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present an excellent school for the study of exports of timber and imports of coals, corn, our ancient architecture."

and Irish provisions. Shoreham is also a port The groined roof of the church is very fine, for warehousing produce, French, Dutch, being adorned with moulded groin - ribs, Russian, West Indian, African, and Mediterratriple vaulting shafts, and floriated capitals nean ; 1000 ships, of 90,000 tons, and emwith deep round impost mouldings, all bearing ploying 5000 seamen, enter the harbour testimony to the period to which they belong. annually, according to Mr. Walcot. At some The old font is a fine specimen of Norman seasons of the year, also, there is a brisk busiwork. Mr. Edmund Sharpe, in his Mono- ness carried on in the sea fisheries, and more graph upon the church, implies that nothing particularly in oyster dredging, and the trade certain is known about the demolition of the in this article is all the more lively on account nave.

The clerestory is lofty and well-pro- of the proximity of the Brighton and London portioned, and the larger member of the cruci- markets. form structure being gone, the whole fabric looks higher and therefore more imposing than it really is. Mr. Sharpe supposes that the choir was built in A.D. 1130, the original fabric being entirely Norman, and that originally it had an apsidal termination to the choir, which appears to have been an afterthought. The tower, he thinks, was surmounted by a square lantern, capped by a low pyramidical spire, like many specimens of the kind still to be seen in Normandy.

One great feature of the building is the heavy solid vertical buttress which simplex munditiis carries the flying buttresses which support the vaulting of the choir.

The east end is of great beauty, but its chief merits consist in the fine rose window in the third or gable story, and in the manner in which the upper work of the Lancet period has been adapted to the work of the Transitional period below.

It is strange that in Dugdale's “Monasticon” no record remains of the foundation to which New Shoreham Church belonged. He mentiods it merely incidentally in a grant of certain property to a foreign abbey by one of the Lords of Bramber.

With the exception of a second little chapel in the main street, now turned into a granary, the town of Shoreham has few attractions to present to the antiquary ; this build

ing was once either a priory of Carmelites or
White Friars, or else a hospital dedicated to
St. James.

The Pad Inn, Lancing. See p. 254. Shoreham has a tidal harbour, the entrance to which has long been, and still is, dangerous, on account of the frequent shifting of the shingle and sand,* and the existence of a bar of Mr. Sharpe also tells us that in the year mud and a low flat rock outside the entrance, 1346 Shoreham furnished no less than six-andwhich is nearly visible at low water. At twenty ships to the Channel fleets fitted out spring tides the flood rises about eighteen feet, by Edward III., being one more vessel than and twelve at common tides. The principal was supplied by London, two more than occupation of the town is ship-building, in Bristol, and five more than Dover, and only which about 500 hands are employed, and falling short by two of the quotas furnished vessels of 800 tons have been launched there. respectively by Fowey, Yarmouth, and DartThe shipping trade of the port consists of mouth, and equalling Plymouth. The chief

other events in its history are the land• It is said that the mouth of the Adur is now three miles to the east of its former débouche.

ing of King John here with an army in March,

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1199, immediately after the death of Richard we should care to see written beneath them, Cour de Lion ; his re-embarkation there in consistently with our respect for historic truth the following June to hold a conference with and bond fide popular representation. the King of France ; and the embarkation of The village of Bramber consists of one long Charles II. from its shores, Oct. 15, 1651, in straggling street, and at the north-west end of bis flight to the Continent after the battle of it, close to the railway station, is the little vilWorcester,

lage church, dedicated to St. Nicholas,* or New Shoreham, five or six centuries ago, rather its nave, a most picturesque old buildhad grown so important a place that Edward ing, nestling, as it were for protection, in the I. erected it into a Parliamentary borough, ample fosse close beneath the stern and ivyand it continued to return two members to St. clad walls of the old castle, erected on a site Stephen's till about a century ago, when the which belonged at the Conqueror's survey to inquiries of a Parliamentary Committee brought William de Braose. His descendants in the to light a scene of the most shameful corrup- | 12th century obtained the king's permission to tion. . It appeared,” says Mr. Britton, " that erect a castle here, and they chose for its site a a majority of the electors had formed them- hill which rose steeply on all sides, and which selves into a society, under the denomination by the aid of art was rendered nearly impregof the 'Christian Club'; the ostensible object of nable. Its walls surround the top of this which was the promotion of charity and bene- eminence, enclosing a space of some fifteen volence, and the accomplishment of such other acres, and the scanty remnants of those which purposes as corresponded with the character are still left standing show that it must have which the members had assumed. Under this been originally a fortress of very great strength. cloak they made a traffic of their oaths and The most curious point connected with the consciences, selling their borough to the high- castle is, that history is silent alike as to its est bidder, while the rest of the inhabitants birth and its death. We know neither the were deprived of every legal benefit from their precise date of its erection, nor of its destrucvotes. To prevent any similar combination, tion. History does not tell us that it ever the Parliament passed an act to disfranchise stood a siege, and accordingly many antiquaevery member of the Christian Society, and to ries of Grose's opinion, viz. : That, extend the votes for Shoreham to the whole taking into account the vast thickness of its Rape of Bramber.”

walls and the small effect of time upon the We will ask the reader now to turn his back remaining fragments, the noble fortress was on Old and New Shoreham, and to accompany

purposely demolished by gunpowder, in all us along the road or railway, as he pleases, probability for the sake of the materials. some three miles up the valley of the Adur, to

Mr. Walcot solves the question very simply, by Bramber, the village from which the Rape or supposing that the sour soldiers of Cromwell Hundred takes its name. The river which were quartered here, and that they blew up runs by it was once navigable thus far or even the building with gunpowder.

It is strange farther for small vessels. Together with the that, if this be the true solution, no tradition of adjoining village of Steyning (which is remark- the fact is to be found on the spot. The able for one of the handsomest churches in castle was strengthened on the outside by a the county of Sussex), Bramber returned a triple trench, which is now overgrown with thick meinber to Parliament down to the time of the bushes and underwood, forming a very pleasReform Act of 1832; and the Court Room, in ing contrast to the grey ruins by which they which the " loyal and independent” burgesses, are crowned. some twenty or thirty iu number, we believe, The following is the sad story which tradiused to meet as free Englishmen to elect their tion has handed down respecting the former representative (who was really the nominee of lords of this castle :the Duke of Rutland and Lord Calthorpe), is

“In the year 1208, King John, suspecting still in existence, forming the public room of the village inn.* It is worthy of a visit for

* The dedication of the church to St. Nicholas, by itself,

goes far to prove that vessels once sailed up to the walls of the sake of the quaint portraits and other

Mr. M. Walcot adds that they came up even as

far as Steyning, and that the inland termination of the pictures of local interest which adorn its walls, though in a somewhat dilapidated condi

modiousness of the haven, by reason of bankes and of barres

of sand cast up at the river's mouth, is quite gone,” says tion, “Ichabod” is the only inscription that Camden; “ whereas, in foregoing times, it was wont to

carry ships with full saile as far as to Brember, which is nowa

good waye from the sea."-Holland's “Camden," p. 319. # The remembrance of the fun which was afforded to the should be added that in Bramber church are the remains of inhabitants by the chairing of the members is not forgotten. four arches and piers which originally carried the tower, of An old woman told us, when we visited Bramber, that the veritable carly Norman work; these were probably part of member was preceded by fiags and bands of music, and a the original church built by the Lord of Bramber within procession of girls all dressed in white: hut these merry- uine years after the Conquest, and conveyed by him to the makings were put an end to by the ruthless Reform Act.


harbour there was called St. Cuthman's Port.

6. The con


monks at Saumur.

some of his nobility, sent to demand hostages observe her commands, and to return to claim for their fidelity. Among the rest, his mes- his English bride. Loth and sorrowful he sengers required of William de Braose the sur- came back to Bramber, and espoused that render of his children. To this demand the lady ; but on his wedding night Zulma stood wife of that nobleman, according to Matthew before them, and commanded him to die, Paris, returned for answer, that she would giving him a poisoned dagger. Wild shrieks never trust her children with the king, who rang through the castle, the hall was emptied of had so basely murdered his own nephew, the wassailers, and the bower women who flew Prince Arthur, whom he was in honour bound to the chamber of Alice, found her a maniac to protect. This reply was reported to the gazing with wild eyes on two lifeless forms that monarch, whom it highly incensed ; and he lay upon the floor, the false Eustace and his secretly despatched his soldiers to seize the unhappy Zulma. whole family : but, having received intimation If the visitor have time while at Steyning of his design, they fled to Ireland, where, in and Bramber, we should recommend bim to the year 1210, he contrived to get them into pay a visit to the College of St. Nicholas at his hands, sent them over to England, and Lancing, a handsome new Gothic building, closely confining them in Windsor Castle, from which he will get a fine view of the caused them to be starved to death. Stowe in- whole valley of the Adur, with both the forms us that William de Braose himself escaped Shorehams at his feet; and to Wiston House, to France, but did not long survive this catas- the seat of the Gorings, celebrated for its great trophe. John, having seized the estates of hall, which is 40 feet in height, length, and his unfortunate victim, gave this castle and breadth, and is surmounted by a handsome manor to his second son, Richard, Earl of ceiling of the Caroline era. It is a fine old Cornwall ; but shortly before his death he English gentleman's mansion, situated on the restored part of these possessions to Reginald, edge of the downs. It was built, according to son of the former owner, who, on the accession Mr. Walcot, by Sir Thomas Shirley, one of of Henry III. procured of that prince the three brothers who went as wanderers to the restitution of the whole, The last of the East, and whose adventures formed the plot family of Braose who held this castle, having of a play which was acted on the stage in its married his daughter to John, son and heir of day. One of the brothers married a relative Roger de Mowbray, made a special settlement of the Shah of Persia. of the honour and estate upon them and their heirs. Mowbray forfeited both, together with The evenings are closing in fast, or else we his life, by joining the Earl of Lancaster, and would recommend our tourist friend, in his other nobles, against the Despensers, the way home to Brighton, to call in upon the favorites of Edward II. ; but his possessions peaceful—shall we say parsonage or hermitage ? were restored by Edward III, to his son, who -of the Rev. Charles Townsend, at Kingstonattended that monarch in two expeditions to on-the-Sea, close to the mouth of Shoreham France. When the French threatened in their Harbour. We can only say that if he is forturn to invade the English coasts, he was tunate enough to come to his wicket-gate prodirected to remain in this castle, whence he vided with the “ open sesame” of an introducmight sally forth and annoy the enemy. tion, he will see one of the most charming this family it remained till the reign of Henry cottage residences in England, and make the VII. when, on the death of John de Mowbray, acquaintance of an elderly clergyman, one Duke of Norfolk, who fell at the battle of quite of the old school, at once a poet, a Bosworth, his estates escheated to the Crown; scholar, and a divine ; the quondam friend of and this castle and manor, with several other Samuel Rogers, and Wordsworth, and Wm. lordships in the county, were conferred on Stuart Rose, with whom he lived on terms of Thomas, Lord de la War.”

intimacy, and about whom he is full of pleasant There is a romantic legend attached to two and cheerful anecdote, though he has long monuments in the chancel of Bramber church; since passed his threescore years and ten. one was that of a lady, the other of a knight, You will find the old man reading Virgil in with a crescent on his helmet. Eustace de his summer house ; or indoors with his pocket Braose, affianced to Alice de Bouverie, and a Horace, and Cowley, and Herrick open on the crusader, while in the Holy Land became en- table before him ; and we should be much

1 amoured of Zulma, a beautiful Syrian girl. In surprised if you were to escape from those the Battle of Ascalon he slew her brother Azim, hospitable Lares without tasting a glass of the most redoubtable warrior of Saladin's army, old Falernian or Cocuban wine, and some and her love was turned into bitter revenge. delicious garden fruit, which, instead of being Dissembling her anger, she swore him to

grown in that little classic Hortus of the


“ Senex Corycius ” of Kingston, might for It was therefore with only a moderate taste and smell have come from the gardens of assumption of the air of a victimised person the Hesperides.

E. WALFOKD. that I gave my farewell directions to Deborah,

and the gardener. They both do pretty much

as they choose when I am absent (or present, A FAMILY FIX.

for the matter of that), but it looks well to I HAVE a kind old friend in Westburnia, enter into particulars, and I like saving appearwith whom I'generally manage to stop on the ances ; so George was told how far to proceed rare occasions of my having to remain a few with his bedding, and promised the aid of any days in town. He is a plain-going fellow in hints as to the arrangements of colour that I his ways, and so we are exactly suited as might be able to pick up at the Crystal Palace. companions. His wife knew mine when they Deborah was charged in general terms to keep were girls, and I knew him when we were all safe and see that nothing went wrong, boys, and thus we have a never-failing source and both were practically left to their own of which to

devices till they me

saddens one to think How few of these antique 4* On arriving at the house in Bayswater I




friendships survive the bereavements of time : was received by the mistress of the establishhe and I stand alone of our contemporaries. ment, who told me that her husband had been Understand then that

are intimate

most inopportunely summoned into Cornwall. friends, and that I go to his house just as I Had he known that I was coming, which, not would to an hotel; with as little scruple, that is being a prophet, he, of course, could not have to say, though with ten times the sense of known, some excuse might have been forthenjoyment. I am accustomed to be welcomed coming, and he might have managed to stop in on arrival by the whole posse comitatus. The town. “ And I only wish he had, I only little ones jump at my neck, and the big girls wish he had known,” said Mrs. Tomkins. expect to be kissed, and the jolly old fellow There was an uncommon fervour about her shakes hands in a style to make my rheumatic expression, which left no room to doubt that shoulder-joint suffer for it ; so that, on the she meant what she said. I looked upon her whole, there is very fair compensation for the as being at the moment under the influence of nuisance of having to pack up my carpet-bag excess of hospitality, and thanked her and bid adieu for a few days to my own accordingly. She knew how delighted I should household gods.

have been to find the whole party at home, This was my case the other day. The post including Dick from the West Indies, and had brought one of the well-known foolscap | little Tom from school. The more the merrier envelopes with the Lincoln's Inn post-mark. in that house. “ But,” said I,

we must I was wanted by my lawyer about an old make the best of it, and rub on under difficulmatter of trust administration, and ties, Here are you as large as life ; you requested to be at his office to meet certain haveu't been summoned into Cornwall, no other parties concerned, in the forenoon of the more has Lucy there, nor little Dick.” next day but one. Of course I grumbled a “No, we haven't,” she replied ; “ but I little, as all thoroughly domesticated elderly almost wish we had been. To tell you the gentlemen are likely to do under such circum- | honest truth, I do believe that had it not been stances. Of course it was a great bore to be for your visit, I should have packed up our constantly mixed up with law business of things and been off this very day.” which I understood nothing, and to have This sounded queer, and but for the perfect to leave the garden just then of all times frankness of our intimacy, would have been in the year, when the bedding-out of last perhaps rude. I won't say that it did not make year's cuttings was going on. But I will me a little uncomfortable.

“ This comes,” honestly confess that I was all the while con- thought I, “ of doing things in a hurry. What scious of a wish that I might never have any an ass I was not to have left time for an worse subject for grumbling. I was not alto- answer. .” But then I never did leave time for an gether sorry to have an excuse for a run up to answer on these occasions ; so all I could do town, for it was some time since my last visit, was to make a resolution, with a mental note and there were plenty of things I wanted to see, thereof at the moment, never again so to among the rest this ghost, that seems to have commit myself to the tender mercies of contintaken up all the exhibition room in London. gencies. I should have been ashamed to make the And then again, what could be the pressing journey on purpose,

and my housekeeper, business calling on them both to leave London Deborah, is far too sharp to allow of my just at that time? I knew their affairs pretty sneaking off under false pretences.

well, and was perfectly aware of the nature of

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the call into Cornwall, and that it was what Polly and Flora, may remain, and amongst did not in the least require the presence of the us we will try to explain our mystery, and wife. And yet it would take a good pull to perhaps from amongst the multitude of counget her so far from home : she was not much sellors we may manage to get a little wisgiven to roaming about the country.

dom.” I fancy that I stared at hearing her speech, The little ones vanished, and the rest of and eyed her open-mouthed for something like us proceeded, with a degree of to mality that that brief space of time that is defined as being really was awe-inspiring, to open or séance. “the twinkling of a bed-post.” I thought she We took seats close to one another round the

There was unusual excitement | fire ; Polly tittered a little, but the mother and in her eye, and her cheek was flushed. I Flora looked solemn enough to frighten one. looked from mother to daughters.

Flora, the “Read this,” said Mrs. Tomkins, taking eldest, looked conscious and amused ; Mary, out of her pocket a letter.

66 Goodness the second, looked frightened ; and the young gracious, what have I done that people should fry much as they always did, bursting with send me such letters ?” uproarious merriment : but so they would in a It ran thus :beleaguered town, or a foundering ship. I could not be wrong in leaving them to act

“MADAM, as though unfettered by my presence.

A sincere well-wisher desires to “ You shall go,” I said, "if you really want give you timely notice of mischief that will to go, not one minute later on my account. happen to you if you do not take care. Get your things ready, and I'll see you off to Enemies are about you. Trust no one, and the station at once."

remember thieves ! ” Oh, yes, mamma, do go," cried Mary. “Nonsense, mamma, don't think of such a “No signature," I observed ; “do you thing,” said Flora.

recognise the hand ?” “Girls, be quiet, do,” said the mother. "Not the least in the world : but that was "How am I to know whether I am standing hardly to be expected, for of course it is dison my head or my feet if you pull me to guised.” pieces in this way? This is how they have “I know who it is,” said Polly, “it's a been going on all the morning,” said she, trick of Sally Temple’s, and it's just like her ; turning to me; one says one thing and the she knows papa is away, and so thinks she can other says another, till really I'm in that state frighten poor dear mamma out of her senses.” that I'd thank anyone to order me what I am “No such thing,” said Mrs. Tomkins, “it's to do.”

the kind of letter they send in Tipperary “ Well,” said I, “ I'll soon do that. Pack before they shoot the landlords, only your up your things and be off to your husband, papa is not a landlord, that's one comfort." and on our way down to the station you shall “ Not to the tenants, mamma,” rejoined tell me what it's all about that is to say, if Polly ; “for I'm sure it would be a comfort you desire so to do, and if I can be of any use to them to have such a nice landlord as he to you."

would be.” “No, that will never do. Jack (that was " What's the post-mark on the envelope ?” her husband) would not forgive me in a hurry I asked. if I were to leave you to an empty house, and “None,” was the reply. It was handed in what's

more, I could not forgive myself.” at the door, and the messenger took himself off, “There would be the children,” I replied ; saying there was no answer.” "we should get on capitally. Besides, there's Well, then, of course your plan is to put plenty of room for me elsewhere in London.” it in the hands of the police ; they will scent

“Oh, no," shouted the little ones in chorus. out the conspiracy, if conspiracy there be.” “ You must not go elsewhere, you must stop “ But haven't you seen what is written on here."

the other side ; there, read that." “Do stop," said Polly ; " and mamma, do I looked at the reverse of the sheet, and I you go, it would be such fun, I should be found this postscript appended to the body of mistress."

the letter : “Oh, no, mamma, pray,” cried Flora, as “N.B. If you go to the police do not show though in actual terror, “ you must not go ; or this letter, as it might get those into trouble if you do, we must go too."

that you would not like to injure." “ We will none of us go," said mamma. “Well," said I, “and do you mean to “Here we are, and here we will stop. Now respect this request ?you little ones be off to the school-room. You, “ Certainly !” cried Polly ;

mamma must

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