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In performance of my duty under the act of the 3:1 of March last, au. thorizing the construction of a dry dock for the naval service in ite har.
bor of New York, or its adjacent waters, I proceeded in May last to the city of New York, where I was met by an able engineer, Loammi Baldwin, E:q., whom I had previously engaged to make the soundings and other examinations necessary to a proper selection of a suitable site.
After a long and laborious examination, Mr. Baldwin made bis report, which was submited 10 your consideration, by which it appears that the
proposed diy dock may be advantageously constructed in the navy yard at Brooklyn. A selection of this place for this purpose is recommended by the consideration that the land 'occupied as the navy yard belongs to the United States, and that the public buildings upon it, which are of great value, cannot be abandoned without serious loss.
Onc difficulty presented itself, which created some delay in making this selection ; a building, for the purpose of distilling turpentine, bad been erected so near the navy yard as greatly to endanger the public property; other buildings for similar purposes, or for purposes equally Hangerous, might be erected near the yard if not prevented by some acı of legislation. I am happy to state that the common council of Brooklyn, when the case was li it before them, promptly passed an ordinance, which, it is believed, will effectually secure the property in the navy yard from the danger of this nuisance and all similar ones ; and it cannot be doubted that the common council of Brooklynı will grant all reasonanle protection and accommodation to this navy yaril, and that the State of New York will protect and promote the interrsts of the same by any legislative acts that may be found to be necessary and proper.
I shall therefore proceed under your direction, with as niuch despatch as present and future appropriations will pernil, to cause the dry dock ibus authorized by law to be constructed in the navy yard at Brooklyn.
Under the act of the 30th June, 1834, "authorizing the Secretary of the Navy 10 make experiments for the safety of the steam engine,” and appropriating $5,000 for that purpose, many proposed improvements have been submitted for the purpose of being lested by experiments. Some of these were so easily tested hy those having steam engines in opera. rion, that the aid of Government was not needet. Oihers were altend. led with greater difficulty, and could not be tested without the expense of constructing hoilers and other machinery for the purpose These
proposed improvements have not been such as, in my opinioni, lo warrani a large expendituse of money, and no experiments have been made upon them. Such experiments, however, would have been made, if they could have been so made without the expense of constructing engines.
The act seenied particularly to require that the steam engine devised by Benjamin Phillips, of Philadelphia, should be examined and tested, and that Mr. Phillips should be employed in making the experiments. Mr. Phillips, was, therefore, employed to construct a niodel engine, with boilers and other inachinery, which he deemei necessary for the purpose of testing his improvements, which he brought to this District, where he fremnined several weeks making his experiinents before many members of the two Houses of Congress, before the officers of the different deparı. ments, and others.
I attended very carefully to these experiments, but have not been able
co perceive in them any improvement increasing the safety of the steam engine. The money paid for Mr. Phillips's machinery, preparations, and experiments, amounts to $519 75; the residue of the appropriation remains unexpended.
The fourth report of Mr Hassler, superintendent of the coast survey, upon the operations performed in that work between the months of May and December, 1835, together with his detailed estimate of the appro. priations required for the same for the next year, are herewith submitted.
Much work appears to have been done on the secondary triangulations, in the topographical operations, 8 nd by the sounding parties That niore has not been done in the primary triangulations, is explained in the report.
or the appropriations heretofore made for this survey there remained, on the Ist day of this mouth, an unexpended balance of $8,823.
The duties of the sounding parties are performed by the officers and seameu of the navy, and the chief part of the expense is charged to the vavy appropriations. As, however, there are some expenses which can
not be charged to these appropriations, they must necessarily be charged to the appropriations for the coast survey. In September, 1834, the schooner Jersey, not wanted for any purposes of the navy, was purchased for the sounding party, under the comina od of Lieutenant Geduey.
The price of this ressel, ($3,350,) therefore, could not be charged to the naval appropriations ; i: was properly charges to the appropriation for the coast survey. For the same reason, the boats, equipments, and other expenses for the schowner, amounting to $1,888 60, were charged to the same appropriation, as was also the charge for extra pay to the officers, amounting 10 $650, or, in all, for the year 1834, to $5,888 60.
During the present season the expeuse of this schoomer, chargeable to the coast survey, has amounted to $1,399, making the whole expense of this schooner, for the years 1834 and 1835, chargeable to the coast sur vey, amount to $7,287 60. It is not probable that the expense of this schooner, chargeable to the coast survey appropriation, will, for the next year exceed $1,500.
The schooner Experiment, employer by the soundling party, under Lievienant Blake, belongs 10 the riavy. The coat survey ippropriation lhas, therelure, been charged only for equipments, which were not necessary for the purposes of the navy. These, with other expenses atiend
ing the operations of the sounding party on board this schooner, from the 1st of July last, u ben she was sont pon the s rrey, to the 30th oi September lasi, a mnounter to $2,517 73.
As most of the equipments of these schooners will last for several ears, with buy little expense for repairs and supply of articles which may be lost by accident, it is believeil that the expense of both schooners and the sounding paities on board of them, for the next year, chargeable to the coast survey, will not exceed $4,000.
It will be seen that this differs widely from the statement of Mr. Hassfler, which may be explained by the circumstance that he did not derive his information from the books of the Treasury Department.
By a statement hereunto itunexed, it appears that, of the appropriations heretofore made for the suppression of the slave trade, there remains iu the breasury a balauce of $13,489 55.
In my last report I took the liberty of stating that some of the clerks in my Department did not receive salaries proportioned to their services, or adequate to the decent support of themselves and families; and I respectfully solicited that the salaries, particulary the chief clerk of the Navy Board, the warrant clerk, and the clerk keeping the register of correspondence of this Department, whose duties are arduous, requiring both talent and experience, should be increased, so that the first might receive $1,700 per annum, and the others $1,400 each. I repeat the solicitation, from a thorough conviction thai their faithful services fuliy merit this increase of compensation,
The superintendent of the southwest executive building receives but $250 per a unum for his services, which, it is believed, is a compensation too small la command the services of one competent to perform the duties of the station. The sergeants acting as clerks to the commandant and staff officers of the marine corps are paid at the rate of less than $700 a year for all their services, which, it is respectfully suggested, is not an adequate compensation.
The necessary references to papers and documents connected with this report will be found in a schedule hereunto annexed. All of which is respectfully submitted.
GRADUAL INCREASE OF THE NAVY. Statement of the measures which has been taken to carry into effect the
law for the gradual increase of the Navy, approred April 29, 1816, and Murch 3, 1821.
The ships of the line Columbus, North Carolina, and Delaware, have been built and in service for several years.
The ship of the line, Ohio, was launched in May, 1820, but has never been equipped, nor has her hull been completed : she now requires repairs.
The frigates Brandywine and Potomac have been completed, and employed for several years.
Five ships of the line and seven frigates remain upon the stocks, all under right houses. They are generally sound and in good condition,
with the exception of the keels, keelsons, and deadwoods, of which sone have become defective, and will require to be replaced. The ships are all, however, so far advanced that it is believed they can be completed and equipped by the time that crews could be collected for them.
A steum vessel has been recently commencell, under this appropriation, at the wavy yard at Brookiyn, and such arrangements made as the present state of the appropriation will justisy. The amount in the treasury on the 1st of October, 1835, was but $156,261, and, as a part of this inust necessarily he devoted to the completion of the frigate Columbia, which has been directed to be launched, some surilier provision will be necessary to complete the steam ressel. This may be made by a direct appropria
if admissible, by the transfer of materials purchased for “gradual increase,” but which are not now wanted for that appropriation, 10 “srepairs,” for they are required, and by transferring their value from the appropriation for “repairs" to the appropriation for the graduall increase."
Besides the articles which might be thus transferred with advantage, there are others to a large amount in the different navy yards that can
be advantageously preserved for this special appropriation to which they belong. It inay
be proper to remark that additional appropriations will be necessary before these vessels can be completed as was more sully stated in a recent communication from the board.
VESSELS ON THE STOCKS.
AT PORTSMOUTI, N. H -One ship of the line, one frigate.
All these vessels are under cover, and generally in good order, with the exception of their keels, keelsons, and deadwoods, of which some have been found to be defective.
There is building at Norfolk a frigate, under the authority of the act of Congress of July 10, 1832, to replace the Macedonian; she bas a roof over her, and is in a state of perfect preservation.
GRADUAL IMPROVEMENT OF THE NAVY. Slatement of the measures which hare been adopted to carry into effect
the laws for the gradual improvement of the Nary, approred 3d March 1827, and 2d March, 1834.
The live oak frames for four ships of the line, for seven frigates, and for four sloops of war, complete, have been delivered ; the greater part of the frames of a frigate and sloop of war have also been delivered at the navy yard, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and part of the frame of a sloop of war at the navy yard at Washington.
The complele frames are distributed as follows:
At the navy yard, Charlestown, Massachusetts, for two ships of the line, for two frigates, and for one sloop of war.
At the wavy yard, Brooklyn, New York, for one frigate.
At the navy yard, Gosport, Virginia, for two ships of the line, one frigate, and one sloop of war.
Contracts have been entered into, and have been in part executed, for the white oak and yellow pine tiniber, and for the coppor and iron necessary to complete the hulls of these vessels, and for their masts and spars.
Dry docks at Charlestown, Massachusetts, and at Gosport, Virginia, have been built from this appropriation, and other expenses incurred, under the provisions of the law, for buildings to preserve the materials, fror receiving and storing them, and for the purchase, selection, preservation and inprovement of lands for the cultivation of live oak trees.
The cost of works and materials to the 1st of October, 1835, under this
appropriation, hare been as follows : For the dry dock at Charlestown, Massachusetts,
$677,089 78 For the dry dock at Gosport, Virginia,
974,356 69 For timber sheds and other buildings,
143,508 84 For receiving and storing materials,
142,894 59 For purchase of land, cultivation and preservation of live oak trees,
68,224 76 For 395,143 cubic feet live oak timber,
499,297 35 For 286,653 cubic feet white oak timber,
94,653 03 For 327,531 superficial feet white oak plank,
17,304 25 For 7,718 white oak knees,
42,803 87 For 251,056 cubic feet of yellow pine, for plank,
79,936 37 For 120,595 cubic feet yellow pine, for masts and spars,
58,902 99 For 45,896 cubic feet yellow pine, for beams, &c,
23,489 73 For 915,670 pounds of iron,
34,384 02 For 826,449 pounds of copper,
173,244 73 Total;
$3,030,091 05 From which deduct reservations as security for completion of contracts, not yet paid,
27,335 25 Leaves a balance of
3,002,755 30 Which, deducted from the whole amount appropriated to the present time, equal to
4,500.000 00 Leaves a balance of
of which there remained in the Treasury on the 1st of
October, 1835, the sum of
gagements under contract, about Leaving, for other purposes, about
42,929 34 1,497,245 20
616,000 00 $ 881,245 20
VESSELS IN ORDINARY. Slalement showing the names, distribution, and condition of the vessels
in ordinary. AT PORTSMOUTA, N. H.-Concord, sloop of war, nearly ready for sen. Lexington, sloop of war, repairs nearly completed.
AT CHARLESTOwn, Mass.-Columbia, ship of the line, requires large repairs. Independence, ship of the live, under repair. Boston, sloop of war, nearly ready for sea.
AT BROOKLYN, N. Y.-Washington, ship of the line, requires very large repairs. Franklin, ship of the line, requires very large repairs. Ohio, ship of line, requires large repairs ; few of her equipments have even been provided. Uniled Slates, frigate, nearly ready for sea Hud. son, frigate, considered unfit for sea service. Natchez, sloop of war, recently arrived, supposed to require considerable repairs.
AT PHILADELPHIA.-Warren, sloop of war, nearly ready for sea.