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ten chiefly during the reigns of Elizabeth and the elder James, when the study of antiquities was in its infancy, they are bý no means to be considered as complete or perfect. They are materials which may affift the ingenious artist in raising a superftru&ure; but of themselves they offer little that is conclufive or satisfactory.
The influence of Archbishop Parker, and the zeal of Sir Robert Cotton, laid the foundation of the Antiquarian Society in 1572; and it continued to flourish till the year 1604 t. From the papers of the members, or from transcripts of them, Mr. Hearne, in the year 1720, published, at Oxford, a volume under the title, A Collection of curious Discourses written by eminent Antiquaries upon several Heads in our English Antiquities. These are republished in the present volumes; and for the remaining discourses, which are more numerous, and of equal importance, we are indebted to the industry of the Editors.
To gratify the curiosity of our more intelligent Readers, we shall lay before them the titles of the discourses which are now first published :
• Additional Dissertations never before published. Of the Antiquity of Arms in Eng. Of the Antiquity of Ceremonies land, by Anonymous.
used at Funerals, by Sir Wm. of the fame, by Mr. Michael Dethick, Garter. Heneage.
Of the same, by Anonymous, Of the fame, by Mr. Agard. Of the same, by Mr. Holland. Of the fame, by Dr. Doyle. Of the same, by Mr. Ley. Of the Antiquity of the Name of Of the fame, by Mr. Arth. Agard.
Duke in England, by Anony. Of the fame, by Mr. Tate. mous.
Of the Variety and Antiquity of Of the fame, by Joseph Holland. Tombs and Monuments, by Of the same, by Anonymous. Anonymous. of the same, by Mr. Doyle. Of the fame. of the same, by Mr. Agard. Of.Epitaphes, by Mr. Camden. Of the Etymology, Antiquity, of the fame, by Anonymous.
and Privileges of Castles in Of the same, by Anonymous. England, by Mr. Agard.
of the fame, by Mr. Agard. Of the fame, by Anonymous. Of the fame, by Mr. Thyon. Qf the Antiquity, Etymology, Of the fame, by Sir Wm. Dethick, - and Privileges of Towns, by Garter. Joseph Holland.
Of the same, by Mr. Holland. Of Parishes, by the fame. Of the Antiquity, Variety, and Of the Antiquity, Variety, and Reason of Moits with Arms of
Etymology of measuring Land Noblemen and Gentlemen in
in Cornwayl, by Anonymous. England, by Mr. Agard. Of the Antiquity, Etymology, of the same, by Joseph Holland,
and Variety of Dimensions of Of the fame, by Mr. Camden. Land in England.
Of the same.
+ For an account of its revival and present condition, the Reader may consult our Rev. vol. xliii. p. 357, 358.
Of the same, by Sir Wm. De- certain Cafes to hold Plea of thick, Garter.
all Manner of Trespasses, as Of the fame, by Sir Francis Leigh. weil upon the Cafes as others, Of the same, by Abraham Hart- albeit, neither Party be of the well,
King's Houshold. Of the Antiquity, Power, Order, Of the Antiquity of the Christian
State, Manner, Persons, and Religion in this land, by Sir Proceedings of the High Court Robert Cotton.
of Parliament in England. Of the same, by Mr. Agard. of the fame, by Anonymous. Of the famne, by Sir William DeOf the same by Mr. Agard. thick, Garter Principal King Of the fame, by Mr. Tate.
of Arms. Of the same, by Mr. Camden. of the fame, by Mr. William Of the fame, by Joseph Holland. Camden. Of the same, by Anonymous. Of the same, by W. Hakewill. Of Epitaphs, by Mr. Camden. of the Antiquity, Ule, and Ce. The Antiquity, Authority, and remony of lawful Combats in
Succession of the High Steward England, by Sir Robert Cote of England, by Sir Robert Cot
ton, Bart. ton, Bart,
Of the same, by Mr. Davies. of the fame, by Anonymous. Of the fame, by Mr. Davies. Of the same, by Mr. Townsend. Of the fame, by Mr. James WhiteOf the same, by Mr. Holland. locke. Of the same, by Mr. Thynne. Of the same, by Joseph Holland, Of the same, by Mr. Tate.
Of the same, by Anonymous. Of the same, by Mr. Davys. Of the same, by Anonymous. Of the same, by Mr. Camden. Of the same, by Mr. Agard. Of the same, by Mr. Agard.
Duello Foiled, or the whole Pro. Certain Remembrances touching ceedings for fingle Fight, by
the fame, by Anonymous. occasion whereof the Unlawful. The Antiquity and Office of the nels and Wickedness of a Du.
Constable of England, by Sir ello is preparatively disputed, Robert Cotton, Bart.
according to the Rules of HoOf the fame, by Anonymous. nour and right Reason, by Mr. Of the same, by Anonymous. Edward Cook. Of the same, by Mr. Holland. The Manner of judicial ProceedOf the same, by Mr. Agard. ings in the Court of Constable Of the same, by Anonymous. and Marmal (or Court MiliOf the same, by Anonymous. tary) touching the l'le and The Antiquity and Office of the Beasing of Coats of Arms, ob.
Earl Marshal of England, by served and collected out of the Mr. Camden.
Records of the Tower of LonOf the same, by Sir Robert Cote
don. ton, Bart.
A Defence of the Jurisdiction of Of the fame, by Mr. Agard. the Kari Marshal's Court in the Of the same, by Mr. Davies. Vacancy of a Coniable; and Of the same, by Mr. Holland. of his disowning Probibitions Of the same, by Mr. Thynne.
fent thither from other Courts, of the fame, by Anonymous. by way of Letter to the Ho. Of the fame, by Anonymous. nourable Sir John Somers, Knto Reasons that the Court of Mar- Attorney General to his Ma. Hallea may be fitly enabled in jefty, from Rob. Plott, LL. D.
Camera Stellata ; or, an Expla. Of the Divifion of Shires, by Mr.
nation of the most famous Court Joseph Holland. of Star Chamber : together A Project touching a Petition to with an Account of the Of. be exhibited unto her Majesty fences there punishable; the (Queen Elizabeth) for the erectpayable Fees, and the Orders ing of a Library, for the Study for Proceeding therein, by Mr. of Antiquities and History. Tate.
A second Discourse touching the The Antiquity of Barons, by Mr. Earls Marshals of England, by Agard.
Mr. Camden, Of Foreits, by Mr. Agard. The Antiquity and Etymology of The Antiquity of Seals, by Mr. Terms and Times for Admi.' Agard.
niltration of Justice in EngThe Antiquity of the Word Ster- land.
lingorum or Sterling, by Mr. Of Epitaphs, by Mr. Abraham Tate.
Hartwell. Of Sterling Money, by Mr. Of Castles, by Mr. Joseph HolAgard.
land. of the same, by Mr. William Of the Etymology, Dignity, and, Pattin.
Antiquity of Duke, or Dux. Of the same, by Mr. Broughton. A further Discourse of Sterling Of the fame, by Mr. John Stowe. Money, by Thomas Talbot. Of the same, by Mr. Joseph Hol- of Forests. land.
Of the fame, by Richard BroughOf the same, by Anonymous. ton. Of Sterling Money, by Mr. Tho. Our certain and definitive Topomas Talbot.
graphical Dimensions in EngOf Sterling Money, by Mr. Hen- land, compared with those of ry Burchier.
the Greeks and Latins, fet Of the same, by Mr. Michael He- down in Order as they arise in neage.
Quantity: In this enumeration of original pieces, by members of the Antiquarian Society, it may be remarked, that the Editors have included, though not with strict propriety, “A Tract explaining the Manner of judicial Proceedings in the Court Military, touching the Use and Bearing of Coats of Arms :' " A Defence of the Jurisdiction of the Earl Marshal's Court, by Dr. Plot :' And Mr. Cooke's Treatise on the Unlawfulness and Wickednels of a Duello.' It also appears to us that they are to blame for having inserted, in this collection, Sir Henry Spelman's treatise « On the Antiquity and Etymology of Terms and Times for Administration of justice in England:' because that tract was never read in the Society of Aniquaries; and because it is sufficiently known by having appeared in the edition of that lawyer's - English Works,' by Gibson.
Rev, Nov. 1772.
Art. V. The Baths of the Romans explained and illustrated. With
th: Reftorations of Palladio corrected and improved. To which is prefixed, An Introductory Preface, pointing out the Nature of the Werk; and a Dissertation on the State of the Arts, during the different Periods of the Roman Empire. By Charles Cameron, Architect. Fol. Imperial Paper. 41. 4 s. in Sheets. 1772. Sold by the Author, at his House in Piccadilly; sold also by Robson, Payne, &c.
HE splendor and magnificence of the antient Roman
architecture, were no less conspicuous in their baths and bagnios than in their temples and palaces. Nor shall we greatly wonder at this instance of the grandeur and luxury of those masters of the world, when we consider, with our Author, to what various purposes of pleasure, as well as convenience, these baths were appropriated under the Roman Emperors. Mr. Cameron has collected several particulars on this head, in his introductory discourse ; some of which we apprehend will not be deemed, by our Readers, impertinent.
These buildings, says he, are deservedly reckoned among the most remarkable of their works ; whether we consider their valt extent, which has given occasion to some writers to use the mcft extravagant expresions in their praise, or their having been erected in the most flourishing state of the empire, under princes who were prompted by the ambition of out.doing, and by the desire of ingratiating themselves with the people, for whose use they were designed, by displaying, in the execution of them, the utmost magnificence.
The temples, Mr. Cameron observes, were confined to religious rites and ceremonies; the theatres, amphitheatres, balilicas, &c. had each their distinct and separate province asfigned them ; but in the baths, says be, all these feem to have been united. Beside the amazing number of chambers, and other necessary accommodations for the purposes of bathing, they were furnished with spacious halls and porticos for walks ins, with exedræ and seats for the meetings of the philofophers.. The most complete libraries in the city were removed zbither; and in the great spaces there inclosed, the people were treated with theatrical entertainments, and the shews of the gladiators.-lihat ftupendous works are these! No wonder igat Ammianus Marcellinus, when speaking of their vast ex. tent, was betrayed into the notable hyperbole, taken notice of by Kennet in his Roman Antiquities, viz, that they were built in molum provinciarum.
It is to the cclebrated Palladio, however, that we are inJebred for the most compleat idea which we can form of the principal baths of the Romans; and it is likewise to Palladio that we are primarily indebted for the elegant and magnificent
view of them now lying before us. „Take Mr. Cameron's aca knowledgment of this obligation in his own words:
• This accurate and diligent observer of antiquity, says our Author, appears to have considered the baths as more particularly worthy his notice: he did not, indeed, live to publith the work he had prepared relating to them, and which he promised in his book of architecture ; but from the designs he left at his death, which were fortunately recovered, and given to the world by the lace Lord Burlington, it appears that he examined them with great care and attention; not only by observing and mea. suring the plans and elevations, such as they remain at prefent; but by compleating and restoring them, in order to thew what they were formerly. Both these points are so accurately and fully executed, that, as this book is the basis on which the present work is established, fo muft it be to that of any author who may hereafter treat on the same subject.' Mr. Carneron adds - This work of Palladio never having received his last corrections, appears under a very imperfect form. What is now offered to the public, is intended to supply this deficiency : the buildings he has described have been again measured, and the errors which have escaped him corrected. The elevations and sections of the baths, which he has represented as in their original and perfect state, are here given, ruined, as they now remain, from accurate drawings made on the spot, or from the best designs of those buildings, as published in the time of Palladio. By comparing therefore, with his restorations, these authorities on which they are founded, the reader will be enab.cd to judge of the degree of credit which they deserve.'
In this view alone, our Author's Work may undoubtedly be considered as a valuable curiosity. The plates are numerous, the objects delineated on them are noble, and the execution of them is elegant; and when we reflect on the vast expence of this publication, we are astonihed at not finding in it a list of subscribers : the fashionable, and indeed the prudent, me hod being, in fuch very large undertakings, to secure the repayment of the Author's actual disbursements, together with some confideration for his own labour and ingenuity, by a previous subscription. We hope, however, that Mr. Cameron will be no loser by the confidence he may have placed in the discernment and good tafte of the public.
Every Reader is, more or less, acquainted with the Roman History, but it is rather the history of the inhabitants of Rome, than of the city itself. In our Author's enquiry into the rife and progress of architecture among the Romans, we have a brief sketch of the history and revolutions of the city, following the order of time from the æra of the commencement of luxury in that capital, to the declension of her empire; in the