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tion to the District Courts, when proceeding as courts of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, and writs of mandamus, in cases warranted by ine principles and usages of law, to any courts appointed, or persons holding office, under the authority of the United States.
A final judgment or decree in any suil, in the highest court of law or equiry of a State, in which a decision in the suit could be had, where is drawn in questiou the validity of a treaty or statute of, or an authority exercised under the United States, and the decision is agaiost their valintity-or where is drawn in question the validity of a statute of, or an authority exercised under any State, on the ground of their being re. pugnant to the constitution, treaties, or laws of the United States, and the ecision is in favor of such their validity-or where is drawn in question the construction of any clause of the constitution, or of a treaty or statute of, or commission held under the United States, and the decision is against the title, right, privilege, or exemption, specially set up or claimled by either party, under such clause of the constitution, trealy, statute, or commission, may be re-examined, and reversed or affirmed, in the Supreme Court of the United States, upon a writ of error, the citation being signed by the chief justice, or judge, or chancellor, of the court rendering or passing the judgment or decree complained of, or by a justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, in the same manner, and under the saine regulations, and the writ has the same effect, as if the jurigment or decree complained of, had been rendered or passed in a Circuit Court, and the proceeding upon the revisa) is also the same, except that the Supreme Couit, instead of remanding the cause for a final decision, may, at their discretion, if the cause shall have been once remanded before, proceed to a final decision of the same and award execution. But no other error can be assigned or regarded as a ground of reversal in any such case, than such as appears on the face of the record and inimediately respects the beforementioned questions of validity or construction of the said constitution, treaties, statutes, commissions or Jaurliorities in dispule.
'The owing is the mode of suing out a writ of error : in a ses or writs of erior to a federal court, the writ should be allowed, citation signed, and bond approved, by a circuit judge ; where the writ is to a State court, the same must be done either by a justice of the Supreme
Court or by the presidiog judge of the court whose judgement is com plained of. With the transcript of the record for the Supreme Court, should be returned the writ, citation, with service, and a copy of the bond, filing in the office below the boud and copies of the writ anı citation JUDGES AND OFFICERS OF THE SUPREME COURT. .......chief justice........
• $5000 00 Joseph Slory.........associate justice ....Salem, Mass.......... 4500 00 Smith Thompson..... associate justice.... New York, N Y..... 4500 00 John McLean......... associate justice ....Cincinnati, Ohio..... 4500.00 Henry Baldwin ......
..associate justice.... Pittsburg, Pa........ 4500 00 James M. Wayne... associate justice.... Savannah. Ga ....... 4500 00
....... associate justice. Benj. F. Buller......attorney general.... Washington, D. C... 4000 00 Wm. T. Carroll..................clerk.... Washington, D. C...Fees, &c. Alexander Hunter.............marshal.... Washington, P. C... Fees, &c.
....... 4500 00
DISTRICT COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES. The District Courts of the United States, have, exclusively of the courts of the several States, cognizance of all trimes and offences that are cognizable under the authority of the United States, committed within their respective districts, or upon the high seas, where no other punishment than whipping, not exceeding thirty stripes, a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars, or a term of imprisonment not exceeding six months, is to be inflicted; and also have exclusive original cognizance of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, including all seizures under laws of impost, navigation, or trade of-the United States, where the seizures are made on waters which are navigable from the sea by vessels of ten or more ions buíthen, within iheir respective districts, as well as upon the high seas, saving to suitors, in all cases, the right of a common law remedy, where the cominon law is competent to give it; and also have exclusive original cognizance of all seizures on land or other waters. than as aforesaid, made, and of all suits for penalties and forfeitures incurred under the laws of the United States. And they also have cognizance, concurrent with the courts of the several States, or the Circuit Court, as the case may be, of all causes where an alien sues for a tort only in violation of the law of nations or a trealy of the United States. And also have cognizance, concurrent, as last mentioned, of all suits at common law, where the United States sue, and the matter in dispute amounts, exclusive of costs, to the sum or value of one hundred dollars. And also have jurisdiction, exclusively of the courts of the several Stales, of all suits against consuls, or vice consuls, except for offences above the description aforesaill. The trial of issues in fact, in the District Courts, in all causes except civil causes of admiralty and maritinie jurisdiction, are by jury.
The act of 18th December, 1812, requires the district and territorial judges of the United States to reside within the districts and territories respectively, for which they are appointed ; and makes it unlawful-for any judge appointed under the authority of the United States, to exercise the profession or employement of counsel or attorney, or lo be engaged in the practice of the law. And any person offending against the injunction or prohibition of this act shall be deen:ed guilty of a misdemeanor.
It is made the duty of each District Atlorney to prosecute, in the Jurical District for which he is appointed, all delinquents, for criines and offenres cognizable under the laws of the United States, and all civil actions in a nich the United States shall be 'concerned.
The Marshal for each District is required to attend the District and Circuit Court, and to execute throughout the district, all lawful precepts frtirected to him, and issued under the authority of the United States. every marshal, when removed from office, or when the serm for which he is appointed shall expire, has power, notwithstanding, to execute all precepts which may then be in his hands.
The Clerks are appointed by the Supreme Court, and the several district courts. The clerk for each district court, is clerk also of the circuit court in such district. Each clerk is required to give bond in the sum of two thousand dollars, faithfully to discharge the duties of his office, and seasonably to record the decrees, judgments, and determinations of the court of which he is clerk.
Places and time's of holding the Supreme and District Courts of the United States.
SUPREME COURT. The Supreme Court of the United States must be holden at the City of Washington, and have one session every year, to commence on the second Monday in January.
DISTRICT COURTS. Maine. Wiscasset, last Tuesday of February, and Ist Tuesday of September ; and at Portland 1st Tuesday of June.
New Hampshire. Exeter and Portsmouth, alternately, on the 341 Tuesdays of December, and each 3d calander mouth ihereafter.
Massachusetts. Boston, 3d Tuesday in March, 4th Tuesday in June, 2d Tuesday in September, and 1st Tuesday in December.
Rhode Island. Newport, 2d Tuesday in May, and 3d Tuesday in October; at Providence, the 1st Tuesday in August, and 1st Tuesday in February.
Connecticut. Hartford and New Haven, alterwately, on the 4}h Tuesdays of February, May, August, and November.
Vermont. Rutland, 6th of October, and at Windsor, 24th of May.
New York City of New York, for the southern district, on the 1st Tuesday of each month; for the northern district, ai Albany, 3d Tuesday of January ; and at Utica, lası Tuesday of August.
New Jer sey. New Brunswick, 2d Tuesdays of March and September; and at Burrington, 3u Tuesdays of May and November. Pennsylvania Fastern district, at Philadelphia, 31 Mondays
in February, May, August, and November ; and for the western district, ai Pittsburg, Ist Monday of May, and 2d Monday of October.
Delaware. Newcastle, on the 3d Tuesday of June, and 20 Tuesday of De: cember; and at Dover on the Tuesday next following the 3d Monday of March, and the Tuesday next following the 4th Monday of September.
Maryland. Baltimore, Ist Tuesdays of December, and of each 3d calendar month thereafter.
Virgina. Eastern district, at Richmond, 15th day of May, and 15th day of November; and at Norfolk, Ist day of May, and Is: day of November; anu for the westero district, ai Clarksburg, 1st Mondays in April and September; at Lewisburg, 1st Welnesday afier the 2d Mondays in April and Sep. ember; at Wythe couri house, 1st Wednesdays alier the 3 Mondays in April and Septeniber; at Staunion, 1st day of May, and 1st day of Oxroher.
North Carolina. Edenton, district of Albermarle, 31 Mondays of April and October; at Newbern, (district of Pamprico,) 41h Mondays of April and October; and at Wilmingion, (disirici of Čape Fear,) Ist Monday after the 4ih Mondays of April and October.
South Carolina, Eastern district, Charleston, 30 Mondays in March, and September, 1st Monday in July, and 20 Monday in December.; for the western districi, at Laurens court-house, on the next Tuesday after the adjournnient of the circuit court at Columbia
Georgiu. Savannah, 2d Tuesday in February, May, and August ; and in Augusta, 2d Tuesday in November.
Kentucky. Frankforly 1st Mondays of May and Noreniber.
l'ennessee. Knoxville, for Eası Tennessee, 3d Monday in April and 20 Monday in Oc:oher; and at Nashsille, for West Tennessee, 41h Mondays in May and November.
Ohio. Columbus, 3d Monday in July, and 4th Monday in December.
Louisiana. Eastern district, ai New Orleans, 2d Monday of December; and for the western district, at Opelousas court-house, 30 Monday of March.
Indiana. Corydon, last Mondays in May and November.
Alabama. Huntsville, 2d Monday of April and October; at Mobile, 1st Monday in May and 2d Monday in December.
Missouri. St. Charles, 1st Mondays in March and September.
CIRCUIT COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES. The Circuit Courts of the United States have original cognizance, concurrent with the courts of the several States, of all suits of a civil nature, at common law, or in equity, where the matter in dispute exceeds, exclusive of costs, the sum or value of five hundred dollars, and the
United States are plaintiffs or petitioners ; or an alien is a party, or the suit is between a citizen of the State where the suit is brought, and a citizen of another State ; and have exclusive cognizance of all crimes and offences cognizable under the authority of the United States, (except where the laws of the United States otherwise direct,) and concurrent jurisdiction with the District Courts of the crimes and offences cognizable therein. But no person can be arrested in one district, for trial in apother, in any civil action, before a Circuit or District Court. No civil suit can be brought before either of said courts against an inhabitant of the United States, by an original process, in any other district than that
whereof he is an inhabitant, or in which he shall be found at the time of serving the writ; and no District or Circuit Court has cognizance of any suit to recover the contents of any promissory note, or other chose in action, in favor of an assignec, unless a suit might have been prosecuted in such court to recover the said contents if no assignment had been
made, except in cases of foreign bills of exchange. The Circuit Courts! a lso have appellate jurisdiction from the District Courts, under the regu. tations avd restrictions provided by law.
From final decrees' in a District Court, in causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, where the matter is dispute exceeds the sum or
value of three hundred dollars, exclusive of costs, an appeal is allowed to the next Circuit Court, to be held in such District. But no District Judge (sitting in a Circuit Court) can give a vote in any case of appeal or error, from his own decision, but may assign the reason of such his decision. Places and times of holding Circuit Courls of the Uniled Slates."
First CIRCÙIT.- Associate Justice, Joseph Story. Maine, at Portland 1st May, and at Wiscasset, 1st Oc:ober.
New Hampshire, at Porismouth and Exeter, alternately, 8th May and 8th October.
Massachusetts, at Boston, 1st Junc and 2011 October.
Rhode Island, at Newport and Providence, a iti rnately, 15il June and 15th November. Connecticut, at Hartioid and New Haven, alternately, 13th April & 17111 Sep.
SECOND CIRCUIT.- Associate Justice, Smith Thompson. Vermont, at Rutland and Windsor, alternately, 21st May and 31 Oc!oher. New York, at New York, last Monday in February, 1st Monday in April last Monday in July and October.
THIRD CIRCUIT.-Associate Justice, Henry Baldwin. New Jersey, at Trenton, on the 1st April and 1st October. Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, 11th April and 11th October.
FOURTH CIRCUIT. Delaware, at Newcastle on the Tuesday next following the 4th Monday of May; and at Dover on the Tuesday next following the 3d Monday of October.
Maryland, at the City of Baltimore, 8th April and November.