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effential rules and remarks are printed in larger characters; and the committing of these to memory, together with the examples, will to a learner at first, it is thought, be found sufficient. A careful perufal of the particular observations, afterwards, joined with the reading of the classics, and the practice of writing and speaking Latin, will supersede the use of any other grammar rules. If a further exercise for the memory be wanted, beautiful passages selected from the Claffics seem much more proper for this purpose, than Latin verfes about words and phrases, however accurately composed.'

Whatever other grammars may have formerly been taught, the perusal of this, the Author hopes, will be attended with advantage. He affures his Readers, that he hath done every thing in his power to prepare it for the public; that he hath carefully examined the method of education, and the several grammars made use of both at home and abroad; and that he communicated his own plan to many persons of the first character for letters in this kingdom, to whom he makes his grateful acknowledgments for the attention which they paid to it, and for the many useful observations which they were pleased to commnoicate.


Art. XI. Infernal Conferences ; or, Dialogues of Devils. By the

Listener. 12mo. 2 Vols. 6s. Keith, &c. 1772.
THE Listener explores a most gloomy and dreadful recess,

called Horrida Vallis, the Vale of Horrors; which, though on this fide Hell, he found to be frequented by infernal spirits. · Here, lying perdue, in a snug corner of the hideous inctofure, he over-hears certain Chiefs, or Princes, of the Devils, in their conferences, relate their several exploits and atchievements in the seduction of mankind, with the means by which their infernalfhips have, at all times, and in all parts of this earth, been able to lead their votaries into the feveral folties and crimes incident to the weakness of fome, and the wickedness of others.

The work is a kind of religious satire, probably the performance of some pious Antinomian Divine ; who wrices fomewhat in Bunyan's manner, but without the genius which could produce the celebrated Pilgrim's Progress.

As a fort fpecimen of' his abilities, and to show what fort of spirit this Writer poffeses, or is possessed by, we Mall extract his sentiments relating to theatrical entertainments, -as expressed by bis Devil, Avaro. 4. Although these people (the Players have nothing but grimice to tell, (though a folly, formerly al.cost peculiar to


the metropolis, but now diffusing itself every where) they have for six months in the year a very plentiful market; and many who would suffer the miserable to perilh unrelieved at their gates, will liberally contribute to support the luxury and libertinism of the players.' Avaro concludeschis wise speech with observing, that, in the days of yore, the Devil Proteus was, but now David Garrick, Eiq; is what think you, reader? why- foreman' to the player's company, and a fost friend to the Devil's government. A shrewd Devil, this Avaro, '

Discordans, another of these infernal Princes, however, to thew his candour, takes the contrary side of the argument, and observes, that the end of theatrical entertainments being to expose vice, and promote the reformation of manners, confequently their defign was originally religious.'

In his reply to Discordans, Avaro, ftill Ihrewder than before, allows, • that in the darkness of paganism, the ancients had a religious design in exhibitions of the Itage ; but,'adds he, what of that? They had likewise a religious design in passing their children through the fire to the Devil Molech. I allow, farther, that in the days of Monkish ignorance, those blinking priests made use of the stage to convey their instructions ; but then it ought to be observed, that the fame fathers were equally pious and devout in persecuting the best of aien. So then, Cousin, the one is as much authorised by ancient practice as the other. Indeed, when you consider that the ttage is peopled by extravagant, spendthrift gentlemen, broken tradesmen, lázy me. chanics, who always were avowed enemies to moral integrity; they will appear to be a very unpromising race of reformers,

But neither Discordans nor Avaro seem to have done justice to the argument, through which they have blundered like filly Devils as they were ; since nothing can be more obvious than that if theatrical entertainments were instituted with a moral view, it was not proposed to accomplish this laudable defign by the exemplary lives, or private characters of the Actors, but by the good Lessons of the Poet, whose compositions they were to repeat, and enforce by animated, just, and characteristic er. .pression. Theis private conduct, therefore, hach as little relation to the question concerning the fitness or utility of dramatic representations, as that of the clerks in our courts of law, whose bufiness it is to read the affidavits, hach with the truth or importance of the facts which they recite, for the information of the judges and jury.




For NOVEMBER, 1772.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 12. The Written Word the only Rule of Christian Faith and

Manners, and the great Duty of Individuals 10 pudy it. In three Discourses. By A. Temple, A. M. Master of the Free-School at Richmond, and Vicar of Eastby, Yorkshire. 8vo. 19. 6 d. Newcastle upon Tyne printed : London, fold by Wheble. 1772. T may be presumed, that these difcourses are not unacceptable to the public,

they have already passed through two editions. They manifelt a spirit of piety, a becoming regard to truth and Christian liberty, together with a serious concern for all the most important intereits of mankind, and, at the same time, the composition news the ingenuity and ability of the Author,

The firit discourse, we are informed, was preached at a public visitation, held at Richmond in Yorkshire, in the year 1;6., and published at the request of the clergy who were present upon that occasion. The two following were composed for, and preached to, a country congregation ; but being on a fimilar subject, the author apprehends, they may ftrengthen and illustrate the main argument of the firit,

We will insert a few extracts, which may enable the reader to form fome judgment for himself, both as to their matter and their composition, and wil, we believe, be perused with satisfaction,

The text of the first is in Matt. x. 34. Think not, that I am come to Jend peace or carth; I came not to send peace, but a sword. After some sensible remarks on the persecutions which were raised against Chriftianity, the preacher thus proceeds:

- This scene, however, changed at lat, Chriftians obtained the power, and kingdoms and empires arose under christian governors. May we here look for a brighter prospect? Had Chriit now no enemies, when a large part of the known world had received the gospel, and allowed it the evidence of a divin: revelat.on: Did kirgs, in fact, become their nursing fathers, and qucens their nurfing muibers ? Alas! the names of their persecutors were changed, but the persecution continued with equal bitternets, and equal obtinacy. -If heathen persecutors stood condemned by the light of nature, what Mall we say to the merciless christian, who triumphs in the agonies of an expiring brother ? Let us call upon him for his authority. If he is able to produce none, let us venture to inform him of a few principles of that meek religion, which his barbarity dishonours. Let us remind him of this memorable decision of his Lord: Be not ye calied Rabbi; for one is your Master, even Chrift; and all ye are brethren: and call no man Father upon earth; for one is your Farber, which is in heaven; neither be

called Magic

iers; for one is your Mafler, even Cbrift.

• In such an audience it is needless to observe the peculiar em phafis of the original word here translated Mlaffer No christian teacher can be ignorani, that is imports Leader, Guide, Director ;


and that.the prohibition lies against the interposition of human an. thority, and refers the judgment of every individual to the cogni. zance of Christ himself. Let us suppose, therefore, the great day of final account to be arrived, and the persecuted and their persecutors to be brought face to face before the righteous judge of all the carib. How shall the latter make their defence ?-Shall they alledge their zeal and their ardour in God's cause ? Shall not the gracious Judge, who has engaged to maintain the cause of his injured servants, point them to these express declarations of his word? Shall he not point them to the meekness and moderation of his own example, and convince them, by the severity of his sentence, of the great folly of being wife above that which was written? While this awful scene is before our eyes, let us turn our thoughts to that oppreffive human power, foretold by the apo tle, and exercised now and for ages over to large a majority of the chriftian world; where a temporal hierarchy domineers over the consciences of men; where religious flavery is established by law; and where it is impoflible to prosecute the concerns of a future life, without giving up every comfort, without incurring every misery of this.

· This is the lamentable case of almost all our neighboering nations, and that it is not ours, is owing first to the merciful provi. dence of a good God, and under him to the noble spirit of some few of our glorious ancestors. The Aame of persecution rode triomphantly through our land, till it was in a great measure extinguished by the blood of our Cranmers, our Ridleys, and our Latimers. The evil was not totally abolished till another age : Some miftakes in their conduct, excusable, indeed, in men of their times and edacation, left the monster still alive ; the venom fermented afresh, and wrought much forrow to their nearest fucceffors. Flames, it is true, were more seldom kindled, but some ruretches lost their lives, and many innocent men, what was equally valuable, their reputation, and every comfort of their lives. A protestant clergy had not learned the first principle of true protestantism, that christianity is entirely personal," that its reward is in another world, and the trial of it at a future tribunal. Men would still be called masters, and took the judgment out of the hands of their great Lord. The fting of persecution was, however, drawn at length ; but, let it be spoken with deep regret, the clergy in general were not the moft forward to promote so desirable an event. We owe it chiefly to the mild wisdom of a great king, and the public spirit of his patriot minifters: They rescued the state from civil Navery, aud to render that blefling troly valuable, laid a foundation for religious liberty by the glorious act of Toleration,

· But, my brethren, bear with me if I speak freely. We have still some reason for apprehension. Some part of the old leaven fill appears to remain and to work. Do we not ftill hear men branded with odious names, because they have obeyed the fummons of the gospel, and called no man Father upon earth; because they have sead, and judged, and determined for themselves, in compliance with the trongeit obligation which can be imposed, a peremptory command to receive the rule of salvation from his mouth only, who can teach it truly ?-Is not this actually precluding the judgment of our Mafter, and constituting ourselves judges, of what none but God can know, the secrets of the heart? Do we not ftill run a greater risk ? May we not condemn, whom he has not condemned; may we not curse, whom he hath blessed ? Let us suppose the imputation to be true, will any of the principles of these men exclude them from the kingdom ? If not, how highly dangerous is our uncharitable judgment :


Mr. Temple speaks with great respect, and even reverence, of our first reformers ; at the same time justly observing, that they were but men, and that their expofitions have no greater authority, than fal. lible understandings could impart. After other reflections on this part of his subject, he adds :

• Will it be faid, that this reasoning will render subscriptions unneceffary, and leave christianity exposed, by removing the bulwarks of national establishments ? I will not dissemble my sentiments. I believe I Mall one day be accountable for what I now say, or leave unfaid ; and sure I am, I have no view but to serve the cause of our common Saviour and Redeemer. I can see no harm christianity would receive, if fewer subscriptions were required, nor can underftand, what security any human bond can give to it. Is it not founded on the adamantine rock of God's word, which no human force can undermine; and from which the weapons of all assailants must ineffectually recoil ? Are not all questions finally to be tried by the fingle test of scripture ? And why should men be sent thither with minds loft and bewildered in human speculations, or prejudice! against the truth by human authority? Was not the Almighty able to unfold his own mind, or does he need the feeble aid of finite abilities to direct his infinite and incomprehensible wisdom? What right had out ancestors to preclude our improvements and discoveries, what right have we to prescribe to our successors ?'

Thus does our author, with modely, with piety and charity, and also in an animated manner, plead the cause of truth, and the authosity of God's word, in opposition to all human impositions.

The two last discourses are founded on the words of Philip to the Ethiopian, Understandest thou whai thou readift? They are comjosed in the same worthy spirit with the former sermon : but as our prefent limits will not admit of our selecting any more pariages han the above, we must refer our Readers for farther satisfaction to the publi. cation itself. Art. 13. Some Remarks on Mr. Hill's Review of all the Doctrines

taught by Mr. John Wesley. 8vo. 4d. Brillol printed, and sold by Keith in London.

Mr. Wesley apologizes for, and vindicates himself against the charge of inconsistency : fee Art. 51. of our Catalogue for Augait last. Our Author has much to say in his ovn defence; and endeavours 10 make it appear that Mr. Hill ' lias fadly failed in hie charges ; just 100 out of 1ci having proved void. In the close or his Remarks he has the following pointed addre's to his opponent. Having answered å set of Queries proposed io him by his Reviewer, he says, ' Soffer me, Şir, to propose one to you: The fame which a gentleman of Rev, Nov. 1772,


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