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FEBRUARY, 1798.]

Breach of Privilege.

[H.or R.

friends; that he had attacked them in that quarter, and SAMUEL W. Dana, one of the Representatives from the convinced them their opinions were erroneous.

At this State of Connecticut, being duly sworn, as aforesaid, time Mr. Griswold was sitting in the seat usually occu- on the sixth day of February, one thousand seven pied by Mr. Harper, and Mr. Griswold said something, hundred and ninety-eight, deposed as follows : which I cannot precisely recollect, about his fighting them with his wooden sword. Mr. Lyon appeared to the ballots for managers of the impeachment against Wil.

On Tuesday of last week, during the examination of pay no attention to the remark, and, I thought at the liam Blount, I had left my seat and was standing before time, did not hear it. Immediately after this Mr. Gris- the fire, near the eastern door of the hall, when Mr. wold quitted his seat and went behind the bar. I left Williams, of the State of New York, entered into con. mine nearly at the same time, and did not see the in- versation with me, and mentioned that Mr. Lyon, who sult which is said to have been offered. This is gene- had lately returned from Vermont, had been saying that rally all that I know relative to this affair. I was present at the commencement only of the dispute, and ed out if they voted against Mr. Nicholas's amendment."

“the Representatives of Connecticut would all be turn. they are only generally facts which have impressed themselves on my mind. I attended to the examination Very soon after this the member from Vermont came to of the Speaker yesterday, and could agree generally sence, I asked him if he had said what had been men

the place where we were, and, in Mr. Williams's prewith him in the statement, though my recollection is

tioned to me. not so particular.

His answer, as precisely as I can recol

lect, was in these words, “I did not say so; but that The said deponent being interrogated by Matthew you would all be turned out if you carried the point you

Lyon, and other members of the House, further de wished to carry." I then asked what that point was; posed as follows:

and his answer represented it as being “ that the PresiI did not hear any observation from the members dent should appoint to offices where no such appoint. from Connecticut respecting the people of Vermont. ments were authorized by law.” I told him,

" that was The conversation from Mr. Lyon respecting the peo- not the question on Mr. Nicholas's amendment.” He ple of Connecticut was not connected ; questions were answered, “it is ;” and I replied, “it is not.” There asked, and some observations were made by the Speaker, was a variety of further conversation, all of which I do which perhaps induced Mr. Lyon to say more than he not particularly recollect. I think that I remarked on the originally intended.

improbability of his being acquainted with the people of 1 do not suppose there was any thing said which Connecticut better than their Representatives. I rememcould provoke Mr. Lyon, and he appeared to be desi- ber that, in the course of this conversation, he spoke of rous of impressing the observations with respect to the the disagreeable reception which we might expect on re: members from Connecticut, as true, upon all who heard turning to Connecticut, and made other observations of him.

an irritating nature. I felt some disdain at what he said; The said deponent being further interrogated, on his and, as his conversation was by no means pleasing to me, oath aforesaid, on the eighth day of February, one

I believe that my irritation was manifest from the manthousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, answered ner in which I answered him. The Speaker being near, to the several interrogatories so put to him, as and, addressing us with an air of civility, interposed the follows:

caution which he has mentioned. After this nothing Question. Do you recollect the time when Mr. Gris. further passed between myself and the member from wold moved from his own seat to that of Mr. Harper? Vermont. My reflection told me to have no more conAnswer. I do not recollect the time when Mr. Gris- I walked from the place, and took no further part in any

versation with him. As we separated from each other, wold came to Mr. Harper's seat. It was, however,

of his conversation. soon after Mr. Lyon took his station behind the bar, and during the general conversation which had taken / which Mr. Harper usually occupies, I observed my col

Not long after, as I passed within the bar, by the seat place between us all.

I mentioned Q. Have you any certain recollection of Mr. Gris- league, Mr. Griswold, s tting in that se it. wold's being present until about the time he made the to him the substance of my conversation with the memobservation respecting the wooden sword ?

ber from Vermont, and observed that I had felt some irriA. I recollect having seen Mr. Griswold in the seat tation, although, on reflection, I was rather ashamed of before that time ; how long I cannot say, as I do not myself, for being irritated at what that member could recollect seeing him seat himself there.

say. Q. Did you see Mr. Griswold in the seat soon enough

Afterwards, walking without the bar, I saw the memto have heard the observations of Mr. Lyon respecting ber from Vermont leaning on the bar, in conversation the conduct of the members of Connecticut ?

with the Speaker and other gentlemen in their seats. A. I believe I did. I recollect looking round two or Mr. Griswold was then standing near him. I heard the three times to see what effect Mr. Lyon's observations member from Vermont speaking of the Representatives had upon Mr. Griswold.

from Connecticut as being in pursuit of their own interq. Have you any reason to suppose that Mr. Lyon est, without regarding that of the public. I also heard noticed Mr. Griswold to be in Mr. Harper's seat pre- bim mention a particular mission as proper for one of vious to what Mr. Griswold said about the wooden them. To this, however, I gave but little attention, and sword?

made no reply, for the observations were addressed to A. I never heard any thing till this morning to others, and I desired no further acquaintance with the raise a doubt of it in my mind. I have no recollec- member from Vermont. tion of any particular conversation between Mr. Gris- A very short time before the commission of the outwold and Mr. Lyon, previous to the question of Mr. rage now under consideration I stepped within the bar, Griswold.

and stood near the end of the desk which is in front of Q. Do you doubt it now?

the seat usually occupied by myself, the Speaker being A. I cannot say I do.

then in that seat. From the tenor of the conversation

H. OF R.]

Breach of Privilege.

[FEBRUARY, 1798.

:

66

tee.

I judged that the member from Vermont had been speak- repeat, in public, such improper language as having ing of his ability to effect some great object in Connecti- been spoken by a member of this House. cut ; when Mr. Griswold replied, according to my pre- I arose to state these particulars in my own vindicasent recollection, to this effect: “You could not, if you tion; but, since a gentleman from Massachusetts, on should go into Connecticut with your wooden sword hearing the present statement, has said that he considers and candle ;” alluding, as I then apprehended, to a re. these circumstances as of some importance, they are now port in circulation which, as also that of the sword, I testified before the present committee. knew to have been heard by Mr. Griswold and by the Joshua Coit, Esq., one of the Representatives from the member from Vermont. On this the member from Ver

State of Connecticut, being duly sworn, as aforesaid, mont spit in Mr. Griswold's face.

on the sixth day of February, one thousand seven hunConsidering the observations of some gentlemen of

dred and ninety eight, deposed as follows, to wit: the committee, perhaps, in justice to the member from Vermont, I ought to mention that, while Mr. Griswold

I was not present when the incident which is the subwas in Mr. Harper's seat, I was in the passage leading ject of inquiry before the committee took place, and do from the eastern door of the hall to the Speaker's table; throw any light upon it. A few moments before, I was

not know that anything within my knowledge can and conversed for a short time with Mr. Griswold and Mr. Brooks, when I was informed that Mr. Griswold passing from my seat out of the bar where Mr. Lyon was had spoken to the member from Vermont, and alluded conversation to the Speaker, respecting the State of Con

standing. He was addressing a kind of ranting braggart to the report of the wooden sword. On inquiring what answer was made to this by the member from Vermont, I left my seat, I do not recollect; my recollection is prob

necticut; whether I had noticed this conversation before Mr. Griswold observed that he believed it was not heard by the member from Vermont, as he made no answer to ably the more imperfect on the subject, from the circumit. This was before the conversation which immediately stance that I had heard a similar conversation from Mr. preceded the personal outrage offered to Mr. Griswold, Lyon a little while before, at one of the fire-places, beand, I think, at a different time from any which I have left my seat, I cannot with certainly tell which, some

fore the House formed. As I was passing, or before I before mentioned. At the present time, nothing further occurs to my re

observation was addressed particularly to me, with allucollection as material to the inquiry before the commit sion to the subject of the conversation, either by the

Speaker or Mr. Lyon. Mr. Lyon at the time was staOn his being asked, What was the conduct of Mr. ting a comparative view of the number of votes given for Griswold after the outrage committed by the member number of votes given for himself in the State of Ver

a Representative in the State of Connecticut, with the from Vermont?

The said deponent answered: I was then standing mont; and I put some questions to him respecting his where I could look my colleague, Mr. Griswold, fully in knowledge of the mode of voting in Connecticut. The the face. I marked him particularly; for I then felt par to the south part of the House. I reco!lect, as I passed,

answer not leading to anything interesting, I passed on ticularly interested in his conduct, and determining how I should conduct myself. Mr. Griswold turned towards my colleague, Mr. Griswold, was sitting in the seat the member from Vermont, fixed his eye upon bim, and occupied by Mr. Harper, or standing behind it. was slowly drawing back his right arm in a constrained Being interrogated by one of the members of the House, manner, when, from his change of countenance and the he further deposed, in answer to the said interrogacast of his eye, I apprehended that my colleague recol- tory, as follows, to wit: lected where he was; he then took out his handkerchief Question. What was the tenor, and what were the and wiped his face. I stepped to him, touched his arm, particulars of the conversation which the witness heard and said, “this must be considered of.” I also heard from the member from Vermont respecting the Connecthe caution mentioned by Mr. Brooks. Mr. Griswold ticut repreentation, in the morning, before the House made no reply. I proposed to him to walk out of the was formed ? hall; he assented, and we both immediately left the hall. Answer. I mentioned the terms ranting and braggart, The said deponent, upon a further examination on the as relative to the conversation I heard. I used these

7th of February, one thousand seven hundred and terms, not with a view of saying anything which should ninety-eight, further deposed, on his oath aforesaid, as appear to bear uncomfortably on the member from Verfollows:

Were I disposed to say anything uncivil to him, There has been published an incorrect account of part this would be a very improper time and place. I used of the testimony which I delivered yesterday before the the terms only for my own justification—my justification, Committee of the whole; I, therefore, owe it to myself in not remembering more of the conversation than other to observe, that, on Tuesday of last week, in his con gentlemen present appear to have done; although, from versation with me, the member from Vermont made va.

the subject, it would seem that I should have paid attenrious observations relative to the conduct in Congress of tion, have felt it, and remembered it. Had I heard such the Representatives from Connecticut, and, among other conversation from any other person, it is probable I observations respecting them, spoke to the following im- should; but I had been used to pay ing very little attention port: that they would vote their own damnation; that to anything I heard from Mr. Lyon. As to the converthey would be spurned at on their return home; and that sation in the morning, I can recollect no particulars. It he would be damned if he wanted to talk with me.

was generally to the effect that the sentiments of the peoSuch language provoked from me an answer, which, i ple in Connecticut were different from what they were presume, attracted the notice of the Speaker.

represented here. I do not recollect that anything parIn my testimony, yesterday, I used some general ex

ticular, in that conversation, was applied to the conduct pressions referring to this part of the conversation; but I of the members of Connecticut. did not mention the particulars, because I did not con- CHAUNCEY Goodrich, Esq., one of the Representatives sider them material to the inquiry, and I did not wish to from the State of Connecticut, being July sworn, as

mont.

FEBRUARY, 1798.]
Breach of Privilege.

[H. OF R. aforesaid, on the sixth day of February, one thousand / shiered had not been mentioned to his dishonor—that he seven hundred and ninety-eight, deposed as follows, had been appointed, and for many years commanded as to wit:

Colinel, a regiment of militia in Vermont. I recollect The only information I have on the subject, relates to have had little or no conversation with Mr. Lyon since

nothing further of importance to the present inquiry. I a conversation with Mr. Lyon, relative to his having

that time. been cashiered in the Army. I came from New York to this place, this session, in a stage taken by Mr. Cham- further deposed, as follows, to wit:

On being interrogated by one of the members, he plin, together with him, Mr. Otis, and Mr. Lyon. We were the only persons in the stage for a considerable part

I do not recollect having mentioned this conversation of the way. I had had but liitle personal acquaintance to Mr. Griswold, my colleague, though I have to others, with Mr. Lyon before this time. Mr. Lyon, on the way, not considering it as confidential. seemed to be disposed to give us the history of his life. Christopher G. CHAMPLIN, Esq., one of the RepreIt was filled up, a cording to the account he gave us, sentatives from the State of Rhode Island, being duly with many singular and ludicrous anecdotes The ludi- sworn, as aforesaid, on the sixth day of February, crous anecdotes that he told of himself, in a jocular man- one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, depo. ner, produced from the gentlemen with him, a kind of sed as follows, to wit: pleasantry, if not something more, towards Mr. Lyon. I have attentively considered the evidence given to I mention these circumstances, for the purpose of intro- the Committee of the Whole, by Mr. Goodrich, and to ducing, in a proper manner, to the committee, the ac- the best of my recollection, it is correct. count he gave us with respect to his being cashiered. NATHANIEL Chipman, Esq., one of the members of How it was introduced, whether entirely voluntary on

the Senate of the United States, from the State of his part, or induced by remarks from some one of the

Vermont, being duly sworn, as aforesaid, on the company, I have not a perfect recollection. I think,

sixth day of February, one thousand seven hundred however, either immediately, or some time before Mr.

and ninety-eight, deposed as follows, to wit: Lyon adverted to the subject, something was said of Mr. Lyon's having been in the Army; I cannot be very mi

I do not know that I ever heard any conversation in nute in the account he gave. I recollect his saying that presence of Mr. Lyon, relative to his having been cashallusions his being cashiered had been in the public iered, until the last Summer. I had before heard it, as papers-that it was a matter of great mortification that a subject of conversation in Vermont. Soon after Mr. he could not bear to hear of the affair -- that it happened Lyon returned from the last session of Congress, he was when he was young. He said that he was a subaltern at Rutland ; about that time there appeared in the officer of a corps stationed on the frontier, at a great dis- Weekly Museum, a parody on his speech, in the last tance from the main Army, and without support-that session of Congress, on the subject of waiting on the the officers and men were uneasy, and discontented with Mr. Lyon and two or three others, and I asked him

President with the Address. I was in company with their situation—that they considered it as being too ex- whether he did not, at the time, expect that what he posed—that he, at a certain time, was out with a party had said, would bring up the subject of a wooden sword. of the men—that, when he returned, he found the corps He replied that nothing was there said, which could to which he belonged either had abandoned, or were give any one a right to bring up that business, for he abandoning, (I cannot say certainly which, their post- had expressed himself guardedly, on purpose to avoid that they went to some distance, where they made a

anything of that kind ; that he had not mentioned any. halt—that he endeavored to persuade them to return thing of his having fought or been a soldier ; but that they refu-ed—the officers insisted that he should go to he had been at his post, or stood firm at his post during headquarters to General Gates, a'd make a representation the war. I replied, that amounted to the same thing; of their situation-he went-upon being introduced to to say that a man stood firm at his post, was saying he General Gates, and introducing the subject, General was a soldier. He immediately observed, with seeming Gates damned him for a coward, and ordered that he anxiety, that he was not to blame in the affair for which should go into the custody of a guard—that he, Mr. Ly- he had been cashiered. I then repeated to him how the on, insisted on his rights, as an officer, not to be put circumstances of the affair had been related by a person under guard. That the Adjutant General, or an aid of who belonged to the corps ; who had said, that in the General Gates, said something on the subject, and Mr. Summer of one thousand seven hundred and seventyLyon was finally arrested, tried with the rest of the offi- six, being stationed somewhere near Onion river, at cers, by a court martial, and sentenced to be cashiered Jericho, I believe, the officers thought themselves in a from the Army. He said the charge was, that the offi: very dangerous situation, and first suggested it to the cers, as they themselves could not without disgrace and soldiers under their command; they suggested that they punishment abandon the post, had excited the men to (the officers) could not desert the post, without subjectrun away. He further said, as it respected himself, that ing themselves to disgrace or punishment, but that the the charge and the sentence were unjust

. I think Mr. soldiers might mutiny and march off. In that case the Otis asked him if he had worn a wooden sword. He officers would not be obliged to tarry without men. said not. Mr. Champlin, if I am not mistaken, made That the soldiers marched off, and that the officers folthis remark, that if he saw it in poetry, he should con lowed them. Mr. Lyon observed that it was true so far sider it as being a figurative expression for being ca- as it related to the commanding officer, and one or more shiered. Mr. Lyon told us he had wiped off this stai: of the others, and that he had himself opposed, as soon that he had held an office in the Army, if I do not mis. as he learned what was intended, any such proceeding; recollect, of a Paymaster. I think he mentioned, how- but that he was over-ruled, and finally went off with ever, that he did not continue long as a Paymaster, ow the rest. Mr. Lyon related this matter more particularly ing to some other person having been appointed, with than I have done; but I suppose it is not necessary to whom he had a dispute about it; yet in that dispule, enter into a minute detail. He then mentioned the while in the Army, the circumstance of his being ca circumstance of his arrest at Ticonderoga, and some H. of R.)

Breach of Privilege.

[FEBRUARY. 1798.

а

circumstances relating to the trial. He did not mention which I had with Mr. Lyon at Rutland, more than once the particulars of the sentence of the court martial, nor in this city, but not out of the house where I residedid I ask him. He further said that the next year, (in to my present recollection. the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy-seven) Tuomas Sumter, Esq., one of the Representatives from General St. Clair, who commanded in the Northern

the State of South Carolina, being July sworn, as Department, had reversed the sentence of the court mar

aforesaid, on the sixth day of February, one thousand tial. The circumstance, relative to the business, I had

seven hundred and ninety-eight, and interrogated by before heard, and therefore made no inquiry of Mr.

several members of the House, answered upon his Lyon, respecting it, that I recollect. The conversation

said oath, to the interrogatories so put to him, as folabove mentioned, with other similar conversations,

lows, to wit: passed between Colonel Lyon, myself, and two other Judges of the Supreme Court , (a session of which was, where you were at the fire, immediately after the dis

Question. Did Mr. Lyon come across the House to at the time, held at Rutland,) and some gentlemen of the bar, at our private quarters, in the course of the pute, and say that he had twice heard Mr. Griswold use Rutland. One evening there was a number of people of the Speaker's chair, where I was, and say, that he two or three days which Colonel Lyon then spent at the expression respecting the wooden sword ?

Answer. Mr. Lyon did come to the fire, on the right together ; a Mr. Smith, if I recollect right, was conversing upon the subject, with Mr. Lyon. What occasioned heard Mr. Griswold use the expression ; but that he did the observation, I cannot say, but Colonel Lyon ob

not then attend to it, but turned from him, and took no served, that he should take no notice of anything that notice of it; and that Mr. Griswold touched him on the should be said upon that subject, referring to the former

arm and repeated it. subject of conversation in that part of the country; but the termination of the dispute and Mr. Lyon's so com

Q. Do you know the precise length of time between that, if any one at Philadelphia, or if any member of Congress (I cannot recollect the precise expression he ing to you and making the observations, as before

stated ? made use of) should insult him with it, or pretend to mention it to him, it should not pass with impunity—or have been but a short tiine, from the state of agitation

A. I do not know the precise time, but suppose it to expressions conveying the same idea.

in which Mr. Lyon appeared. On being interrogated by Matthew Lyon, Esquire, and other members of the House, he further deposed :

Q. Do you know that he might not have spoken to

some member, before he so came to you at the fire ? Mr. Lyon, I take it, has had a Colonel's commission A. I do not know that Mr. Lyon had spoken to any in the Militia—I think in one thousand seven hundred member between the termination of the dispute, and his and eighty-one. It was during the time of a dispute coming to the fire. between Vermont and New York, as to their jurisdic- Q. Do you know the precise time when the dispute tion. The neighborhood of Colonel Lyon's regiment, took place ? which was Abingdon, where he then lived, was about A. I did not know anything of it, till Mr. Lyon, seventy miles from where he was cashiered. He now lives, and ever since one thousand seven hundred and JOSEPH B. VARNUM, Esq., one of the Representatives eighty-three or one thousand seven hundred and eightyfour, has lived, about twenty-five or thirty miles from

from the State of Massachusetts, being duly sworn, that place, (Ticonderoga.) Militia field officers in Ver.

as aforesaid, on the seventh day of February, one

thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, deposed mont, I believe, at that were appointed by the militia of the several regiments.

as follows: I did not discover, that my question, with respect to

I do not know the precise time when the fracas took the wooden sword, was taken by Mr. Lyon as an affront, place, and cannot therefore exactly tell how long it was but Mr. Lyon discovered an anxiety to clear himself of before I saw Mr. Lyon. On the day on which the House

were balloting for managers of the impeachment of In the conversation I mentioned above, between Mr. William Blount, the ballots being collected, and the telLyon and myself, my expression was: 'If he did not lers counting them, I was standing at the fire in the expect that this ridiculous speech in Congress, relative west part of the House, in company with other gentleto the Address, would bring up the wooden sword? The men—the Speaker having left his chair, and the memfirst time I saw him was in one thousand seven hundred bers generally their seats. Mr. Lyon came up to the and seventy-five. I did not then reside in that country. exterior of the circle round the fire, and observed, In one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, I that he imagined there would be a bustle—that he had went to reside there, and soon became acquainted with spit in Griswold's face. I observed to him that I was Mr. Lyon.

exceedingly sorry for it, and asked him how a thing ot I cannot say what reasons Mr. Lyon gave for not the kind could possibly take place. Mr. Lyon then resenting a mentioning of the wooden sword, in Ver- told me the circumstances which he said provoked him mont.

to do the act. I cannot say whether the story of the wooden sword On being interrogated by Matthew Lyon, Esquire, and arose from a figurative expression, or was literally true.

other members of the House, the said deponent anI first heard the story previous to one thousand seven swered to the interrogatories so put to him, as folhundred and seventy-nine, and before my acquaintance lows, to wit: with Mr. Lyon.

Question. Were there any circumstances which inMr. Lyon and I have never been much in habits of duced you to believe that Mr. Lyon came to you at the political friendship. If I remember rightly, I mention- fire, immediately after the affray took place ? ed in Philadelphia, the conversation with Mr. Lyon, as Answer. Yes. above related, in a company one evening; I cannot say Q. Did you hear Mr. Thatcher mention the dispute with certainty, but I believe Mr. Griswold was present. before you heard it elsewhere? I think it probable I have also related the conversation

A. No.

came to me.

censure.

FEBRUARY. 1798.]

Breach of Privilege.

[H. of R.

OF

Q. What were the circumstances which induced you tinental establishment during the war, and that, in his to believe that Mr. Lyon came to you at the fire im- endeavors to raise his regiment, the raising of our commediately after the affray ?

panies was wholly impeded. Finding the business A. When Mr. Lyon came up to the fire, he appeared falling into supineness, I applied to the General to disto be in a considerable agitation of mind. The inform- charge me and my men, in order that I might join ation I first received of the affray having taken place, Warner's regiment. The General at once agreed to was from Mr. Lyon. Pretty soon after Mr. Lyon and discharge and pay me and my men, and ordered me to I had ceased conversation on the subject, some other make up my pay roll for the purpose. But, at this gentlemen observed, that Mr. Griswold had armed him- juncture, application was made to the General by some self, or had gone out to arm himself; and, shortly after, people who had bought the crops of the Whigs, and I saw Mr. Griswold come in with a stick. These, with who had removed from Onion river; and he was inthe observations which Mr. Lyon made to me at that duced to order our party to march to Jericho, and take time, and which the Committee of the Whole have not post at a certain house on the north side of Onion thought proper for me to relate, were the circumstances river, at least sixty miles in advance of the army, towhich induced me to believe that Mr. Lyon came to wards Canada—from whence the army had retreated, me at the fire immediately after the affray took place and about the same distance from any body of inhabi

Q. Did Mr. Lyon tell you that he heard Mr. Gris. | tants; and the General, instead of discharging, ordered wold twice use the expression respecting the wooden me to join one of the other companies. sword ?

The idea of the people, and of the Committee of the A. Yes.

New Hampshire Grants, was that these six companies, The following narrative was given by Mr. Lyon, if they had all been raised, would have been stationed in the course of his defence, before the Committee somewhere near Middlebury, which is opposite Crown of Privileges, on Thursday, the 1st of February: Point, and about twelve miles east therefrom, and near Gentlemen of the Committee :

forty miles southward of the places appointed by the

General. After having heard so much about the “ wooden sword,” an expression, the repetition and application senting the situation of the country, and the impossi

The commanding officer wrote to the General, repre. of which in an indignant manner has caused you this bility of our being of any service at Onion river, as all present trouble, I hope you'll indulge me with a patient the well affected people were moved away. This letter hearing to a short narrative of the circumstance which awakens my feelings, and utterly disables me from marching. The order was obeyed; but the soldiers

was either neglected or answered with a fresh order for bearing such retlections. teenth to twenty-fifth year, I removed to a new settle to get our party there to eat them at the public expense. After living ten years in Connecticut, from my fif- considered themselves sacrificed to the interest of those

persons who bought the crops for a trifle, and wanted ment in Vermont, then called New Hampshire Grants, I opposed those murmurs with all the arguments in my about thirty miles from Ticonderoga. On the first attempt of the British Government to enslave this coun

power. try, I joined with about twenty other young men to

I used frequently to urge with them, that the absoform a minute company, and to learn military exercise ; lute government of the army must be with the General; we made proficiency, and, on the first news of actual he could not be omniscient, and we ought to submit warfare, we hastened to join Ethan Allen, in taking with cheerfulness and hope for the best. In this situaTiconderoga, Crown Point, and St. John's. I contin- tion our little garrison, which contained about sixty ued in that service without pay or prospect of it, until men, besides invalids, were alarmed by the Indians the Connecticut forces came on to keep the forts; when taking some persons from a house about a mile distant. I returned home to take care of my affairs, which had consternation prevailed. I immmediately called for suffered in my absence. In the same Summer, 1775, volunteers, and with about twenty men went to the the militia were organized, and I was appointed Adju- house where the prisoners had been taken—from tant to my regiment.

thence took a circuit in the woods round the garrison, In 1776, after the retreat from Canada, Colonel Seth in order to see if there were any party or appearances Warner, being out of employ, applied to the Comman of the enemy. Finding none, I returned and obtained der-in-Chief in the Northern department, for some de- leave to take about five and twenty of the best men, fence for the frontier of New Hampshire Grants, which and pursue the enemy towards the Lakes, where we became exposed by the retreat of the army. The Gen- supposed they had gone. I had proceeded about two eral recommended to the Committee of the New Hamp- miles, when two runners from the commanding officer shire Grants, of which I was a member, to nominate brought me positive orders to return, with intelligence the commissioned officers for six companies, and he that a subaltern officer had returned from a scout to the promised to commission them, and that they should be Lake Champlain, about twelve miles distant, where he entitled to Continental pay. In one of those compa.

saw five or six hundred Indians. nies I received a commission as a second lieutenant. I On my return, I found the soldiers more than ever set about enlisting my men, and immediately obtained anxious about their situation. They complained bitmy quota, and, at my own expense, marched them to terly of the orders which bound them to the north side the rendezvous at Pitsford, about twenty miles south- of Onion river, more than twenty poles wide, at that east from Ticonderoga, which, by this time, had become time not fordable, and but a single small canoe to cross head-quarters. At the rendezvous I found the Captain with. I endeavored to encourage them with assurances and First Lieutenant of my company had raised no that we could withstand any number of Indians in our men, and that there were but two companies, and a log house and a hovel or two which stood near; and, part of another, besides mine, raised, and that Colo- after a battle, if we should find the enemy too troublenel Warner, who was expected to have commanded some, we might retreat with honor. I urged them to our six companies, had received a commission and or their duty as soldiers and patriots. Every preparation ders from Congress for raising a regiment on the Con- ' was made to repel the attack which was expected from

5th Con.-33

a

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