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Hunter and Mr. Beardmore, on the teeth, he juftly and modestly acknowledges that the subje&t has been already amply and copiously treated of, and that he has not the vanity to think that he shall be able to set it, or any branch of it, in a new or more instructive point of view.' When Authors thus justly estimate and characterize their own performances, the Reviewer's businels is done to his hands : but we do not see any good reason why the unsuspecting purchaser, perhaps already possessed of former treatises on this fubjeët, should be tempted, by a new title, to lay out his money for confessedly ftale matter. If Mr. Lewis chooses to announ’e himself to the public, he does not deal fairly by them thus to draw them in to pay for his advertisement. We must acknowledge however that he appears to be a modest and rational dentist; and that if we lived within a day's side of Oxford, we should not scrupie to trust to his abilities in the dislodging of an old stump;. or if our finances could support the expence, in the furnishing us with a complise fat. Art. 29. Eljay on Epilepsy, in which a new Theory of that Disease

is attempted, c. By W. Threlfal, M.D. Evo. Stuart 1772.

Though there is a degree of science and method in this small and meagre pamphlet, the matter of which, however, is delivered in a ftrange, and sometimes ungrammatical phraseology, we cannot difcover in it such a degree of novelty as we were led to expect from the title-page. The Author derives the disease principally from a full and turgid state of the brain. Art. 30. A Letter to Dr. Cadogan, with Remarks on the most in

terefiting Paragraphs in his Treatise on the Gout, &c. By Mr. Daniel Smith. 8vo. is. 6 d. Carnan. 1772.

This Gentleinan who, we hould observe, is not a member of the faculty, founds his criticisms on some of Dr. Cadogan's opinions relative to the gout, on an experience, which he has dearly acquired, of that distemper, in his own person. Some of his observations are sensible and pertinent; but when he theorizes, and attempts to define the true nature of the cause of that disease, he appears to no very great advantage. In support of some of his theoretical notions he relates a few chemical experiments, which evince him not to be very deeply verled in that science. His experiments indeed are trite and indecilive; that is, they are neither new, as he seems to suppose them to be ; nor do they justify his deductions from them.

We cannot pass over a seemingly intereiting part of this pamphlet, where the Author affirms himself to be poflefled of a certain medicine, by the external application of which he has been enabled, almost initantly, to relieve himself from the most cxcruciating torments of a gouty fit. • For these seven years past,' he informs us that he ' has not borne the pain half an hour in each fit;' and that in the very last severe paroxysm which he had of this disease, and which :was attended with a dreadful pain in his breast hone; after hesitating for some time to apply the remedy fo very near the region of the ftomach, the violence of the torture at length drove him to hazard the experiment. It gave him, as usual, instant eafe, and he foon recovered.' We can collect no farther lights from the pamphles concerning this speedy and valuable remedy, except that the applica. Kk +


tion of it is here sometimes said to be attended with the discharge of a large quantity of the goury humour.

As the Author disclaims all lucrative views, and only occasionally dispenses medicines, gratis, from a charitable motive, to his poor neighbours about Alton, near Bristol, it was natural to expect that he would have favoured the public with an account of the compofition of this remedy. All that he says however upon this head is, that if he can establish the certain efficacy of this method of relief, which has done him such signal service, he intends to give it to the public for the benefit of his fellow-sufferers.' We do not disapprove of the diffidence couched in the preceding quotation ; but after the repeated proofs, here given, of the efficacy of this external application, in the Author's own case, we think his philanthropy is interetted in /peedily communicating the composition of this remedy to the public. Art. 31. Reflections on the Gout, with Observations on some Parts

of Dr. Cadogan's Pamphlet, &c. In a Letter to the Right Hon. Sir William De Grey. 8vo. IS. Owen.

We can perceive nothing in this pamphlet fufficiently interesting,
to fix either our Reader's or our own attention any farther on an ex:
hausted subject,
Art. 32. Aphorismi de Marasme, ex summis Medicis collecti.

Auctore Samuele Farr, M. D. 2460, 1 s. 6 d. Bristoliæ. J.
B. Becket. 1772.

This very little volume contains a useful set of aphorisms on the consumption, collected from the best medical writers, and judicioudly, arranged and digested under the different heads of, a description of the disease, its 1pccies, signs and symptoms, causes, prognofiic, and cure,

Art. 33. The Shamrock; or, Hibernian Crelles. A Colleaion of

Poems, Songs, Epigrams, &c. Latin as well as English, the ge-
neral Production of Ireland. To which are subjoined, Thoughts
on the prevailing Syftem of School Education, respecting young
Ladies, as well as Gentlemen : With practical Proposals for a Re-
formation. By Samuel Whyte, Principal of the English Grammar
School. 4to. Dublin printed. 1772.
There is a local propriety in the title given to this publication, which
will be apparent orly to those English readers who are acquainted
with the name of that plant usually worn (as a cockade) by the Irish,
on Si. Patrick's day; as the Welchmen wear leeks in their hats, in
honour of St. David. This plant is vulgarly known in Ireland by
the name of Shambrogue, or Shamrock. It is the wild Trefoil; and
Mr. Whyte informs us, that it was emblematically used by St. Pa-
trick, at his first planting Chrillianity in Ireland, to represent to the
igi orant natives the myitory of the Trinity.'

Mr. Wyte's own account of his poetical collection is as follows: The Englith have had their collections; so have the Scatch; and bosh hare enriched their publications with gems from Ireland. We know of nothing before, of this pature, undertaken amongtt us; and--we have been sather more delicate than our neighbours, cau

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tiously avoiding to insert any thing which was not properly of native growth. If it should, in any instance, appear otherwise, it must be imputed to inadvertency, not intention. We could prove an indu. bitable claim to many things which they have appropriated; but have resumed only two or three pieces, at the special direction of their Author, who asserted his property, and thought it no robbery to make free with his own.' As to the poems themselves, they consist of a great variety indeed

Some new, some old, some neither one nor t’other. And with respect to their general merit, the Editor himself very juilly, as well as modeftly, observes * that

• Many are good, fonie middling, more are bad,

But yet they are the best that could be had.' This is but a poor compliment to his authors, to his subscribers, or to his own selection ; but it is the truin. Many of the pieces which the Editor has here vainly and absurdly endeavoured to rescue from oblivion are very frivolous, and evidently thrown in merely to swell the volume to an unusual fize : Mr. Whyte appearing to confider this circumstance of extraordinary bulk as a mark of respect due to his subscribers.' But, if we mistake not, there are many names which grace his numerous liits, with whom it is not usual to estimate the value of poetry by the load.

Novelty seems to have been little regarded in the selection of these poems; the second piece in the collection being no other than the old Mully of Mountown, written many years ago by the famous and humorous Dr. William King, and printed in his Miscellanies.

Qurëditor has even condescended to insert the well-known and ftale epigram on two Millers, which long ago ran the circle of the Magazines and jeit books. And to manifest also his want of due attention, as well as of talte, in his Editorship, he has given this epigram izvo places in his collection; for it is printed in p. 237, and reprinted in p. 304. It is, moreover, erroneously copied ia boch instances. Mr. Whyte has it.

Two Butchers thin

Callid Bone and Skin,' &c. The lines, ?orcver, were originally written on two meagre millers and mealinen t, whose names happened to be Bone and Skin, and who combined with the bakers to raise the price of bread at Mancheter. The joke lases half its zest by the subititution of the but. chers, instead of the millers ; our general idea of those fons of the cleaver being that of jolly fellows, fat as their oxen, and as heavy, at least, as a good Welch runt: whence the common sign of The Three "Joliy Dut hers.

We have here, however, many truly valuable and elegant poems, for the perural of which we are mach indebted to the Compiler ; and for the sake of which, the candid Reader will excuse such overfights and defects as might reasonably be expected, in fo multifa: rious and voluminous a collection. For these, indeed, the indura

• In his translation of Martial's epigram-Sunt bona, funt quædam mediocria, funt mala plura, &c. which he uses as his morto. t In Lancabire, as we have heard.

trious Editor has made an apology which will be readily admitted by
the considerate and the benevolent; viz, his being - engaged, at
least fifteen hours a day, in the actual discharge of the duties of bis
profession:'--the painful profesion of a school-master!

Art. 34. Chorus of the Dramatic Poem of Elfrida. As performed

at Covent-Garden. 4to. 6 d. Horsfield, &c. 1772. The pathetic, tender, and classical poem, Elfrida, the masterpiece + of Mason's genius, hath, at length, found its way to the Britilh theatre, by the aid of the judicious alterations which have been made in it.-By dividing it into distinct acts, curtailing fuch of the speeches as were too long, and adding not only those decorations which captivate the eye, but also the irresistable charms of Dr. Arne's music,- a piece written on the plan of the old Greek drama, hath been enabled to overcome all our common prejudices againit the ancient form of Tragedy, especially against the Chorus. Mr. Col. man, therefore, deserves praise for introducing on the stage, under his direction, so elegant a performance: and as a proof of the skill and judgment with which he has endeavoured to render it a pleasing exhibition to every class of the spectators, we must add, for the information of our distant Readers, that it hath been received with a much warmer, more general, and more lafting approbation than, perhaps, even the most fanguine admirers of the poem could have expected, from a work which the Author never intended for theatrical representation. Art. 35. Cross Purposes; a Farce of Two Acts. As is is performed at Covent-Garden. 8vo.

Davies. 1772. The merit of this petite piece consists in the ease and sprightliness of the dialogue, The Cross Purposes, too, in which the principal characters are involved, are diverting: and more than this is not usually expected in a farce. If, however, the Author (or, rather, the Alterer of this little drama, from the French) had contrived to give a more moral cast to his performance, he would have deserved ilill farther praise. He is, surely, reprehensible for bestowing the prize of beauty, innocence, and fortune on a Gamester, who has recourse to matrimony, merely as an expedient to recruit his exhauited finances. Art. 36. The Rose; a Comic Opera, in Two Acts. As it is

performed at Drury-Lane. The Words by a' Gentleman Commoner of Oxford. The Music by Dr. Arne. 8vo. 15. Dilly, 1772.

Even Arne's music could not prevent this Autbor's receiving the mortification of a severe repulse from the discerning public; to whom it was, certainly, an affront to offer so dull and frivolous a production.


† We mean not, by this expression, to detract from the merit of his other dramatic poem, entitled, Carattacus; constructed also on the model of the ancients : see Rev. vol. xx. p. 507.

* Mr. Obrien, formerly an actor, and most deservedly a favourite with the town.



N O V E L S. Art. 37. The Irifoman; or, the Favourite of Fortune : a satirical

Novel, founded upon Facts. 12mo. 2 Vols. 6 s. bound. Goldsmich. 1772.

Unnatural, frivolous, and indelicate; and much in the manner of M. de Vergy's worst performances. Art. 38. Frederic ; or, the Fortunate Beggar. Wherein is disa

played the various Events in Human Life. In a Series of Letters, copied from the Originals. 12mo. 2 Vols. 6s. Rofon.

These volumes offer nothing that is new, or that is interesting. They contain only a dull repetition of dull scenes.

EAST-INDIE S. Art. 39. 4 Plan for the Government of Bengal, and for the Pro

tection of the other British Settlements in the East-Indies. In a Letter to the Right Hon. Lord North, First Lord of the Treasury, &c. To which is added, the Speech of an East-India Proprietor, upon the extraordinary Commission for regulating the Company's Affairs abroad. 8vo. is. Almon. 1772.

Some plausible ideas åre here thrown out for the protection of the East India fettlements under the several heads' Sovereign, Governor, Council of State, Revenues, Adminiftration of Justice, Army, and Trade.'. The speech annexed to the plan is verbose and unsatisfactory. Art. 40. The Origin and Cause of the Continuance of the Disorders

in our Fast-India Afairs, and the Means of restoring them. 8vo. I S. Kearily. 1772. This Writer has very properly characterized his own performance: he acknowledges that his efforts are honest, but weak. We respect his candour, and are forry that we cannot commend his ability.

POLITICAL. Art. 41. A Letter to the Right Hon. Lord North: Attempting to

Thew the Causes and the Remedies of the high Price of Provisions. 8vo. Brown.

1772.. Various causes of the scarcity of provisions, which hath been so long complained of, in this, heretofore, land of plenty, are here pointed out, by a judicious inveftigator; who seems to have the welfare of his country fincerely and warmly at heart. He also suggests some remedies, which deserve the serious attention of our politicians and statesmen. Art. 42. A Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Mansfield, upon his

Conduct in a Point lately brought before the Court of King's Bench, concerning the Middlesex Election. 8vo. 15. Reynell. 1772.

We have seldom met with a performance fo totally unworthy, so entirely destitute of merit. It runs over our history to demonstrate, that we have nothing to fear from the tyranny of the one, or the few, while we keep a strict guard against the incroachments of the many. In facts the Author is equally defective as in reasoning: he has read our historians without being able to comprehend them; and he attempts to think and to speculate, without any pretensions to capacity


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