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with a shout, .“ Omnia Vincit Amor.” “ Not stems and gorgeous pink blossoms, shading into so,” said Merry, in an under voice, “Nos non every variety of crimson and purple, strongly cedemus Amori ;” and, carefully adjusting his relieved against the graceful luxurious foliage, shaft, shot it into the bull's-eye, a full inch will agree that the trouble necessary to rear nearer to the centre than his exulting com- them is well laid out. In some parts of our petitor. So he gained the day. As the name own island the more hardy kinds of rhododenof “Love” does not occur in the list of dron grow freely in the open air when soil and shooters for that year, it is clear that it must climate suit them, and give us then a faint have been a nickname by which one of them image of the beauty they must display in the was familiarly known, or else it would imply jungles of Ceylon, or on the Himalayas. that the story itself is apocryphal. E. W. The arbutus is naturalized with us in the

dripping glens of Killarney ; but its proper HEATHER-BELLS.

habitat is in Southern Europe and the Cau

casus, as will be explained shortly. It is in Few flowers are so lovely as those contained no sense truly indigenous to the British flora. in the Ericacece, or heath family. Their Barring the heaths proper, the other members head-quarters are at the Cape. They stretch of the family in Great Britain and Ireland may up the western side of Africa to Europe, be roughly considered under two groups. The and are but thinly represented in Asia and first, comprehending the whortleberries, cowAmerica. The Epacridacece and Eucalypti berries, and Arctic bearberries, are common answer to them in Australia.

They clothe enough on their respective moors, and furnish the landes of Western France, pass on to abundance of fruit to the rustic gatherers ; the Iceland, and form a main part of the second class is seldom discovered, except by flora of Lapland. The common ling reaches the professed botanist, who knows exactly far into North Russia. North America pos- where to look for them, and does not mind sesses no species of the Erica proper, though facing much fatigue and some little peril. many of the allied forms flourish in it.

As Such are the andromeda (so called from its for their antiquity, members of the family have preference of lonely spots, like the rock to been found embalmed in the Pliocene flora. which the hapless daughter of Cepheus was Cool, damp countries are the favourite localities chained), the loiseleuria (our solitary English of the family : extremes of heat or cold are azalea), and the two lonely but very rare vaalike disagreeable to them. The solitary moor, - rieties of menciesia. the wind-swept plateau, the hill-sides falling The heaths proper may at once be distininto the sea, such are the situations where they guished from all the other branches of the grow to perfection.

family by their marcescent corollæ, as botanists The arbutus, rhododendrons, azaleas, and say; that is, by their flowers continuing on the kalenias, which lend such grace to our shrub- stem even when dead. They are represented beries, are the larger plants of the family. in the United Kingdom by four common and Many of these, such as the kalenias and rhodo- well-marked species, as well as by several rarer dendrons, are astringents and dangerous nar- varieties. We will look a little at the biocotics. The honey which poisoned the Greeks graphy of each ; and so, when next we see during the retreat of the Ten Thousand, is said them brightening the lone moor, or cheering to have been collected by the bees from some the rocky terrace, with their trustful clusters, plants of this order, though the honey we now we shall be able to renew our acquaintance obtain from bees that have frequented the with some knowledge of their antecedents. heaths is deemed delicious from its peculiar If we had the wishing-cap of Fortunatus, flavour. At the nurseries for “ American and could at once transport ourselves to the plants," as they are called, numerous exotic long moorland stretches the home of the varieties of the heaths proper may be seen. heaths—say, for instance, to those of the west Their rearing is one of the most difficult skirting Dartmoor-we should see, supposing branches of horticulture: peculiar soil, con. the season to be autumn, much brilliant colourstant care, and daily watchfulness over air ing close at hand, fading into purple tracts of moisture, heat, &c., are required ; and much distant hill-country, which again would melt study and patience has to be expended in into soft transparent blue. By our side would bringing them to perfection ; consequently, be a few scattered clumps of furze clad in the certain well-known nurseries have a specialty brightest yellow, and bristling with thorns like for them. Any one, however, who has visited an army in array. Nature has thrown out a collection of rhododendrons, from one of these these detached companies, as it were, from the establishments, in full bloom (as may yearly be main body massed together on yonder hill-side, seen in London), with their clean wooded and depend upon it she has a purpose for it.

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the gipsy.

Ah! some primaval convulsion has disrupted feet above our sea level, and is frequently the mountain limestone here, and piled up its found with pure white flowers, and of all the shapeless blocks in admired confusion. These intermediate shades up to deep rose colour. are carefully guarded by the furze bushes, No one who has once seen it can ever conpartly in order to hide such barren ruins, and found it with its relatives ; as well might one partly to prevent your stumbling unawares compare a “ bride's quadrille ” with a few over them.

The mounds which close in upon Newhaven fishwives. It is found in Shetland these furze clumps will be sure to be covered and Iceland, though not in the Feroes. with shrubby, bushy heather, rather awkward- The next species of our heaths must be looking and flustered, like skirmishers cut off sought in Cornwall, hence termed Cornish from the main body, but still proudly flaunting heath. It has bell-shaped flowers, strongly marktheir purple standards in the sunshine. This ing it off from the ovate corollas of the others, is the most universally distributed, and we and is eminently a Western type. Never desertmay add the most useful, of our heaths, viz., ing the sea-coast for any distance, it is especially the ling. Wherever there is moorland will it abundant on the serpentine of the Lizard. be found ; sometimes in very hot or wet We may complete the enumeration of our weather with flowers blanching before its trou- native heaths by noticing three more uncombles, but welcomed by every one, especially by mon varieties of western origin. First comes

It bears domestication well in the ciliated heath, with larger flowers than the suitable soil, and makes excellent border- previous ones, and fringed leaves, found, like edgings, being as patient under pruning as the the last, in Cornwall and Ireland. The other box or yew, and extends from the Arctic circle two, Mackuy's heath and the Mediterranean to the Azores, from the Atlantic to the Ural heath, are only to be discovered in the southMountains, but is not found in Great Britain western districts of Ireland, though common higher than 3000 feet above the sea level. on the western shores of the Continent. Like

Next the coignes of vantage it occupies many other plants, they are at present the on our moors, may be observed a very similar objects of fierce contention to botanists, some Fariety, which, in such a scene as we have denouncing them as mere varieties, “sports," fancied, will extend in sheets over the undula- so to speak, of the other species, while others ting ground in front. This is the Scotch or claim them as distinct plants. We will leave fine-leaved heather, with reddish-purple flowers, science to growl over this bone, and conclude more showy than those of the humbler ling, our survey by indicating a still more important and with abundance of clustered pointed leaves. question connected with these varieties, not It forms the chief covering of the Scotch, only to the botanist but also to the geologist, Irish, Welsh, and Devon moors, furnishing one which has reference to the highest physical much honey to the bees, and much nutriment problems, and has therefore enlisted a correto the grouse which frequent them.

sponding amount of celebrated men in elaRetracing our steps through its thick clus- borating it. ters, beneath which peep out white thread-like We allude to what is called the distribution heath moss, and curious cup lichens tipped of plants upon the earth. There are two main with the brightest vermilion, giving a tesse. opinions held upon it; Professor Forbes adlated appearance to the black soil of such vocates one centre of creation, Schouw contends tracts, we will push through the furze bushes, for several. These speculations are soinewhat and are certain to find a bog behind them. analogous to theories respecting the origin of Here it is, with its royal ferns fluttering their language, and will be here sufficiently confronds, now crimsoned with autumn, to the sidered by giving one or two particular examples breeze ; and here too is the stag's-horn moss, bearing upon our subject. and what were lately the golden spikes of the How, for instance, can we account for the bog-asphodel : but what is this erect stem, heathers—the arbutus, and we may add the some four or five inches high, whose delicate saxifrages—of south-western Ireland being pale-green leaves

are crowned by hanging identical with those contained in the flora of clusters of exquisitely-tender rose-flushed Asturias on the distant coast of Spain ? Forbes flowers ? This is the loveliest of our heaths, sagaciously pointed out that in far distant the Erica tetralix, or crossed-leaved heath. It times, before land and sea had settled down is not so abundant as the preceding varieties, into their present places, Spain was most proand generally grows near watery spots, where bably joined to Ireland, and perhaps even to its leaves, frosted with dew-drops that lend Cornwall. A mighty geological change superfresh grace to their beauty, may often be vened, and they were parted by the unsociable observed retaining them till the middle of the

At present the soundings between day. It does not extend more than 2000 | them are less than 1000 fathoms. The Sar

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gasso Sea, with its floating masses of weed, the New World by some of Nature's marvelbetween the Azores and Africa, has been con- lous agencies. Humming-birds and the myriadsidered by some as a memento of a similar winged life of the tropics would flutter through occurrence there ; though others regard it as

our woods.

On some nights of the year phossimply the backwater, so to speak, of the Gulf phorescence may be observed on the waves Stream, which whirls round in its eddies all round our shores, then fire-flies would nightly the drift of Atlantic. Supposing such a glitter in our skies. A wonderful stimulus severance between Ireland and Spain, such would be given to the families of heaths and plants as were not immediately destroyed by ferns. They would spread from the western the modification of climate, would remain " combes” through the length and breadth of identical in both. It is difficult otherwise to the kingdom, and philosophers might settle at account for the many plants of the Iberian ease the many moot points in their distribution type to be found in the west of the United over which at present they wrangle. Kingdom ; and especially for the rarer conti- Thus it is evident, even from looking at a nental heaths that were mentioned above. single sprig of heather, that the natural sciences

It must not be concealed, however, as we cannot be anatomized one by one, cut up and look at the Cornish heaths, that change of ticketed separately. They depend one upon climate, apart from any cataclysmal disturb- the other, and only in thought endure disance of sea and dry land, might effect many memberment. He who would raise the Great changes in our British heaths, and indeed in Instauration Lord Bacon left unfinished, must our whole flora, Some have speculated on the link together botany and geology, zoology and change that would thus ensue were the Gulf study of climates. He must humbly, yet Stream to alter its direction and come closer to searchingly, cast his glance over all the realms our shores, or even enter the English Channel. of Nature's kingdom ; and so only may he hope The temperature of the air would at once rise to find what Archimedes longed for, and modern many degrees, to a sub-tropical climate. Palms inductive science dreams of,—the point whence and tree ferns would be wafted to us from / after-hands may move the world. M. G. W.

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If we were inclined to imitate the Della- i and affecting things before we went any further Cruscan sentiment, so fashionable towards the

with this paper.

We are about to touch upon close of the last and the beginning of the an episode in the career of a lady of some little present century, we should drop a tear at the celebrity in her time, who, according to her rhrine of friendship, and do a variety of pretty own account, was not very well treated by her

VOL. XI.

F

No. 265.

a

relatives, friends, and contemporaries. This must be admitted, by Major Topham's letters, lady, who was a leading actress of the Theatres appears to have been the editress and manager Royal Drury Lane, Covent Garden, and Hay- of this important organ. market, is known in the history of the stage as To what extent Mrs. Wells-Sumbel was unMrs. Sumbel, late Wells, and she lived in a fortunate in her general attachments we will period when she was able to quarrel with Miss not endeavour to ascertain, but will devote our Farren (afterwards Countess of Derby) on a attention to the two marriages which formed question of their relative ages, and when Mrs. part of what she would have styled her Siddons was able to snub her for her supposed “chequered career.” Her first marriage, by want of aptitude for her profession.

which she gained the name of Wells in ex. What Mrs. Sumbel, late Wells, suffered for change for Davis, was more like a juvenile more than thirty years, both on and off the freak than, a serious engagement.

She was stage, she has thought proper to inform us in playing Juliet at Gloucester, at the age of her memoirs, published in the early part of the seventeen, when she fell in love with her Romeo, present century. In this book she speaks her and was married at St. Chad's church, Shrewsmind as freely as the more celebrated Mary bury, in the course of the next season, much Robinson, one of the favourites of the Prince of against the wish of her mother. After her Wales, spoke hers in a book issued about the marriage she went to Exeter with her husband, same time.

The dedication and preface to to fulfil an engagement, accompanied by her Mrs. Wells-Sumbel's book strike the key-note mother and sister ; and shortly after her arrival of the whole memoirs very clearly. In the Mrs. Davis received the following short and first, addressed to her grandchildren and Mr. business-like letter from Mr. Wells : Samuel, her brother-in-law, she says :

"MADAME,—As your daughter is too young “My GRANDCHILDREN,—You may at and childish, I beg you will for the present take future period wish to ascertain your genealogy. her again under your protection ; and be asIn this book you will find it; and should your

sured I shall return to her soon, as I am now minds not be biassed by the illiberal conduct going a short journey, and remain, yours, &c.” and instructions of your grandfather, you will respect your parents. Mr. Samuel, I could Mr. Wells never returned to reclaim his not omit your name in my Dedication, as to wife ; and as his conduct afterwards was not you, principally, this work owes its birth. very reputable (he ran away with one of his You have, in a great measure, been the occa- bridesmaids), Mrs. Wells consoled herself for sion of the catalogue of miseries detailed in it. her loss as if she had been an old woman of You brought poverty upon me, and, of course,

the world. I lost the affections of Major Topham.”

Passing over a variety of adventures of the

kind we have decided not to relate, we arrive In the preface, written by a friend, the same at a point in the life of Mrs. Wells-Sumbel at tone has been caught, and all mankind are which she was confined in the Fleet prison for accused of the basest ingratitude.

debt. "I came to London,” she says, “to The sufferings which Mrs. Wells-Sumbel and see one of Mr. Reynolds' plays, “How to Grow her friend so pointedly allude to may or may Rich.' Struck with the name, I determined not be recorded in the book, but they are not learn a lesson ; but, notwithstanding the atteneasily discovered by an impartial observer. tion I paid, I benefited nothing by it. A Mrs. Wells-Sumbel appears to have been of an gentleman-I must apologise for the misappliimpulsive disposition—to state her feelings as cation of the word ; but by a figure in rhetoric amiably as possible—and she certainly availed called Custom, and being a genteeler one than herself largely of that freedom of living which blackguard to put in a memoir, I have inserted was fashionable amongst many of her craft in it : however, as both are before you, choose her generation. She was not patronised by which you please ; and to end the dispute I royalty in the way in which royalty then shall say a man- -sat next me in the box, and patronised the stage and its female followers, kept his seat during the whole performance. though she had the doubtful honour of perform- As I was preparing to depart, he came up to ing before a Georgian audience at Georgian me and told me that he did not wish to prevent Weymouth ; but she “ took up” with several my seeing the performance, but was under the distinguished members of society, amongst disagreeable necessity of telling me he had a whom Major Topham, the editor and proprietor writ against me. Upon my demanding at of the World newspaper, stands prominent. whose suit, the old words, 'on account of your During this intimacy, Mrs. Wells-Sumbel, ac- brother-in-law,'assailed my ears. The vultures cording to her own statements, borne out, it ' gnawing the liver of Prometheus were not more

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