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in general, than is necessary for the due nutrition of the body's that nature is satisfied with little, and that every supernumerary morsel is not only an unnecessary, but a pernicious load. It is likewise evident to common observation, that the practice of walhing down every mouthful with a glass of wine, is one of the principal provocatives to excess in the quantity of our food. “ The stomach,” as the ingenious Mandeville has somewhere said, " is the conscience of the body;" and the man who attends to its suggestions will generally have no trespass in diet to answer for. But when this bodily conscience first admonilhes the pampered citizen, labouring through a feast, to lay down his knife; he takes the alarm indeed, but willfully misconstrues the friendly hint, and topes down a glass of old hock to silence its importunities; and thus clouds its discernment, and even renders it for a while, a party in the debauch. Every succeeding luggestion of the alternately satiated and stimulated adviser is answered in the same manner; till at last the quantity of the load is barely limited by the capacity of the paunch that is to receive it. By these proceedings, though the intire man, or bis head, is not inebriated, his inward monitor in fact is made drunk; acquires a deceitful feeling of powers that it does not possess; becomes an unfaithful guide, and suffers, nay incites its owner to take in a superfluous load, which may undoubtedly lay the foundation of many chronical diseases. So far wine, and fill more a variety of wines, taken at our meals, may become noxious, merely as provocatives to excess in eating,
But wines and other strong fermented liquors, taken at or immediately after our meals, likewise, we apprehend, obstruct digeftion ; not, as Dr. Cadogan principally supposes, by their effects on the stomach, considered as a muscle, and excited by them to expel its crude contents too suddenly into the bowels ; but by their action on the food itself. Digeftion, it is now well known, is a fermentatory process, by which the alimentary mass is decompounded; its oils, falts, and other principles are let loose from their union with each other, and particularly their fixed air ; that vinculum or cementing principle which binds the other elements together, which is one of the most essential articles of our food, constitutes a considerable part of our substance, and which undoubtedly requires renovation. With this principle, we may observe, (as some of the Doctor's answerers have already remarked) or at leaft with the late important discoveries relating to it, he appears to be intirely unacquainted. This principal agent in the nutrition of the body is in fact miftakenly treated by him as a poison; and even Dr. Falconer does not sufficiently attend to its influence and importance, but sometimes appears to us needlessly apprehensive of its superabundance. --Now the extrication of this principle, and consequently
the due progress of the digestive process, which depends upon it, are known from experiment to be impeded to a considerable degree, by the addition of vinous liquors, containing a large portion of ardent spirits, to the fermenting mass.
On these two accounts we are inclined to join the Doctor in banishing wine from, or at least admitting it somewhat sparingly into, the dining-room :--but in the evening, when the alimentary mixture has been suffered to pass undisturbed through the material ftages of this fermentatory process, we can really see no very formidable objections to the quaffing a moderate portion of that invigorating, enlivening, and antiseptic liquor; which may then do fervice, in the habit, by those very qualities which before rendered it injurious in the stomach : we mean, by restraining the flight of that cementing principle on which the soundness of animal and vegetable substances is found to depend. At the same time that we acknowledge, that the babitual use of it does not appear, in general, to be necessary to health; we must observe, that “ the advocates for a little wine every day” might, in our opinion, pursue their fyftem, thus modified, with less injury to health, than the strict observer of the Doctor sprecept; who should mortify on small beer and water during fix days of the week, and get drunk, seemingly with his fanction, on the seventh. In what manner however this temperament of ours is to be accommodated to the festivity of the table, we leave those who may approve of the idea, to adjust in the way that seems best to them.
The most un-chemical, and, according to Dr. Falconer, the most dangerous, error into which Dr. Cadogan has fallen, is in what he has said concerning the unwholesomeness of bread. He here defends that useful and universal article of diet: but for these and the following remarks on the Doctor's work, we must refer to the pemphlet itself; which contains many sensible and pertinent observations that deserve the attention of the public. M O N T H L Y CATALOGUE,
For JULY, 1772.
POETICA L. Art. ii. Hermas; or, the Acarian Shepherds; a Poem in fix
teen Books: The Author John Spencer, 2 Vols. 8vo. 8 s. sewed. Newcastle printed. Sold by Murray in London.
HIS long poem has nothing to recommend it but an appathe poetical department, as he has made his own species stand in the order of the universe
• What are we mites to all creation then?
What, but an animalcula of men ?? Strange that men who cannot write their own language grammatically, hould ever dream of writing poetry !
Art. 12. Poems, with a Dramatic Entertainment. By ****
4to. 10 s. 6 d. Dodley. These poems are written by a Lady t, and do honour to her genius and good fenfe.
We are sorry that this and some other poetical pieces have, been somewhat too long unnoticed ; the Reviewer in whose depart, ment they were, having been abroad, occasioned the delay. Art. 13. The Christiad; an Heroic Poem, in fix Books. Write
ten by Marcus Hieronymus Vida, and translated into English Verse by Edward Granan, M. A. &vo. 5 s. sewed. Baldwin. 1771.
Scaliger was not mistaken when he observed that this poem was written with the bombast of Lucan. It has done the name of Vida but little honour, and under the disadvantages of this translation he suffers still more.
He said; Peter and John the word obey,
And to the city bend without delay' It is a kind of history the life of Chrift. Art. 14. Poems, Songs, and Sonnets; together with a Mask. By
Thomas Carew, Esq; one of the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, and Sewer in Ordinary to Charles I. 12mo. 35. Davies.
Carew was not the molt miserable rhymer of his day; but he does not appear to invalidate che observation of Pope, that
“ in all Charles's days Roscommon only boasts unspotted bays." There are many indecent passages in his poems, and more affectation and conceit than genuine wit. Art. 15. Town Eilogues. By Charles Jenner, M. A. 4to. 2 s.
The best of these Eclogues is the Court-chaplain's first expedition to London, which is humouroully described, and not much of a ca. racatura :
• He mounts his mare, whilft Thomas, at his back,
And fell his barley at the market price.'
Phinehas Fletcher. Illustrated with Notes critical and explanatory. Evo.
Phinehas Fletcher was a cotemporary and near relation of the fac mous dramatic writer of the same name. He was brought up to che church at the university of Cambridge ; was a man of fine taste, and possessed the genuine enthufiasm of poetry. Mr. William Thomp
3 s. Cadell.
+ We have heard the name of Mrs. Penny mentioned on this oc. cafion,
son, who was a few years ago Poetry-Professor in the university of Oxford, and a good poet himself, was a profeffed admirer of Phinehas Fletcher's poems. Beside these Piscatory Eclogues, which are in many places beautiful and picturesque, he wrote feveral other poetical pieces, particularly a capital allegorical poem called the Purple Hand, that has much merit, and many beauties. His works are now scarce. These Eclogues were lately published at Edinburgh. Art. 17. Love in the Suds; a Town Eclogue. Being the La
mentation of Roscius for the Loss of his Niky. Folio. 2 s. 6 d. Wheble.
When impudent flander invades the province of juft fatire, the only court of criticism to which its virulent productions are properly amenable, is a court of law. To the critics of Westminster-hall *, therefore, we leave the task of doing justice to the merits of the prefent performance. Art. 18. The present State of the Nation ; or, Love's Labour Lof, A Poem. In eight Books.
3 s. 6 d. Bath printed, and fold by Newbery in London. 1772.
It is pity this gentleman's Mufe did not take him at his word, when he thus addressed her, p. 5!,
• Thou, Muse, be dumb;' restrain the ardent fire,
Nor me mislead into a premunire.' The Muse, perhaps, was affronted at so fingular a mode of inyocation, and so, out of revenge, went rhiming on, in this strange manner, to the end of the book, merely to punish her untoward votary; and we, for our sins, have been condemned to read it. Art. 19. Fingal. A Poem in fix Books, by Ofian: Translated
from the original Galic by Mr. Macpherson; and rendered into Verse from that Translation. 8vo. 4 s. bound. Rivington. 1772. It is somewhat singular that criticisms thould have been written to prove that Olian is a regular poet; but this, we must doubtless, ascribe to the partial and the weak fondness of a few of his country, men. A deliberate examination of his compositions must convince every intelligent judge that they are only valuable as they throw light on the manners of a rude age. While they hould have been abandoned, however, to the hiftorian and the antiquary, they have been fondly held forth as the efforts of the sublimest genius +, by men who have extolled them beyond the writings of Homer, Virgil, and Milton. The rules of the Stagyrite have been applied to him ; and his wild and shapeless rhapsodies have been considered as porfeffing the qualities which form the characteristics of an epic poain.
It is from a persuasion of this kind that the publication before us presents us with the books of Fingal in verse. Amidst a multitude of cold and prosaic lines, we find some in it that breathe the spirit of poetry: but, on the whole, we would not encourage this versifier to proceed in his poetical labours. The virgins whom he courts are
• The papers have announced the commencement of a prosecution against the Author, or publisher, of this poem. + See Blair's Differtation, and Duff on original Genius.
distant and coy ladies, and yield not to the affiduities of every im portunate fuitor.
THE A TR I CAL. Art. 20. The Cooper. A mufical Entertaininent, in two Acts,
as it is performed at the Theatre Royal in the Hay-Market. The Music composed by Dr. Arne. 8vo. Cox.
1772. Well enough at the Hay. Market, but less tolérable in the perusal. Indeed few of these little titum-ti performances will bear to be read as Dramatic compositions ; especially among those which have been lately provided for the entertainment of the public.
Μ Α Τ Η Ε Μ Α Τ Ι C S. Art. 21. The Practical Navigator and Seaman's new Daily Af fiftant. By J. Hamilton Moore, Teacher of the Mathematics, and late of the Royal Navy. 8vo. 5 s. Richardson, &c. 1772.
A complete, intelligible, useful system of practical navigation, The Author has omitted nothing which is essential to the subject, and has furnished instructions and tables, by means of which every cafe that can occur in the business of a seaman may be easily solved. A book of this kind is very proper for those who with to learn navigation without entering deeply into the mathematical principles upon which this art depends; and must be serviceable both to teachers and to actual practitioners.
MEDIÇĄ L. Art. 22. An Oration on the Utility of public Infirmaries : Occa.
cafioned by the Opening of the Radcliffe Infirmary at Oxford. By Joseph Bromehead, M. Ą. of Queen's College. 4to. Rivington. 1772.
The advantage which accrues from public infirmaries, is so very obvious, that the fitting down seriously to prove their utility, is exactly such a task as the collecting arguments on the certainty of death. But this Author is not more unfortunate in his subject than in his manner of treating it: for although his Oration contains some proper encomiums on that particular inititution which is the subject of his performance, with a just tribute of praise to the memory of Dr. Radcliffe, yet it is chiefly composed of the usual, trite, remarks on benevolence, arrayed in the foppery of declamation. Art. 23. A Course of Chemistry, divided into 24 Lectures, for
merly given by the learned Dr. Henry Pemberton, Professor of Physic at Gresham College, Fellow of the Royal Society, and of that at Berlin. Now firit published from the Author's Manuscript, by James Wilson, M D. 8vo,
This is a valuable course of lectures; and Dr. Wilson has done a. very acceptable service to the chemical world, by making them public.
MISCELLANEOUS Art. 24. A Grammar of the English Language, intended for the
Use of young Gentlemen and Ladies, passed the first Principles of Learning. By Mark Anthony Meilan, private Teacher of the English Language. . 12mo, is. 6 d. Wheble.
If one mould ask this Writer what the first Principles of learning might be, exclusive of grammar, it is to be presumed he could only