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sincerity of purpose when a person discusses public issues so plainly and clearly that one can understand just what is said and meant. When ambiguous language is used, when obscure expressions are employed, it is an indication that the person speaking has something to conceal. The Bible speaks of certain persons who love darkness rather than light, and it gives a reason for that peculiar affection. Do you remember what the reason is? We are told that they love darkness rather than light because their deeds are evil. Whenever I find darkness employed in the discussion of a question, or in the statement of a position, I am irresistibly reminded of that Bible passage, and conclude that the person who attempts to be obscure does so because he is not willing that the people should know what he believes and what he desires to accomplish. When I hear a man talking about "sound money" without defining it, I think that, perhaps, he loves darkness rather than light because his deeds are evil.
When I find a man talking about an "honest dollar" without telling what he means by an "honest dollar," I am afraid that I have found another man who loves darkness rather than light because his deeds are evil.
When I find that our opponents are taking their arguments from people who are nameless, I am afraid that there is purpose in the obscurity.
Let me call your attention to an item which you will find at the top of the first column of the first page of the Buffalo Courier. Here it is. Read the headlines: "Ready to unload.” “India Bankers Hope that Bryan Will Win." "They Are Eager to Dump Great Hoards of Silver by the Ship Load on the United States Mints and to Double Its Present Price."
Under this headline I find this special cablegram from that great city whence come most of the arguments of the enemy: "London, England.—In the course of an interview today a leading India merchant who has just returned from Calcutta said to me that (a leading India merchant, name unknown) American politics just now is of interest to Hindoo and Parsee bankers and financiers, as well as to native potentates!"
Yes, my friends, American politics is of absorbing interest to all the nations because we are going to decide to govern ourselves. "All of them, possessing enormous hoards of silver, eagerly desire Bryan's election, and the chance thereby afforded them to dump shiploads of silver bullion into the United States mints at double the present price. So eager are they that I have heard a well founded rumor (an unknown person has heard a well founded rumor) that a fund has been started to aid the free silver party by supplying campaign literature."
That is the end of the quotation from an unknown India merchant. And the cablegram adds:
"My informant is a man of such high commercial standing that I attach much importance to this interview.”
There is a correspondent who does not sign his name, telling about a man of high commercial standing, whose name he does not give, who quotes from a leading merchant, whose name is unknown, and he says that there is a "well founded rumor" that certain things are going to happen. That, my friends, is the sort of argument which is being spread before the American people. Why don't these men who are giving opinions give their names also, so that we can find out who the men are and what their opinions are worth? But I
am afraid that they love darkness rather than light because their deeds are evil. I call attention to this item because you can see by it what an unsubstantial foundation is laid for the fears which they attempt to excite in the breasts of American citizens.
Let me give you another evidence of the lack of candor and directness which characterizes our opponents. Ex-Secretary Fairchild is quoted in the same paper as saying:
"I do not see how we can do anything else than put a third ticket in the Presidential arena. We have practically committed ourselves to such a course. We want to see the defeat of the Democratic ticket, and we shall try to draw away as many votes as we can from it. We feel that this defeat may best be accomplished by a third ticket. Of course, we shall find no fault with those of our friends who cast a straight vote for McKinley."
Now there, my friends, is a man who claims to be in favor of honest money, advocating the putting up of a ticket, not for the purpose of electing it, but for the purpose of electing another ticket which the bolting Democrats are not willing to endorse in convention. I simply call your attention to the methods which we have to meet in this campaign and ask you whether you think these methods characterize a political party which is so accustomed to honesty that it wants money honest and dollars sound?
From Hornellsville we proceeded with but few stops to Jamestown. At Celeron, a suburb of Jamestown, more than 12,000 people were crowded into an immense auditorium. This was probably the most densely packed hall in which I spoke, it being necessary to suspend proceedings until a sufficient number went out to make existence bearable to those who remained.
The next morning we attended the First Presbyterian Church and listened to a sermon by the pastor, Rev. G. M. Covell. He discussed several religious characters of prominence in the world's history and contrasted the enthusiasm of the reformer with the cool and calculating disposition of the man of business. We spent a pleasant afternoon at Lakewood with Mr. Mack, of Buffalo, and Hon. Henry W. Cornell, of New York City, and Monday morning left by boat for Chautauqua.
The visit to the Chautauqua grounds was very enjoyable, the officials taking great pains to show us the points of interest. The Assembly was not in session, but the presence of a little crowd in the park gave me an opportunity, of which I gladly availed myself, to express my high appreciation of the educational work inaugurated at this place. I noted here the evenness among the houses, in contrast with the display sometimes found at fashionable summer resorts. Here there seemed to be a democratic equality among those who gathered to join intellectual development with needed recreation.
A call upon Mr. Coleman E. Bishop, then an invalid, is pleasantly remembered.
We left the lake a few miles further north, at Maysville. This being the home of Judge Tourgee, I borrowed an illustration from his works, and suggested that the gold standard was a device by which the producers of wealth were compelled to make "bricks without straw," and that to seek relief from the gold standard at the hands of the financiers was like going upon "a fool's errand."
The ride by carriage from Maysville to Ripley was a beautiful one. The view from the water shed between Lake Erie and Lake Chautauqua was especially enjoyed. Mr. Leroy M. Stringham, of Ripley, is recalled as one of the most persistent men whom I met during my entire trip. He was so urgent in his efforts to arrange a meeting at his town that I at last succumbed with much the feeling of the man in the Bible who arose in the night and gave to his neighbor because the neighbor would not allow him to sleep. The meeting, however, abundantly repaid me for the effort expended. The papers reported that one of the Ripley banks was robbed while the cashier was watching the parade. I have been at a loss to know whether this misfortune is properly chargeable to the silver agitation, or whether it should be construed as a warning to banks not to become too much interested in politics.
This being the last meeting in New York, I took occasion to say a word to those who were to take part in the State convention. As the advice here given was subjected to criticism in some quarters, I quote it:
As this is my farewell meeting in the State for the present, I desire to submit just a word to the Democrats of New York. I have been gratified to find that so few-few relatively-of the members of the Democratic party are going to oppose the platform and ticket nominated at Chicago.
I desire to say a word to the Democrats of this State who believe that the State convention ought to indorse not only the candidates of the Chicago convention, but the platform on which the candidates stand. If there is any person here who thinks that the Democratic party of the State ought not to indorse the candidates and platform, what I shall say is not addressed to such person, but to those who believe that the convention to be held in this State in about two weeks should indorse both platform and candidates I desire to offer one suggestion. We have had a great fight in the Democratic party, one of the most memorable contests ever waged in the United States, and those who advocate the free coinage of silver have won by carrying their cause, not to conventions, but to the people themselves, the source of all political power. If we had waited until the convention assembled at Chicago and then made our appeal to delegates who had been sent there uninstructed and without regard
to the money question we would have been defeated, but we saw that the strength of bimetallism was in the rank and file of the party.
Recognizing the Democratic idea that power comes up to the machinery of the party from the people themselves and not down from the machinery to the people, we commenced with the sovereigns, and instructed the delegates from the primaries to the precincts, and from the precincts to the county, and from the counties to the States, and from the States to the national convention.
That is the way this contest has been fought, and it is the only hope of those who are trying to secure justice for the masses of people.
If you want the State convention to support the Chicago platform and ticket there is only one way to be sure of it, and that is to let no man go to any convention, small or great, until you know where he stands on this question and that he stands by you. No man who wants to do what is right will refuse to let the people know what he will do when he gets to the convention. And when you find a man who refuses to tell you what he is going to do, when you find a man who will not take you into his confidence, tell him that you will not take him into your confidence.
The men who attend conventions do not go there as individuals; they go as representatives. They do not go to act for themselves; they go to act for those who send them. You not only have a right to know what a man is going to do when he gets there, but you have a right to tell him what to do.
From Ripley we went to Cleveland. Crowds were gathered at a number of places, notably at Ashtabula, O., where a number of silver Republicans came aboard and assured me that they were vying with the Democrats and Populists in their efforts to carry the county for silver.
FROM CLEVELAND TO CHICAGO
RRIVING in Cleveland about 6 o'clock, we were escorted to the hotel by an impromptu procession, which seemed determined to show that in his efforts to elect a Republican president, the chairman of the Republican National Committee did not have the unanimous support of his neighbors.
Mr. Charles P. Salen, chairman of the County Committee, and Hon. L. E. Holden, of the Plain Dealer, deserve special credit for the success of the Cleveland meeting. Speaking was arranged for in two halls, and an overflow meeting was held in front of the Hollenden Hotel. I here met Hon. George A. Groot, who afterward visited Nebraska as chairman of the Notification Committee of the National Silver party. He entered into the campaign with great earnestness and spoke in several States.
Leaving Cleveland early in the morning we proceeded to Columbus, making several stops along the route and arriving early in the afternoon. The Columbus meeting was one of the largest held during the campaign, in fact, I am not sure that it was surpassed. Hon. Allen W. Thurman, who presided, has for several years been identified with the silver fight. My acquaintance with him dates from the silver conference held in Chicago in August, 1893, he being the presiding officer on that occasion. My speech at Columbus was somewhat broken up by the fact that I was compelled to speak from the four sides of the stand. I was followed on this occasion by Hon. John L. Lentz, the candidate for Congress in that district, whom I first met and listened to at Madalin, N. Y.
We went to Springfield early the next morning and there experienced the most trying crush of the campaign. The crowd was large, and being massed in the hallway through which we passed, made our entrance almost impossible. This is the home of Hon. John W. Bookwalter and Hon. D. McConville, and I thought I saw in the enthusiasm of the people evidences of the effort which these gentle