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Huc veniet Mesela meus, cui dulcia poma
Delia feledtis detrahet arboribus :
Huic paret, atque epulas ipfa miniftra gerat.
Delia shall wonder at her noble guest,
HAMMOND'S Elegies. Nothing can equal the respect which Tibullus had for Mellala. He reprefents him as the greatest man of his time:
Te, Mifala, canam, quanquam me cognita virtus
The fong be thine, tho' fear pursues the fong,
My feebler voice may do thy virtpes wrong. « Horace in one of his odes, tells us that Mestala came to dine with him, and that excellent wine, and philosophical converfation made their entertainment extremely agreeable.
Defcende, Corvino jubent,
Promere languidiora vina ;
To-day Messala deigns to dine;
He joins philosophy with thee. There is a humorous double meaning in the word made, which, however, we cannot preserve in the translation.
• It is to the Socratical conversations which were supported at those agreeable entertainments, that Horace alludes in the fatire wherein he mentions the subjects of the discourse which passed at his table.
No trivial topics close the focial meal,
If the poem called Ciris was really written by Virgil, which Seneca, and many able critics (amongst the rest Joleph Scaliger) bave supposed, but which we verily believe was not, Virgil too muft have been among Messala's friends, for che poem is addressed to him.
« Mellala directed the studies of young Ovid; so the poet · himself tells us in an epiftle addressed to Meffalinus the son of that great man:
Nec fuus eff genitor nos inficiatus Amicos,
Hortator fudii, caufaque, faxque mei.
Pieridum lumen prafidi urque fori. • Pliny speaks of him as an epicure, who had invented ragous, and died a fingular death. He applied lough-leaches. And, instead of dropping off when they had fucked their fill, their heads stuck in the wound. This brought on an inflammation, whereof he died.'
• It must be mortifying to that idea of immortality, with which Authors Aatter themselves, to consider that the works of such a man as Meffala, which were admired in his time, are now totally lost.
• He employed his pen on history. We learn from Plutarch, in the life of Brutus, that he had written a 'narrative of the battle of Philippi, and of the last moments of Caffius and Brutus. Pliny cites those books which Meffala had written De Familiis. In Quintilian we find that he had written a Differtation on the Alphabet, and he gives us an extract of what he had said on the letter S.
• But what he was principally famous for was his eloquence. We have already mentioned some of those encomiums he had acquired; but the fuffrages of three men, whofe decision was a law, must be added.
• We shall firft introduce that of Cicero, who must be al. lowed to have been the ableft judge in this matter. In a letter to Brutus he thus speaks of Meffala, and certainly no finer elogium could poflibly be passed upon him :
Cave enim exiAimes, Brute, (quamvis non neceffe eft ea me ad te quc tibi nota funt, fcribere) sed tamen tantam omnium laudum exccha lentiam non quro preterire. Cave putes, trobitate, conftantia, cura, ludio reipublicæ quidquam illi eljê simile. Ut, el quentia, qua
mirabiliter excellit, vix in & locum ad laudandum habere video atur ; quanquam in hac ipfa Sapientia plus apparet: ita graui judicio, multaque arte fe exercuit in verifimo genere dicendi.
i The elder Seneca speaks of him as one of the chastest wris ters of the age :
Fuit autem Messala exaclisimi ingenii in omnes quidem ftudiorum partes; latini utique fermonis obfervator diligentiJinys,
• Seneca, the philosopher, calls him virum differtiffimum.
The last years of Meffala exhibit a melancholy initance of
This little memoir must be very acceptable to men of tafle
The memoirs of literature contained in these volumes fall
To our READERS.
Readers the completion of a curious work in 2 vols. 4to.
In a prospectus publifhed by the Author, and from which we
of the result of his enquiries concerning the various modifica-
ther observations on the subject, till we have seen the work
To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this
Table of Contents, préfixed to the volume.
orders of, ib. Philosophical BstemIOUSNES8, wonderful - transactions publilhed by, 355. observed by a miller at Billerie fcriptural doctrine, 191.
ANIMALS, mercy and tenderness -ActemAD Ul DowLA, his excel. towards them recommended from lent character, 453.
the pulpit, 491. AGRICULTURE, in what respects ANTILL, Mr. his remarks on the
to be made highly advantageous culture of the vine in America, to-commerce, 8. How far 343. His fober advice to his likely to be benefited by inland children, ib. Canals,. 87. Harmonization of, ArchITECTURE, of the Romans, with manufactures, commerce, grandeur and decline of, 372. &c. 188.
AURUNGZEBE, the Indian Empe. -AIR, FIXED, curious experiments ror, his cruelty to his brother relating to its combination with
457 water, 229. Medical applica
B. sions of, 230
cures of the dropsy, 261. Imagination character fed, 42. His account of the wondertul Speciniers of his improvements temperance of Thomas Wood, and additions to that poem, 431.
262. His obf, on inoculation, Some account of the author's 264. His farther obf, on the C-life, 436...
poison of lead, 265. Alla, Seif, his remarkable story, BARRINGTON, Lord, his Miscel! and ill fate, 455
lanca Sacra republ thed, 441. -ALLEGORY, critical obr, on, 219. · Additions te, 442. Character ALEXANDER, Dr. his account of
of the author, 445. the recovery of a perfon seem- BARTRAM; Moles, his obf, on ingly killed by a blow on the the filk-worms of America, 344., breast, 186.
, Haec, his accouot CAMERICA, advancement of frien. ithe distillation (f perfimons, ib.
tific and useful knowledge in, BATHS, magnificeni ones of the 333. Society establihed for the: -Kománs decrited, 366. promotion of, 334* Ruks and
BEMMEN, unfortunate Rory, 457. CHRYSOSTOM, Si. Come account DAWSON, Dr. his observacions on of, 480.
BEHMEN, Jacob, specimen of his CLARK, Mr, his paper on the ad: wonderful reveries, 400.
vantages of Tallow ploughing, Bengal, revolutions in that coun
94 try, 355 Ruinous ftate of,
Dr. his obf. on the Artb. under the Engl!th Eatt-India ritis anomala, 18. ¿ Company, 356. Extent of, Coller, Dr. his account of the
and valt number of inhabitants, hydatids, discharged by cough. 357.' Plan for restoring it to its ing, 265.
former prosperity, 358. Colica pictonum, fymptoms and BENG-SBED oil, inanufacture o, cure of chat dreadful disorder,
in Pennsylvania, recommended, 258. 345.
COLOxies, British, obf. on the BLADDER, urinary, . disorders in- present state of, 201. Staple
cident to, 1858 See also Ls. commodities of, ib. NavigaVINGSTONE.
tion of, 202, · On the proposed BLOW-PIPE, chat instrument re- new settlements on the Ohio, commended to the travelling mi- &c. 206.
Useful regulations, neralogift. 460.
relating to our trade with the BOTANY, fexual system of, ex- colonies recommended, 211..
plained, 270 ; remarkable ex- COMBATs, in London streets, res periment to ascertain the reality mark on by a foreigner, 107. of, 272. Do&trine of, not un- Comet, that which appeared in
known to the ancients, ib. the summer of 1770, two 26BREAST, account of a singular dis- counts of, 340, 341. order of, 257.
account of that which apo BRIDGES, those built across the peared in Jan. 1771.
Thames, in London, censured, Comets, fingular theory relating 168.
to the use of, 338. Broek, village of, described, 61. COMMERCE, freedom of, reflections BRUSSELS, Mort descript. of, 62.
COMMON-SENSE, curious remarks C.
True idea of aícerANALS, navigable, their great
state and history of, 39-42. CARROTS, remark on the notion CONSTITUTION, ancient, of the
of transplanting them, 23. Engeith goveroment, invcftigaCARTER, Dr. his account of a lock'd jaw, 256.
Cooper, Mr. his encomium on CATACHR ESIS, critical illustration
Dr. Akenride, 429. of, 221.
COPENHAGEN, fhort description CHAPPE, Abté, Ari&tures on his
journey through Siberia, 470. Cows, instances of negligent and Choisi, a palace of the French erroneous treatment of them, 22. King, described, 64.
CURRANT wine, American receipt CHRISTIANITY a gloomy
for making, 345. scheme, 161. Strongly recom• mended as bearing the contrary
D. ing objections against, 231.
human calcuil, 259.