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GENERAL LAND OFFICE. Ethan A. Brown, Commissioner, $3,000 per annum. Prior to the 25th of April, 1812, grants of land were issued by Letters Patent from the Department of State, By an act of that date a General Land Office was established, in which all patents for land are now made out and recorded. By that act the President was required to sign all land patents, but under a law of March 2d, 1833, a Secretary has been appointed to sign them for him.

By the act of 24th of April, 1820, all sales of public lands, made after July 1st of that year, are inade for cash ; and complete payment must be made on the day of purchase. The minimum price is fixed at $1 25 per acre, below which they cannot be disposed of.

CLERKS IN TAE GENERAL. LAND OFFICE. John M. MOORE, chief clerk.........

•$ 1700 00 Samuel D. King, has iu charge the reports of ihe commissioners

on private land claims-attends to all inquiries connected
with those claims, and issues the patents therefor-attends
to the subject of the location of Indian reserves, with various
miscellaneous duties...........

1150 00 Frederick Keller, issues the patents for the Virginia military

bounty lands, and examines warrants and prepares docu-
ments whereon inilitary bounty land scrip is issued at the
Treasury, and at:ends to the miscellaneous inquiries and

correspondence connected with these subjects................. 1150 00 William T. Sleiger, drauglitsman.........

1150 00 Joseph S. Wilson, superintends the issuing of patents for lands

sold by the United States, and patents for military bounty
lands of the late warmatten:ls to the preparation of exemplifi-
Calions of records and documents, and to the correction of
errors of entry at the district land offices.....

1150 00 I. ('orirse......

1150 00 dccolintants. Their duties are to William Simmons ....

1150 00 *William S. Smith... keep the individual accounts of pur

1150 00 + Sackelt. Reynolds.... chasers of public lands and to examine

1150 00 Meade Fiishugh. and report on quarterly accounts of

1150 00 N. A. Rundall.. the receivers of public money.........

1150 00 T. B. Reily..

S 1000 00 John Wilson Assistant Accountants...

1000 00 Joseph Collins .......

1000 00 Sumiicel Hanson..... Write and record patents......

1000 00 Edward Barnard...,

1000 00 Orris S. Paine, Clerk.....

1000 00 J. L. Barnhill messenger...............

700 00) Roderick Hamplon, assistant messenger.....

350 00 *William Smith also acts as agent for the payment of salaries, and for the disburseinent of the contingent fund, and extra appropriations for clerk lire.

tsackett Reynolds has also in charge the accounts of the three per cent fund, aceruing on the nett proceeds of public lands, payable to the States wherein those lands are situated, for which he receives 8250 per annum.

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SECRETARY FOR SIGNING LAND PATENTS. Andrew J. Donelson.............

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Virgil Maxcy, Solicitor of the Treasury, $3,500 per


The office of the Solicitor of the Treasury was created by the act of 29th May, 1830. He superintends all the civil suits, commenced in the

name of the United States, in all the courts, until they are carried up to the Supreme Court of the United States, when they come under the superintendence of the Attorney General. He instructs the district attorneys, marshals, and clerks in all matters and proceedings appertaining to those suits, and receives from then, after each terni of court, reports of their situation and progress. He receives from collectors, reports of custom house bonds put in suit, and of information, &c., directed by them. He establishes, with the approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury, such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with law, for the observance of collectors, district attorneys, and marshals, as may be deemed necessary for the just responsibility of those officers, and the prompt collection of all revenues and debis due, and accruing In, the United States.

This officer also has charge of all lanıls and other property, which have been or shall be assigned, set off, or conveyed to the United States in payment of debts, and all trusts created for the use of the United States in paynient of debts due them ; and bas power to sell and dispose for lauds assigned or set off to the United States in payment of debts, or being vested in then by mortgage or other security, for the payment of debts.


Nicholas Harpur, employed in making docket entries from the returus or

the United States' attorneys, marshals, and clerks of courts, of suits on Treasury transcripts transmitting Treasury transcripts of accounts for suit-in receiving, endorsing and filing communications to the

office, and in minor correspondence, &c. &c..... ..........$1150 00 Benjamin F. Pleasanls, employed in making docket entries

from the returns of the United States' attorneys, marshals, clerks, and collectors, of suits brought on custom house bonds, and for fines, penalties, anıt forfeitures, for violations of the revenue laws-in receiving, endorsing, and filing communications to the office, in relation to that class of business, &c. &C..........

1150 00 Basil Waring, employed in attending to the business relating

to internal duties and direct taxes; the business relating to lands, &c., set off to the United States in payınent of debts; keeping records of deeds and conveyances made for the same by the Solicitor ; recording letters relating to those two branches of business; endorsing and filing latters received relating to the same, and in minor correspondence in relation

10 these branches, &c. &c......... ......................... 1150 00 Pacificus Ord, niessenger......

500 00

LEWIS CASS, of Ohio, Secretary, 86,000 per annum,

The War Department, as organized under the present constitution, was created by act of 7th August, 1789. The Secretary of War, at first, liad the superintendence of naval affairs. On the 30th of April, 1798, however, a separation took place, and a Navy Department was established. The Secretary of War superintends every branch of the military department; aud is, by usage, a member of the cabinet. He holds his office at the will of the President. Attached to the War Department, and under the immediate direction of the Secretary, are, a Requisition Bureau, a Bounty Land Bureau, a Pension Office, an Office of Indian Affairs, and an Engineer Office, a Topographical Office, an Ordnance Ofice, an office for the Commissary General of Subsistence, an office for the Clothing Department, a Paymaster General's Office, an Adjutant General's Office, a Quartermaster General's Office, and a Surgeon General's Office. All these offices, ingether with the Head Quarters of the Commanding General, (General Macomb,) are located at Wash. ington. The Office of the Commissary General of Purchases, a branch of the War Department, is located at Philadelphia.

To this Department belongs the direction and government of the Army, in all its diversified relations ; The purchase and preservation of the arms and munitions of war; the erection of all fortifications ; the execution of all topographical surveys; the payment of pensions for military services ; thic surveying and leasing the natinnal lead mines ; and the direction (under the laws) or intercourse with Indian tribes.

SECRETARY'S OFFICE. CARY A. HARRIS,.... .....chief clerk.......

$2000 CO John T. Cochran, ...clerk.....

1400 00 William IVard,

1400 00 William Robinson,....

1000 00 Joseph D. I’ 1000 00 Charles Calveri,..

800 00 William Markward, ..........messenger..

650.00 Francis ijalcher.... .............. assistant messenger,


..$1600 00 From this bureau, all the requisitions of the War Departinent are made luut on the Treasury, and the salaries and contingencies of the Department are paid.


•$1400 00 Eduard Slephens, clerk....

1000 00 The Bounty Land Bureau of the War Department is a bureau in which claims for military bounty lands, originating in the revolutionary and late wars, are examined, and froin which military bounty land warrants issue.






.83000 00 Daniel Kurlz,. ..............chief clerk....

......................., 1600 00 Hezekiah Miller,............clerk................................ 1400 00 Samuel J. Potls,.. 1000.00 John Lillle,...... 1000 00 Charles Drane...............Messenger............................

700 00 This office which had previously been one of the bureaus of the War Department, was created by an act of July 9, 1832, entitled "an act to provide for the appointment of a Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and for other purposes." This act provides that the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, who shall be appointed by the President and Senate, sball, under the direction of the Secretary of War, and agreeably to such regulations as the President inay, from tine to time prescribe, have the direction and management of all Indian affairs, and of all natters arising out of Indian relations. All accounts and youchers for claims and disbursements connected with Indian affairs must be transmitted to the Commissioner for administrative examination, and by him be passed to the Second Auditor of the Treasury for settlement.


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........ 1000 00

PENSION OFFICE JAMES L. EDWARDS, ........Commissioner...

82500 00 George W. Crump,.... ...chief clerk..

1600 00 William S. Allison, ... ...clerk...ina

1400 00 French S. Erans,..

1400 00 Henry H. Sylvester, .

1400 00 John D. Wilson,.

i 200 00 Vinal Luce,

1200 00 Nathan Rice,..


1 200 00 William M. Slewart, ..

1000 00 Daniel Brown,

1000 00 Daniel D. Addison,..

.............,do........................... 1000 OU Daniel Boyd,... George Taylor, ..

1000 00 Reuben Burdine,.

1000 00 Erasmus D. Bullock,.

1000 00 John B. Wearer,. illeseuger

450 00 John Brannan,


400 00 F. S. Dorselt,

400 00 The Pension Office was created by an act of Congress, dated March 12, 1833, and its duration limited to two years. By an act of March 3, 1835, it was "continued for the term of two years, from and after the fourth day of March next, and no longer.” The same act transfers from the Treasury to the War Department, the duties required to be performed under the act of May 15, 1828, granting allowances lo officers and soldiers of the revolutionary army, and in relation to Virginia claims for revolutionary services, and deficiency of commutation. The Commissioner of Peusions executes, under the direction of the Secretary of War, such duties in relation to the various pension laws, as may be prescribed by the President of the United States.


Mujor General Alexander Macomb..General-in-chief.
Lieutenanl Samuel Cooper........... Aid-de-camp, 4th Artillery.

Lieulenani Abraham Van Buren....A id-de-camp, 211 Infantry.
The Army of the United States is placed under the command of the
Major General, who is generally styled, the General-in-Chief.

His duties comprise the arrangement of the military force in such manner as to give protection to the maritime frontier and to the interior border. He superintends the recruiting service ; the discipline and police of the army ; orders general courts martial, and decides on all cases, except when the life of an officer or soldier is affected, or the commission of an officer. li is his province to see that the laws and regulations go. verning the army are enforced, and that justice is done to all concerned. In his duties he is assisted by the adjutant general, through whose office all orders are issued to the army, and returns of its strength made, as well as the general military correspondence in relation to the details of service. He is also assisted by the two inspectors general, who, under his orders, inspect the condition of the several regiinents, corps, and posts, and inquire minutely into every subject relating to the welfare of the army, and recommend such improvements as may add to the comforu for the officers avd men ; they also report on the general condition of corps, and the individual character of its members. The General inChief has two aids-de-camp, who assist himn in his correspondence, and in the recording of it, and who also perform the duties of assistant ad. jutants general.

There are no clerks attached to the head quarters of the army ; the correspondence and duties being of a delicate and confidential nature, in a great degree, it is entrusterl only to those who, by previous education and experience, can properly appreciate and understand its objeci.

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Colonel R. Jones....

.. Alljulant General.
Lieulenant Lorenzo Thomas..

416 Torantry. Lieulenant E. Schriyer......

.................20 Artillery. Brooke Williams.. ... clerk..

$1150 00 John H Hepburn...... ......clerk..

1000 00 James L. Addison... .............clerk..

800 00 This oliice is the repository of the records which resor to the personnel of the army, in war, as well as in time of peace, and of the military history of every officer and soldier, from the earliest period of the Govern. inent, so far as these may have been preserved. It is here where all military appointments and commissions are made out and, registered, where the names of all enlisted soldiers are entered, and their size, rolt, and enlistments, recorded and filed, &c. It is in this office where the monthly returns of the iroops, and muster rolls of all companies, required by the 13th and 19th articles of war, are received and preserved ; where

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