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“Mr. Frederick Grey, I cannot permit you The interloper contrived to release himself, to be in my house. Had your uncle come, I remonstrating dolefully. would have received him with all courtesy ; “I'm blest if this is not a odd sort of recepbut I wish to know by what right you tion when a man comes for his doctor! What intrude.”

offence have I been guilty on, sir, to be shook “I don't intrude willingly,” was the answer. like this?" “I have come to see Lady Lucy Chesney.” It was inoffensive little Wilkes, the barber,


" You cannot see her. You shall not pass from the neighbouring shop. Mr, Carlton up my stairs.”

gazed at him with very astonishment in the full Not see her !” echoed Frederick, staring blaze of the relighted gas. at Mr. Carlton as though he thought he must I'm sure I beg your pardon, Wilkes ! I be out of his mind. " Not see her ! You thought it was -Who came in or went out ?don't know what you are saying, Mr. Carlton. demanded Mr. Carlton, looking about him in She is my promised wife.”

all directions. He would have borne on to the stairs ; Mr. The servants had seen no one.

It was Carlton strove to impede him, and by some dark. means the gas became extinguished ; possibly "I came along to fetch you, sir,” explained the screw was touched. The servants were in the barber, who sometimes had the honour of the hall; hearing the altercation, they had operating on Mr. Carlton's chin. “My second stolen into it ; Lady Laura, with her damaged boy's a bit ill, and we think it may be the foot, was limping down the stairs.

The women

fever. I wasn't for coming for you till mornservants shrieked at finding themselves in sud- ing, sir, but the wife made a fuss and said den darkness; they were perhaps predisposed there were nothing like taking disorders in to agitation from the dispute ; and Lady time ; so when I shut up my shop, I come. I Laura shrieked in concert, not having the suppose you took me for a wild bear, a marchfaintest notion what there could possibly be to ing in without leave.” shriek at.

“ Did you meet anybody, or see anybody Altogether it was a scene of confusion. The go out ?” asked Mr. Carlton, leaving the sugwomen ran close to their master for protection, gestion of the wild bear unanswered. they knew not from what, and Frederick Grey, I didn't, sir. I was going round to the pus hing everybody aside with scant courtesy, surgery, when I see the hall light disappear, made his way to the staircase. Mr. Carlton and heard some women scream, Naterally I would have prevented him, but was impeded come straight in at the big door ; I wondered by the servants, and at the same moment some whether anybody was being murdered.” words were whispered in a strange voice in his At the foot of the stairs, standing side by

side, contemplating all these proceedings with “ Would you keep her here to poison her on astonishment, and not understanding them, her sick bed, as you did another ?

were the ladies, Jane and Laura. They asked Simultaneously with this, there was an explanation of Mr. Carlton. movement at the hall door : a slight bustle or “I-I—thought I heard a stranger; I sound as if somebody had either come in or thought some one had come in.

I feel sure gone out.

It had been ajar the whole of the some one did come in,” he continued, peering time, not having been closed after Frederick about him still in a curious kind of way. Grey's entrance, for Lady Jane's footman stood " Will you step down, please sir, to the outside, waiting for orders,

boy?Mr. Carlton- -all his energy, all his opposi- “ Yes, yes, Wilkes, I'll be with him before tion gone out of him—stood against the wall, bedtime,” replied Mr. Carlton. And the forwiping his ashy face. But that he had heard giving little barber turned away meekly, and Frederick Grey's footsteps echoing up the stairs met Mr. John Grey coming in. beforehand, he would have concluded that Frederick Grey, unimpeded, had made his the words came from him. Somebody struck way up-stairs. An open door, and a light a match, and Mr. Carlton became conscious, in inside, guided him to Lucy's chamber. Ill as the dim light, that there was a stranger present, she was, she uttered an exclamation of remon

shabby-looking man who stood just within strance when she saw him, and covered her the hall. What impulse impelled the surgeon,

face with her hot hands. he best knew, but he darted forward, seized, and “Oh, Lucy, my darling! To think that shook him.

it should have attacked you ! “ Who are you, you villain ?.”

“Frederick ! what do you do here? Whero But Mr. Carlton's voice was changed, and is Jane? It is not right.” he would not have recognised it for his own. He drew away her hands to regard her face,



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he passed his own cool hand across her brow; With this he was obliged to be content. he took out his watch to count the beatings of But he was terribly vexed over it. He stooped the pulse.

to kiss her hot lips in the impulse of the “I am here in my professional capacity, moment's tenderness. Lucy; don't you understand? Could I entrust “Don't-don't,” she murmured. "You my future wife to any other ?” he asked, in a may take the fever.” voice that literally trembled with tenderness. Not I, child. We medical men are fever“I have been at the bedside of patients to proof. Oh Lucy, my best and dearest, may day, love, young and delicate as you."

God bring you through this !” I do feel very ill,” she murmured.

Mr. Carlton was pleased to accept the alterThe fear that was over him increased as he native, and agreed, with some appearance of gazed upon her, stopping the life-blood at his suavity, to attend Lucy in conjunction with Mr. heart. What if he should lose her ?—if this Grey. Putting aside the implied reflection on scourge should take her away from him and his skill—and this, Jane reiterated to him from life? And of course there was only too again, was not intended-he had no objection much reason to fear that it might have been to the visits of Mr. Grey. The fact was, Mr. communicated to her through his visits. A Carlton would have liked to bring Lucy triscalding tear dropped on to her face, and Lucy, umphantly through the illness himself, as he looking up, saw that his eyes were wet.

felt confident he could do ; she would have “Am I then so very ill ?" she murmured. had his best care, looking for no reward, as his

No, no, Lucy ; it is not that. But this wife's sister; and he felt mortified that the has come of my imprudence: I ought to have case should have been partially taken out of his kept away from you ; and I cannot bear that hands. It was a slight, let Lady Jane say you should suffer pain! Oh my darling- what she would ; he felt it, and no doubt the

They were coming in, Mr. Grey and Lady town would be free enough in its comments. Jaue. The experienced surgeon moved his And now, Laura,” said Jane, seeking her nephew from the bed, as if the latter were but sister, “ as you and Mr. Carlton have saddled a tyro. And indeed he was such, in comparison yourselves with Lucy, you must also be with the man of long practice.

troubled with me and Judith, who is invaluMr. Grey could not recommerd Lucy's able in a sick-room. I shall not move out of removal ; quite the contrary.

He saw no

this house until I can take Lucy with me.” reason why she should not have been taken Lady Laura clapped her hands in triumph. home at first, he said, but it had better not be “ Well done, Jane ! You, who would not attempted now. Jane was deeply annoyed, condescend to put your foot over our doorbut she could only acquiesce.

step, to be brought to your senses at last! It “ It cannot be helped,” she said, with a serves you right, Jane, for your abominable sigh. “ But I am grievously vexed that she pride." should be ill, away from my house. Remem- “It has not been pride,” returned Jane. ber, she is in your charge, Mr. Grey."

“ Pride has not kept me away.” “ In mine ? What will Mr. Carlton say to " What then ? Prejudice ?that?"

“No matter now, Laura ; we have an “It is of no consequence to me what he anxious time before us. Mr. Grey thinks that says, was the reply. “I cast no slight upon Lucy will be very ill.” Mr. Carlton's skill ; I have told him so; and “ Just what Mr. Carlton said ; and he kept if he chooses to attend her, conjointly with you, her here to take care of her. I am sure he I have no objection whatever. But Lucy's will be glad to extend a welcome to you, Jane, life is precious, and I have confidence in you, for as long as you choose to stay with us. Mr. Grey, from old associations."

He has always been willing to be friendly Frederick Grey found that he was to be with you, but you would not respond. He excluded from the sick-room. His attendance takes prejudices; I acknowledge that; but he as a medical man was not necessary. And never took one against you. He has taken both Mr. Grey and Lady Jane thought his one against Judith.” visits might tend to excite Lucy. In vain he Against Judith ! What has she done to remonstrated : it was of no use.

Mr. Carlton ?asked Jane, in surprise. “ She is to be my wife,” he urged.

“Nothing. But he does not like her face. “But she is not your wife yet,” said Mr. He says it always strikes him as being disGrey, “and you may trust her safely to me. agreeable. I like Judith, and I'm sure she's a Be assured that, if dangerous symptoms appear,

faithful servant." you shall be the first to hear of them.”

Mr. Carlton, inquire as he would, was unAnd to see her,” added Lady Jane. able to discover how that whisper could have

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come to him. That some one had entered less distinct, on account of the gritty concrethe hall and gone out again, he did not en- tions commonly found at the core, and which tertain a doubt. He made inquiries of Lady is caused by the woody matter becoming Jane's footman, whether he had seen any one

disseminated near the centre in small masses, enter; but the man acknowledged that he had The cells of the core, too, are pointed at not been looking. After the entrance of Mr. both ends in the apple and only at one end Frederick Grey, he had waited a minute or in the pear, and the latter fruit is more two, and then had gone round to the servants' astringent, less acid, and lighter than the entrance by the surgery.

former, So Mr. Carlton was as wise as before. And The pear does not come into bearing so soon meanwhile no one could think why he should as the apple, seedlings seldom producing any fancy that any stranger had been in the hall, fruit before the seventh or eighth year after in addition to little Wilkes the barber.

planting ; but though attacked by the same (To be continued.)

insects and liable to the same diseases it is

usually found to retain its health and vigour THE PEAR.

far better, at least in Britain (for in France

and America this is said not to be the case), Soft sister of the firmer apple, the pear dis- and reaches a much greater age, the lonplays so marked a resemblance to its relative gevity of pear trees being often reckoned by that the most unobservant could scarcely fail centuries. Usually the largest of our orchard to detect their kinship, yet is the difference trees, it sometimes attains extraordinary dibetween them sufficiently apparent on very mensions, one being recorded to have been slight inspection, and sufficiently great to justify fifty feet high, to have had a trunk eighteen Loudon in his wish that they may not always feet in circumference, and to have borne in continue to be classed together in the same good years one ton and a half of fruit. genus, as they are now by botanists too eminent Another noted pear tree, seeming to “take a for their decision to be disputed, even when it leaf” from the Banyan of the East, increased does not give perfect satisfaction. To this to an

enormous size by sending down its genus the pear has the honour of giving the branches to the ground, where they took root, name, being termed the Pyrus communis, while and each became a new tree, in turn similarly the apple bears the title of Pyrus malus. producing others. Albeit alike in some respects, the trees may be In Europe, Western Asia, and China the distinguished in a moment by their leaves, pear is found growing wild throughout as wide those of the apple being broader, very slightly a range as the apple ; but as the crab will never serrated, of a yellow green colour, and hairy grow except on tolerably good soil, and its underneath, while the dark green foliage of the humbler sister is content with far poorer pear is elliptical, more serrated, and smooth on accommodation, they are not often found in both sides, the upper surface being absolutely association. The latter, too, displays a far shining; and when both are full grown the greater power of adapting itself to peculiarities low and spreading apple, often uncouthly of situation, a remarkable example of which is irregular in form, seldom attains more than afforded by the notched-leaved pear, which half the height of the tall, upright, shapely grows on the mountains of Upper Nepaul. pear, always inclining to the pyramidal form. “ Nature seems,” says Dr. Lindley, in deIn spring-time the large, rosy, fragrant blossoms scribing this plant, “to have intended it to of the former far outshine the scentless and brave the utmost inclemency of climate, for in colourless bloom of its modest rival, though its own country in the earliest spring the leaves, differing scarcely at all botanically, the only while still delicate and tender, are clothed with distinction being that the five central styles are a thick white coating of wool, and the flowers in the one case united at the base, in the other themselves are so immersed in an ample covering distinct ; while as regards the fruit, though of the same material as to bid defiance to even the tender melting consistency of the best Tartarean cold. But in proportion as the exdessert pears is different indeed from the crisp tent of the distribution of the plant descends solidity of the apple, yet in some varieties the towards the plains, or as the season of warm one species could quite compete with the other weather advances, it throws off its fleecy coat, in hardness, and the characteristic distinction and at length becomes as naked and as is therefore to be sought rather in the fact that glittering with green as the trees which have the former is generally convex at the base, wbile never had such rigour to endure." In England, the latter is always concave. Both fruits have where it is grown for ornament, this tree diswoody threads passing from the stalk through plays scarcely any woolliness, while on the other the midst of the flesh, but in the pear

these are

hand in the woods of Poland and on the steppes

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of Russia the leaves of the ordinary pear are table, since an item is found in his accounts of mostly white and downy.

2d. to an old woman who gaff the kyng The great orchardist, Rivers, remarks that peres,” and another of 3s. 4d. for “wardens the pear seems to require a warm, moist cli- and medlars,” the “warden,” a baking pear, mate, and that many parts of France being too so named, it is said, from its keeping property, hot, and most parts of England not hot enough, being one of our oldest known varieties, once the island of Jersey, where a happy medium extensively cultivated by “the monks of old.” is found, is probably the most favourable An ancient medical authority affirms that “the situation for pears in all Europe ; while it may red warden is of great virtue conserved, roasted, perhaps be some surprise to the many who or baked to quench choler ;” but as it would look on vicinity to the metropolis as incom- | be libellous to suppose that cloistered serenity patible with flourishing vegetation to hear that could itself require the fruit on this account, next in suitability to this sea-girt pyral paradise imagination is free to picture the benevolent are the low, moist situations immediately around recluses sending round a basket of pears to any London, particularly near Rotherhithe, where, notedly fiery spirits in the neighbourhood, as he says, the Jargonelle and other fine pears modern good people might distribute a bundle may be said to attain the highest possible per- of tracts. fection.

In the time of Gerard that which stood at In what points soever the two principal the head of his list as the best of all the “tame members of the Pyrus family may resemble pears " then known, and which he calls the each other, most unlike are they as regards the Pyrus superba sive Katherina, was no other place they have held in the estimation of man, than the little brilliant-coloured but ill-flafor while poetic fancy in different ages and far- voured fruit which furnished one of our old severed climes has everywhere invested the poets with so charming an illustration of his apple with so many mystic charms, no extra- mistress's beauty when he says that, — neous associations diffuse a halo of borrowed

Her cheek was like the Catherine pear, glory around the neglected pear, no graceful

The side that's next the sun ; legend plants it in celestial gardens, gives it to the guardianship of god or goddess, or links but which, though it still holds a place on its name with the adventures of the daring London street-stalls on account of being so heroes or loving nymphs of antiquity. There early ripe, has long since sunk below the appeare few fruits, indeed, of whose history so little tite of any but children. It might almost be is known, though it appears to have been com- said that it is only during the last 60 or 70 mon from time immemorial in Syria, Egypt, years that the pear has actually been known in and Greece, passing probably from the latter Europe, so great is the change that has taken country into Italy. Homer names it as forming place in it from what it was before that time, part of the orchard of Laertes, and Virgil when it had hardly begun to manifest the peralludes to having received some pears from Cato, fection of which it is capable. It was in Belindeed 36 varieties were known to the Romans, gium, which has therefore been prettily termed including the singularly-named “proud pears," the “Eden of the pear tree,” that attention so called because they ripened early and would was first attracted to it, and to a native of that not keep long ; libralia,” or pound weight country, M. Van Mons, who actually devoted pears, &c., &c. ; but we may imagine that none his life to pears and their improvement, we could have been fruit of very fine quality, or chiefly owe it that the poor varieties which gave they could hardly have merited Pliny's con- a modicum of enjoyment to our forefathers clusive assertion that “all pears whatsoever have disappeared from all good gardens, and are but heavy meat unless they be well boiled resigned their place to aristocratic races of rich or baked.” But little mention is made of the and varied flavour, intensified to a degree fruit in our own history, and as pear trees are hitherto unimagined. This gentleman was no often found growing wild throughout the mere empiric lighting accidentally on lucky country it is by some thought to be indigenous, expedients in fruit.growing, but a scientific while others believe it to be only native to more philosopher, who, having conceived a theory, genial climes, and to have been first brought set resolutely to work to test it by years of here by the Romans. There is no doubt that patient experimentalising, for believing that pears of some sort were eaten by our remote originally there were but few, perhaps but one, ancestors, though probably they were of no species of any genus of plants, and that while very excellent quality, for a very old English in a wild state Nature only aimed at preserving writer pronounces upon them a similar verdict to these in a healthy condition, and perfecting that of Pliny; but in the days of Henry VIII. seed which should exactly reproduce the parent some at least were admitted to even the royal | from which it sprung, he considered that it

must be the object of cultivation to refine even of fruits in the American States is, as the author by enervating the fruit tree, to subdue its coarse of " The Fruits of America” admits, a conexuberance of vegetation, and while probably firmation of the Van Mons theory, for while lessening the quantity of the foliage as well as the colonists who had taken pains to bring with the size and vigour of the seeds to improve the them seeds of the very best English fruits were quality of the pulp or flesh surrounding the doomed to see a grievous falling off in the delatter. Finding that wild trees transplanted generate produce resulting from their planting, into gardens altered but little, or, though their the seedlings proving little better than wild leaves and fruit might grow larger, that the trees, in the course of years this ebbing tide latter did not become better in quality, and hasturned again and borne transatlantic growths that suckers, buds, or grafts taken from them with onward flow to heights of excellence did but reproduce similar plants, he sought in beyond what had ever been attained by the the seed for means of improvement, and found British trees from which they are descended ; that the pips of wild fruit sown in good soil and had the process of continually rearing new produced plants which differed somewhat from generations of seedlings been uninterruptedly the parent (mostly for the better) and from followed the good result might perhaps have each other ; their seeds replanted advanced been much sooner arrived at. Assuredly the another step, and so on, until a certain ulti- | Belgian's theory was founded on an observance mate point of perfection was reached, when a of natural laws, and in practice his system retrograde movement began, and if the sowing proved a great success, for having himself process were still persevered in the descendants raised no less than eighty thousand seedlings, of the good plants became worse and worse, from these and many thousands of others reared until they ended finally, as worthless wildings, by his disciples in Belgium and elsewhere, an much where the original ancestor began. The immense number of new varieties of great coincidence of Dr. Lindley, in at least the latter excellence have been obtained, among which part of this theory, seems apparent from a the palm is usually given to the Buerré Diel. remark in his works that “There can be no The method, however, is attended with several doubt that if the arts of cultivation were aban- disadvantages, for being avowedly an enfeebling doned for only a few years, all the annual process, the trees so grown are usually of weak varieties of plants in our gardens would dis- babit, and apt very soon to decay or become appear and be replaced by original wild forms.” unhealthy ; and being, too, almost absolutely The retrograde tendency seems to be most artificial products, they often require an unstrong in old trees, and Van Mons therefore intermittent care and culture never needed by gathered his first seeds from young trees of the hardy children of Nature, so that some common kinds yet not absolutely crabs, and as of the Flemish pears latest introduced into soon as the trees produced from them bore America have already begun to show symptoms fruit, which usually proved to be of very of decay or disease. Whether it be that our middling quality, but at least differing from climate suits them better, or that our cultivators the parent, and mostly a little in advance of pay them more attention, the pears of Belgium it, he chose out the best and again planted their succeed better in England and are found seeds. The next generation was found to come

much hardier than those of either France or more quickly into bearing, while their quality Jersey, which seldom thrive here, or at least was still more promising; their offspring showed are very precarious. Yet though both England Fet greater amelioration, and each succeeding and America have gladly availed themselves of family bringing forth fruit sooner, and produ- the result of Van Mons' labours, the process cing a greater number of valuable varieties, which he pursued has never found much favour when the fifth generation was reached the trees with us, and still less with our more impatient began to bear in the third year after planting, and “go-a-head” cousins, so long a time being and nearly all bad attained great excellence. required before any result can be expected. To use Van Mons' own words, “I have found,” Some have tried raising seedlings without obsays he, “this art to consist in regenerating in a serving any method, but as a proof of the direct line of descent and as rapidly as possible capriciousness of fortune in such matters, a an improving variety, taking care that there celebrated French horticulturist has recorded be no interval between the generations. To that for fifty years he had been in the habit of sow, to resow, to sow again, to sow perpetually, planting pear pips without ever having thus in short to do nothing but sow is the practice produced a good variety ; while on the other to be pursued, and which cannot be departed hand Major Esperen, of Belgium, who simply from ; and this is the whole secret of the art I

seeds indiscriminately and trusted to

chance, originated five or six sorts so fine as to The constant springing upof fine new varieties | be unsurpassed by any in the Van Mons col


have employed.”

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