdressers already in these ferent forms of wigs ; and these, it must be cities and daily increasing, who by artifice understood, are the wigs of private, not pro- more than merit, as your Petitioners humbly fessional life.
presume, and by that facility with which your Fashion dearly loves extremes. Wigs having Majesty's British subjects are too much inbeen worn as large as they could well be clined to prefer French skill and taste in every made, it next became a desideratum to have article of dress (by which the most consithem as small as possible. Diminutive wigs derable manufactories in these kingdoms, as and enormous buckles are thus referred to in well as those of your petitioners, do greatly Sheridan's Prologue to “The Trip to Scar- suffer), find means to get employment, to the borough,"adapted from Vanbrugh's "Relapse," privation of that pittance to your Majesty's in 1777
natural subjects which the fashion itself would Of former time that polished thing, a beau,
still leave in their power to obtain.” They Is inetamorphosed now from top to toe :
next complain that the fashion of not wearing Then the full flaxen wis, spread o'er the shoulders, wigs leads to irreligion, and to breach of the Concealed the shallow head from the beholders. commands of God and man, and disobedience But now the whole's reversed ; each fop appears Cropped and trimmed up, exposing head and ears.
of his Majesty's proclamation, because, that The buckle then its modest limits knew;
Sunday “is to such of your Petitioners as can Now, like the ocean, dreadful to the view,
yet find employment the day of all others on Hath broke its bounds and swallows up the shoe ; which they are most hurried and confused.” The wearer's foot, like his own fine estate, Is almost lost, the encumbrance is so great.
They allege that they tremble for the conse
quences which this involuntary Sabbath-breakIndeed, so far back as 1737, a writer in ing may entail upon themselves and their the London Magazine discusses the youth of children. Finally, they pray for his Majesty's his day, forgiving them “the unnatural scanti- example and countenance to relieve “unimaness of their wigs and the immoderate dimen- gined numbers” from “the deepest misery,” sions of their bags, in consideration that the and “ for such commiseration and relief as to fashion has prevailed, and that the opposition his Majesty should seem meet."
To this of a few to it would be the greater affectation touching appeal the King most graciously of the two. Though,” he goes on to say, “I made answer : “ That he held nothing dearer very much doubt whether they or any of to his heart than the happiness of his people, them gain by showing their ears, for 'tis said and they might be assured that he should at all that Midas, after a certain accident, was the times use his endeavours to promote their real
welfare." The petition had been signed by was a simple and primitive sort of art. You great numbers, and was carried, on February paid a shilling, and, in the dark, thrust your 11th, 1765, in solemn procession to St. hand into a barrel full of wigs and pulled out James's Palace for presentation to the King. It was a lottery ; if you obtained a wig From the populace, however, the peruquiers to your fancy, well and good ; if not, you paid received a treatment much less kindly and sixpence more and took another dip, and so gracious than their sovereign's. Struck with on, sixpence each dip after first, until you the fact that many of these men who were were suited. Curriers, too, were said to use old petitioning that others should be compelled to wigs for cleaning the waste, &c., off their wear perukes, the while they themselves wore leather. none, the mob, with a humorous practicality, But wigs went out at last with powder, and seized upon such of them as wore no wigs and patches, and hoops. The French Revolution forcibly sheared off their hair in the public brought in new fashions.
Men brushed up streets.
their hair straight from their foreheads, accordThat wisdom, or the semblance of it, per ing to the Brutus fashion of the Republic. tained to a wig has been a supposition of long Women cut their hair short at the back, wearstanding. Goldsmith writes, in the “ Citizen ing little crisp curls that left the neck entirely of the World," " To appear wise nothing more free, with room for an imaginary axe to fall is requisite here than for a man to borrow cleanly ; this mode was called à la guillotine. hair from the heads of all his neighbours, and For Fashion seldom approaches even the senclap it like a bush on his own. The distri- sible ; you must never expect her to be serious ; butors of law and physic stick on such quanti- she was not shocked into sobriety of demeanour ties that it is almost impossible, even in idea, even by the Reign of Terror. The scaffolds to distinguish between the head and the hair.” still wet and crimson, she instituted Bals à And Cumberland, in the “Choleric Man,” says, Victime, into which none were admissible but “ Believe me, there is much good sense in old those whom the executioner had deprived of a distinctions ; when the law lays down its full- relative or relatives, and every dancer was to bottomed periwig, you will find less wisdom in wear a band of crape round the left arm. bald pates than you are aware of.” Other “Peace be to the dead, let us dance to their advantages of wig wearing are mentioned by memory," as Mr. Carlyle puts it. Let no one Sir John Sinclair in his “ Code of Health": after this expect to see Reason and Fashion “Wearing a wig,” he writes, “is an excellent walking hand in hand. DUTTOY COOK. practice for the old, the tender, and the studious ; all persons after sixty ought to wear
THE PYTCHLEY HUNT. a wig.” But, alike for old and young, wigs have now departed ; and yet time was when
Fox-HUNTING is a pastime so essentially they were so universal, that on behalf of the English in its character, that we possess but lad in his teens, a provision was inserted in his two counties, Middlesex and Westmoreland, articles of apprenticeship that his master should wherein the loud “Tally Ho” of the huntsman find him in “one good and sufficient wig may not be heard ringing over the broad yearly, and every year for and during and meadows and undulating plains, when unto the expiration of the full end and term
A Southerly wind and a cloudy sky of his apprenticeship.”
Proclaim it a hunting morning. What became of the old wigs? These of England, if we may trust the hunting maps, is course fell from their high estate, were worn divided iuto nearly one hundred fox-hunting threadbare and ragged, fell into holes, were and stag-hunting districts, exclusive of those cast off as fashions changed. Yet there devoted to hare-hunting, and when the season was a market for old wigs as for other aban- is at its height, that is, about January and doned garments.
There were regular dealers February, the total number of huntsmen in the in Rag Fair, as well as peripatetic merchants various "fields” equals that of a moderate-sized who called out “Old Wigs ! Old Wigs !" in army. every street and at every door, as persistently The two principal hunting districts are those as the better known “Old Clo' !” purchasers, of the Quorn and Pytchley, so named from who still remain, and will probably flourish till the township of Quorndon in Leicestershire, the end of time. There was a ready market and the village of Pytchley in Northamptonfor second-hand wigs ; seafaring gentlemen and shire. These two hunts, together with those others much exposed to weather, were often of Belvoir, Atherstone, and Cottesmore, form heard to exclaim,“ "Well, the winter's coming wh: may be termed the aristocratic division of on, I must go to Rosemary Lane and have a the Euglish hunting system, and during the dip for a wig.'” This “ dipping for wigs season display a series of “meets” unequalled
perhaps in the world for number, rank, and an armed warrior, asserted by local tradition to first-class animals. At present the Quorn hunt be the figure of Jack of Batsaddle, who stands foremost in the estimation of the popularly believed to have killed, somewhere hunting aristocracy, the Pytchley occupying between Orlingbury and Pytchley, the last the second rank, but until the commencement wolf in England, a circumstance stated to have of the present century it was otherwise. One led to his death, he having—while heated with cause of the change was the largely increased the conflict-partaken too copiously of cold cost of maintaining a hunting establishment, water from a neighbouring spring. which gradually compelled the local squires In the reign of Queen Elizabeth the manor and farmers to abdicate their functions as was in the possession of the Isham family, members of the hunt, in favour of wealthier who held it on the same terms as the Engaines, individuals who came from a distance. Yet, Sir Euseby Isham, who lived about Elizabeth's notwithstanding this, the fame of the Pytchley time, erected the manor house or hall, afterwas so firmly established, that even the Quorn wards so famous in connection with the meetwould not have obtained its yet contested | ings of the Pytchley Hunt. The old engravsupremacy, but for the vast sums of money | ings of the building show it to have been a expended by its members from time to time in very good specimen of the old English manor maintaining and extending the high-class house, such as may yet occasionally be met character of the Leicestershire hunt. Nor is with in the more secluded parts of the county. this surprising, considering that “the land of the The edifice was taken down in 1828, but the Pytchley ” was famous as a hunting district so doorway is still preserved at Glendon, near far back as the time of William the Conqueror, Kettering ; and the ancient Jacobean gateway if not still earlier. In “Domesday Book men- now forms one of the lodge entrances to Overtion is made of a certain Alwyne the Hunter, stone Park, near Northampton. It was during who held the lordship of Pytchley, a little the middle and later portions of the last village situated between two and three miles century that the Pytchley Hunt achieved from the busy town of Kettering in Northamp- its greatest reputation and stood without tonshire. But there were hunters before rival, giving to Northamptonshire an the time of Alwyne, for when the village imperishable name a sporting county. church was being restored some few years
The Hunt Club consisted of forty members, since, several ancient stone coffins were found who, as the expenses increased, became more buried in the churchyard, in one of which was and more exclusive, until they formed the a skeleton, having by its sido a rudely formed élite of the sporting aristocracy and gentry, spear-head and a boar's tusk. Northampton- | their individual expenses ranging from 1000l. shire in the days of Alwyne the Hunter and to 50001. per annum. “The Druid,” in the his predecessors was an immense forest, broken celebrated sporting work “Silk and Scarlet," here and there by large plains, which formed has related inany anecdotes of the club at this the residence of the hunters, who gained a sub- period, especially when it was under the sistence by killing the wild animals which mastership of Lord Spencer, who thoughtfully abounded in the woods around them. These occasioned a record to be made of every hunt forests have since gradually disappeared, with which took place while he was master.
The the exception of small portions at Rockingham Chace books thus formed are still preserved at and Burghley, in which the wild cat may yet Althorp, and contain many details interesting occasionally be found. The immediate suc- to the lovers of hunting. They occupy several cessor of Alwyne the Hunter was William of MS. volumes, the handwriting being that of Pightesley, or Pighteslea, as Pytchley was
Lord Spencer himself, and the following entry anciently spelt. This William and his suic- will afford a fair specimen of the remainder. cessors held their lands“ by the sergeantry of Saturday, Nov. 27, 1773.— Frost and snow have hunting the wolf whenever the king should prevented the hounds going out for a week. Out:order." In the sixteenth of Edward II.,
Lord Spencer, Lord and Lady Jersey, Lord and Lady Nicholas Engaine held of the crown certain
Charles Spencer, Colonel Mordaunt, Mr. Minchin,
Mr. Samwell. Turned out a bag fox in the spinny, by lands in Pytchley, by the service of finding, at Little Brington. He was seen going up the fields, as his own expense, a proper number of dogs for the hounds were coming to the spinny, towards Bringthe destruction of wolves, foxes, martrons
ton town, and they were laid upon the scent at the
spinny. He went round those fields under the town, (martens), and other vermin, within the coun
down to Chintwell, up the grounds to No-Bottle Wood, ties of Northampton, Putland, Oxford, Bucks, through that, and was killed at some distance, by the Essex, and Huutingdon. Here we have the side of the lane that leads to Duston : it was a burst of origin of the Pytchley Hunt. In the church twenty-nine minutes.
Found another fox at Harpole of the adjoining village of Orlingbury is an
Hills, which broke cover towards No-Bottle Wood, but
was headed back by a country boy into the furze, ancient tomb containing the alabaster effigy of which he went directly through, and came out at the
corner towards Harpole Heath, and along the bottom
So far as the interests of the agriculturist are of Harlestone inclosures, nearly opposite to Bury Wood, concerned, this may be a thing at which to where he turned up to Harlestone, through the town, rejoice ; but when we consider that many of and crossed the turnpike-road, not far from the Northampton turnpike-gate of Altkorp l'ark.
our best and most efficient cavalry officers havo
gained much of their equestrian experiences in After describing at some length the course of the hunting field, and that even the great the fox and its pursuers, aud also several of Napoleon himself is reported to have stated the misadventures occasioned by the attempt that an English fox-hunter made the best of the hunters to cross a swollen brook, the cavalry soldier, it will be seen that there are entry concludes with relating how Lord and two sides to the question. It may be, howLady Jersey, together with Lord Spencer, ever, that we are mistaken in our forebodings, managed to be in at the death of the fox.
and that for many generations yet to come, the Nearly ninety years afterwards, in the early grassy vales and smiling meadows of beautiful part of 1863, previous to his marriage with Northamptonshire are destined to be trodden the Princess Alexandra, the Prince of Wales by the panting forms of the Pytchley rode out with the Pytchley hounds, who, witches," as, with low deep bayings, they under the mastership of the present Earl lead the way for the horses and their riders Spencer, traversed a portion of the district towards the tangled gorse from which poor alluded to in the foregoing entry.
Reynard vainly attempts to make good his But, returning to the older Hunt Club, many
John PLUMMER. strange tales are related of the members : how they took up their quarters in the ancient mansion, leaving their horses to the shelter of
THE HARP OF INVERMORN. extemporised stables and the care of Yorkshire By Invermorn the deep sea laves grooms, while they passed their spare hours in The land with wrath of angry waves ; drinking and gambling in accordance with the
And the wild storm-winds evermore fashion of that day ; and how they followed
Around the rocky caverns roar. the after-dinner custom of placing a half-crown On Invermorn, above the strand,
The old cathedral ruins stand; in a wine-glass and putting up for sale the
And people say they hear at times horses of the members, whether they were
The fairies faintly ringing chimes. willing or not. The annual dinner of the club was held in London, but it was a dismal
" O Helen, I must go to-night :
My soul is filled with strange delight; affair, lacking the rough boisterous jollity
And I must hear that witching wile which lent such a charm to the Pytchley
Within the old cathedral aisle !" meetings. In 1816, the club came to an end.
“O Willie, rest at home with me! Many of the original members had died off, I fear the moanings of the sea. got married, or turned over a new leaf. How
They say who seeks that place forlorn,
Will never wake the nuorrow's moin." ever, a fresh hunt was formed, which, under various masters, such as Lord Sondes, Sir Within the twilight, all alone, Charles Knightley, Mr. Osbaldistone, Mr.
He sought the dusky pile of stone, George Payne, Lord Chesterfield, Lord Alford,
And clambered up the broken stair,
To wait the moonbeams' misty glare.
IIe sat him in the gallery old, months, Earl Spencer, managed to keep up
The boding night-winds whistled cold;
Afar he heard the breakers roar much of its olden reputation ; and even now, Along the dark and rocky shore. during the hunting season, the meets
Lo ! then, above him and around, ? generally attended by a large and first-class
Awoke a wondrous, witching sound, field. Still, it is evident that, as a national That seemed to flutter everywhere, sport, hunting is slowly on the decline. As
And fill with music all the air ! remarked by the late Rev. Thomas James, With fear he swooned ; and in a dream "Enclosures, drainage, high-farming, game He saw, lit up by pallid gleam preserving, and railways, both as cutting-up
Of moonlight in that gallery old,
What living man may ne'er behold! fields and importing strangers, have tended much to change the style of sport since the A line of figures, clothed in white, days when the white collars of the Pytchley
Bore torches crowned with orange light ;
Sound they made none; no rustling dress were seen leading the field. Hunting is becom
Betrayed their silent loveliness. ing somewhat of a profession, like cricket and racing, and, unless some new and unexpected
Slowly they came, with noiseless feet,
The wbile a music, soft and sweet, development takes place, must ultimately die
Hung o'er them, like a cloud which holds out, like the once prevalent sport of hawking." An unseen lark within its folds.