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a conversation which would acquire me the “Sir," said he, grasping my hand, "we aro good graces of this gentleman, and ultimately kindred spirits—you have felt the divine afllamake me the possessor of the camellia, when tus—you have struck the wild harp, and burst he saved me the trouble of breaking the ice by into the inspiring melody of song.
We are saying,
poets, sir, brother poets. Were it not a breach “Candidly, sir, what do you think of my of the confidence she has reposed in me, I tailor ?”
would tell you the history of our loves, our I replied that I had not the advantage of hopes, and our sorrows." knowing him, a circumstance which I regretted “You forget that, so long as you conceal the more, as his work showed him to be a man the lady's name, there can be no breach of of no common ability ; I added, that he was confidence. She is the unknown quantity ; let fortunate in having a client whose figure and X represent her.” air would set off garments, even though fabri- “Not X; I shall have to repeat her name cated with less consummate skill.
often in the course of my narrative; she would He tried to look modestly unconscious, and then become double, treble, or even quadruple said,
X, and she is not stout.” “And who, sir, may this client be with the “ Well, then, let Y represent her; it is a distingué figure and air ? As you say that slender and graceful letter.” you do not know my tailor, I might almost “Good, let Y, for the moment, represent, fancy that your truly flattering observations unworthily, the name of my adored charmer. I were addressed to me ; but my figure, though am a poet, sir, as you have already perceived, not deformed, is small, that is to say, rather and not altogether unknown to the public ; in below than above the average size ; and as for the ' Poets' Corner' of the Trottingbury Mermy air, though I flatter myself that I possess cury exegi monumentum ære perennius! You some of that je ne sais quoi which distinguishes may have seen some of my contributions to men like you and me from the vulgar herd, that journal signed ' Beta.' I will just repeat still neither my figure nor air is worthy of you my ‘Ode to the Morning.' the very glowing eulogium which you have Pray don't take the trouble ; I know the bestowed upon them. No, sir, really; poem by heart, and recited it only last week indeed, sir, really ;” and he chuckled, blinked to D— at the Atheneum Club.
Just now his eyes, and cast glances on his little round I am burning with impatience to hear your limbs of more than parental fondness.
story.' ceived that he was not inaccessible to flattery, “You have read my poem then : I had and did not despair of obtaining the camellia scarcely ventured to hope that the weak breathby fair means.
ings of my muse had penetrated so far as “I should apologise,” said I, “ for so per- London.” sonal a remark; it slipped from me uncon- Why, my dear sir, there are six copies of sciously; but you must have heard it frequently the Trottington Mercury on the table of the from the lips and seen it in the eyes of the Athenaeum Club, and it is difficult to get hold gentle sex. You are not insensible to their of one of them; yet no one reads any part of witcheries;
I see that in your eye; nay, that it but the ‘Poets' Corner.'” camellia in your button-hole proves you to be “Not Trottington, Trottingbury Mercury. the happy bondman of some black-eyed Houri.” Well, I'll go on with my story. One evening,
" How did you find that out? You must I had just finished my 'Imitations of Anacreon,' know something about me ; you might have and had taken them to the office of the Trotguessed that I was in love ; but how did you tingbury Mercury. The last feeble flicker of find out the colour of her eyes ?”
twilight was about to give way to the solemn Well, I did not know positively. I darkness of night. There was a holy stillness, thought it likely, most in accordance with the a quiet calm about the hour, that seemed to eternal fitness of things, that you, who havo soften the heart, to prepare it for gentle blue eyes, should be enslaved by black ones. impressions. In front of the office of the Was I right ?”
Trottingbury Mercury is a garden. There, “ Well, I can hardly tell you ; I trust you roses should vie with geraniums, the graceful may be right, but the fact is, I have never woodbine should twine round the trellis-work, seen the lady's eyes.”
and the stately lily should be there in the “ Never seen her eyes ! Ah, I see : a pride of her virgin purity ; but I regret to say mysterious courtship, truly poetic, veiled lady, it is planted with potatoes. In this garden gentle voice, white hand, one raven lock just there are two gates. I was going down the peeping from its concealment, fairy form, taper path which leads to one of them, and repeating ankles, little tiddly-iddly feet.”
a beautiful stanza of my own composition. (I
never read the works of other people, it destroys you think that a budding rose would be more originality of thought.) As I was going down emblematic of your rising hopes ? if so, I think this path, I chanced to look towards the other I could manage to get you one.” gate : a fairy form was passing through it. I “By no means; I should have told you will not attempt to describe the beauties of that is our signal for recognition : we are each that glorious vision. I rushed straight across to wear a white camellia over the heart.”
; the first
tripped me up, and I fell, sprained my ankle, step in crime is the only difficult one! Facilis and was incapacitated for further pursuit. I est descensus Averni. I had begun by covetlimped back to the office, and asked the clerk- ing the one camellia, and resolving to obtain it
“Who is that divine creature, who has just by fair means, if possible. I now resolved to left your office ?'
resort to the foulest ineans, if necessary, for “That,' said he, grinning, 'is a contributor its capture, and to use it as a decoy to obtain “Poets' Corner.”
the other white camellia now in the possession “She is a poetess, then I knew it must be of the poetesss of Trottingbury. To what a
. What is her name?'
precipice was my passion for white camellias ««« Won't do,' said the clerk, with his tongue hurrying me! in his cheek, "she wishes to remain incog.' As it was essential to prove his identity in the
“Baffled in my inquiries, I returned to my coming rendezvous, it was evidently useless to couch, but not to sleep. That vision still try to persuade him to give it to me; my only haunted me; I thought of the white hand, the chance was to steal it, or take it by force.
, on the
feet. Evening after evening did I lie in wait roadside, I dexterously severed the stalk with before the office, in bopes of again meeting her, a tap from my cane, and slipped the flower into but in vain. Things went on so for a month, my pocket, unperceived. and every day I fell deeper in love, my appetite I then said that, though I had read and diminished, and I lost nearly two pounds in learned by heart the contents of the “Poets' weight. At length a happy inspiration came Corner" in the Trottingbury Mercury, it would upon me. I would pour out my soul in poetry, still be a treat to hear some of these chefs I would tell my love in the ‘Poets' Corner' of d'oeuvre repeated by the author. the Trottingbury Mercury. She was a poetess, He needed no pressing. Without once thinkshe would read it: the sympathy which exists ! ing of his camellia, he favoured me with an between kindred minds would tell her that she | uninterrupted stream of poetry till our arrival was the object addressed. I wrote the lines at Waterloo Station. I then took a hurried entitled 'A Glorious Twilight Vision.' Never leave of him, jumped into a cab, and, transin my most inspired moments had I so success- ferring the camellia from my pocket to my fully portrayed the inward workings of the button-hole, drove to Pursell's to complete my teuder passion; for I then only imagined them, conquest. now I felt them. I will just repeat you those We soon arrived there. Being in a capital lines.”
humoui, I was about to give the cabman a “Pray don't, sir; I remember them well.” double fare. But what !-how is that? I tried
“I felt sure that she to whom they were my pockets one after another ; no purse; the addressed would read them, and reply ; and I cabman began to eye me suspiciously. was not deceived. The next time I went to “My good man,” said I, “I find that I the office, the clerk said, “There is a letter have lost my purse, but my portmanteau is a here, meant for you I suppose.' It was di- sufficient gurantee for the payment of your rected,
Beetroot, Esq., contributor to the fare. Drive me to Lincoln's Inn Fields, I have “ Poets' Corner” of the Trottingbury Mercury.'
a friend there who will lend me some money. The dear girl evidently did not understand The cabman saw the justice of my remark, and Greek, and by the similarity of sound was led drove me to Lincoln's Inn Fields, where my into this very pardonable mistake. It showed friend received me with open arms, and placed she wasn't a blue-stocking, and I rejoiced at it. his purse at my disposal.
“To make a long story short, we commenced The journey was rather an expensive one for a correspondence, but have never met; but this me, for not only was my purse gone, but my day she has given me a rendezvous at Pursell's, watch and a valuable gold snuff-box. It the pastrycook, in Corphill. It is in honour appeared that the poet and I had been intent of this occasion that I wear for the first time on similar designs; but while my ambition those garments, the fitting of which you so extended no further than white camellias, he justly admire."
had a weakness for articles of value and cur“ And the camellia," I suggested, “don't / rent coin of the realm.
It is needless to add, that I did not return
He may simply mean of the same to Pursell's to complete my conquest, nor have colour ; very abundant tresses were the mode ; I ever again met my friend the poet.
Mrs. Pepys had probably sought assistance from
art to comply with the fashion; had not really WIGS.
made sacrifice of her own locks. But in the
next century, ladies had raised the cry of “the “ Tue invention of Periwigs," writes an old wig, the whole wig, and nothing but the wig.” author, “is of so great use, and saves men so When George the Second reviewed the Guards much trouble, that it can never be laid aside. in 1727 (habited in grey cloth faced with It helps to disguise the thief, to znake an ill purple, with a purple feather in his hat), the face tolerable, the tolerable handsome, to ease three eldest Princesses “ went to Richmond in the lazy of trouble, and to make men their riding habits with hats and feathers and vassals—if women would but wear them.” periwigs.” Later still, “ têtes ” and “heads,” Time has negatived these authoritative were advertised at extraordinary prices. The opinious. The reader docs not need to be in- Lace-chamber on Ludgate Hill offered formed that periwigs have been long since Brussels head at 401., one ground Brussels dispensed with, swept away to the limbo of head at 301., one looped Brussels head at obsolete and worn-out fashions. Here and
301.” Lace mob-caps, conical hats, flowers, there, it is true, a peruke still survives, as a feathers, ribbons, and even representations of sort of specimen of a race hastening to extinc- butterflies, caterpillars, coaches and horses, in tion, as a ghost of a glory departed for ever. blown glass, crowned these head-dresses, which The man of fashion laughs it to scorn, the added as it were another story to woman's doctor knows it not, the divine shrinks from stature, towering some eighteen inches above it. The most conservative of bishops now-a- her (her high heels gave her some four or five days, would no more dream of crowning his inches more), so that many ladies of quality poll with a “busby," than of donning a wreath began to complain that they were compelled of roses.
On the bench and at the bar the to sit in quite a crouching attitude in their wig still prevails, however : lawyers so love and carriages, to prevent the elaborate structure on cling to precedent; the court will give no their heads from being crushed against the audience, Justice is deaf as well as blind to roof. The Tatler (No. 180), in ridicule of the counsellor without his wig. In the legal
the high heels and lofty perukes of its day, tribunals, its last stronghold, the wig rules had advertised a stage-coach to start from with severity,--small states are ever the most Nando's Coffee-house for Mr. Tiptoe's dancingdespotic : on the bench and at the bar, yes, school every evening, adding, “N.B. Dancing and on the coach-box,—for, unaccountable fact, shoes not exceeding four inches height in the coachmen of distinction still wear wigs,-in heels, and periwigs not exceeding three feet in this unexpected place outside the carriage the length, are carried in the coach-box gratis.” wig still governs, as
one sometimes sees a In the reign of Queen Anne the high head. power possessing small plots of territory incon- | dresses of the ladies had afforded much matter veniently situate in the very midst of a neigh- for the Spectator's comments and criticisins, bour's lands.
and the fashion abated; the complaint that the That women have never worn wigs is not female part of the species were taller than the strictly correct; whether men have been thereby men ceased to be reasonable ; ladies who had made more especially their vassals is another been once nearly seven foet high were found in question. The “ front” secured by a velvet truth to want some inches of five, and a fear fillet, or even “ the complete head of hair” was expressed that, like trees newly lopped and assumed by age, when Time has stolen away pruned, a great increase of growth would follow beauty and lustre,-110t without a struggle, he the reduction. This indeed proved correct ; leaves footprints enongh on the scene of the height became the vogne again. After George contest,-is not here referred to. But the
the Third's accession, the size of the head-dress confessed wig, involving the absolute shearing became more preposterous than ever. off of natural tresses to wear in lieu by pre- Charles the Fifth is said to have first ference an artificial head-covering, has certainly brought short hair into fashion, when, afflicted been adopted by woman. Not so much in with severe head-aches, he had his locks clipped the case of Mrs. Pepys. The inimitable as close as might be. But succeeding generaDiarist, under the date of March, 1662, tions tired of this mode, and permitted their chronicles : “By- and - bye comes La Belle hair to grow long. The Cavaliers more than Pierce to see my wife, and to bring her a pair ever cherished their flowing curls,—following of perukes of hair as the fashion is for ladies the fashion of their martyred king, and distinto wear, which are pretty and of my wife's guishing themselves markedly from their oppo
opponents, the Parliamentarians, who, holding are pleased to be merry; but, indeed, I did “ love-locks” and “ Absalom hair" to be not buy it by the pound. Pray, Captain, sinful, shaved close, and earned the names of observe the make of it, and tell me how it Crop-ears and Roundheads. In later days, becomes me. I assure you I have showed it when time and misfortune had thinned and to several gentlemen who dress extremely well, grizzled their hair, the Royalists were glad to and are good judges of the French mode, and take up with the peruke which Louis XIV., they guessed it to be Monsieur de la Cringto give height and importance to a presence low's make, the King of France's periwignot naturally dignified, had made the vogue in maker. It is so finely shaped, and fits with France. Youth followed the example which that exactness, if you do but mind it, that, let age had set. To be a man of fashion it was me turn my head which way I will, the curls
I indispensable to wear a wig. The perukes of fall agreeably to my motion.” Snarl. “Indeed, the times of Charles and James the Second it is a most worshipful piece of art, it is a thouwere of enormous size. The pictures of Lely sand pities but the man should be knighted that and Kneller offer fine examples of these wigs. made it. It makes you look, in my mind, It has been said that the two painters may like an Essex calf peeping out of a thicket of always be distinguished by their method of brambles : for I can scarce see any part of treating this important article of dress. In your face but your mouth for periwig.” Brim. Lely's portraits the wig falls down the shoul- “As slight as you make of my wig, sir, I ders in front ; in Knellers it is tossed back and would have you know, sir, it cost me fifty hangs over the shoulders behind. That these guineas ; and if I was to tell you how it was extravagant head-dresses had their devout ad- made, I am sure you would think it was mirers may be gathered from the story told of worth the money.' In the Tatler, No. 54, a country gentleman, who employed an artist to when Phillis in a pet throws the periwig of paint periwigs on the heads of several portraits Duumvir into the fire, “ Well,” says he, “ thou of his ancestors, by Vandyck,-determined, it art a brave termagant jade ; do you know, is presumed, that the departed worthies, though hussy, that fair wig cost forty guineas ?” in their graves, should yet be in the fashion. Wigs of this value were well worth stealing. The Campaign Wig was imported from The Weekly Journal, of March 30, 1717,
, France some time before 1700.
This was very
informs the public that the thieves have disfull and curly, eighteen inches in length, with covered a villainous mode of robbing gentle“ drop locks.” When sufficient human hair men by cutting through the backs of hackneywas not procurable for the purpose, a little coaches, and taking away their wigs, and also horsehair was used in the parts least visible. “the fine head-dresses of the gentlewomen." The Protestant Mercury of July 10, 1700, re- “So,” says the Journalist,“ a gentleman was lates a story of a provident Oxfordshire lass served last Sunday in Tooley Street, and who was unwilling to marry without a sum of another but last Tuesday in Fenchurch Street, 501. in hand by way of portion ; her friends wherefore this may serve as a caution to genbeing unable to assist her, she came to town, tlemen or gentlewomen that ride single in the “where she met with a good chapman in the night-time, to sit on the fore seat, which will Strand, who made a purchase of her hair prevent that way of robbing." Another way (which was delicately long and light), and gave (to use a cookery-book phrase), is recorded in her 601. for it, being twenty ounces at 31. an Gay’s “ Trivia” ounce ; with which money she joyfully returned Where the mob gathers, swiftly shoot along, into the country and bought her a husband.” Nor idly mingle in the noisy throng, Features and faces were nearly lost sight of
Lured by the silver hilt, amid the swarm, under these overpowering bushes of hair ; as
The subtle artist will thy side disarm.
Nor is the flaxen wig with safety worn : “ the beaux lay hid beneath the High on the shoulder, in a basket borne, penthouse of a full-bottomed periwig."
Lurks the sly boy whose band to rapine bred In the Weekly Comedy (1690), quoted
Plucks off the curling honours of thy head. in Malcolm's “ London,” Snarl asks Brim: The theft was rendered the more easy of “How many bad women do you think have accomplishment from the fact of the hat never laid their heads together to complete that being worn over these wigs, but simply carried mane of yours? I'll warrant you now you in the hand or under the arm. Dryden speaks
as proud of your fine capillament as a somewhere of the peruke of a Bow Street morrice-dancer is of his bells, or as the fore- dandy, as one that “ the touch of hat never horse of a team is of a new feather. I'll profaned.” The fops of Wycherly's age were assure you it is a most ponderous piece of especially noted for the splendour of their prodigality ; pray what might it cost you a wigs. The sets of engraved tortoise - shell pound ?” Brim. “I find, dear Captain, you combs which the beaux carried in their pockets
the ears ;
for the purpose of smoothing and adjusting in 1754, contrasting the small wigs of that their wigs when ruffled by the wind, were day with the obsolete penthouse periwigs, called after Wycherly. Men then stood up in says : “ The fine gentlemen of our time the pit combing their wigs while they con- not only oblige us with their full faces, but versed with the ladies of fashion in the boxes, have drawn back the sido curls quite to the much as the modern “swell” rises from his tip of the ear.” At the back the wig was tied stall to pull his whiskers as he chats with a loosely in a club form, or was gathered into a beauty in the pit tier at the opera.
silken bag, or was tightly bound into a long A story is told of a large black wig with thin queue or pig-tail. The London Chronicle, long flowing curls, which had been worn by of 1762, discoursing upon wigs, sets forth King Charles II., coming into possession of with the statement that “wigs are as essential Suett the comedian, a great collector of wigs. to everybody's head as lace to their clothes." This particular wig was put up for auction at a It then gives a long list, by which it seems sale of the effects of Mr. Rawle, Royal that there were wigs suited to every condition Accoutrement Maker, who died late in the in life, and almost to every peculiarity of last century. The wig, handed round to the character. The “ Prentice Minor-bob, or company, was put on by Suett, who face- Hair cap,” is worn short in the neck, to show tiously continued his biddings with the royal' the stone stock-buckle, and nicely stroked peruke on his head. The other bidders, greatly from the face to discover seven-eighths of amused, declared the lot ought to be knocked
“ the “Citizen's Sunday Buckle down to the actor before he took it off ; this or Bob-major" bears several tiers of curls ; was done in a moment; the wig was Suett's in the “ Apothecary's Bush ” the hat seems before he could remove it from his head. He to sink like a stone into a snowheap ; the played in it for some years in “ Tom Thumb,” “Physical and Chirurgical Ties carry much and other plays, until it was burnt in a fire consequence in their foretops, and the dependwhich destroyed the theatre at Birmingham. ing knots fall fore and aft the shoulders with Suett was met the morning after the fire ' secundum artem dignity.” 6. The Scratch or exclaiming disconsolately, “My wig's gone, the Blood's skull covering, is combed over the my wig's gone !”
forehead, untoupeed, to imitate a head of hair, According to Lord Chesterfield " full-bot- because these gentlemen love to have everytomed wigs were contrived for the Duke of thing natural about them.” Lastly, the coachBurgundy to conceal his hump-back.” “One man, amateur or professional, adopted a wig must see people undressed," writes his lord- known as “the Jehu's Jemmy, or white and ship, “ to judge truly of their shape ; when all white," covered with small close curls, like they are dressed to go abroad their clothes are a fine fleece on a lamb's back. These nice contrived to conceal, or at least palliate, the distinctions in the matter of wigs are also defects of it.” His advice to his son upon the pointed out in Colman's Prologue to Garrick's subject of wig-wearing is sensible enough ; he “ High Life above Stairs '. took care, however, not to practice what he
Fashion, in everything, bears sovereign sway, preached. “Your own hair is at your age And words and periwigs have both their day ; such an ornament, and a wig however well Each have their purlieus, too,--are modish each made such a disguise, that I will upon no ac
In stated districts, wigs as well as specch. count whatever have you cut off your hair.”
The Tyburn scratch, thick club, and Temple-tic,
The parson's feather-top, frizzed broad and high, But the profuse black peruke, which we may The coachman's cauliflower, built tier on tiers, date from the Restoration, went out of fashion Differ not more from bags and brigadiers, altogether in the course of George the Second's Than great St. George's or St. James's styles
From the broad dialect of broad St. Giles. reign. Horace Walpole thus describes the dress of George I. : “A dark tie-wig, a plain That upon these distinctions some stress was coat, waistcoat and breeches of snuff-coloured laid appears from Boswell's complaint, “ There cloth, with stockings of the same colour, and a is a general levity in the age; we have physicians blue ribbon over all.” Tie-wigs had already now with bag-wigs.” become the mode, and grey the fashionable When George the Third came to the throne colour. In 1734 wigs “ of right grey human wigs were for a timeless generally worn, hair,” were advertised at four guineas each ; especially by young men. The king then wore “ light grizzle ties” three guineas, and other his own hair carefully dressed and powdered, colours in proportion down to twenty-five drawn from the forehead and curled at the shillings. The long lappels in front dis- sides, apparently to look as formal and wigpensed with, and a tie of ribbon, gathering the like as possible, as may be seen in Woollett's hair together at the back, being introduced, engraving after Ramsay's portrait. In later many varieties came in vogue. The Connoisseur, years he was fond of a rather inelegant look